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  • Garcia, Danilo, 1973- (författare)
  • The Archer-Garcia Ratio: A Brief Measure of Self-reported Physical Activity
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: VII Neurotoxicity Meeting. Cuenca, Spain.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Two questions about individuals exercise habits that measure frequency (“How often do you exercise?”; 1 = never, 5 = 5 times/week or more) and intensity (“Estimate the level of effort when you exercise”; 1 = none or very low, 10 = Very High) of physical activity were standardized (i.e., transformed to z-scores) into a composite measure, that is, The Archer-Garcia Ratio. A principal components analysis, with oblimin rotation, suggested that a single primary factor accounted for at least 70.94% of the variance, thus supporting the calculation of The Archer-Garcia Ratio. In a population (N = 158) at a training facility, the Archer-Garcia Ratio predicted how often individuals had trained for the past six months, measured electronically, even when compared to larger, strong, and validated scales of exercise behaviour. The Archer-Garcia Ratio is a brief and valid self-report measure that can be used to predict actual exercise behaviour.
  • Gerber, Markus, et al. (författare)
  • Promoting Graded Exercise as a Part of Multimodal Treatment in Patients Diagnosed with Stress-Related Exhaustion
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing. - 0962-1067 .- 1365-2702. ; 24:13-14, s. 1904-1915
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims and objectives The purpose of this study was to examine, by using patient cohort data, the changes in exercise habits during a 12-month multimodal treatment period, in patients seeking specialist care for stress-related exhaustion. Background Randomised controlled trials have greatly contributed to the fact that both physicians and patients regard regular exercise participation as a highly valuable and effective treatment for mental health disorders. Nevertheless, little is known about the adherence to physical activity recommendations for patients with stress-related mental problems in a clinical setting. Knowledge about what can be achieved within the clinical context, and how current treatments can be improved, is crucial for clinicians, researchers, educators, managers and policy makers involved in nursing practice. Design Longitudinal analysis of patient cohort data. Methods The sample consisted of 169 patients (79% women; mean age = 42·7 years) who were referred to a stress clinic due to stress-related exhaustion. All patients received multimodal treatment with similar components. Two different approaches to promote exercise were used in the clinical work (general comprehensive instruction either with or without an 18-week coached exercise programme). The self-reported overall exercise level was assessed at baseline and at three, six and 12 months after the first visit. Group by time effects were examined with repeated measures analyses of variance. Results The frequency, duration and intensity of exercise increased substantially during the first three months of multimodal treatment. Although exercise levels tended to decrease thereafter, there was still a significant time effect at the 12-month follow-up showing that follow-up exercise levels were higher than at baseline. Conclusion Both general exercise instructions and coached exercise were effective in promoting exercise involvement. Relevance to clinical practice Exercise can be successfully promoted as a part of multimodal treatment in patients with stress-related exhaustion.
  • Jonasson, Kalle, 1976- (författare)
  • Modern sport between purity and hybridity
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Sport in society. - 1743-0445. ; online 6/11-2013
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Issues of purity are central to modern sport, as well as to modernity in general. This paper ponders the role of purity in modern sport by also including its counterpart, hybridity, in the discussion. In sport studies, the concept of the ‘human’ is identified as something taken for granted, and therefore remains under-theorized. Bruno Latour's conception of modernity and scientific practice is here combined with Sigmund Loland's analogy between scientific experiments and sport competitions. Purity is assumed to be related to the idea of modern sport as a practice, which revolves around distilling samples of ‘humanness’ that should not be polluted by non-human interference. This paper argues that while modern sport strives to minimize non-human impact, it acknowledges the hybrid material that sport results are moulded from. The concept ‘Human’ is therefore not an a priori in modern sport but an a posteriori.
  • Jonasson, Kalle, 1976- (författare)
  • Sport has never been modern dissertation
  • 2013
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Abstract Title: Sport Has Never Been Modern Language: English & Swedish. Summary in Swedish. ISBN: 978-91-7346-738-4 Keywords: sport, modernity, nonhuman, territorialisation, gender, competition, science Sport has often been understood as a set of formalised physical contests, and moreover as something inherently modern. New conceptions of the term implicates that sport ought to comprise all physical activity. However, the studies and approaches that describe the range and tension between those positions are lacking. The thesis addresses this lacuna and suggests that the aforementioned conceptions could be inquired as the narrow (physical contest) and the broad (physical activity) understanding of sport. The work presented in this thesis sets out to outline a theoretical and methodological framework that could comprise the different conceptions of sport. This framework is laid out with inspiration from Bruno Latour’s symmetrical anthropology. The empirical material was collected from an array of sources with a broad range of ethnographical methods. Four sporting practices (break time football, parkour, eSport, and company table tennis) that embody the tension between the broad and the narrow are inquired into in the articles. The comprehensive framework that the thesis seeks to outline takes form in shape of the different concepts (“dromography,” “minor sport,” and “the art of tracing”) constructed within the articles. It is concluded that the broad understanding of sport threatens to hollow the term. However, the narrow understanding of sport tends to downplay the material dimension of modernity. It is argued that the connection between the material and the social dimension of sport, with regards to categories such as age and gender, mustn’t be neglected in the study of sport. Furthermore, it is argued that the competitive element of modern sport is related to modern science in an unexpected way that adds new understanding to the ontology of modernity in general.
  • Jonasson, Kalle, 1976- (författare)
  • Undermining or overmining: Is there a third way in the unification of sport science?
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Poster and mini oral presentation ECSS barcelona June 2013.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In the announcement for the 18th annual congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), the organizers discuss the benefits and pitfalls of reductionism in the field of sport science. This paper addresses the question of unification of disciplines in ‘hyphen sciences’ such as sport science. While having the multi- and interdisciplinary organization ECSS as a point of departure, and perhaps as a point of arrival, the presentation concerns different attempts at unifying the study of sport. Epistemological, ontological, and disciplinary endeavors to create a comprehensive system of knowledge of sport will be scrutinized. These varying attempts will be discussed with the concepts ‘undermining’ and ‘overmining’ (Harman, 2009). The object-oriented philosopher and speculative realist Graham Harman utilizes these concepts to demonstrate that most attempts at describing reality end up in either undermining, i.e. small reductionist schemes (atoms, cells, etc.), or in overmining, i.e. grandiose determinist structures (nature, capitalism, etc.). Instead of giving oneself up to those two strategies we might, Harman suggests, depart from the “middle kingdom” of objects, actors and heterogeneous networks that the sociologist/anthropologist of science Bruno Latour (1993) has pointed out. The paper thus concludes, contrary to the announcement of the conference – i.e. that “/t/he 2013 ECSS Congress in Barcelona seeks to help sport science make its own leap forward towards an understanding of ourselves not as part of a technical world but as interacting parts of an indivisible whole: nature” –, that sport science mustn’t skip the step of the ‘technical world’ since this, as is argued within science and technology studies, is the intermediary region between different disciplines. HARMAN, G. (2009). Prince of networks: Bruno Latour and metaphysics. Prahran, Vic, Re.press. LATOUR, B. (1993). We have never been modern. Cambridge, Mass, Harvard University Press.
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