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21.
  • Meredith, Lauren, 1989-, et al. (författare)
  • Epidemiology of Equestrian Accidents: a Literature Review
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: The Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences & Practice. - 1540-580X. ; 17:1
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: This manuscript aimed to present a review of the literature pertaining to horse riding and other horse-related injuries. Method: A review of the literature was performed, searching for appropriate terms with regard to horse accidents, horse riding injuries and protective clothing for the horse riding context. The literature review search returned 151 relevant full-text articles, with 71 of these detailing the overall injury epidemiology of horse-related accidents. Most of these studies were conducted in the USA and used a retrospective review of hospital data methodology. Results: Of the 71 articles investigated, 60 suggested that those most frequently involved in horse-related accidents are young females and 97% of papers investigating injury mechanisms found the most commonly involved was a fall from horseback. It was suggested in multiple studies that these injury events mostly occurred in warm weather conditions, when the horse behaved in an unexpected manner. Injury type and location varied by the primary mechanism of injury, but frequently-involved body regions were the head and upper extremities, and the most common injuries observed were fractures and soft tissue injuries. Neurological trauma was reported by all relevant studies to be the most frequent cause of fatality. Conclusion: Some improvements in horse-related accident numbers and outcomes have been observed with the development and introduction of protective devices such as helmets and vests. Yet despite the benefits of helmet and vest usage, there is evidence to suggest helmets do not perform as well as they could. Further work could investigate improvements in safety measures and risk factors associated with fatalities.
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22.
  • Guerra, Matheus, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of a 10-Week Physical Activity Program on Asylum Seekers’ Physiological Health
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: 32nd Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention. Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We evaluated the effect of a 10-week training program on physiological health among a sample of 465 asylum seekers in Sweden, most of them from Syria. We found increases on the overall maximum aerobic fitness along with body composition (e.g., skeletal muscle mass) and a decrease in body fat.
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25.
  • Gylling, Anne Theil, et al. (författare)
  • The influence of prolonged strength training upon muscle and fat in healthy and chronically diseased older adults
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Experimental Gerontology. - Elsevier. - 0531-5565 .- 1873-6815. ; 136
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Physical muscle function and brain hippocampus size declines with age, accelerating after the age of 60. Strength training over a few months improves physical function, but less is known about how long-term strength training affects physical function and hippocampus volume. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of 1-year strength training of two different intensities upon muscle mass, function, and hippocampus volume in retirement-age individuals.</p><p>Methods: In this multidisciplinary randomized controlled trial (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02123641), participants were allocated to either a) supervised, heavy resistance training (HRT, n = 149, 3/wk), b) moderate intensity resistance training (MIT, n = 154, 3/wk) or c) non-exercise activities (CON, n = 148). 451 participants were randomized (62-70 yrs., women 61%, approximate to 80% with a chronic medical disease) and 419 were included in the intention-to-treat analysis (n = 143, 144 and 132; HRT, MIT and CON). Changes in muscle power (primary outcome), strength and size, physical function, body composition, hippocampus volume and physical/mental well-being were analyzed.</p><p>Findings: Of the participants (HRT + MIT), 83% completed training at least 2/week. Leg extensor power was unchanged in all groups, but strength training had a positive effect on isometric knee extensor strength in both groups, whereas an increased muscle mass, cross-sectional area of vastus lateralis muscle, a decreased whole-body fat percentage, visceral fat content and an improved mental health (SF-36) occurred in HRT only. Further, chair-stand performance improved in all groups, whereas hippocampus volume decreased in all groups over time with no influence of strength training.</p><p>Interpretation: Together, the results indicate that leg extensor power did not respond to long-term supervised strength training, but this type of training in a mixed group of healthy and chronically diseased elderly individuals can be implemented with good compliance and induces consistent changes in physiological parameters of muscle strength, muscle mass and abdominal fat.</p>
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26.
  • Hagströmer, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Bedöma och utvärdera fysisk aktivitet
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: FYSS 2017 : Fysisk aktivitet i sjukdomsprevention och sjukdomsbehandling - Fysisk aktivitet i sjukdomsprevention och sjukdomsbehandling : Fysisk aktivitet i sjukdomsprevention och sjukdomsbehandling. - 3. - Läkartidningen Förlag AB. - 9789198171129 ; s. 250-266
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
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29.
  • Raustorp, Anders, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Comparisons of pedometer‐determined weekday physical activity among Swedish school children and adolescents in 2000 and 2017 showed the highest reductions in adolescents
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica. - 0803-5253.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study compared differences in weekday physical activity among school children and adolescents in middle‐class communities in south eastern Sweden in 2000 and 2017. Methods Data were drawn from two independent cross‐sectional cohorts of children and adolescents aged eight, 11 and 14. The same six schools, protocols, procedures and instruments were used in both years, with 332 subjects in 2000 and 562 in 2017. Mean steps per day (SPD) were measured with a Yamax SW‐200 pedometer. Results The mean weekday SPD was similar among eight‐year‐old girls in both years, but 8% (p=0.040) higher among eight‐year‐old boys in 2017. However, among 11‐year‐old children, the mean SPDs were 12% lower among both girls (p=0.033) and boys (p=0.001). The SPDs among 14‐year‐old adolescents were 24% (p=0.012) and 30% (p<0.001) lower among girls and boys, respectively. Conclusion This school‐based study from south eastern Sweden showed that weekday physical activity differed between age groups in 2000 and 2017. The highest reductions were seen among older children and adolescents, particularly 14‐year‐old girls and boys. The only group that increased was eight‐year‐old boys, with no significant change in eight‐year‐old girls. A possible explanation might be the dramatically increased use of the Internet on phones and tablets.
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30.
  • Zellers, Jennifer A, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of seated and standing positions on triceps surae muscle activation in unilateral Achilles tendon rupture
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Translational Sports Medicine. - 2573-8488. ; 3:1, s. 3-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heel rises are commonly used in the rehabilitation of individuals following Achilles tendon rupture; however, the impact of tendon elongation on triceps surae activation in seated versus standing positions has not been investigated. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in triceps surae activation during seated compared to standing heel rises in individuals with Achilles tendon rupture and its relationship to tendon elongation. Ten individuals with a history of Achilles tendon rupture were included in this study. Muscle activity using electromyography was examined during a heel rise task in seated (unilateral) and standing (bilateral) positions. Soleus activity was not significantly different between sitting and standing on both the ruptured and uninjured side. On the ruptured, side there were no differences in medial or lateral gastrocnemius activity between sitting and standing; however, on the uninjured side medial and lateral gastrocnemius activity was lower in sitting compared to standing. The results of this study suggest that neuromuscular changes in triceps surae activation occur following Achilles tendon rupture. The seated heel rise position can be used to strengthen all muscles of the triceps surae and is useful when the patient is unable to perform a standing heel rise.
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