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  • Alfredsson, Johan, 1974- (författare)
  • The Politics of Form – Lars-Mikael Raattamaa and Anna Hallberg
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: "Across Media – Contemporary Literature and Media Culture", 2011-05-06, Trondheim, Denmark.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • What happens when a writer crosses the boundaries of literature? This is a question which it is quite pointless to ask, unless you state your theoretical point of departure. When that has been done, however, it is one of the most important issues which a literary scholar can raise. Through certain parts of the theories of Jean-Jacques Lecercle (mainly his concept of the “remainder” in language), Marjorie Perloff (mainly her discussions of how free verse is convention-based, and of what comes out of that insight: what she labels “after free verse”), and Jacques Rancière (mainly his concepts “polis” and “the political”), I aim to discuss what happens when Swedish contemporary poets Anna Hallberg and Lars-Mikael Raattamaa during recent years have sought to actively cross the boundaries of literature. These theoretical perspectives enable me to dwell on the political implications of this kind of boundary-crossing. This political dimension consists of a critique not only of the conventions of literature, but also of the modernist view of e.g. free verse. The crossing of literature’s boundaries not only moves them. More importantly, in these cases, it identifies them; it even highlights them, rendering them open for scrutiny.
  • Andersson, Annika, et al. (författare)
  • An ERP study of the relationship between verb semantics and events
  • 2016
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Languages differ in how events are described, but little is known about how semantics interacts with online event processing. This study targets this question examining placement events in Swedish. Swedish has three obligatory placement verbs for events where objects have support from below: sätta ’set’, ställa ’stand’, and lägga ’lay’. Swedish lacks a superordinate general term like English put (Gullberg & Burenhult, 2011). For every placement event the verb choice depends on object properties, and the direction of the object’s extension from the ground. We use event-related potentials (ERPs) and appropriateness ratings of verb usage to investigate the interaction between verb semantics and event properties. Typically violations of semantic congruency positively affect the amplitude of the N400 (Kutas & Hillyard, 1980). Studies also report a centro-parietal positivity (P600) when real-world knowledge is violated and verbs are incongruous to preceding contexts (Kuperberg, 2007, for a review). Previous ERP studies of visually presented images or movies of actions and events have reported an N400 followed by a P600 when the function of an object is violated (e.g., using a screwdriver as a key, Bach, et al., 2009; Balconi & Caldiroli, 2011). Method: Native speakers (N = 24, 18-35 years) watched still images of placement events followed by sentences visually presented word by word. Sentences described the depicted events while ERPs were recorded and time-locked to the placement verbs. Participants also did an appropriateness rating offline. Object properties (Base/Without base), symmetry (Sym/Asym), and orientation from the ground (Vertical/Horizontal) were varied and sentences with the three different placement verbs were combined with each image in a cross-subject design. Results: Base was important for appropriateness ratings of verb usage with symmetric objects while orientation was important for asymmetric objects. In contrast, there were no ERP effects to base (Base/Without) for symmetric objects. Asymmetric-base objects showed increased N400s and P600s with verbs incongruent with the depicted events (orientation, e.g., ‘lay’ with vertical glass). Asymmetric-Without base elicited an increased P600 when verbs were incongruent to depicted events when horizontally oriented (e.g., ‘set’ with horizontal avocado), but an increased N400 when verbs were incongruent to the atypical vertical placement of the objects (e.g., ‘lay’ with a vertical avocado). Discussion: Results showed an increased amplitude of both ERP effects (N400/P600) when placement verbs were incongruent with typical placement scenarios of objects that in the real-world are placed vertically or horizontally (Asymmetric-Base, e.g., a candle; cf. Bach et al., 2009). However, for objects without a base the anterior negativity was increased with a mismatch between the verb and the presented images (the depicted events), while the P600 increased for mismatches between the verb and typical real-world events. These results suggest the anterior N400 and the P600 indeed index different relationships with event processing as previously suggested for images (Sitnikova, et al., 2008). Our results agree with previous studies suggesting that the processing of verb meaning in language cannot be separated from knowledge of object handling in the real world (cf., Van Berkum, et al., 2008).
  • Becker, Christine, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Wissenschaftsorientierung in der Lehre der Landeskunde an schwedischen Universitäten : Research-based teaching of Landeskunde at Swedish universities
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: InfoDaF. Informationen Deutsch als Fremdsprache. - Berlin : Walter de Gruyter. - 0724-9616. ; 45:6, s. [708]-728
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In Sweden, university studies and hence also German Studies require research-based teaching on all levels. This even includes regular language acquisition courses and courses on Landeskunde, i.e. on culture, history and society. This paper describes the specific context of German Studies in Sweden and demonstrates how seminars on Landeskunde can be developed in an even more research-oriented way. By analysing existing curricula and specific teaching practices as well as by utilising results of a recently completed PhD project this paper delivers new insights into teaching German at Swedish universities and illustrate the learning potential of a cultural-studies-based concept of Landeskunde for research-oriented teaching.
  • Bentzen, Kristine, et al. (författare)
  • Studies in Övdalian Morphology and Syntax New research on a lesser-known Scandinavian language
  • 2015
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Övdalian is spoken in central Sweden by about 2000 speakers. Traditionally categorized as a dialect of Swedish, it has not received much international attention. However, Övdalian is typologically closer to Faroese or Icelandic than it is to Swedish, and since it has been spoken in relative isolation for about 1000 years, a number of interesting linguistic archaisms have been preserved and innovations have developed. This volume provides seven papers about Övdalian morphology and syntax. The papers, all based on extensive fieldwork, cover topics such as verb movement, subject doubling, wh-words and case in Övdalian. Constituting the first comprehensive linguistic description of Övdalian in English, this volume is of interest for linguists in the fields of Scandinavian and Germanic linguistics, and also historical linguists will be thrilled by some of the presented data. The data and the analyses presented here furthermore challenge our view of the morphosyntax of the Scandinavian languages in some cases – as could be expected when a new language enters the linguistic arena.
  • Bergenmar, Jenny, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Tracing Cultural Transfer Through Multiple Translation Analysis. The Case of the Swedish 19th-Century Bourgeois Novel in German and Czech
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Digital Literary Studies. International Conference May 14-15 2015, Coimbra, Portugal.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In the last decades, Comparative Literature has become more directed towards questions of transculturality. This renders translations of literary texts an important role as a vehicle not just for the transfer of text and language, but also of ideas and cultures. Digital methods for comparing multiple translations within and across languages might prove to be important for exploring how, for example, a Swedish 19th century bourgeois novel is reframed in Czech translations. The chosen example is A Merchant House (1859) by Emilie Flygare–Carlén (1807–1892) who was one of the most popular authors in Czech speaking regions in the late 19th Century. In this paper existing collation tools are used for comparing two different Czech translations (1872 and 1910), by two different translators. This might both reveal how the gender, context and position of the translator colours the literary text and how the translations are adapted to changing literary trends. Furthermore, parallel text alignment is tried as a method for comparing across languages, since the Czech translation is made from a German translation. Are the Czech translations subject to “foreignization” or “domestication”? Or do they retain the same traits as the German translation, which is the source of the first Czech translation? Does the systematic comparison of multiple translations contribute to the understanding of how texts move from certain gendered cultural contexts and ideologies to others?
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