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Sökning: hsv:(SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP) > Mälardalens högskola > (2020)

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11.
  • Bryant, Lia, et al. (författare)
  • Place and space in social work
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Qualitative Social Work. - SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC. - 1473-3250 .- 1741-3117. ; 19:3, s. 321-336
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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12.
  • Dahlin, Peter, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Absorptive capacity, co-creation, and innovation performance : A cross-country analysis of gazelle and nongazelle companies
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Baltic Journal of Management. - 1746-5265 .- 1746-5273. ; 15:1, s. 81-98
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of absorptive capacity (ACAP) and co-creation on innovation performance (INN).Design/methodology/approach The authors use survey data from Swedish and Norwegian companies (n=1,102) and establish a cross-national equivalence between Sweden and Norway.Findings The subsequent structural model revealed interesting differences. For Sweden, co-creation fully mediates the effect of ACAP on INN, whereas for Norway, ACAP has a direct effect on INN with no mediation. Subsequent regressions including control variables showed that the structural model is reasonably robust. The authors conclude that, despite the many common national features conducive to innovation between these two countries, sufficient differences remain to create substantial variation in the innovation processes.Originality/value The study presents a second-order model of ACAP that permits a unique test of cross-country differences.</p>
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13.
  • Dahlin, Peter, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring the business logic behind CSR certifications
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Business Research. - New York : ELSEVIER SCIENCE. - 0148-2963 .- 1873-7978. ; 112, s. 521-530
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Research shows that CSR certification motives span from being symbolic to substantive. Prior studies have mainly focused on the differences between firms that hold and do not hold CSR certificates. This study explores if the extent of CSR certification is related to different business logic amongst firms who hold CSR certificates. The study utilizes full sample data from the Swedish commercial real estate industry to analyze the variance in motives and performance among firms with CSR certificates. The results indicate that firms that have a substantive CSR commitment have a business logic that entails a holistic and long-term perspective on both financial and CSR performance. However, substantive CSR commitment comes with greater staffing costs and lower financial returns as opposed to those of firms that obtain CSR certificates based on symbolic motives.</p>
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14.
  • Dehghanpour Farashah, Ali, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring employer attitude towards migrant workers Evidence from managers across Europe
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: FORTE, Dnr: 2017-00285.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Purpose</p><p>Migrants play an essential role in economic and societal outcomes of the host society, both as members of the workforce and as citizens. However, integration and finding employment after migration remain critical issues. The purpose of this paper is to employ an evidence-based quantitative approach to identify migrant workers’ most important qualifications from an employer perspective and to explore factors that influence employer perception of migrants.</p><p>Design/methodology/approach</p><p>This study uses European Social Survey data that contain responses from managers in European countries in 2014 (<em>n</em>=2,828) and 2016 (<em>n</em>=3,014). Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling are used to analyse the data.</p><p>Findings</p><p>For managers, migrants’ commitment to the host country’s way of life is more important than their job skills, educational level and language proficiency. The effects of managers’ individual characteristics, including demographics, expectancies and personal values, on their general attitude towards migrants are also quantified.</p><p>Practical implications</p><p>The study’s outcomes can assist migrants to develop the qualifications most valued by employers, and allow policymakers to integrate the organizational perspective into policies and initiatives for integration of migrant labour.</p>
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15.
  • Eriksson, Kimmo, 1967-, et al. (författare)
  • Cultural Variation in the Effectiveness of Feedback on Students' Mistakes
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology. - FRONTIERS MEDIA SA. - 1664-1078 .- 1664-1078. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>One of the many things teachers do is to give feedback on their students' work. Feedback pointing out mistakes may be a key to learning, but it may also backfire. We hypothesized that feedback based on students' mistakes may have more positive effects in cultures where teachers have greater authority over students, which we assume to be cultures that are high on power distance and religiosity. To test this hypothesis we analyzed data from 49 countries taking part in the 2015 wave of the TIMSS assessment, in which students in the 4th and 8th grades were asked whether their teachers in mathematics and science told them how to do better when they had made a mistake. For each country we could then estimate the association between the reported use of mistake-based feedback and student achievement. Consistent with our hypothesis, the estimated effect of mistake-based feedback was positive only in certain countries, and these countries tended to be high on power distance and religiosity. These results highlight the importance of cultural values in educational practice.</p>
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16.
  • Eriksson, Kimmo, 1967-, et al. (författare)
  • The Relation Between Gender Egalitarian Values and Gender Differences in Academic Achievement.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology. - 1664-1078 .- 1664-1078. ; 11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Gender differences in achievement exhibit variation between domains and between countries. Much prior research has examined whether this variation could be due to variation in gender equality in opportunities, with mixed results. Here we focus instead on the role of a society's values about gender equality, which may have a more pervasive influence. We pooled all available country measures on adolescent boys' and girls' academic achievement between 2000 and 2015 from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessments of math, science, and reading. We then analyzed the relation between gender differences and country levels of gender egalitarian values, controlling for country levels of living standards and indicators of gender equality in opportunities. Gender egalitarian values came out as the most important predictor. Specifically, more gender egalitarian values were associated with improved performance of boys relative to girls in the same countries. This pattern held in reading, where boys globally perform substantially worse than girls, as well as in math and science where gender differences in performance are small and may favor either boys or girls. Our findings suggest a previously underappreciated role of cultural values in moderating gender gaps in academic achievement.</p>
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17.
  • Florin, Ulrika, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Visual Awareness Aiding Communication
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: The International Journal of Visual Design. - 2325-1581 .- 2325-159X. ; 14:2, s. 21-33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Visual awareness is essential to developing and implementing visualizations that meet the needs of cross-functional teams. The theoretical and practical domain of information design can potentially play a major role in such collaborative working processes by improving flows of relevant information and aiding communication between stakeholders. We argue that one way this can be achieved is by exploiting the boundary object concept, in combination with knowledge from the visual field, and recommending guidelines intended to help clients formulate requirements when planning factory layouts which, with appropriate modification, may also provide support in similar situations. Our suggested guidelines for constructing block layouts and diagrams in factory layout planning highlight the value of simple visualizations based on spatial relationships; utilizing information on available spaces, sizes of machines, and their relationships to human proportions. Such block layouts and diagrams can also be used for ergonomic planning and logistics. The visuals can act as boundary objects between various stakeholders, including those who create CAD models in VR environments.</p>
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18.
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19.
  • Hellblom-Thibblin, Tina, 1949-, et al. (författare)
  • A dynamic ecological approach to categorisation at school, past and present
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Special Needs Education. - Routledge. - 0885-6257 .- 1469-591X. ; s. 1-14
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The aim of this article is, in a chronological perspective, to identify, discuss and problematise concepts for children’s ‘problems’ in compulsory school and the contexts in which they have been categorised and used. To clarify the categorisation in context, the article is based on a previous study on categorisation in Swedish youth education from a historical perspective. School health reports from the 1940s to the 1980s in this document study constituted the empirical data material on which the discussion in this article is based. An ecological model of analysis was used with the main analytical tools: concept use, curricula, documentation routines, experts and educational support measures. The various tools elucidate the context to which the categorisation may be related, and show that social, cultural, medical and psychological influences contributed to what were identified, observed and documented as children’s ‘problems’ at school from the school health services’ point of view. On the basis of the empirical study and the components pinpointed by the analytical tool, present-day terminology of children’s ‘problems’ in Swedish schools today is discussed and problematised. © 2020, © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor &amp; Francis Group.</p>
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