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91.
  •  
92.
  • Teng, Gunnar, 1952- (författare)
  • Uppdrag samspel - en studie om elevers samspelskunnande i bollspel i ämnet idrott och hälsa
  • 2013
  • Licentiatavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This study is an intervention study conducted on students in the middle years of a Swedish suburban school. The aim of the study is to examine students’ cooperative skills in ball games in the subject of physical education. The study’s questions focus on what emerges in activity and in conversation when students receive cooperative tasks that they must complete together in ball games, and how these conversations and activities change during the learning process. The study also focuses on the patterns that occur in the game room when students must help each other cooperate, and on the consequences of these patterns for the learning of cooperation in ball games. The intervention consisted of three game laboratories, created as special tasks by means of cooperation, which were orchestrated. The study is based on and can be understood through John Dewey's pragmatic epistemology. It has a constructionist basis which means that learning and development is seen as an active process where individuals creat meaning in cooperation with others. Furthermore, the theoretical framework implies that students and the environment are seen as constantly interacting, creating each other in a mutual transactional process. A practical epistemology analysis (PEA) was used for the analysis of `talk and action´ in order to explore students' constructions and reconstructions of meaning making and learning about cooperation in ballgames. The empirical material consists of 24 games played and 24 rounds of talks. The first game laboratory focuses on what students are doing and talking about when they are asked to achieve the first pass. The second game laboratory focuses on what they do and talk about in order to succeed together in getting across the field’s halfway line before they get to shoot at goal. The third game laboratory focuses on what students should do to achieve the final pass before shooting at goal. The analysis of the game laboratories shows that it is not enough to pass or to create space as, own rooms in order to achieve cooperation in ballgames. The students’ actions and agreements during talks must also harmonise with the purpose of the task in order to allow learning to cooperate in ballgames to occur. The patterns that emerged in the game room were convergence and divergence; students created their own rooms as well as isolated rooms. Furthermore, densified game room was observed to hinder cooperation, and thinned room to favour cooperation.
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93.
  • Thiel, Ansgar, et al. (författare)
  • Health in Elite Sports – a “Bio-Psycho-Social” Perspective
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin (German Journal of Sports Medicine). - 0344-5925. ; 66:9, s. 241-248
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: In the medical practice of elite sports, health, injury, and illness are mostly handled from an exclusively biomedical perspective. However, research has shown that dealing with health in elite sports is strongly influenced by a so called “culture of risk”. Athletes are willing to take extreme health risks in order to be successful in important competitions, and they find themselves in a permanent action dilemma between the necessity of risking and securing their own health at the same time. Our paper emphasises the importance of integrating psychological and social factors into health management strategies in elite sport. Method: The article is based on data from the German Young Olympic Athletes’ Lifestyle and Health Management Study (GOAL Study). This nationwide mixed-method study combines quantitative and qualitative approaches in order to gather a broad range of representative information on squad athletes from all Olympic disciplines as well as in-depth information on selected Olympic disciplines. Results: Injuries and pain are everyday epiphenomena of elite sports, already at young age. In many cases, injuries are the result of a complex interplay of biological, psychological and social processes. Athletes are used to train and compete under constant suffering of pain. In order to fulfil sports specific expectations they develop behavioural patterns that outside the context of elite sports would be characterised as harmful. The process of internalising these patterns already starts in adolescence. Coaches play an important role in this process. Athletes implicitly learn to partly give up their individual pain sensorium.
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94.
  • Thorell, Gabriella (författare)
  • Coaching at Swedish Riding Schools – From military practice to a sport for girls
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: ECSS 2013 Becelona.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Equestrian sport in Sweden has a long tradition within the military academy until the end of 1960s, when the equestrian sport became formed by civilians and an increasing number of women began to be educated to riding instructors (Hedenborg, 2009). Today almost 500 riding schools provide education in riding and horse caring and play an important role as a leisure activity, especially among young girls. In Sweden, sport and leisure activities for children are supported by the government and that is why education at riding schools are not exclusively for the wealthy as in many other countries (Forsberg & Tebelius, 2011). Coaching and pedagogics in equestrian sport have traditionally been formed by military commands and instructions, so the aim of this study is to explore riding instructors’ experience and perceptions about coaching at riding schools and if there has become a change due to the shift from military to girls. Methods A constructivist grounded theory method have been use to collect and analyzed the data material from interviews with ten riding instructors with more than ten years of experience at their riding school. The constructivist approach of grounded theory is based on the scientists who produce knowledge based on the interpretation of the informants’ actions and behavior (Charmaz, 2009). Thus, the result can be seen as an interpreted portrait of the studied world, not an exact picture of it. Results The result shows that the way to perform the lessons and the language are very much the same as the military tradition but the riding instructors considered that there has been a pedagogical change over time. Today they stressed the importance of listening to the pupils and create new activity besides the traditional riding lessons. Discussion This main result is explained by impact of the changing market conditions and increased competition from other sports and interest that the riding instructors adapt their way of coaching. In conclusion this generates a new way of coaching at riding schools with a more individual and social focused form of coaching which shows that there is a development ongoing in Equestrian sport
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95.
  • Tidén, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Assessing Embodied Knowledge in Swedish PEH: the Influence of Physical Literacy
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: ICSSPE Bulletin. - 1563-3632. ; :No.65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is internationally a growing interest in the concept physical literacy and how it can be used in educational contexts. The aim of this contribution is to illustrate and describe how and in which way Swedish PEH has been influenced by physical literacy in the context of learning outcomes and assessment. The empirical material consists of the PEH curricula and the official supplementary material for qualitative assessment. Tensions between curricula, pedagogy, and assessment are discussed as physical literacy is linked to an individual’s potential and being in the world and not related to assessment of what separates people.
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96.
  • Tidén, Anna (författare)
  • Movement Skills Assessment Tools: Aims, Content and Context
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: EERA, ECER, European Educational Research Association, European Conference on Educational Research, Cadiz 2012, 18 - 21 September.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • URL: Extern länk Ämneskategori: Pedagogik Forskningsämne: Samhällsvetenskap/Humaniora Nyckelord(en) :movement skills, assessment tools, motor skills test Abstract(en) : Movement Skills Assessment Tools: Aims, Content and Context Introduction and Topic To master a broad repertoire of gross movement skills in the early school years seems to contribute to better physical self-esteem and represents a basis for engagement in physical activity and an active lifestyle later in life (Haywood & Getchell, 2005; Stodden, Langendorfer & Robertsson, 2009; Oakley, Booth & Patterson, 2001; Barnett, Van Beurden, Morgan, Brooks & Beard, 2009). Motor development in children has been of interest both in research and in practice. Over the last three to four decades, many motor development assessment tools have been developed to address various questions and for different contexts (Cools, De Martealer, Samaey & Andries, 2008). The overall aim of this study is to explore the purposes of different movement assessment tools used in research and practice. Questions of interest are; what is the purpose of the tool? In which context is the assessment tool employed? Which movement skills are in focus? Are the movements assessed in a quantitative or a qualitative way? Method Methods To examine 10-15 movement skills tools which often are referred to in research. Investigate the settings and contexts in which they are used. Examine the assessment tools in terms of aims, number and character of the selected items, reference system and measure structure. The tools and tests will be selected by review articles, research articles in the areas of physical education, physical activity, health, motor and movement skills and sport. Expected Outcomes There appears to be a change in the purposes of motor skills testing in the last ten to fifteen years. The tests have changed from mainly identifying deficiencies or motor impairments to screening children with the purpose to get “all on the right track”, to be physically active. The study is ongoing and there will be additional findings to discuss further on. Preliminary findings indicate that there have been many different reasons to study children’s movement skills. One question of interest has been to examine if the child is behind their peers in their motor development or if the child suffers from any disease or impairment. (Davis, 2003; Cools et. al., 2008) Other questions addressed are whether a child or student has reached the objectives in the Physical Education curriculum in terms of mastering movement skills (Tidén & Nyberg, 2004). Most of the tests are quantitative but some use a combination of both quantitative and qualitative assessment (Cools et. al., 2008; Tidén & Nyberg, 2004). Purely qualitative assessments are rare. Still most of the assessment tools are developed to be used for detection of irregular motor behavior (e.g. BOT-2 and KTK; Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005; Kiphard & Shilling, 2007).
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97.
  •  
98.
  • Thorsson, Sofia, 1972-, et al. (författare)
  • Is Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET) a superior screening tool for heat stress risk than Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) index? Eight years of data from the Gothenburg half marathon.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: British journal of sports medicine. - 1473-0480.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) index is a common tool to screen for heat stress for sporting events. However, the index has a number of limitations. Rational indices, such as the physiological equivalent temperature (PET) and Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI), are potential alternatives.To identify the thermal index that best predicts ambulance-required assistances and collapses during a city half marathon.Eight years (2010-2017) of meteorological and ambulance transport data, including medical records, from Gothenburg's half-marathon were used to analyse associations between WBGT, PET and UTCI and the rates of ambulance-required assistances and collapses. All associations were evaluated by Monte-Carlo simulations and leave-one-out-cross-validation.The PET index showed the strongest correlation with both the rate of ambulance-required assistances (R2=0.72, p=0.008) and collapses (R2=0.71, p=0.008), followed by the UTCI (R2=0.64, p=0.017; R2=0.64, p=0.017) whereas the WBGT index showed substantially poorer correlations (R2=0.56, p=0.031; R2=0.56, p=0.033). PET stages of stress, match the rates of collapses better that the WBGT flag colour warning. Compared with the PET, the WBGT underestimates heat stress, especially at high radiant heat load. The rate of collapses increases with increasing heat stress; large increase from the day before the race seems to have an impact of the rate of collapses.We contend that the PET is a better predictor of collapses during a half marathon than the WBGT. We call for further investigation of PET as a screening tool alongside WBGT.
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99.
  •  
100.
  • Ageberg, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Agreement between test procedures for the single-leg hop for distance and the single-leg mini squat as measures of lower extremity function
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation. - BioMed Central (BMC). - 2052-1847. ; 10:15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Different test procedures are often used within performance-based measures, causing uncertainty as to whether results can be compared between studies. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess agreement between different test procedures for the single-leg hop for distance (SLHD) and the single-leg mini squat (SLMS), respectively, two commonly used tasks for assessing deficiency in lower extremity muscle function.Methods: Twenty-three participants (20-42 years) with lower extremity injury performed the SLHD with arms free and with arms behind back, and the Limb Symmetry Index (LSI; injured leg divided by uninjured and multiplied by 100) was calculated. Another group of 28 participants (mean 18-38 years) performed five SLMSs at a pre-defined speed and maximum number of SLMSs during 30 seconds, and were visually observed and scored as either having a knee-over-foot or a knee-medial-to-foot position (KMFP).Results: No systematic difference between test procedures for the LSI of the SLHD was noted (p=0.736), Cohen's kappa = 0.42. The Bland & Altman plot showed wide limits of agreement between test procedures, with particularly poor agreement for participants with abnormal LSI (<90%). Ten participants were scored as having a KMFP during five SLMSs at a predefined speed, while five had a KMFP during maximum number of SLMSs during 30 seconds (p=0.063, Cohen's kappa = 0.56).Conclusions: The moderate agreement between the two test procedures for the SLHD and the SLMS, respectively, indicate that results from these different test procedures should not be compared across studies. SLHD with arms behind back, and five SLMSs at a pre-defined speed, respectively, were the most sensitive procedures to detect individuals with poor functional performance.
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