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Sökning: WFRF:(Zheng Jie)

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  • Föregående 123[4]56Nästa
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31.
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32.
  • Liu, Ben, et al. (författare)
  • Unconventional structural and morphological transitions of nanosheets, nanoflakes and nanorods of AuNP@MnO2
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. - 2050-7488. ; 4:17, s. 6447-6455
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two-dimensional (2-D) layered inorganic materials with ultra-high surface area and mechanical strength have shown impressive photo-/electro-catalytic activities. We herein report a facile synthetic strategy to grow monodispersed 2-D MnO2 nanosheet on an individual gold nanoparticle (AuNP@MnO2 nanosheet), and demonstrate that the strongly interacted AuNP and MnO2 nanosheet could greatly improve the electrocatalytic activity of the MnOx family for electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reactions (ORRs). AuNP@MnO2 nanosheets were prepared using a hydrothermal reduction of KMnO4 by citrate ligands capped on AuNPs. Because of the metastability of the layered MnO2 nanosheets, we observed unconventional structural and morphological transitions of amorphous MnO2 nanosheets to delta-MnO2 nanoflakes, and eventually to alpha-MnO2 nanorods under hydrothermal conditions. The layered MnO2 nanosheets underwent a structural expansion to nanoflakes before the curling and re-folding of layered MnO2 nanosheets occurred. The intermediate states and structural transitions via a layer compression, for the first time, were experimentally recorded at a single-NP scale using electron microscopy. Moreover, we found the electrocatalytic activity of AuNP@MnO2 nanosheets was enhanced roughly 30-40 times, compared to that of pure MnO2 nanosheets and AuNPs. The strong interaction of metal-oxide interfaces (MnO2 nanosheets and AuNPs) was likely responsible for the improved electrocatalytic activity. This interaction of MnO2 and AuNPs was weakened in the course of hydrothermal treatment where partially positively charged Au+ was reduced at elevated temperatures, accompanying with the decrease of ORR activity. This insight into the effect of topological nanostructures and metal-oxide interactions on the electrocatalytic performance of the MnOx family is believed to illustrate an alternative pathway to develop new efficient electrocatalysts.
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33.
  • Marouli, Eirini, et al. (författare)
  • Rare and low-frequency coding variants alter human adult height
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nature. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 542:7640, s. 186-190
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Height is a highly heritable, classic polygenic trait with approximately 700 common associated variants identified through genome-wide association studies so far. Here, we report 83 height-associated coding variants with lower minor-allele frequencies (in the range of 0.1-4.8%) and effects of up to 2 centimetres per allele (such as those in IHH, STC2, AR and CRISPLD2), greater than ten times the average effect of common variants. In functional follow-up studies, rare height increasing alleles of STC2 (giving an increase of 1-2 centimetres per allele) compromised proteolytic inhibition of PAPP-A and increased cleavage of IGFBP-4 in vitro, resulting in higher bioavailability of insulin-like growth factors. These 83 height-associated variants overlap genes that are mutated in monogenic growth disorders and highlight new biological candidates (such as ADAMTS3, IL11RA and NOX4) and pathways (such as proteoglycan and glycosaminoglycan synthesis) involved in growth. Our results demonstrate that sufficiently large sample sizes can uncover rare and low-frequency variants of moderate-to-large effect associated with polygenic human phenotypes, and that these variants implicate relevant genes and pathways.
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34.
  • Meng, Wen-Jian, et al. (författare)
  • Microsatellite instability did not predict individual survival in sporadic stage II and III rectal cancer patients
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Oncology. - 0890-9091. ; 72:1-2, s. 82-88
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Tumors with high-frequency microsatellite instability (MSI-H) have unique biological behavior and the predictive role of microsatellite instability (MSI) status on survival of colorectal cancer is still debated. The prognostic significance of MSI status in sporadic stage II and III rectal cancer patients needs to be more precisely defined. So we investigated the relationship between MSI status and clinicopathological features and prognosis in these patients. Methods: DNAs from fresh-frozen paired samples of tumors and corresponding normal tissue from 128 stage II and III rectal cancer patients were analyzed for MSI by PCR amplification using markers recommended by a National Cancer Institute workshop on MSI. To assess prognostic significance, Cox proportional hazards modeling was used. Results: Twelve (9.3%) tumors in our study were MSI-H, 28 (21.9%) were low-frequency MSI (MSI-L) and 88 (68.8%) were microsatellite stable (MSS). Most of the MSI-H tumors compared with MSI-L and MSS tumors were found in female patients (p = 0.031), had mucinous histology (p = 0.023), high grade of differentiation (p = 0.002) and high level of preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (p = 0.005). Rectal cancer patients with MSI-H did not show a better clinical outcome than those with MSI-L/MSS, neither in all cases (p = 0.986) nor in stage II and stage III disease analyzed separately (p = 0.705 and p = 0.664, respectively). Conclusions: Data provided here demonstrated there was high incidence of MSI-H and MSI was not a prognostic factor in sporadic stage II and III rectal cancers from the Chinese Han population included in this study. Tumor stage is more suitable than MSI status for prediction of individual survival in sporadic stage II and III rectal cancer patients. Copyright © 2007 S. Karger AG.
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35.
  • Meng, Wen-Jian, et al. (författare)
  • Novel mutations and sequence variants in exons 3-9 of human T Cell Factor-4 gene in sporadic rectal cancer patients stratified by microsatellite instability
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - 1007-9327. ; 13:27, s. 3747-3751
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: To establish the role of human T Cell Factor-4 (hTCF-4) gene exons 3-9 mutation status in association with sporadic rectal cancer with microsatellite instability (MSI). Methods: Microsatellite markers were genotyped in 93 sporadic rectal cancer patients. Eleven cases were found to be high-frequency MSI (MSI-H). Sequence analysis of the coding region of the exons 3-9 of hTCF-4 gene was carried out for the 11 MSI-H cases and 10 controls (5 microsatellite stability (MSS) cases and 5 cases with normal mucosa). The sequencing and MSI identification were used. Results: Several novel mutations and variants were revealed. In exon 4, one is a 4-position continuous alteration which caused amino acid change from Q131T and S132I (391insA, 392 G > A, 393 A > G and 395delC) and another nucleotide deletion (395delC) is present in MSI-H cases (5/10 and 4/10, respectively) but completely absent in the controls. Conclusion: Novel mutations in exon 4 of hTCF-4 gene were revealed in this study, which might be of importance in the pathogenesis of sporadic rectal cancer patients with MSI-H. © 2007 WJG. All rights reserved.
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36.
  • Midttun, Oivind, et al. (författare)
  • Circulating concentrations of biomarkers and metabolites related to Vitamin status, one-carbon and the kynurenine pathways in US, Nordic, Asian, and Australian populations
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. - American Society for Clinical Nutrition. - 0002-9165. ; 105:6, s. 1314-1326
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Circulating concentrations of biomarkers that are related to Vitamin status vary by factors such as diet, fortification, and supplement use. Published biomarker concentrations have also been influenced by the variation across laboratories, which complicates a comparison of results from different studies. Objective: We robustly and comprehensively assessed differences in biomarkers that are related to Vitamin status across geographic regions. Design: The trial was a cross-sectional study in which we investigated 38 biomarkers that are related to Vitamin status and one-carbon and tryptophan metabolism in serum and plasma from 5314 healthy control subjects representing 20 cohorts recruited from the United States, Nordic countries, Asia, and Australia, participating in the Lung Cancer Cohort Consortium. All samples were analyzed in a centralized laboratory. Results: Circulating concentrations of riboflavin, pyridoxal 5≤-phosphate, folate, Vitamin B-12, all-trans retinol, 25-hydroxyVitamin D, and a-tocopherol as well as combined Vitamin scores that were based on these nutrients showed that the general B-Vitamin concentration was highest in the United States and that the B Vitamins and lipid soluble Vitamins were low in Asians. Conversely, circulating concentrations of metabolites that are inversely related to B Vitamins involved in the one-carbon and kynurenine pathways were high in Asians. The high B-Vitamin concentration in the United States appears to be driven mainly by multiVitamin-supplement users. Conclusions: The observed differences likely reflect the variation in intake of Vitamins and, in particular, the widespread multiVitamin-supplement use in the United States. The results provide valuable information about the differences in biomarkerconcentrations in populations across continents. Am J Clin Nutr 2017;105:1314-26.
37.
  • Naumova, Maria A., et al. (författare)
  • Revealing Hot and Long-Lived Metastable Spin States in the Photoinduced Switching of Solvated Metallogrid Complexes with Femtosecond Optical and X-ray Spectroscopies
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. - The American Chemical Society (ACS). - 1948-7185. ; 11:6, s. 2133-2141
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An atomistic understanding of the photoinduced spin-state switching (PSS) within polynuclear systems of d4-d7 transition metal ion complexes is required for their rational integration into light-driven reactions of chemical and biological interest. However, in contrast to mononuclear systems, the multidimensional dynamics of the PSS in solvated molecular arrays have not yet been elucidated due to the expected complications associated with the connectivity between the metal centers and the strong interactions with the surroundings. In this work, the PSS in a solvated triiron(II) metallogrid complex is characterized using transient optical absorption and X-ray emission spectroscopies on the femtosecond time scale. The complementary measurements reveal the photoinduced creation of energy-rich (hot) and long-lived quintet states, whose dynamics differ critically from their mononuclear congeners. This finding opens major prospects for developing novel schemes in solution-phase spin chemistry that are driven by the dynamic PSS process in compact oligometallic arrays.
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38.
  • Pang, Zhibo, et al. (författare)
  • Mobile and Wide Area Deployable Sensor System for Networked Services
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: 2009 IEEE SENSORS : VOLS 1-3. - NEW YORK : IEEE. - 978-1-4244-4548-6 ; s. 1329-1332
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A mobile and wide area deployable wireless sensor system, including hardware and software, is developed to enhance the mobility, deployment and capability of wireless sensors for networked services. Due to the dual-layer dual-directional wireless communication capability of a novel WAN-SAN coherent architecture and the removal of fix-installed gateway, all sensor nodes are remotely controllable and seamlessly integrated to internet services. Hardware modules are optimized for ultra low power and compact size. Abstract and extendable application interface is developed, based on SMS and TCP/UDP protocol, to be integrated easily into existing service systems. Hierarchical CPS-LPS Adaptive Localization, is supported based on CPS, wireless cellular ID, RFID, IR-UWB and inertial prediction. Specific data compression technique is adopted for high density data source. Finally, Fresh Food Tracking service is presented as an application example, including some field test data.
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39.
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40.
  • Ren, Hui, et al. (författare)
  • The crystal structure of human adenylate kinase 6 : An adenylate kinase localized to the cell nucleus
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. - National Acad Sciences. - 0027-8424. ; 102:2, s. 8-303
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Adenylate kinases (AKs) play important roles in nucleotide metabolism in all organisms and in cellular energetics by means of phosphotransfer networks in eukaryotes. The crystal structure of a human AK named AK6 was determined by in-house sulfur single-wavelength anomalous dispersion phasing methods and refined to 2.0-A resolution with a free R factor of 21.8%. Sequence analyses revealed that human AK6 belongs to a distinct subfamily of AKs present in all eukaryotic organisms sequenced so far. Enzymatic assays show that human AK6 has properties similar with other AKs, particularly with AK5. Fluorescence microscopy showed that human AK6 is localized predominantly to the nucleus of HeLa cells. The identification of a nuclear-localized AK sheds light on nucleotide metabolism in the nucleus and the energetic communication between mitochondria and nucleus by means of phosphotransfer networks.
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