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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Cancer och onkologi) > (2000-2004)

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61.
  • Asp, Julia, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Alterations in the regulatory pathway involving p16, pRb and cdk4 in human chondrosarcoma.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society. - 0736-0266. ; 19:1, s. 149-54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The G1 regulatory pathway involving p16, pRb and cdk4 in the cell cycle has been investigated in human chondrosarcoma. The protein expression of p16, pRb and cdk4 was analyzed by Western blot in cultured cells from eight chondrosarcomas and in two chondrosarcoma cell lines. Both cell lines and one other sample were negative for p16. Moreover, one of the cell lines was pRb-negative and showed a high expression of cdk4 as well. In the other cell line and in three other samples pRb of expected size were detected in addition to a shorter form of the protein. To further investigate the reasons for down-regulation of the p16 protein, the p16-coding gene CDKN2 was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), methyl-specific PCR (MSP) and sequencing in all tumor samples as well as in corresponding tumor tissues from three of the samples. The p16-negative samples were all found to have homozygous deletion of CDKN2. Another sample showed partial gene methylation and a heterozygous position in codon 148 was detected in one sample. The same base substitution was also found in two of the tissue samples. Finally, cytogenetic analysis of the samples with homozygously deleted CDKN2 revealed multiple structural abnormalities in all three cases. In conclusion, the p16/pRb/cdk4 pathway may play an important role in the pathogenesis of some chondrosarcomas.
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62.
  • Asp, Julia, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Changes in p14(ARF) do not play a primary role in human chondrosarcoma tissues.
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. - 0020-7136. ; 93:5, s. 703-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The locus encoding the tumor suppressor p16 has been found to code for a second, different protein. This protein, p14(ARF), has been shown to protect p53 from degradation. Like p16, its gene is often altered in different cancers. In this study, the first unique exon, exon 1 beta, of p14(ARF), has been studied in 22 chondrosarcoma tissues using polymerase chain reaction, DNA sequencing and methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. One chondrosarcoma was found to have exon 1 beta homozygously deleted, but neither mutations nor methylations were found in any of the chondrosarcomas. This indicates that genetic changes of p14(ARF) are a rare event in chondrosarcoma.
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63.
  • Asp, Julia, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Changes of the p16 gene but not the p53 gene in human chondrosarcoma tissues.
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. - 0020-7136. ; 85:6, s. 782-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The role of two important tumour suppressor genes, p16 and p53, was evaluated in cartilaginous tumour tissues. Genomic DNA from 22 chondrosarcomas, 5 benign chondroid tumours, 1 sample of reactive proliferative cartilage and 2 samples of normal cartilage were analysed using polymerase chain reaction, single strand conformational polymorphism, DNA sequencing and methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. The p16 gene was found to be partly methylated in 5 high-grade chondrosarcomas and homozygously deleted in 1 chondrosarcoma. Moreover, a polymorphism was detected in 3 malignant tumours, but not in benign tumours or normal cartilage. Analysis of the p53 gene revealed an unchanged structure in all samples. These findings show a role for p16, but not p53, in chondrosarcoma.
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64.
  • Fernandes, Oswaldo J. C. B., et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic factors for the survival of surgically treated patients for non-small cell lung cancer
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - Oslo, Norway : Taylor & Francis. - 0284-186X. ; 42:4, s. 338-341
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The survival and outcome rates of 284 patients who underwent surgical treatment for non-small cell lung cancer were assessed retrospectively. Resectability rate was 94.1%, hospital mortality 3.9% (n = 11) and the mortality rates in patients who underwent pneumonectomy or lobectomy were 8.9% and 0.6%, respectively. The overall 5-year survival was 43.6%. Female gender, earlier stages of disease and a complete resection were strongly predictive for a long-term survival. Women in stage IA disease had a 5-year survival rate of 92.7%. The 5-year survival rate for patients in stages IIIA and N2 disease who underwent a complete resection was 21.9%, and 9% for those who did not undergo a complete resection. It is concluded that the best surgical results were observed in women who were operated on at an early stage of disease. A complete resection also contributed to a better outcome, even for patients in stage IIIA and N2 disease.
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65.
  • Graflund, Marianne, et al. (författare)
  • Immunohistochemical expression of p53, bcl-2, and p21(WAF1/CIP1) in early cervical carcinoma : correlation with clinical outcome
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. - Malden, USA : Blackwell Publishing. - 1048-891X. ; 12:3, s. 290-298
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective of this study was to assess the value of p53, bcl-2, and p21(WAF1/CIP1) immunoreactivity as predictors of pelvic lymph node metastases (LNM), recurrences, and death due to the disease in early stage (FIGO I-II) cervical carcinomas. FIGO stage, type of histopathology, and tumor grade were also evaluated in this series of patients treated by radical hysterectomy (Wertheim-Meigs) between 1965 and 1990. A total of 172 patients were included. A tumor was regarded as positive when more than 30% of the neoplastic cells exhibited immunoreactivity. Positive immunostaining was found in 8.9% for p53, in 43.5% for bcl-2, and in 25.0% for p21(WAF1/CIP1). None of them was able to predict LNM or clinical outcome. Presence of LNM, tumor recurrence, and death from disease were significantly associated with the FIGO stage (P = 0.014, P = 0.009, and P = 0.001, respectively). The 5-year cancer-specific survival rate was 91.6% and the overall survival rate was 90.5%. It was concluded that immunohistochemically detected p53, bcl-2, and p21(WAF1/CIP1) appeared to be of no predictive value with regard to LNM, tumor recurrences, or long-term survival in early cervical carcinomas.
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66.
  • Graflund, Marianne, et al. (författare)
  • MIB-1, p53, bcl-2, and WAF-1 expression in pelvic lymph nodes and primary tumors in early stage cervical carcinomas : correlation with clinical outcome
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Oncology. - Athens, Greece : Spandidos Publications. - 1019-6439. ; 20:5, s. 1041-1047
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A complete series of 40 cervical carcinomas with pelvic lymph node metastases were analysed immunohistochemically for prognostic markers. The aims of this study were to examine whether the detection of MIB-1, p53, bcl-2, and WAF-1 could be used as a prognostic marker for tumor recurrence and survival rate. During the period of observation (mean 222, range 72-360 months) 22 (55%) recurrences were encountered and 20 patients died of the disease. There were 35 squamous cell carcinomas (87.5%), 2 adenosquamous carcinomas (5.0%), and 3 pure adenocarcinomas (7.5%). One tumor (2.5%) was well differentiated, 12 tumors (30%) were moderately differentiated, and 27 tumors (67.5%) were poorly differentiated. The primary tumor grade (P=0.037) and radicality of the surgical margins (P=0.021) were significant prognostic factors with regard to tumor recurrence. The site and number of lymph nodes with metastases had no prognostic value. P53, bcl-2, and WAF-1 were not predictive factors for recurrences or the cancer-specific survival rate. The concordant expression of WAF-1 in the primary tumor and in lymph node metastases was lower than for p53 and bcl-2. The proliferative activity (MIB-1) seemed to be lower in tumor cells metastasized to the pelvic lymph nodes than in cells of the primary tumor. Expression of MIB-1 in lymph nodes was predictive of disease-free survival in both univariate and multivariate proportional hazard Cox analyses.
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67.
  • Graflund, M., et al. (författare)
  • Relation between HPV-DNA and expression of p53, bcl-2, p21WAF-1, MIB-1, HER-2/neu and DNA ploidy in early cervical carcinoma : correlation with clinical outcome
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Oncology Reports. - Athens, Greece : Spandidos Publications. - 1021-335X. ; 12:1, s. 169-176
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the present study was to analyze the relation between the expression of p53, bcl-2, p21WAF1, MIB-1, HER-2/neu, DNA ploidy and HPV16 or 18 infections with clinical parameters. HPV-DNA was evaluated in 171 early cervical carcinomas treated from 1965 to 1990 and detected by PCR (polymerase chain reaction) on paraffin specimens obtained before therapy was started. HPV-DNA of any type was detected in 78% (86/110) of all tumors, HPV16 was the predominant type and was seen in 56% (62/110), HPV18 in 8% (9/110) and HPV35 in 21% (23/110). Patients with HPV16 or 18 were significantly (P=0.011) younger than patients with tumors not containing these two HPV subtypes. Lymph node metastases were seen more frequently (P=0.047) in tumors expressing HPV16 or 18. Tumor size was associated with the HPV-type. The frequency of DNA aneuploidy was lower in high-risk HPV tumors than in tumors with other HPV subtypes (P=0.014). MIB-1 expression was highly significantly (P=0.00007) associated with presence of HPV16 or 18. The cancer-specific survival rate was lower for patients with HPV16 and 18 positive tumors, but the difference was not statistically significant. The overall 5-year survival rate of the complete series was 91%. In conclusion, the HPV DNA subtype was a prognostic factor in early stage cervical cancer and it was associated with age, positive lymph nodes, tumor size, DNA ploidy and the proliferation marker MIB-1.
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68.
  • Graflund, Marianne, et al. (författare)
  • The prognostic value of a histologic grading system, DNA profile, and MIB-1 expression in early stages of cervical squamous cell carcinomas
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. - Malden, USA : Blackwell Publishing. - 1048-891X. ; 12:2, s. 149-157
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study evaluated the prognostic importance of a new grading system focusing on the invasive tumor front, DNA profile, and the proliferation marker MIB-1. A complete geographic series of 172 women treated with radical hysterectomy (Wertheim-Meigs) for FIGO stage I-II cervical carcinomas was the target population. The analyses were performed on 141 (82%) squamous cell carcinomas of the complete series. During the period of observation (mean 222 months), 17 recurrences (12.1%) were encountered. Prognostic factors for disease-free survival were lymph node status (P < 0.000001), radical surgical margins (P = 0.00004), and tumor size (P = 0.002). The complete score of the invasive front grading system (IFG), and the individual scores of two variables-pattern of invasion and host response-were all significantly (P = 0.002, P = 0.007, P = 0.0001) associated with pelvic lymph node metastases. Host response was the single most important factor in the IFG system, and it was superior to the complete score in predicting lymph node metastases. The total IFG score was also a significant (P = 0.003) prognostic factor for disease-free survival. DNA ploidy, S-phase fraction, and MIB-1 expression were nonsignificant factors in predicting pelvic lymph node metastases and disease-free survival of the patient. The IFG in the original or modified versions could predict low- and high-risk groups of tumors and therefore be of value in treatment planning for these patients.
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69.
  • Graflund, Marianne, et al. (författare)
  • The prognostic value of histopathologic grading parameters and microvessel density in patients with early squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. - Malden, USA : Blackwell Publishing. - 1048-891X. ; 12:1, s. 32-41
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic importance of clinical and histopathologic factors, including malignancy grading systems (MGS), partial index (PI), invasive front grading (IFG), and microvessel density. A complete geographic series of 172 early stage (FIGO I-II) cervical carcinomas treated by Wertheim-Meigs surgery during the period 1965-1990 was studied. The patients were followed up for at least 10 years. Significant prognostic factors for disease-free survival were lymph node status (P < 0.0000001), radical surgical margins (P = 0.00003), and tumor size (P = 0.008). In a multivariate Cox analysis it was shown that lymph node status was the single most important prognostic factor with regard to disease-free survival. The total MGS and the PI scores were highly significantly (P = 0.0001) associated with pelvic lymph node metastases and disease-free survival rate in squamous cell carcinomas. The MGS and the PI systems were superior to the IFG system in predicting lymph node metastases. The total IFG score was also a statistically highly significant (P = 0.003) prognostic factor with regard to disease-free survival in both univariate and multivariate analyses. Microvessel density was a nonsignificant prognostic factor. There was a highly significant (P = 0.002) association between vascular space invasion of tumor cells and the presence of lymph node metastases. In conclusion, histopathologic malignancy grading systems provide valuable prognostic information in patients with early stage squamous cell carcinomas of the uterine cervix.
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70.
  • Li, Hui-xiang, et al. (författare)
  • [Expressions of thymidine phosphorylase, thymidylate synthase and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase in breast cancer and their correlations with prognosis]
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]. - Beijing, China : Zhongguo Yixue Kexueyuan / Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. - 0253-3766. ; 26:11, s. 669-672
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To study the expression of thymidine phosphorylase (TP), thymidylate synthase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) mRNA in breast cancer and its correlation with prognosis.Methods: Expression levels of TP, TS and DPD mRNA in 86 micro-selected breast cancer tissues and 9 normal breast tissues were detected by real-time quantitative PCR.Results: The median expression levels of TP, TS and DPD mRNA in tumor tissue and in normal tissues were 16.54, 0.38, 2.47 and 11.75, 0.25, 8.33, respectively, there were no significant differences (P >0.05). The expression levels of TP, TS and DPD mRNA showed no association with tumor size, lymph node metastasis, pathological grade and clinical stage, except that of DPD showed a negative association with patients' ages. There was no significant difference in disease-free survival or overall survival between the patients with high and low TP or DPD mRNA levels. Disease-free survival tends to be better in the patients with low TS mRNA level than those with high TS mRNA, but the difference was not significant (P=0.069), while the overall survival showed a statistically difference (59.00 month and 70.30 month) (P=0.0496).Conclusion: The expression level of TS mRNA may serve as a prognostic marker for breast cancer patients.
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