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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) srt2:(2000-2004)"

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  • Hallén, Magnus, et al. (författare)
  • Cytogenetic abnormalities in a hemangiopericytoma of the spleen.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - Elsevier. - 0165-4608. ; 136:1, s. 62-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To date, only 16 cytogenetically abnormal hemangiopericytomas (HP) have been reported. Despite this low number, some characteristic karyotypic features have already emerged: most HP are near-diploid and breakpoints in 12q13, 12q24, and 19q13 seem to be common, with t(12;19)(q13;q13) being a recurrent translocation. Here, we report the first case of a probably benign splenic HP with chromosomal abnormalities. The abnormal karyotype was 47,XX,t(5;22;11)(q31;q11;q13),+10. None of these abnormalities have previously been reported in HP, suggesting that the karyotypic pattern of splenic HP may differ from soft tissue HP.
  • Jakobsen, A M, et al. (författare)
  • Differential expression of vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT) 1 and 2 in gastrointestinal endocrine tumours.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: The Journal of pathology. - 0022-3417. ; 195:4, s. 463-72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroendocrine tumours are characterized by their capacity to produce hormones, which are stored in vesicles and secretory granules. Demonstration of granule/vesicle proteins in tumours is taken as evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation. Vesicular monoamine transporters (VMAT1 and VMAT2) mediate the transport of amines into vesicles of neurons and endocrine cells. The expression of VMAT1 and VMAT2 and the usefulness of VMAT1 and VMAT2 in the histopathological diagnosis of gastrointestinal endocrine tumours have not been fully explored. This study therefore investigated the expression of VMAT1 and VMAT2 in 211 human gastrointestinal tumours by immunocytochemistry and western blotting. VMAT1 and/or VMAT2 were demonstrated in the majority of amine-producing endocrine tumours of gastric, ileal, and appendiceal origin. Serotonin-producing endocrine tumours (ileal and appendiceal carcinoids) expressed predominantly VMAT1, while histamine-producing endocrine tumours (gastric carcinoids) expressed VMAT2 almost exclusively. In peptide-producing endocrine tumours such as rectal carcinoids and endocrine pancreatic tumours, only a small number of immunopositive tumour cells were observed. No labelling was found in non-endocrine tumours, including gastric, colorectal and pancreatic adenocarcinomas and gastrointestinal stromal tumours. In conclusion, VMAT1 and VMAT2 are differentially expressed by gastrointestinal endocrine tumours, with a pattern specific for each tumour type, reflecting their neuroendocrine differentiation and origin. VMAT1 and VMAT2 may therefore become valuable markers in the classification of neuroendocrine tumours and may also indicate patients suitable for radioisotope treatment operating via these transporter systems.
  • Johansson, M., et al. (författare)
  • Interleukin-2 and histamine in combination inhibit tumour growth and angiogenesis in malignant glioma
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - Cancer Research Campaign. - 0007-0920. ; 83:6, s. 826-832
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Biotherapy including interleukin-2 (IL-2) treatment seems to be more effective outside the central nervous system when compared to the effects obtained when the same tumour is located intracerebrally. Recently published studies suggest that reduced activity of NK cells in tumour tissue can be increased by histamine. The present study was designed to determine whether IL-2 and histamine, alone or in combination, can induce anti-tumour effects in an orthotopic rat glioma model. One group of rats was treated with histamine alone (4 mg kg(-1)s.c. as daily injections from day 6 after intracranial tumour implantation), another group with IL-2 alone as a continuous subcutaneous infusion and a third group with both histamine and IL-2. The animals were sacrificed at day 24 after tumour implantation. IL-2 and histamine in combination significantly reduced tumour growth. The microvessel density was significantly reduced, an effect mainly affecting the small vessels. No obvious alteration in the pattern of VEGF mRNA expression was evident and no significant changes in apoptosis were observed. Neither IL-2 nor histamine alone caused any detectable effects on tumour growth. Histamine caused an early and pronounced decline in tumour blood flow compared to normal brain. The results indicate that the novel combination of IL-2 and histamine can be of value in reducing intracerebral tumour growth and, thus, it might be of interest to re-evaluate the therapeutic potential of biotherapy in malignant glioma.
  • Jögi, Annika, et al. (författare)
  • Hypoxia alters gene expression in human neuroblastoma cells toward an immature and neural crest-like phenotype.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. - National Acad Sciences. - 1091-6490. ; 99:10, s. 7021-7026
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Insufficient oxygen and nutrient supply often restrain solid tumor growth, and the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF) 1 alpha and HIF-2 alpha are key transcription regulators of phenotypic adaptation to low oxygen levels. Moreover, mouse gene disruption studies have implicated HIF-2 alpha in embryonic regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase, a hallmark gene of the sympathetic nervous system. Neuroblastoma tumors originate from immature sympathetic cells, and therefore we investigated the effect of hypoxia on the differentiation status of human neuroblastoma cells. Hypoxia stabilized HIF-1 alpha and HIF-2 alpha proteins and activated the expression of known hypoxia-induced genes, such as vascular endothelial growth factor and tyrosine hydroxylase. These changes in gene expression also occurred in hypoxic regions of experimental neuroblastoma xenografts grown in mice. In contrast, hypoxia decreased the expression of several neuronal/neuroendocrine marker genes but induced genes expressed in neural crest sympathetic progenitors, for instance c-kit and Notch-1. Thus, hypoxia apparently causes dedifferentiation both in vitro and in vivo. These findings suggest a novel mechanism for selection of highly malignant tumor cells with stem-cell characteristics.
  • Kinhult, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • Endothelial damage after treatment with low-molecular weight heparins - a morphological study
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal. - Taylor & Francis. - 1651-2006. ; 37:1, s. 30-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective-Recent studies failed to show long-term benefit with low-molecular weight heparins (LMWH) in unstable coronary heart disease. A previous study of vascular effects of the cytostatic agent 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) showed that dalteparin prevented thrombosis induced by 5-FU but endothelial damage was not ameliorated and was present also in animals treated with dalteparin only. This study investigates the influence of LMWH currently in clinical use on arterial endothelium in vivo. Design-Eighty rabbits in four groups were treated with dalteparin, enoxaparin, tinzaparin and saline, respectively. Arterial endothelium was examined after 3, 14, 30 and 60 days with scanning electron microscopy. Results-All three groups treated with LMWH showed moderate damage to the endothelium, with contracted vessel wall and endothelial cells, cell membrane damage, denudation of subendothelium and adhering platelets. Contrarily, the control group exhibited a normal endothelium. Conclusion-Morphologic examination of arterial endothelium shows that all investigated LMWH exert a moderate toxic effect on endothelial cells. The clinical impact of these observations, e. g. concerning effect of long-term LMWH treatment, needs to be further elucidated.
  • Kölby, Lars, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Uptake of meta-iodobenzylguanidine in neuroendocrine tumours is mediated by vesicular monoamine transporters.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: British journal of cancer. - 0007-0920. ; 89:7, s. 1383-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The radio-iodinated noradrenaline analogue meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) can be used for scintigraphy and radiation therapy of neuroendocrine (NE). The aim of the present study was to study the importance of vesicular monoamine transporters (VMATs) for the uptake of (123)I-MIBG in NE tumours. In nude mice, bearing the human transplantable midgut carcinoid GOT1, all organs and xenografted tumours accumulated (123)I after i.v. injection of (123)I-MIBG. A high concentration of (123)I was maintained in GOT1 tumours and adrenals, which expressed VMATs, but rapidly decreased in all other tissues. In the VMAT-expressing NE tumour cell lines GOT1 and BON and in VMAT-expressing primary NE tumour cell cultures (carcinoids, n=4 and pheochromocytomas, n=4), reserpine significantly reduced the uptake of (123)I-MIBG. The membrane pump inhibitor clomipramine had no effect on the uptake of (123)I-MIBG in GOT1 and BON cells, but inhibited the uptake in one out of four primary carcinoid cell cultures and three out of four primary pheochromocytoma cell cultures. In conclusion, VMATs and secretory granules are of importance for the uptake and retention of (123)I-MIBG in NE tumours. Information about the type and degree of expression of VMATs in NE tumours may be helpful in future to select patients suitable for radiation therapy with radio-iodinated MIBG.
  • Malmström, Per, et al. (författare)
  • Breast conservation surgery, with and without radiotherapy, in women with lymph node-negative breast cancer: a randomised clinical trial in a population with access to public mammography screening.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990). - 0959-8049. ; 39:12, s. 1690-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effect of postoperative radiotherapy after sector resection for stage I-II lymph node-negative breast cancer was evaluated in a patient population with access to public mammographical screening. 1187 women were randomised to no further treatment or postoperative radiotherapy following a standardised sector resection and axillary dissection. Radiation was administered to a dose of 48-54 Gy. Median age was 60 years, and median size of the detected tumours was 12 mm. Of the women 65% had their tumours detected by mammographical screening. The relative risk (RR) of ipsilateral breast recurrence was significantly higher in the non-irradiated patients compared with the irradiated patients, RR=3.33 (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 2.13-5.19, P<0.001). The corresponding cumulative incidence at 5 years was 14% versus 4%, respectively. Overall survival (OS) was similar, RR=1.16 (95% CI 0.81-1.65, P=0.41), with 5 year probabilities of 93 and 94%, respectively. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) at 5 years was significantly lower in the non-irradiated women, 77% versus 88% (P<0.001). Although women above 49 years of age, whose tumours were detected with mammographical screening, had the lowest rate of ipsilateral breast recurrence in this study, the cumulative incidence of such event amounted to 10% at 5 years if radiotherapy was not given. Such a recurrence rate has been considered as unacceptably high, but is, however, in the same range as that reported after lumpectomy and postoperative radiotherapy in published series.
  • Mertens, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Radiation-associated sarcomas are characterized by complex karyotypes with frequent rearrangements of chromosome arm 3p
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - Elsevier. - 0165-4608. ; 116:2, s. 89-96
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ionizing radiation is a well-known risk factor for sarcoma development. To investigate whether radiation-associated sarcomas are characterized by chromosome aberrations that distinguish them from de novo sarcomas, we identified those patients in our series of more than 500 cytogenetically abnormal sarcomas that fulfilled the following criteria: (1) each patient should have been irradiated for another malignancy at least 3 years prior to the sarcoma diagnosis, and (2) the sarcoma should have developed within the field of radiation. Ten patients fulfilling these criteria could be retrieved (median age at sarcoma diagnosis was 55 years, range 17-79; median latency period between primary tumor and radiation-associated sarcoma was 9 years, range 4-30). The diagnoses were typical for radiation-associated sarcomas: 2 each of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, leiomyosarcoma, and pleomorphic sarcoma, and 1 each of osteosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, myxofibrosarcoma, and spindle cell sarcoma. All 10 cases had relatively complex karyotypes with multiple, mostly unbalanced, structural rearrangements, similar to what has been reported in de novo sarcomas of the corresponding histologic subtypes. The only cytogenetic features that were unusually frequent among the radiation-associated sarcomas were the finding of unrelated clones in 3 cases, and loss of material from chromosome arm 3p, in particular 3p21-3pter, in 8 cases. Loss of the same chromosome segment has been described in 4 of the 8 previously published cases of radiation-associated sarcomas that have been analyzed after short-term culturing, which makes this imbalance significantly (P < 0.001) more frequent among radiation-associated sarcomas (12 of 18 cases) than among unselected cases of the corresponding histologic subtypes (74 of 282 cases). In contrast to the cytogenetic results, no 3p deletions were detected among the 6 cases of the present series that could be analyzed by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). The most frequent imbalance detected by CGH was gain of 15cen-q15 (3 cases), followed by loss of chromosome 13 and gain of 5p, and 7cen-q22, each detected in 2 cases.
  • Mogren, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Reproductive factors have low impact on the risk of different primary brain tumours in offspring
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Neuroepidemiology. - S. Karger. - 0251-5350. ; 22:4, s. 249-254
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: The aim of our study was to investigate whether reproductive factors influence the risk of primary brain tumours (PBT) in offspring. Methods: Data on all deliveries in two Swedish counties from 1955 to 1990 were extracted from two birth registries. The follow-up period closed at the end of 1994, with subjects followed up to early middle age. Incidence rates of malignancy for 1958-1994 were obtained from the Swedish Cancer Registry. Standardised incidence ratios (SIR) and relative risks were calculated for astrocytomas, primitive neuroectodermal tumour, ependymoma and meningiomas in offspring. Results: Few associations were detected. High birth weight indicated an increased risk for astrocytomas grade I and II for all primary brain tumours, and the risk was close to significance for astrocytomas grade I-II (SIR = 3.64; CI = 0.98-9.31). For children under 15 years of age the risk for astrocytomas grade I and II was further increased (SIR = 4.44; Cl = 1.19-11.38). Conclusions:A consistent pattern of non-association indicated a low impact of intrauterine environment on the future development of primary brain tumours in offspring up to early middle age.
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