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41.
  • Thorell, Gabriella, et al. (författare)
  • From giving orders to engaging in dialogue : Military norms being challenged at the Swedish riding school
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Review for the Sociology of Sport. - London, UK : Sage Publications. - 1012-6902. ; 53:4, s. 451-470
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Equestrian sport is one of the largest sports among young girls in Sweden. A majority of these girls get their riding education at riding schools that provide horses and instructors. Previous research has pointed out that the Swedish riding school is characterised by a traditional stable culture that originated in army practices. Presently Swedish children and youth sport at large are undergoing a change driven by increased commercialisation and individualisation. The aim of this article is therefore to explore and analyse how Swedish riding instructors perceive and experience their professional role in regards to these changes. Interviews with 10 riding instructors have been analysed using a constructivist approach of Grounded theory, as well as institutional theory and institutional economic theory. It was discovered that the riding instructors, due to an economic recession, feel that the institutional arrangements of the riding schools have become governed by the economy. The riding instructors thus feel impelled to change and adapt to new teaching styles - from instruction characterised by giving orders to teaching characterised by dialogue. This study illustrates how economic challenges require continuous development of the riding instructors' pedagogical ability, and have made them more aware of their profession, its historical heritage and norms.
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42.
  • Kjeldgard, L., et al. (författare)
  • Bicycle crashes and sickness absence - A population-based Swedish register study of all individuals of working ages
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: BMC Public Health. - 1471-2458. ; 19:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background : In recent years, bicycle injuries have increased, yet little is known about the impact of such injures on sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP). The aim was to explore SA and DP among individuals of working ages injured in a bicycle crash. Method : A nationwide register-based study, including all individuals aged 16-64 years and living in Sweden, who in 2010 had in- or specialized out-patient healthcare (including emergency units) after a bicycle crash. Information on age, sex, sociodemographics, SA, DP, crash type, injury type, and injured body region was used. We analyzed individuals with no SA or DP, with ongoing SA or full-time DP already at the time of the crash, and with new SA > 14 days in connection to the crash. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals for new SA were estimated by logistic regression. Results : In total, 7643 individuals had healthcare due to a new bicycle crash (of which 85% were single-bicycle crashes). Among all, 10% were already on SA or full-time DP at the time of the crash, while 18% had a new SA spell. The most common types of injuries were external injuries (38%) and fractures (37%). The body region most frequently injured was the upper extremities (43%). Women had higher OR (1.40; 1.23-1.58) for new SA than men, as did older individuals compared with younger (OR 2.50; 2.02-3.09, for ages: 55-64 vs. 25-34). The injury types with the highest ORs for new SA, compared with the reference group external injuries was fractures (8.04; 6.62-9.77) and internal injuries (7.34; 3.67-14.66). Individuals with traumatic brain injury and injuries to the vertebral column and spinal cord had higher ORs for SA compared with other head, face, and neck injuries (2.72; 1.19-6.22 and 3.53; 2.24-5.55, respectively). Conclusions : In this explorative nationwide study of new bicycle crashes among individuals of working ages, 18% had a new SA spell in connection to the crash while 10% were already on SA or DP. The ORs for new SA were higher among women, older individuals, and among individuals with a fracture.
43.
  • Ohlin, Maria, 1987-, et al. (författare)
  • Duration of sickness absence following a bicycle crash, by injury type and injured body region: A nationwide register-based study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Transport & Health. - 2214-1405. ; 9, s. 275-281
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In recent years, bicycle injuries have increased but little is known about the relation of such injures to sickness absence (SA). The aim of this study was to investigate duration of SA > 14 days after a bicycle crash, in general and by injury type and injured body region. A population-based study was conducted, including all individuals living in Sweden, aged 16-64 years, who in 2009-2011 had in-or specialized outpatient medical care due to a new injury from a bicycle crash (n = 22,045), excluding those already on SA or full-time disability pension at the time of the crash. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for a new SA were estimated by logistic regression. In total, 4387 (20%) had new SA in connection to the crash. SA was most common among individuals aged 55-64 years (32%), and more common among women (23%) than men (18%). Fractures was the injury type with the highest OR for SA across all durations, but highest for 30-89 days (8.09; CI 6.30-10.39). Spine and back was the body region with the highest OR for SA >= 90 days (11.98; CI 7.38-19.46), followed by Traumatic Brain Injuries (6.64; CI 4.01-10.98), and injuries to lower extremities (5.28; CI 3.58-7.78). For 235 individuals (5%) the SA spell lasted >= 180 days. Among those cases, the most commonly injured body regions were lower leg (21%) followed by shoulder and upper arm (17%), and Traumatic Brain Injuries (15%). In conclusion, the duration of SA varied with type of injury and injured body region. Among the very long SA spells, common injuries were injuries to the lower leg, to the shoulder and upper arm, and traumatic brain injuries.
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44.
  • Meredith, Lauren, 1989-, et al. (författare)
  • Epidemiology of Equestrian Accidents: a Literature Review
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: The Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences & Practice. - 1540-580X. ; 17:1
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: This manuscript aimed to present a review of the literature pertaining to horse riding and other horse-related injuries. Method: A review of the literature was performed, searching for appropriate terms with regard to horse accidents, horse riding injuries and protective clothing for the horse riding context. The literature review search returned 151 relevant full-text articles, with 71 of these detailing the overall injury epidemiology of horse-related accidents. Most of these studies were conducted in the USA and used a retrospective review of hospital data methodology. Results: Of the 71 articles investigated, 60 suggested that those most frequently involved in horse-related accidents are young females and 97% of papers investigating injury mechanisms found the most commonly involved was a fall from horseback. It was suggested in multiple studies that these injury events mostly occurred in warm weather conditions, when the horse behaved in an unexpected manner. Injury type and location varied by the primary mechanism of injury, but frequently-involved body regions were the head and upper extremities, and the most common injuries observed were fractures and soft tissue injuries. Neurological trauma was reported by all relevant studies to be the most frequent cause of fatality. Conclusion: Some improvements in horse-related accident numbers and outcomes have been observed with the development and introduction of protective devices such as helmets and vests. Yet despite the benefits of helmet and vest usage, there is evidence to suggest helmets do not perform as well as they could. Further work could investigate improvements in safety measures and risk factors associated with fatalities.
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45.
  • Guerra, Matheus, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of a 10-Week Physical Activity Program on Asylum Seekers’ Physiological Health
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: 32nd Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention. Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We evaluated the effect of a 10-week training program on physiological health among a sample of 465 asylum seekers in Sweden, most of them from Syria. We found increases on the overall maximum aerobic fitness along with body composition (e.g., skeletal muscle mass) and a decrease in body fat.
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46.
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47.
  • Arkkukangas, Marina, et al. (författare)
  • One-Year Adherence to the Otago Exercise Programme with or Without Motivational Interviewing In Community-Dwelling Older People
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. - 1063-8652 .- 1543-267X. ; 26:3, s. 390-395
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study investigated if behavioral factors, treatment with behavioral support, readiness to change, fall self-efficacy and activity habits could predict long-term adherence to an exercise program. Included in this study were 114 community-dwelling older people who had participated in one of two home-based exercise interventions. Behavioral factors associated with adherence to the exercise program over 52 weeks were analyzed. The behavioral factors, specifically activity habits at baseline, significant predicted adherence to the exercise program, with an odds ratio (OR) of 3.39 and 95% CI = 1.38-8.32 for exercise and an OR of 6.11 and 95% CI = 2.34-15.94 for walks. Being allocated to a specific treatment including motivational interviewing (MI) was also significantly predictive: OR = 2.47 and 95% CI = 1.11-5.49 for exercise adherence. In conclusion, activity habits and exercise in combination with MI had a significant association with adherence to the exercise program at a one-year follow up.
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48.
  • Hagströmer, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Bedöma och utvärdera fysisk aktivitet
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: FYSS 2017 : Fysisk aktivitet i sjukdomsprevention och sjukdomsbehandling - Fysisk aktivitet i sjukdomsprevention och sjukdomsbehandling : Fysisk aktivitet i sjukdomsprevention och sjukdomsbehandling. - 3. - Läkartidningen Förlag AB. - 9789198171129 ; s. 250-266
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
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49.
  • Huus, Karina, et al. (författare)
  • Physical Activity, Blood Glucose and C-Peptide in Healthy School-Children, a Longitudinal Study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE. - 1932-6203. ; 11:6, s. e0156401
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim To further elucidate the relationship between physical activity and several risk factors for development of diabetes (glucose, C-peptide and obesity) over time. Methods A prospective longitudinal study where physical activity was measured on 199 children from Kalmar and Linkoping at age 8, and the same 107 children from Linkoping again at age 12. Anthropometric data was collected and blood was analyzed for C-peptide and f-glucose. The children in the study were representative for the general Swedish child population, and on an average lean. Results High physical activity was related to lower C-peptide at age 8 and 12. This correlation was especially pronounced in boys, who also were more physically active than girls at both time points. The association seen at 8 years of age was similar at age 12 in most children. Children with higher BMI Z-Score had a higher fasting C-peptide (age 12) but linear regression showed that children with more steps per day were less likely to have a higher fasting C-peptide irrespective of BMI. Longitudinal follow-up showed that a decrease in physical activity increased insulin resistance and beta-cell load. Conclusions Already in young children, physical activity improves insulin sensitivity and decreases the need of C-peptide over time. This seems to become even more pronounced with increasing age when children are followed longitudinally. Low physical activity increases the load on insulin producing beta-cells, might increase the risk for both type 1- and 2 diabetes.
50.
  • Håman, Linn, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Personal trainer´s health advice to clients in the fitness gym
  • 2019
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fitness gyms have become popular places for physical activity. Several individuals exercise at gyms and an increasing number hire a personal trainer (PT). PTs have an important role in offering advice and exercise programs as well as detecting unhealthy behaviors among their clients. Norms regarding exercise habits in the gyms appear to be strongly gendered, which may influence PTs’ advice. The purpose of this presentation is to describe PTs’ health advice to clients. In total, 19 PTs, nine women and ten men, aged 23 – 47 years were recruited through purposive sampling. An explorative design was employed and seven focus group discussions were carried out. These were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis guided by a gender perspective. The findings suggest that PTs had a gendered health advice approach towards women regarding exercise and diet. The PTs gave reactive health advice especially to women showing unhealthy exercise and eating behaviors in order to correct these unhealthy behaviors. The specific advice involved a) eating more and exercising less, b) focusing on performance rather than appearance and c) avoiding heavy weight lifting. However, the PTs avoided to advise men showing similar unhealthy training and eating behaviors. The PTs also had a transgressive health advice approach. They advised both women and men to a) adopt a relaxed attitude to exercise and diet, b) to prioritize and rationalize their exercise and diet and c) to eat a natural diet. The gendered health advice approach might give women and men different opportunities to improve their physical fitness, health and well-being. Men with unhealthy behaviors might not be supported by the PTs, which adversely can affect men's health. We recommend that gym managers and PT-educators increase their awareness about the importance of providing equal opportunities for women and men to improve their physical fitness and health.
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