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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Willen Roger) srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Willen Roger) > (2005-2009)

  • Resultat 11-20 av 31
  • Föregående 1[2]34Nästa
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11.
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12.
  • Elgbratt, Kristina, et al. (författare)
  • Aberrant T-cell ontogeny and defective thymocyte and colonic T-cell chemotactic migration in colitis-prone Galphai2-deficient mice
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Immunology. - 0019-2805 .- 1365-2567. ; 122:2, s. 199-209
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Galphai2-deficient mice, which spontaneously develop colitis, have previously been reported to have an increased frequency of mature, single positive thymocytes compared to wild-type mice. In this study we further characterized the intrathymic changes in these mice before and during overt colitis. Even before the onset of colitis, Galphai2(-/-) thymi weighed less and contained fewer thymocytes, and this was exacerbated with colitis development. Whereas precolitic Galphai2(-/-) mice had unchanged thymocyte density compared to Galphai2(+/-) mice of the same age, this was significantly decreased in mice with colitis. Thymic atrophy in Galphai2(-/-) mice involved mainly the cortex. Using a five-stage phenotypic characterization of thymocyte maturation based on expression of CD4, CD8, TCRalphabeta, CD69 and CD62L, we found that both precolitic and colitic Galphai2(-/-) mice had significantly increased frequencies of mature single-positive CD4(+) and CD8(+) medullary thymocytes, and significantly reduced frequencies and total numbers of immature CD4(+) CD8(+) double-positive thymocytes compared to Galphai2(+/-) mice. Furthermore, cortical and transitional precolitic Galphai2(-/-) thymocytes showed significantly reduced chemotactic migration towards CXCL12, and a trend towards reduced migration to CCL25, compared to wild-type thymocytes, a feature even more pronounced in colitic mice. This impaired chemotactic migration of Galphai2(-/-) thymocytes could not be reversed by increased chemokine concentrations. Galphai2(-/-) thymocytes also showed reduced expression of the CCL25 receptor CCR9, but not CXCR4, the receptor, for CXCL12. Finally, wild-type colonic lamina propria lymphocytes migrated in response to CXCL12, but not CCL25 and, as with thymocytes, the chemokine responsiveness was significantly reduced in Galphai2(-/-) mucosal lymphocytes.</p>
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13.
  • Elgbratt, Kristina, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Aberrant T-cell ontogeny and defective thymocyte and colonic T-cell chemotactic migration in colitis-prone Galphai2-deficient mice.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Immunology. - 0019-2805. ; 122:2, s. 199-209
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Galphai2-deficient mice, which spontaneously develop colitis, have previously been reported to have an increased frequency of mature, single positive thymocytes compared to wild-type mice. In this study we further characterized the intrathymic changes in these mice before and during overt colitis. Even before the onset of colitis, Galphai2(-/-) thymi weighed less and contained fewer thymocytes, and this was exacerbated with colitis development. Whereas precolitic Galphai2(-/-) mice had unchanged thymocyte density compared to Galphai2(+/-) mice of the same age, this was significantly decreased in mice with colitis. Thymic atrophy in Galphai2(-/-) mice involved mainly the cortex. Using a five-stage phenotypic characterization of thymocyte maturation based on expression of CD4, CD8, TCRalphabeta, CD69 and CD62L, we found that both precolitic and colitic Galphai2(-/-) mice had significantly increased frequencies of mature single-positive CD4(+) and CD8(+) medullary thymocytes, and significantly reduced frequencies and total numbers of immature CD4(+) CD8(+) double-positive thymocytes compared to Galphai2(+/-) mice. Furthermore, cortical and transitional precolitic Galphai2(-/-) thymocytes showed significantly reduced chemotactic migration towards CXCL12, and a trend towards reduced migration to CCL25, compared to wild-type thymocytes, a feature even more pronounced in colitic mice. This impaired chemotactic migration of Galphai2(-/-) thymocytes could not be reversed by increased chemokine concentrations. Galphai2(-/-) thymocytes also showed reduced expression of the CCL25 receptor CCR9, but not CXCR4, the receptor, for CXCL12. Finally, wild-type colonic lamina propria lymphocytes migrated in response to CXCL12, but not CCL25 and, as with thymocytes, the chemokine responsiveness was significantly reduced in Galphai2(-/-) mucosal lymphocytes.
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14.
  • Fredin, Maria Fritsch, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • The application and relevance of ex vivo culture systems for assessment of IBD treatment in murine models of colitis
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Pharmacological Research. - 1043-6618. ; 58:3-4, s. 222-231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of mouse ex vivo cultures as a first screening model for new therapeutic agents of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Two murine models (dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced colitis and Gαi2-deficient mice) and two anti-inflammatory agents (methyl-prednisolone and the proteasome inhibitor MG132) were evaluated. The in vivo effects of methyl-prednisolone were assessed in both models. Ex vivo colonic tissue from both mouse models were cultured in the presence or absence of the drugs and TaqMan Low-Density arrays were used to assess the regulation of inflammatory genes before and after drug treatment. Colitis induced a similar inflammatory gene profile in both mouse models in in vivo studies and in ex vivo cultures. The differences encountered reflected the different phases of colitis in the models, e.g. innate cytokine/chemokine profile in the DSS model and T cell related markers in Gαi2-deficient mice. After steroid treatment, a similar pattern of genes was suppressed in the two mouse models. We confirmed the suppression of inflammatory gene expression for IL-1β, IL-6 and iNOS in ex vivo and in vivo colons from both mouse models by quantitative RT-PCR. Importantly, the inflammatory responses in the murine ex vivo culture system reflected the in vivo response in the inflamed colonic tissue as assessed by changes in inflammatory gene expression, suggesting that the murine culture system can be used for validation of future IBD therapies.
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15.
  • Fritsch Fredin, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • The application and relevance of ex vivo culture systems for assessment of IBD treatment in murine models of colitis
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Pharmacological Research. - 1043-6618 .- 1096-1186. ; 58:3-4, s. 222-231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of mouse ex vivo cultures as a first screening model for new therapeutic agents of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Two murine models (dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced colitis and Galphai2-deficient mice) and two anti-inflammatory agents (methyl-prednisolone and the proteasome inhibitor MG132) were evaluated. The in vivo effects of methyl-prednisolone were assessed in both models. Ex vivo colonic tissue from both mouse models were cultured in the presence or absence of the drugs and TaqMan Low-Density arrays were used to assess the regulation of inflammatory genes before and after drug treatment. Colitis induced a similar inflammatory gene profile in both mouse models in in vivo studies and in ex vivo cultures. The differences encountered reflected the different phases of colitis in the models, e.g. innate cytokine/chemokine profile in the DSS model and T cell related markers in Galphai2-deficient mice. After steroid treatment, a similar pattern of genes was suppressed in the two mouse models. We confirmed the suppression of inflammatory gene expression for IL-1beta, IL-6 and iNOS in ex vivo and in vivo colons from both mouse models by quantitative RT-PCR. Importantly, the inflammatory responses in the murine ex vivo culture system reflected the in vivo response in the inflamed colonic tissue as assessed by changes in inflammatory gene expression, suggesting that the murine culture system can be used for validation of future IBD therapies.</p>
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16.
  • Fritsch Fredin, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • The application and relevance of ex vivo culture systems for assessment of IBD treatment in murine models of colitis
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Pharmacological Research. - 1043-6618 .- 1096-1186. ; 58:3-4, s. 222-231
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of mouse ex vivo cultures as a first screening model for new therapeutic agents of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Two murine models (dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced colitis and Galphai2-deficient mice) and two anti-inflammatory agents (methyl-prednisolone and the proteasome inhibitor MG132) were evaluated. The in vivo effects of methyl-prednisolone were assessed in both models. Ex vivo colonic tissue from both mouse models were cultured in the presence or absence of the drugs and TaqMan Low-Density arrays were used to assess the regulation of inflammatory genes before and after drug treatment. Colitis induced a similar inflammatory gene profile in both mouse models in in vivo studies and in ex vivo cultures. The differences encountered reflected the different phases of colitis in the models, e.g. innate cytokine/chemokine profile in the DSS model and T cell related markers in Galphai2-deficient mice. After steroid treatment, a similar pattern of genes was suppressed in the two mouse models. We confirmed the suppression of inflammatory gene expression for IL-1beta, IL-6 and iNOS in ex vivo and in vivo colons from both mouse models by quantitative RT-PCR. Importantly, the inflammatory responses in the murine ex vivo culture system reflected the in vivo response in the inflamed colonic tissue as assessed by changes in inflammatory gene expression, suggesting that the murine culture system can be used for validation of future IBD therapies.</p>
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17.
  • Lindahl, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • Adenocarcinoma Corpus Uteri Stage I-II : Results of a Treatment Programme Based upon Cytometry
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 29:11, s. 4731-4735
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The results of a treatment method on adenocarcinoma corpus uteri stage I-II based upon cytometrically measured DNA ploidy are presented. All patients had a simple hysterectomy. Adjuvant treatment (postoperative vaginal brachytherapy) were given only, to those patients with non-diploid tumours regardless of stage and grade. A total of 1,634 women with endometroid adenocarcinoma corpus uteri stage I-II were included where 1,396 patients were followed-up for at least 5 years or until death and the remaining 238 patients were followed-up 3.5-5 years or until death. By using cytometry only, we identified a low-risk group comprising 83% of the patients (with 52% dead from their disease) and a high-risk group of 17% (with 15.7% dead from their disease). By using grade only (well- and moderately differentiated vs poorly differentiated), the low-risk group comprised 87% of the patients (with 4.6% dead from their disease) and the high-risk group 13% (with 13% dead from their disease). By using stage only (stage Ia and Ib vs stage Ic and II), the low-risk group comprised 78% of the patients (with 3.6% dead from their disease) and the high risk group 22% (with 14.5% dead from their disease). By combining these prognostic parameters, we were able to identify small subgroups with increased mortality rates in need of adjuvant therapy. As ploidy still had a strong prognostic strength regardless of given adjuvant radiotherapy, we do not believe that this treatment was effective. We therefore recommend future research to be directed toward cytostatics as an alternative adjuvant treatment.</p>
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18.
  • Lindahl, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • Adjuvant tamoxifen in breast cancer patients affects the endometrium by time, an effect remaining years after end of treatment and results in an increased frequency of endometrial carcinoma
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 28:2B, s. 1259-1262
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Tamoxifen is the most used adjuvant drug in breast cancer treatment. Its main action is as an anti-oestrogen, but in the endometrium of some patients it acts as an oestrogen. Some investigators have even reported an increased risk of developing endometrial carcinoma. The question of how to follow-up these patients and how to identify patients at risk of developing endometrial premalignant changes was investigated by the noninvasive ultrasound method. The follow-up of 292 patients from before the start of adjuvant treatment with tamoxifen and 94 without tamoxifen treatment was conducted at regular intervals. The changes in endometrial thickness as measured by ultrasound and histopathological changes are reported. A thicker endometrium was found in patients with receptor positive breast cancer even before the treatment with tamoxifen started. Cumulative increasing thickness was found during treatment and this thicker endometrium remained until almost 3 years after the end of treatment. If the endometrium was &lt;3 mm after 3 months of treatment the probability that it would be thin after 5 years was high. An increased risk of developing endometrial carcinoma was found, however due to this regular follow-up the cancer was identified at an early stage.</p>
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19.
  • Lindahl, B., et al. (författare)
  • Prospective malignancy grading of invasive squamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Prognostic significance in a long-term follow-up
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 27:4C, s. 2829-2832
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>A multifactorial grading score (MGS) for invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix has demonstrated its capacity to predict survival in a 5-10 year perspective and metastasis frequencies, and is a valuable tool for treatment schedules. In this study it was shown that the power of prognosis is valid even up to 20 years. In this material from 619 cervical carcinoma patients the MGS scores turned out to remain as strong as earlier proven. Earlier studies have shown that MGS is superior to other mono- and multifactorial grading systems, histological differentiation into cell types, age, clinical stage, irradiation and DNA-analysis. Treatment of cervical squamous cell carcinoma is more specific today to meet the patients' need for instance to preserve fertility or to minimize operation and eventually radiotherapy. The MGS score is a strong prognostic tool in patients with cervical carcinoma.</p>
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20.
  • Marthinsen, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Kolonspiroketos - behandlingsbart och värt att uppmärksamma : Erfarenheter från pediatrisk praktik
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - 0023-7205 .- 1652-7518. ; 103:46, s. 3600-3602
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This article is written to raise awareness among clinicians and pathologists regarding the existence of colonic spirochetosis. Whether this is of clinical significance is still a matter of debate. We report a series of sixteen randomly selected patients, all of paediatric age; eight of them have been reported in a previous publication (10). In one patient, spirochetes were found both in the colon and in the liver. The colon organisms were Brachyspira aalborgi, documented by antigen test; however, due to lack of material, the spirochetes in the liver could not be typed. As 10 of 13 patients recovered or improved after antibiotic treatment with clarythromycin or metronidazole, our conclusion is that Brachyspira may be pathogenic. We suggest that when a rectosigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy is performed, colonic spirochetosis should be considered, especially in the differential diagnosis to microscopic colitis.</p>
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  • Föregående 1[2]34Nästa
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