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61.
62.
  • Bergström, G, et al. (författare)
  • The Swedish CArdioPulmonary BioImage Study: objectives and design.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Internal Medicine. - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 1365-2796. ; 278:6, s. 645-659
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cardiopulmonary diseases are major causes of death worldwide, but currently recommended strategies for diagnosis and prevention may be outdated because of recent changes in risk factor patterns. The Swedish CArdioPulmonarybioImage Study (SCAPIS) combines the use of new imaging technologies, advances in large-scale 'omics' and epidemiological analyses to extensively characterize a Swedish cohort of 30 000 men and women aged between 50 and 64 years. The information obtained will be used to improve risk prediction of cardiopulmonary diseases and optimize the ability to study disease mechanisms. A comprehensive pilot study in 1111 individuals, which was completed in 2012, demonstrated the feasibility and financial and ethical consequences of SCAPIS. Recruitment to the national, multicentre study has recently started.
63.
  • Decker, Ralph, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Case report of a girl with secondary amenorrhea associated with aurantiasis cutis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Hormone Research in Paediatrics. - 1663-2818 .- 1663-2826.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Introduction: --- Aurantiasis cutis is a condition of yellowish or golden skin discoloration that can result from eating excessive amounts of foods containing carotene leading to hypercarotenemia(1), described causing secondary amenorrhea(2). Objective & hypothesis: --- Hypercarotenemia can cause secondary amenorrhea without overconsumption of excessive quantities of carotene. Results: --- Laboratory tests showed a ß-Carotene level more than the 2-fold above the upper reference level. Hyperbilirubinemia could be excluded. Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism was not present. There was no evidence for adrenal dysfunction. Liver function tests were normal. Material/ Methods: --- A 16-year-old girl presented to our endocrine outpatient clinic with a 2-year history of varying yellow discoloration of her skin and secondary amenorrhea. The findings of the general physical examination were normal, but there was a marked yellow discoloration of the palms, soles, and nasolabial folds. A dietary history revealed a low carotene diet, but also a low carbohydrate diet. BMI was 19.9 kg/m² (-0.2 SDS) without signs of anorexia. Discussion: --- In this girl we observed hypercarotenemia associated with secondary nonhypothalamic amenorrhea in absence of excess external intake of carotenes. This suggests an intrinsic reason due to a polymorphism(3) in ß-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase (BCO)(4), an enzyme breaking down carotenes to vitamin A(5). Phenotype-genotype association studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis. Conclusion: --- Secondary non-hypothalamic amenorrhea can be associated with hypercarotenemia. References: --- 1. Tanikawa K, Seta K, Machii A, Itoh S 1961 [Aurantiasis cutis due to overeating of dried laver (nori): a case report]. Jpn J Med Sci Biol 50:414-419 2. Kemmann E, Pasquale SA, Skaf R 1983 Amenorrhea associated with carotenemia. JAMA 249:926-929 3. Leung WC, Hessel S, Meplan C, Flint J, Oberhauser V, Tourniaire F, Hesketh JE, von Lintig J, Lietz G 2009 Two common single nucleotide polymorphisms in the gene encoding beta-carotene 15,15'-monoxygenase alter beta-carotene metabolism in female volunteers. FASEB j 23:1041-1053 4. Frumar AM, Meldrum DR, Judd HL 1979 Hypercarotenemia in hypothalamic amenorrhea. Fertil Steril 32:261-264 5. Lindqvist A, Andersson S 2002 Biochemical properties of purified recombinant human beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase. J Biol Chem 277:23942-23948
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64.
  •  
65.
  • Aydogdu, Özgu, 1978-, et al. (författare)
  • Urinary tract infection: Europe.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Guide to Pediatric Urology and Surgery in Clinical Practice. - 978-1-84996-366-4 ; s. 21-34
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  •  
66.
  • Bhoo-Pathy, Nirmala, et al. (författare)
  • Intake of Coffee, Decaffeinated Coffee, or Tea Does Not Affect Risk for Pancreatic Cancer : Results From the European Prospective Investigation into Nutrition and Cancer Study
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. - Elsevier. - 1542-3565. ; 11:11, s. 1486-1492
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few modifiable risk factors have been implicated in the etiology of pancreatic cancer. There is little evidence for the effects of caffeinated coffee, decaffeinated coffee, or tea intake on risk of pancreatic cancer. We investigated the association of total coffee, caffeinated coffee, decaffeinated coffee, and tea consumption with risk of pancreatic cancer.METHODS: This study was conducted within the European Prospective Investigation into Nutrition and Cancer cohort, comprising male and female participants from 10 European countries. Between 1992 and 2000, there were 477,312 participants without cancer who completed a dietary questionnaire, and were followed up to determine pancreatic cancer incidence. Coffee and tea intake was calibrated with a 24-hour dietary recall. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were computed using multivariable Cox regression.RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 11.6 y, 865 first incidences of pancreatic cancers were reported. When divided into fourths, neither total intake of coffee (HR, 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83-1.27; high vs low intake), decaffeinated coffee (HR, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.76-1.63; high vs low intake), nor tea were associated with risk of pancreatic cancer (HR, 1.22, 95% CI, 0.95-1.56; high vs low intake). Moderately low intake of caffeinated coffee was associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer (HR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.02-1.74), compared with low intake. However, no graded dose response was observed, and the association attenuated after restriction to histologically confirmed pancreatic cancers.CONCLUSIONS: Based on an analysis of data from the European Prospective Investigation into Nutrition and Cancer cohort, total coffee, decaffeinated coffee, and tea consumption are not related to the risk of pancreatic cancer.
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67.
  • Hammarfjord, Oscar, et al. (författare)
  • Surgical treatment of recurring ameloblastoma, are there options?
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery. - 1532-1940. ; 51:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Our aim was to evaluate the treatment given to patients with intraosseus ameloblastomas with special emphasis on recurrence and the outcomes of primary and secondary resection. Forty-eight patients who were treated for intraosseous ameloblastoma at 8 centres across Sweden met the inclusion criteria. They showed typical distribution of age, sex, site of lesion, and characteristic presenting features. Eleven of the 48 were initially treated with radical resection and none recurred. Twenty-two of the remaining 37 who were initially treated by conservative resection presented with recurrences. Sixteen of the 22 then had conservative secondary resections, which resulted in further recurrence in 6 patients. Initial radical resection is therefore superior to conservative management as far as recurrences are concerned. We argue, however, that a conservative surgical approach is adequate for many intraosseous ameloblastomas with limited extension, because relapse can be followed by radical resection if clinically indicated in selected cases.
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68.
  • Israelsson, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Health status and psychological distress among in-hospital cardiac arrest survivors in relation to gender
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Resuscitation. - Elsevier. - 0300-9572. ; 114, s. 27-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To describe health status and psychological distress among in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) survivors in relation to gender.METHODS: This national register study consists of data from follow-up registration of IHCA survivors 3-6 months post cardiac arrest (CA) in Sweden. A questionnaire was sent to the survivors, including measurements of health status (EQ-5D-5L) and psychological distress (HADS).RESULTS: Between 2013 and 2015, 594 IHCA survivors were included in the study. The median values for EQ-5D-5L index and EQ VAS among survivors were 0.78 (q1-q3=0.67-0.86) and 70 (q1-q3=50-80) respectively. The values were significantly lower (p<0.001) in women compared to men. In addition, women reported more problems than men in all dimensions of EQ-5D-5L, except self-care. A majority of the respondents reported no problems with anxiety (85.4%) and/or symptoms of depression (87.0%). Women reported significantly more problems with anxiety (p<0.001) and symptoms of depression (p<0.001) compared to men. Gender was significantly associated with poorer health status and more psychological distress. No interaction effects for gender and age were found.CONCLUSIONS: Although the majority of survivors reported acceptable health status and no psychological distress, a substantial proportion reported severe problems. Women reported worse health status and more psychological distress compared to men. Therefore, a higher proportion of women may be in need of support. Health care professionals should make efforts to identify health problems among survivors and offer individualised support when needed.
69.
  • Karlsson, Caroline, et al. (författare)
  • 5-Hydroxytryptamine contracts human uterine artery smooth muscle predominantly via 5-HT2 receptors
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Human Reproduction. - Oxford University Press. - 0268-1161. ; 12:2, s. 361-367
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Serotonergic receptors were classified in the isolated human uterine artery with intact endothelium, using agonists and antagonists for 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors. The efficacy for different agonists rated: alpha-methyl-5-HT (5-HT2) = 5-HT (non-selective) = 2-methyl-5-HT (5-HT3) >> sumatriptan (5-HT1), and the potency as: sumatriptan = 5-HT > 5-HT > alpha-methyl-5-HT > 2-methyl-5-HT. The contractile effects of 5-HT and alpha-methyl-5-HT were antagonized by the 5-HT2 receptor antagonist ketanserin and the non-selective antagonist methiothepin. The efficacy of sumatriptan was comparatively low. No interaction was encountered between 2-methyl-5-HT and MDL72222, suggesting an absence of 5-HT3 receptors. The results indicate that the contractile serotonergic receptor population in the human uterine artery mainly comprises 5-HT2 receptors, although a minor contribution of contractile 5-HT1 receptors cannot be excluded.
70.
  • Karlsson, Caroline, et al. (författare)
  • Characterization of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors mediating circular smooth muscle contraction in the human umbilical artery
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation. - Karger. - 1423-002X. ; 47:2, s. 102-107
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The study was performed to characterize pharmacologically the contractile 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors in the circular smooth muscle of the isolated human umbilical artery. Effects of agonists and antagonists for different 5-HT receptor subtypes were studied in intact endothelium vessel segments. All agonists induced concentration-dependent circular smooth muscle contractions. The potency was in declining order 5-HT > alpha-methyl-5-HT > sumatriptan >/= 2-methyl-5-HT. The effects of 5-HT and alpha-methyl-5-HT were antagonized by ketanserin, as well as methiothepin. The contractile effect of sumatriptan was antagonized by methiothepin but not by ketanserin. The 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, MDL 72222, did not affect the contraction by any of the agonists, including 2-methyl-5-HT. It is concluded that the 5-HT-induced contraction in the circular smooth muscle of the human umbilical artery seems to be mediated by a mixed population of 5-HT1-like receptors and 5-HT2 receptors.
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