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Sökning: WFRF:(Zheng Jie)

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  • Föregående 123[4]5Nästa
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  • Shi, Zheng-Jun, et al. (författare)
  • Recent Development of Photocatalysts Containing Carbon Species A Review
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: CATALYSTS. - MDPI. - 2073-4344. ; 9:1
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Undoubtedly, carbon-based (nano)composites can be promising photocatalysts with improved photocatalytic activity due to the coupling effect from the incorporation of carbon species. In this mini-review, we focus on the recent development of photocatalysts based on carbon-based (nano)composites. TiO2 is well-known as a typical photocatalyst. Special attention is paid to the various types of carbon-TiO2 composites such as C-doped TiO2, N-C-doped TiO2, metal-C-doped TiO2, and other co-doped C/TiO2 composites. Various synthetic strategies including the solvothermal/hydrothermal method, sol-gel method, and template-directed method are reviewed for the preparation of carbon-based TiO2 composites. C/graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) composites and ternary C-doped composites are also summarized and ascribed to the unique electronic structure of g-C3N4 and the synergistic effect of the ternary interfaces, respectively. In the end, we put forward the future perspective of the photocatalysts containing carbon species based on our knowledge.
  • Theofylaktopoulou, Despoina, et al. (författare)
  • Impaired functional vitamin B6 status is associated with increased risk of lung cancer
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - John Wiley & Sons. - 0020-7136. ; 142:12, s. 2425-2434
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Circulating vitamin B6 levels have been found to be inversely associated with lung cancer. Most studies have focused on the B6 form pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP), a direct biomarker influenced by inflammation and other factors. Using a functional B6 marker allows further investigation of the potential role of vitamin B6 status in the pathogenesis of lung cancer. We prospectively evaluated the association of the functional marker of vitamin B6 status, the 3-hydroxykynurenine:xanthurenic acid (HK:XA) ratio, with risk of lung cancer in a nested case–control study consisting of 5,364 matched case–control pairs from the Lung Cancer Cohort Consortium (LC3). We used conditional logistic regression to evaluate the association between HK:XA and lung cancer, and random effect models to combine results from different cohorts and regions. High levels of HK:XA, indicating impaired functional B6 status, were associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, the odds ratio comparing the fourth and the first quartiles (OR4th vs. 1st) was 1.25 (95% confidence interval, 1.10–1.41). Stratified analyses indicated that this association was primarily driven by cases diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma. Notably, the risk associated with HK:XA was approximately 50% higher in groups with a high relative frequency of squamous cell carcinoma, i.e., men, former and current smokers. This risk of squamous cell carcinoma was present in both men and women regardless of smoking status.
  • Wang, Hong-Jie, et al. (författare)
  • Major nutrient balances in small-scale vegetable farming systems in peri-urban areas in China
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nutrient Cycling In Agroecosystems. - 1385-1314. ; 81:3, s. 203-218
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Balances of major nutrients such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) in small-scale farming systems are of critical importance to nutrient management and sustainable agricultural development. Mass balances of N, P, and K and some of their influencing factors were studied for two years from July 2003 to July 2005 on small-scale vegetable-farming systems in two contrasting peri-urban areas (Nanjing and Wuxi) of the Yangtze river delta region of China. This balance approach considered organic fertilizer inputs (cow manure, pig manure, and human biosolids), inorganic fertilizer inputs (urea, composite fertilizer, and phosphates), irrigation water, and atmospheric deposition; and considered outputs by vegetables. Input via organic fertilizers was significant for all element balances in the Nanjing area. Inorganic and organic fertilizer, particularly inorganic fertilizer, contributed major nutrient inputs to the system in the Wuxi area. Compared with nutrient output by vegetables, there were significant surpluses of N and P on two vegetable farm systems. Furthermore, N surplus in the Nanjing area was higher than that in the Wuxi area with an inverse relationship to P surplus. In contrast, the general trend of K balances was negative on both sites; hence, the nutrient use efficiency was significantly lower for N and P than K. The nutrient imbalance may be attributed to the differences between fertilizer types and management modes driven by social economic status differences among farmer households. The large N and P net excess creates an environmental threat because of potential losses to ground or surface waters, whereas negative K balance creates soil fertility risks. The results highlight researchers' and farmers' need to develop rational fertilization technology to optimize nutrient management on vegetable farmlands to promote sustainable agricultural development in peri-urban areas.
  • Wang, Zhaoming, et al. (författare)
  • Imputation and subset-based association analysis across different cancer types identifies multiple independent risk loci in the TERT-CLPTM1L region on chromosome 5p15.33
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - 0964-6906. ; 23:24, s. 6616-6633
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have mapped risk alleles for at least 10 distinct cancers to a small region of 63 000 bp on chromosome 5p15.33. This region harbors the TERT and CLPTM1L genes; the former encodes the catalytic subunit of telomerase reverse transcriptase and the latter may play a role in apoptosis. To investigate further the genetic architecture of common susceptibility alleles in this region, we conducted an agnostic subset-based meta-analysis (association analysis based on subsets) across six distinct cancers in 34 248 cases and 45 036 controls. Based on sequential conditional analysis, we identified as many as six independent risk loci marked by common single-nucleotide polymorphisms: five in the TERT gene (Region 1: rs7726159, P = 2.10 × 10(-39); Region 3: rs2853677, P = 3.30 × 10(-36) and PConditional = 2.36 × 10(-8); Region 4: rs2736098, P = 3.87 × 10(-12) and PConditional = 5.19 × 10(-6), Region 5: rs13172201, P = 0.041 and PConditional = 2.04 × 10(-6); and Region 6: rs10069690, P = 7.49 × 10(-15) and PConditional = 5.35 × 10(-7)) and one in the neighboring CLPTM1L gene (Region 2: rs451360; P = 1.90 × 10(-18) and PConditional = 7.06 × 10(-16)). Between three and five cancers mapped to each independent locus with both risk-enhancing and protective effects. Allele-specific effects on DNA methylation were seen for a subset of risk loci, indicating that methylation and subsequent effects on gene expression may contribute to the biology of risk variants on 5p15.33. Our results provide strong support for extensive pleiotropy across this region of 5p15.33, to an extent not previously observed in other cancer susceptibility loci.
  • Wu, Lang, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of Novel Susceptibility Loci and Genes for Prostate Cancer Risk : A Transcriptome-Wide Association Study in over 140,000 European Descendants
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH. - 0008-5472 .- 1538-7445. ; 79:13, s. 3192-3204
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association study-identified prostate cancer risk variants explain only a relatively small fraction of its familial relative risk, and the genes responsible for many of these identified associations remain unknown. To discover novel prostate cancer genetic loci and possible causal genes at previously identified risk loci, we performed a transcriptome-wide association study in 79,194 cases and 61,112 controls of European ancestry. Using data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression Project, we established genetic models to predict gene expression across the transcriptome for both prostate models and cross-tissue models and evaluated model performance using two independent datasets. We identified significant associations for 137 genes at P < 2.61 x 10(-6), a Bonferroni-corrected threshold, including nine genes that remained significant at P < 2.61 x 10(-6) after adjusting for all known prostate cancer risk variants in nearby regions. Of the 128 remaining associated genes, 94 have not yet been reported as potential target genes at known loci. We silenced 14 genes and many showed a consistent effect on viability and colony-forming efficiency in three cell lines. Our study provides substantial new information to advance our understanding of prostate cancer genetics and biology. Significance: This study identifies novel prostate cancer genetic loci and possible causal genes, advancing our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that drive prostate cancer.
  • Xu, K., et al. (författare)
  • GaN nanorod light emitting diodes with suspended graphene transparent electrodes grown by rapid chemical vapor deposition
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 103:22, s. 5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ordered and dense GaN light emitting nanorods are studied with polycrystalline graphene grown by rapid chemical vapor deposition as suspended transparent electrodes. As the substitute of indium tin oxide, the graphene avoids complex processing to fill up the gaps between nanorods and subsequent surface flattening and offers high conductivity to improve the carrier injection. The as-fabricated devices have 32% improvement in light output power compared to conventional planar GaN-graphene diodes. The suspended graphene remains electrically stable up to 300 degrees C in air. The graphene can be obtained at low cost and high efficiency, indicating its high potential in future applications.
  • Xu, K., et al. (författare)
  • Graphene transparent electrodes grown by rapid chemical vapor deposition with ultrathin indium tin oxide contact layers for GaN light emitting diodes
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Applied Physics Letters. - 0003-6951. ; 102:16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • By virtue of the small active volume around Cu catalyst, graphene is synthesized by fast chemical vapor deposition (CVD) in a cold wall vertical system. Despite being highly polycrystalline, it is as conductive and transparent as standard graphene and can be used in light emitting diodes as transparent electrodes. 7-10 nm indium tin oxide (ITO) contact layer is inserted between the graphene and p-GaN to enhance hole injection. Devices with forward voltage and transparency comparable to those using traditional 240 nm ITO are achieved with better ultraviolet performances, hinting the promising future for application-oriented graphene by rapid CVD.
  • Yao, Qingxia, et al. (författare)
  • Highly porous isoreticular lanthanide metal-organic frameworks
  • ????
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • As an emerging type of porous materials, metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have the advantages over conventional inorganic porous materials in that their structures and functions are systematically and predictably designable. Isoreticular expansion is an efficient way for systematic design and control of pore size and shape for MOFs. By using our proposed strategy, a series of highly porous isoreticular lanthanide-based metal-organic frameworks with systematic pore apertures has been obtained, which afford an isoreticular series of MIL-103 structures (termed SUMOF-7I to IV) with pore apertures ranging from 7.2 Å to 23 Å. These materials demonstrated exhibit robust architectures with permanent porosity, and exceptional thermal stability and chemical stability in various solvents. The combination of luminescence property and significant porosity of these MOFs enable them as a potential platform for multifunctional purpose.
  • Yao, Qingxia, et al. (författare)
  • Series of Highly Stable Isoreticular Lanthanide Metal-Organic Frameworks with Expanding Pore Size and Tunable Luminescent Properties
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Chemistry of Materials. - 0897-4756. ; 27:15, s. 5332-5339
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A series of highly porous isoreticular lanthanide-based metal organic frameworks (LnMOFs) denoted as SUMOE-7I to SUMOE-7IV (SU = Stockholm University; Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, and Gd) have been synthesized using tritopic carboxylates as the organic linkers. The SUMOF-7 materials display one-dimensional pseudohexagonal channels with the pore diameter gradually enlarged from 8.4 to 23.9 angstrom, as a result of increasing sizes of the organic linkers. The structures have been solved by single crystal X-ray diffraction or rotation electron diffraction (RED) combined with powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). The SUMOF-7 materials exhibit robust architectures with permanent porosity. More importantly, they exhibit exceptionally high thermal and chemical stability. We show that, by inclusion of organic dye molecules, the luminescence properties of the MOFs can be elaborated and modulated, leading to promising applications in sensing and optics.
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  • Föregående 123[4]5Nästa
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