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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) > (2000-2004)

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  • Bondeson, Lennart, et al. (författare)
  • Michelangelo's divine goitre.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. - SAGE Publications. - 0141-0768. ; 96:12, s. 609-611
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Brakebusch, Cord, et al. (författare)
  • Brevican-deficient mice display impaired hippocampal CA1 long-term potentiation but show no obvious deficits in learning and memory
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Molecular and Cellular Biology. - American Society for Microbiology. - 0270-7306. ; 22:21, s. 7417-7427
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Brevican is a brain-specific proteoglycan which is found in specialized extracellular matrix structures called perineuronal nets. Brevican increases the invasiveness of glioma cells in vivo and has been suggested to play a role in central nervous system fiber tract development. To study the role of brevican in the development and function of the brain, we generated mice lacking a functional brevican gene. These mice are viable and fertile and have a normal life span. Brain anatomy was normal, although alterations in the expression of neurocan were detected. Perineuronal nets formed but appeared to be less prominent in mutant than in wild-type mice. Brevican-deficient mice showed significant deficits in the maintenance of hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). However, no obvious impairment of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmission was found, suggesting a complex cause for the LTP defect. Detailed behavioral analysis revealed no statistically significant deficits in learning and memory. These data indicate that brevican is not crucial for brain development but has restricted structural and functional roles.
  • Dahlén, A, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of the distribution and frequency of trisomy 7 in vivo in synovia from patients with osteoarthritis and pigmented villonodular synovitis
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - Elsevier. - 0165-4608. ; 131:1, s. 19-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Osteoarthritis (OA) and pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) are disorders associated with trisomy 7. The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency and distribution of the cells with +7 in vivo by analyzing sections of paraffin-embedded synovia from patients affected by OA, PVNS, other forms of synovitis [hemorragic synovitis (HS) and chronic synovitis (CS)], and from individuals without joint disease. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), using a centromeric probe for chromosome 7, showed that the mean frequency of trisomic nuclei in 5-microm sections was highest in PVNS (9.0%), followed by CS (5.9%), OA (5.6%), and HS (4.6%), whereas trisomic nuclei were rare (0.7%) in normal tissue. When 8-microm sections were studied, the frequencies of trisomic cells in OA and control synovia increased to 6.7% and 1.5%, respectively. Trisomic nuclei were found in all cases, including those for which cytogenetic analysis of short-term cultures had not disclosed any trisomic cells. Overall, the trisomic cells were scattered within the tissue. However, small clusters of cells with +7 were found in three cases. By hematoxylin-eosin staining of the slides used for FISH analysis it could be shown that the clustered trisomic cells were proliferating synoviocytes within villous extensions of the synovial membrane.
  • Elomaa, I, et al. (författare)
  • Five-year results in Ewing's sarcoma. The Scandinavian Sarcoma Group experience with the SSG IX protocol
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - Elsevier. - 1879-0852. ; 36:7, s. 875-880
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The first Scandinavian protocol for Ewing's sarcoma, SSG IV, resulted in a local control rate of 74% and 5-year metastasis-free survival (MFS) of 43%. The second protocol, SSG IX, was started in order to improve upon these results. It featured four chemotherapy cycles, each consisting of two courses of VAI (vincristine, doxorubicin, ifosfamide) alternating with one course of PAI (cisplatin, doxorubicin, ifosfamide) at 3-weekly intervals. Total treatment time was 35 weeks. Local therapy was given at week 9. Inoperable or non-radically operated patients received hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy 1.5 Gy twice daily between chemotherapy courses to a total dose of 42-60 Gy, depending on surgical radicality and tumour localisation. 88 patients were included (58 male, 30 female, mean age 20 years; range 5-65 years). The tumour (73 M0 and 15 M1) was located centrally in 31 patients (35%), in the extremities in 34 (39%) and other sites in 23 (26%) of cases. The median size of tumour was 10 cm (range 2-23), soft tissue was invaded in 87%. Surgery was the local therapy for 60 (68%) patients: amputation in 8 and local excision in 52. The surgical margins were wide in 35 patients, marginal in 14 and intralesional in 3. Radiotherapy was given to 17 non-radically operated patients postoperatively and to 28 patients with inoperable tumours primarily. Histological responses were evaluated in 52 patients. 9 local recurrences were observed (10%). Distant metastases developed in 24 M0 patients (33%). The estimated 5-year MFS was 58% and overall survival (OS) 70% for M0 and 27% and 28% for M1 patients, respectively. Survival was favourable in patients with non-metastatic extremity tumours (90%) and tumours operated with wide margins (90%). Patients with a total necrosis after chemotherapy had a better OS than those with a partial or poor response (P=0.003). The toxicity (World Health Organisation) was acceptable (gastrointestinal G1-2; haematological G3-4). The SSG IX protocol gave better local control and survival rates than the SSG IV. Whether this is due to a higher therapeutic efficacy of the present protocol cannot be ascertained in this comparison with a historical control.
  • Falkenberg, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • Expression of a functional proteinase inhibitor capable of accepting xylose: bikunin
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. - Academic Press. - 0003-9861. ; 387:1, s. 99-106
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bikunin is a Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor, which is cross-linked to heavy chains via a chondroitin sulfate chain, forming inter-alpha-inhibitor and related molecules. Rat bikunin was produced by baculovirus-infected insect cells. The protein could be purified with a total yield of 20 mg/liter medium. Unlike naturally occuring bikunin the recombinant protein had no galactosaminoglycan chain. Endoglycosidase digestion also suggested that the recombinant form lacked N-linked oligosaccharides. Bikunin is translated as a part of a precursor, alpha1-microglobulin/bikunin, but the functional significance of the cotranslation is unknown. Our results indicate that the proteinase inhibitory function of bikunin is not regulated by the alpha1-microglobulin-part of the alpha1-microglobulin/bikunin precursor since recombinant bikunin had the same trypsin inhibitory activity as the recombinant precursor. Both free bikunin and the precursor were also functional as a substrate in an in vitro xylosylation system. This demonstrates that the alpha1-microglobulin-part is not necessary for the first step of galactosaminoglycan assembly.
  • Hallén, Magnus, et al. (författare)
  • Cytogenetic abnormalities in a hemangiopericytoma of the spleen.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - Elsevier. - 0165-4608. ; 136:1, s. 62-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To date, only 16 cytogenetically abnormal hemangiopericytomas (HP) have been reported. Despite this low number, some characteristic karyotypic features have already emerged: most HP are near-diploid and breakpoints in 12q13, 12q24, and 19q13 seem to be common, with t(12;19)(q13;q13) being a recurrent translocation. Here, we report the first case of a probably benign splenic HP with chromosomal abnormalities. The abnormal karyotype was 47,XX,t(5;22;11)(q31;q11;q13),+10. None of these abnormalities have previously been reported in HP, suggesting that the karyotypic pattern of splenic HP may differ from soft tissue HP.
  • Jakobsen, A M, et al. (författare)
  • Differential expression of vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT) 1 and 2 in gastrointestinal endocrine tumours.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: The Journal of pathology. - 0022-3417. ; 195:4, s. 463-72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroendocrine tumours are characterized by their capacity to produce hormones, which are stored in vesicles and secretory granules. Demonstration of granule/vesicle proteins in tumours is taken as evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation. Vesicular monoamine transporters (VMAT1 and VMAT2) mediate the transport of amines into vesicles of neurons and endocrine cells. The expression of VMAT1 and VMAT2 and the usefulness of VMAT1 and VMAT2 in the histopathological diagnosis of gastrointestinal endocrine tumours have not been fully explored. This study therefore investigated the expression of VMAT1 and VMAT2 in 211 human gastrointestinal tumours by immunocytochemistry and western blotting. VMAT1 and/or VMAT2 were demonstrated in the majority of amine-producing endocrine tumours of gastric, ileal, and appendiceal origin. Serotonin-producing endocrine tumours (ileal and appendiceal carcinoids) expressed predominantly VMAT1, while histamine-producing endocrine tumours (gastric carcinoids) expressed VMAT2 almost exclusively. In peptide-producing endocrine tumours such as rectal carcinoids and endocrine pancreatic tumours, only a small number of immunopositive tumour cells were observed. No labelling was found in non-endocrine tumours, including gastric, colorectal and pancreatic adenocarcinomas and gastrointestinal stromal tumours. In conclusion, VMAT1 and VMAT2 are differentially expressed by gastrointestinal endocrine tumours, with a pattern specific for each tumour type, reflecting their neuroendocrine differentiation and origin. VMAT1 and VMAT2 may therefore become valuable markers in the classification of neuroendocrine tumours and may also indicate patients suitable for radioisotope treatment operating via these transporter systems.
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