SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Yang Xiaohong R) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Yang Xiaohong R)

  • Resultat 11-16 av 16
  • Föregående 1[2]
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
11.
  • Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin, et al. (författare)
  • Genome sequence, comparative analysis and haplotype structure of the domestic dog.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 1476-4687. ; 438:7069, s. 803-19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Here we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris), together with a dense map of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across breeds. The dog is of particular interest because it provides important evolutionary information and because existing breeds show great phenotypic diversity for morphological, physiological and behavioural traits. We use sequence comparison with the primate and rodent lineages to shed light on the structure and evolution of genomes and genes. Notably, the majority of the most highly conserved non-coding sequences in mammalian genomes are clustered near a small subset of genes with important roles in development. Analysis of SNPs reveals long-range haplotypes across the entire dog genome, and defines the nature of genetic diversity within and across breeds. The current SNP map now makes it possible for genome-wide association studies to identify genes responsible for diseases and traits, with important consequences for human and companion animal health.</p>
  •  
12.
  • Taylor, Nicholas J, et al. (författare)
  • Estimating CDKN2A mutation carrier probability among global familial melanoma cases using GenoMELPREDICT
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. - Elsevier. - 0190-9622. ; 81:2, s. 386-394
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Although rare in the general population, highly penetrant germline mutations in CDKN2A are responsible for 5-40% of melanoma cases reported in melanoma-prone families. We sought to determine whether MELPREDICT was generalizable to a global series of melanoma families and whether performance improvements can be achieved.METHODS: 2,116 familial melanoma cases were ascertained by the international GenoMEL Consortium. We recapitulated the MELPREDICT model within our data (GenoMELPREDICT) to assess performance improvements by adding phenotypic risk factors and history of pancreatic cancer. We report areas under the curve (AUC) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) along with net reclassification indices (NRI) as performance metrics.RESULTS: MELPREDICT performed well (AUC=0.752; 95%CI: 0.730, 0.775), and GenoMELPREDICT performance was similar (AUC=0.748; 95% CI: 0.726, 0.771). Adding a reported history of pancreatic cancer yielded discriminatory improvement (p<0.0001) in GenoMELPREDICT (AUC=0.772; 95%CI: 0.750, 0.793; NRI=0.40). Including phenotypic risk factors did not improve performance.CONCLUSION: The MELPREDICT model functioned well in a global dataset of familial melanoma cases. Adding pancreatic cancer history improved model prediction. GenoMELPREDICT is a simple tool for predicting CDKN2A mutational status among melanoma patients from melanoma-prone families and can aid in counselling these patients towards genetic testing or cancer risk counselling.
  •  
13.
  • Taylor, Nicholas J., et al. (författare)
  • Germline Variation at CDKN2A and Associations with Nevus Phenotypes among Members of Melanoma Families
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Investigative Dermatology. - Elsevier. - 0022-202X. ; 137:12, s. 2606-2612
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Germline mutations in CDKN2A are frequently identified among melanoma kindreds and are associated with increased atypical nevus counts. However, a clear relationship between pathogenic CDKN2A mutation carriage and other nevus phenotypes including counts of common acquired nevi has not yet been established. Using data from GenoMEL, we investigated the relationships between CDKN2A mutation carriage and 2-mm, 5-mm, and atypical nevus counts among blood-related members of melanoma families. Compared with individuals without a pathogenic mutation, those who carried one had an overall higher prevalence of atypical (odds ratio = 1.64; 95% confidence interval = 1.18–2.28) nevi but not 2-mm nevi (odds ratio = 1.06; 95% confidence interval = 0.92–1.21) or 5-mm nevi (odds ratio = 1.26; 95% confidence interval = 0.94–1.70). Stratification by case status showed more pronounced positive associations among non-case family members, who were nearly three times (odds ratio = 2.91; 95% confidence interval = 1.75–4.82) as likely to exhibit nevus counts at or above the median in all three nevus categories simultaneously when harboring a pathogenic mutation (vs. not harboring one). Our results support the hypothesis that unidentified nevogenic genes are co-inherited with CDKN2A and may influence carcinogenesis.
  •  
14.
  •  
15.
  •  
16.
  • Gaudet, Mia M., et al. (författare)
  • Interactions between breast cancer susceptibility loci and menopausal hormone therapy in relationship to breast cancer in the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. - 0167-6806 .- 1573-7217. ; 155:3, s. 531-540
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Current use of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) has important implications for postmenopausal breast cancer risk, and observed associations might be modified by known breast cancer susceptibility loci. To provide the most comprehensive assessment of interactions of prospectively collected data on MHT and 17 confirmed susceptibility loci with invasive breast cancer risk, a nested case-control design among eight cohorts within the NCI Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium was used. Based on data from 13,304 cases and 15,622 controls, multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analyses were used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI). Effect modification of current and past use was evaluated on the multiplicative scale. P values &lt; 1.5 x 10(-3) were considered statistically significant. The strongest evidence of effect modification was observed for current MHT by 9q31-rs865686. Compared to never users of MHT with the rs865686 GG genotype, the association between current MHT use and breast cancer risk for the TT genotype (OR 1.79, 95 % CI 1.43-2.24; P (interaction) = 1.2 x 10(-4)) was less than expected on the multiplicative scale. There are no biological implications of the sub-multiplicative interaction between MHT and rs865686. Menopausal hormone therapy is unlikely to have a strong interaction with the common genetic variants associated with invasive breast cancer.</p>
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 11-16 av 16
  • Föregående 1[2]
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy