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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Radiologi och bildbehandling) "

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61.
  • Malina, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Rupturerat bukaortaaneurysm. Endovaskulär behandling i lokalanestesi
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - Swedish Medical Association. - 0023-7205. ; 98:49, s. 5644-5648
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on endovascular repair of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. A bifurcated stent graft was inserted under local anesthesia. Aortic clamping is rapidly provided by percutaneous placement of an aortic occlusion balloon catheter. Carbon dioxide can usually replace conventional contrast in patients with renal insufficiency. This minimally invasive procedure may reduce perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients with ruptured aortic aneurysms. The advantages and limitations of this novel technique are discussed.
62.
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63.
  • Morice, A. H., et al. (författare)
  • A worldwide survey of chronic cough: a manifestation of enhanced somatosensory response
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: European Respiratory Journal. - 0903-1936 .- 1399-3003. ; 44:5, s. 1149-1155
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Reports from individual centres suggest a preponderance of females with chronic cough. Females also have heightened cough reflex sensitivity. Here we have reviewed the age and sex of unselected referrals to 11 cough clinics. To investigate the cause of any observed sex dimorphism, functional magnetic resonance imaging of putative cough centres was analysed in normal volunteers. The demographic profile of consecutive patients presenting with chronic cough was evaluated. Cough challenge with capsaicin was undertaken in normal volunteers to construct a concentration-response curve. Subsequent functional magnetic resonance imaging during repeated inhalation of sub-tussive concentrations of capsaicin observed areas of activation within the brain and differences in the sexes identified. Of the 10,032 patients presenting with chronic cough, two-thirds (6591) were female (mean age 55 years). The patient profile was largely uniform across centres. The most common age for presentation was 60-69 years. The maximum tolerable dose of inhaled capsaicin was lower in females; however, a significantly greater activation of the somatosensory cortex was observed. Patients presenting with chronic cough from diverse racial and geographic backgrounds have a strikingly homogeneous demographic profile, suggesting a distinct clinical entity. The preponderance of females may be explained by sex-related differences in the central processing of cough sensation. ©ERS 2014.
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64.
  • Resch, Tim, et al. (författare)
  • Distal migration of stent-grafts after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology. - Society of Interventional Radiology. - 1051-0443. ; 10:3, s. 257-264
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To analyze patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with respect to distal migration of stent-grafts and its underlying causes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients underwent endovascular repair between January 1994 and February 1997. There were seven women and 58 men, with a mean age of 71 years (range, 51-84 years). Three patients died in the perioperative period (one of myocardial infarction and two of multiorgan failure) and two patients died within 4 months of the procedure of non-procedure-related causes. In addition, two patients were followed at another hospital. The remaining 58 patients were followed up with spiral computed tomography scans at 1, 3, and 6 months, and biannually thereafter. Angiography was performed at 1 month and 1 year after the procedure and additionally when deemed clinically necessary. Mean follow-up was 29 months (range, 1-49). Migration more than 5 mm was considered significant. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients (45%) showed distal migration of stent-grafts during follow-up. Mean follow-up time at detection of migration was 13 months (range, 1-36 months). Thirteen cases of migration were ascribed to dilatation of the proximal aneurysmal neck during follow-up. Ten cases of migration were ascribed to causes other than neck dilatation or poor patient selection. In three cases, no obvious cause for the migration was found. The migration was complete in eight cases, leading to late conversion to open surgical repair. On two of these occasions, complete migration lead to aneurysm rupture. In addition, four patients received additional stent-grafts as proximal extensions. CONCLUSIONS: Distal migration of stent-grafts after endovascular AAA repair occurred frequently in this series. Dilatation of the proximal aneurysmal neck is a major cause of distal migration of stent-grafts. Improved proximal fixation is needed to secure long-term durability.
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65.
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66.
  • Sonesson, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Dilatation of the infrarenal aneurysm neck after endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Journal of Endovascular Surgery. - International Society of Endovascular Specialists. - 1074-6218. ; 5:3, s. 195-200
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To determine the fate of the infrarenal aneurysm neck and suprarenal aorta after endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). METHODS: Thirty-four patients underwent endovascular AAA repair between January 1994 and December 1995 using custom-made stent-grafts constructed from polyester graft material and modified self-expanding Gianturco Z-stents sutured to the graft orifices. Thirty-one patients were available for follow-up. Pre- and postimplantation diameters were measured using spiral computed tomography in the infrarenal aneurysm neck and the suprarenal aorta at the level of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 25 months. There was a significant increase of the diameter of the infrarenal aneurysm neck (+ 1.65 mm, p = 0.002), but not in the aorta at the level of the SMA (+0.52 mm, p = 0.100). There was no difference in the change in diameter in the infrarenal neck in the group with a stent adjacent to the level of measurement (n = 20) compared with the group without an adjacent stent (n = 11, p = 0.790). There was no correlation between preimplantation size of the infrarenal neck and its diameter change (r = 0.14, p = 0.488). There was no correlation (r = 0.10, p = 0.603) or association (chi-square test, p = 0.211) between aortic diameter change at the level of the SMA and the infrarenal neck. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation shows a significant dilatation of the infrarenal aneurysm neck, but not in the suprarenal aorta, after endovascular AAA repair with this device. The clinical significance of these findings is unclear. Whether such a dilatation in the infrarenal aneurysm neck may affect the long-term attachment of stent-grafts remains to be shown in the future.
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67.
68.
  • Strömberg, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • Ultrasonographic examination of the ruptured cord after collagenase treatment or needle fasciotomy for Dupuytren's contracture
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Hand Surgery: European Volume. - 17531934 .- 20436289. ; 42, s. 683-688
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © The British Society for Surgery of the Hand. Local treatment of Dupuytren's contracture, either by collagenase or needle fasciotomy, allows disruption of the pathological cord during forced extension. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cord before and after both treatments by ultrasound. A total of 39 patients with a minimum of 20° contracture in the metacarpophalangeal joint were included and randomized to treatment with either collagenase (20 patients) or needle fasciotomy (19 patients). The distance between the distal and the proximal parts of the ruptured cord was measured by ultrasound and the difference in passive joint movement before and after treatment was measured with a goniomenter. There were no significant differences between the collagenase and needle fasciotomy groups in the size of the rupture or gain of mobility. Most cords treated with collagenase and subsequent forced extension had the same ultrasonographic appearance as cords disrupted mechanically by needle fasciotomy.
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69.
  • Thörne, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of ticlopidine and prostaglandin E on endotoxin-induced pulmonary platelet sequestration in vivo
  • 1986
  • Ingår i: Circulatory Shock. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0092-6213. ; 20:1, s. 61-69
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Prostaglandin E1 has earlier been shown to decrease pulmonary platelet trapping (PPT) following shock. This experiment was performed to evaluate a new method to study PPT in vivo, and to study the effect of prostaglandin E1 and a new antiplatelet drug (ticlopidine) on PPT in rabbits after i.v. administration of endotoxin. Following platelet labeling with In-111, the rabbits were placed under a scintillation camera for continuous measuring of the activity distribution for 40 minutes. The first five minutes represented reference values, whereafter endotoxin E. coli was injected i.v. The following 2-4 minutes showed a sudden increase of radioactivity over the lungs and a simultaneous decrease over the heart, indicating PPT in the nontreated animals, followed by a slow decrease to almost preshock values during the following 30 minutes. Animals receiving prostaglandin E1 showed a significantly lower activity peak in the lungs after the administration of endotoxin, while the corresponding peak in ticlopidine-treated animals did not differ from that seen in the nontreated animals. In all groups, endotoxin caused a decrease in platelet count, but it was significantly lower in the PGE1-treated animals. The results have shown that this diagnostic model for PPT is reliable and may be used for evaluation of the effect on platelet aggregation in vivo of different drugs
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70.
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