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Sökning: WFRF:(Zaring Olof 1962 )

  • Resultat 11-20 av 65
  • Föregående 1[2]34567Nästa
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11.
  • Gifford, Ethan, et al. (författare)
  • The role of founder knowledge in the survival and growth of knowledge intensive new ventures
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: 17th International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society Conference: "Innovation, Catch-up, and Sustainable Development.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper examines the impacts of three types of founder and founder team knowledge on the survival and growth of knowledge-intensive new ventures: entrepreneurial, same-industry, and academic work knowledge. We utilize unique survey data of young, small European firms across sectors, which have been matched with data on subsequent firm performance. In terms of likelihood of survival, our results indicate the importance of previous entrepreneurial work knowledge and same-industry work knowledge. In terms of growth, our results using quantile regression indicate that both entrepreneurial work knowledge and academic work knowledge from previous work experience are positively associated with high growth rates, whereas results for same-industry work knowledge are mixed.
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12.
  • Gifford, Ethan, et al. (författare)
  • The role of founder knowledge in the survival and growth of knowledge intensive new ventures
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: The 30th Annual European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy conference 2018: Evolutionary foundations at a crossroad; Assessments, outcomes and implications for policy makers.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper examines the impacts of three types of founder and founder team knowledge on the survival and growth of knowledge-intensive new ventures: entrepreneurial, same-industry, and academic work knowledge. We utilize unique survey data of young, small European firms across sectors, which have been matched with data on subsequent firm performance. In terms of likelihood of survival, our results indicate the importance of previous entrepreneurial work knowledge and same-industry work knowledge. In terms of growth, our results using quantile regression indicate that both entrepreneurial work knowledge and academic work knowledge from previous work experience are positively associated with high growth rates, whereas results for same-industry work knowledge are mixed.
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13.
  • Hermanson, I., et al. (författare)
  • The evolution and embeddedness of knowledge-intensive entrepreneurial firms in creative industries: contrasting experienced and non-experienced entrepreneurs in the Swedish fashion industry
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Planning Studies. - 0965-4313. ; 26:12, s. 2387-2406
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article focuses on the micro-level processes whereby knowledge-intensive entrepreneurs become embedded in networks to access resources, and in doing so help transform a region. Our analysis contributes to theoretical debates about how the entrepreneurs achieve this aim in order to develop their knowledge-intensive entrepreneurial ventures in creative industries. Our conceptualization specifies how entrepreneurs can use embeddedness in networks in order to access specific types of resources, during the pre-entry phase, the establishment phase, and the post-entry phase. The textiles and fashion industry is an interesting setting to explore these topics because of the rapid industrial transformation from mass production of textiles to large e-commerce firms. Our results suggest that pre-history of the individual entrepreneur has long-term effects upon access to unique resources within the industry, enabling this group to more quickly build their entrepreneurial ventures. Our qualitative case study contributes to theoretical discussions of how micro-processes of KIE entrepreneurship can renew regions and traditional industries, because our analysis shows the enduring impact of past industrial, regional and family ties.
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14.
  • Hermansson, Ida, et al. (författare)
  • Bringing together engineering and equestrian sports: Exploring how a university initiates academic engagement with society
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: The DRUID 2018 Conference, Copenhagen, June 11-13 2018.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Within the extensive literature on university-industry interactions, one recent and influential stream of literature defines academic engagement with industry, and differentiates it from commercialization. This paper examines academic engagement with society and industry in a broad sense, by focusing on an area where interaction did not previously exist and where stakeholders do not have a tradition of interacting with universities. Bringing together engineering and equestrian sports in a European university constitutes the case study. The empirical material used includes 15 interview transcripts, field notes from 9 observations and document studies of 426 newspaper, articles and press from the period 2011-2017. We focus on how academics create the engagement with society, and the stakeholders, e.g. the process of developing the actual knowledge-related collaboration. Contrary to expectations, the main activities are related to education, but organized by individual researchers, and the university embeds what was initially an informal organization into a more formal organization, because the initiative attracted much public attention and potentially a target group for recruitment (e.g. female students interested in the overlap of engineering and equestrian sports).
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15.
  • Hermansson, Ida, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring what roles the university can play in organizing interactions between researchers-users-business in order to use engineering knowledge to improve sports
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Third Nordic STS (Science, Technology, Society) Conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, 31 May - 2 June 2017.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Emerging new technology require an innovation network and organizational structures as well as integration of research, users and public policy which are supposed to give access to valuable resources (Chesbrough, 2006; Perkmann et al., 2013). Universities have to be seen as strategic actors, as an organization, and their role is changing in society and it may be useful to consider the university as an organization, trying to position themselves to obtain resources and set goals (Deiaco, Hughes, & McKelvey, 2012). Previous studies have emphasized more research of how and why academics engaged with the society in terms of providing three types of knowledge-intensive services: education, research and societal interaction (McKelvey & Zaring, 2017). However, literature on university-industry collaboration has paid little attention to societal interaction and how a university can create organizational structure to reformulate their engagement with the society and industry (Alexander, Miller, & Fielding, 2015). The working research question for this paper is "Exploring what role the university can play in organizing interactions between researcher - users - business in order to use engineering knowledge to improve sports? This paper is based on a case study of Chalmers Sport and Technology, a platform where researchers engage with universities, industry, public policy, students and society to undertake advanced sports-related research. The data consist of 7 interviews transcripts, field notes from 7 observations and document studies of 70 newspaper, articles and press from the period 2011-2017. The study shows that the university adopts unconventional strategies in their attempt to establish structures for academic engagement with the society. Findings indicate that this platform act as a facilitator for innovation and gives insights into how universities can engage users, collaborative reserach and governing bodies within equestrian sport in order to recrute students, create new reserach areas, commercialize knowledge and goodwill.
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16.
  • Hermansson, Ida, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring what roles the university can play in organizing interactions between researchers-users-business in order to use engineering knowledge to improve sports
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Presentation at conference "Knowledge and Universities: Impact on science, industry and policy", IIE, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, 11-13 September 2017.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Emerging new technology require an innovation network and organizational structures as well as integration of research, users and public policy which are supposed to give access to valuable resources (Chesbrough, 2006; Perkmann et al., 2013). Universities have to be seen as strategic actors, as an organization, and their role is changing in society and it may be useful to consider the university as an organization, trying to position themselves to obtain resources and set goals (Deiaco, Hughes, & McKelvey, 2012). Previous studies have emphasized more research of how and why academics engaged with the society in terms of providing three types of knowledge-intensive services: education, research and societal interaction (McKelvey & Zaring, 2017). However, literature on university-industry collaboration has paid little attention to societal interaction and how a university can create organizational structure to reformulate their engagement with the society and industry (Alexander, Miller, & Fielding, 2015). The working research question for this paper is "Exploring what role the university can play in organizing interactions between researcher - users - business in order to use engineering knowledge to improve sports? This paper is based on a case study of Chalmers Sport and Technology, a platform where researchers engage with universities, industry, public policy, students and society to undertake advanced sports-related research. The data consist of 7 interviews transcripts, field notes from 7 observations and document studies of 70 newspaper, articles and press from the period 2011-2017. The study shows that the university adopts unconventional strategies in their attempt to establish structures for academic engagement with the society. Findings indicate that this platform act as a facilitator for innovation and gives insights into how universities can engage users, collaborative reserach and governing bodies within equestrian sport in order to recrute students, create new reserach areas, commercialize knowledge and goodwill.
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17.
  • Hermansson, Ida, et al. (författare)
  • How regions and networks affect knowledge intensive entrepreneurship
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: DRUID Academy 2015, January 21-23, Rebild, Aalborg, Denmark. ; 2015:D:F3, s. 1-20
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Entrepreneurship is closely entwined with regional development. This paper examines the role of networks in regional development, in the textile industry in Borås, Sweden.
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18.
  • McKelvey, Maureen, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • A Recent Crisis in Regenerative Medicine: Analyzing Governance in Order to Identify Public Policy Issues
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Science and Public Policy. - 0302-3427 .- 1471-5430. ; 45:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article focuses upon issues that public policy makers need to address, when trying to stimulate world-leading research into new areas, which are potentially also valuable to solving societal challenges. Our analysis helps contribute to the theoretical discussions about governance of new knowledge. We focus upon the sequence of events surrounding the main actors of a recent crisis of regenerative medicine in Sweden. We define governance theoretically, and use a conceptual model in order to structure the empirical analysis. Regenerative medicine is an interesting setting to explore these topics, not least because both public and private actors are often involved, and because governments struggle with how to promote ‘translational research’, e.g. diffusing scientific research into clinical practice. Our case study helps understand the process that led up to a crisis in regenerative medicine and identifies and discusses four issues that need to be addressed by policy makers. © The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press.
19.
  • McKelvey, Maureen, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Co-delivery of social innovations: exploring the university’s role in academic engagement with society
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Industry and Innovation. - 1366-2716. ; 25:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The paper provides a tripartite definition of social innovations, a type of public good involving collective action by multiple stakeholders. This public good can be regarded as a service, as it is co-delivered based on the development of multiple network and partner relationships. In explaining what social innovations are and how they are delivered, much research emphasises the role of NGOs and community-based collective action. This article starts by observing that universities can play various roles in social innovation, then theoretically explains how and why universities are involved in providing this public good. These roles have been neglected with the recent emphasis on university commercialisation, for example, via patents and start-ups. We use this insight to propose a conceptual framework for understanding how and why universities can organise the co-delivery of social innovations through education. This framework is illustrated with a case study, leading to propositions for later research.
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20.
  • McKelvey, Maureen, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Collaborative Strategies: How and Why Academic Spin-offs Interact with Engineering University Centers
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: How Entrepreneurs Do What they Do: Case Study of Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship / McKelvey, M. and A.H. Lassen (eds.). - Cheltenham, U.K. : Edward Elgar Publishers. - 978-1-78100-549-1 ; s. 34-47
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This chapter follows the management and development of two KIE ventures that are academic spin-offs, in relation to collaborative strategies. The perspective is on how and why academic spin-offs continue to engage in collaborative strategies with engineering centers located at the university. The KIE ventures use the centers to access scientific and technological knowledge, as expected, but they also are interested in accessing other resources and networks to help further develop their research, product and market development. The key message is that networks with research centers at the university help shape the venture. Even after the founding phase, these KIE ventures can use collaborative strategies for research to access resources and ideas – involving scientific and technological knowledge but also market and business knowledge.The results of the chapter help us understand in particular how the venture needs to continue to access resources and ideas, even during the management and development phase of the KIE conceptual model. The KIE ventures are academic spin-offs, heavily involved in the development of technologies, and yet they greatly benefit from these university networks to access market knowledge from other, established firms, and to access business knowledge through the recruitment of experienced managers.
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  • Resultat 11-20 av 65
  • Föregående 1[2]34567Nästa
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