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291.
  • Tausch, Arno, et al. (författare)
  • Learning from Dependency and World System Theory: Explaining Europe’s Failure in the ‘Lisbon Process’
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Alternatives : Turkish Journal of International Relations. - 1303-5525 .- 1303-5525. ; 9:4, s. 3-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The current paper investigates the cross-national relevance of Latin American ‘<em>dependencia theory</em>’ for five dimensions of development (democracy and human rights, environment, human development and basic human needs satisfaction, gender justice, redistribution, growth and employment) on a global scale and tries to confront the very basic pro-globalist assumptions of the ‘Lisbon process’, the predecessor of the ongoing EU-2020 strategy, which was the policy target of the European leaders since the EU’s Lisbon Council meeting in March 2000 to make Europe the leading knowledge-based economy in the world with a ‘Latin American perspective’. A realistic and politically useful analysis of the ‘Lisbon process’ has to be a ‘Schumpeterian’ approach. First, we analyze the ‘Lisbon performance’ of the world economy by multivariate, quantitative means, looking into the possible contradictions that might exists between the dependent insertion into the global economy and other goals of the ‘Lisbon process’. <em>Dependency from the large, transnational corporations, as correctly predicted by Latin American social science of the 1960s and 1970s, emerges as one of the most serious development blockades, confronting Europe</em>. Secondly, we analyze European regional performance since the 1990s in order to know whether growth and development in Europe spread evenly among the different regions of the continent. It emerges that dependency from the large transnational corporations is incompatible with a balanced, regional development. Finally, we discuss cross-national and historical lessons learned from the views of dependency and Schumpeterian perspectives for current policy-making in Europe, and opt for an industrial policy approach in the tradition of former EU-Commission President (1985-1995) Jacques Delors.</p>
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292.
  • Tausch, Arno, et al. (författare)
  • Learning from Latin America’s Experience: Europe’s Failure in the “Lisbon Process”
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>The current paper investigates the cross-national relevance of Latin American “dependencia theory” for five dimensions of development (democracy and human rights, environment, human development and basic human needs satisfaction, gender justice, redistribution, growth and employment) on a global scale. It tries to confront the very basic pro-globalist assumptions of the “Lisbon process”, the policy target of the European leaders since the EU’s Lisbon Council meeting in March 2000 to make Europe the leading knowledge-based economy in the world with a “Latin American perspective”. A realistic and politically useful analysis of the “Lisbon process” has to be a “Schumpeterian” approach. First, we analyze the “Lisbon performance” of the world economy by multivariate, quantitative means, looking into the possible contradictions that might exists between the dependent insertion into the global economy and other goals of the “Lisbon process”. Dependency from the large, transnational corporations, as correctly predicted by Latin American social science of the 1960s and 1970s, emerges as one of the most serious development blockades, confronting Europe. Secondly, we analyze European regional performance since the 1990s in order to know whether growth and development in Europe spread evenly among the different regions of the continent. It emerges that dependency from the large transnational corporations is incompatible with a balanced, regional development. Finally, we discuss cross-national and historical lessons learned from the views of dependency and Schumpeterian perspectives for current policy-making in Europe, and opt for an industrial policy approach in the tradition of former EU-Commission President (1985-1995) Jacques Delors.</p>
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293.
  • Tausch, Arno, et al. (författare)
  • Migration, Openness and the Global Preconditions of ‘Smart Development’
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>In this article, we present a first empirical reflection on ‘smart development’, its measurement, possible ‘drivers’ and ‘bottlenecks’. We first provide cross-national data on how much ecological footprint is used in the nations of the world system to ‘deliver’ a given amount of democracy, economic growth, gender equality, human development, research and development, and social cohesion. To this end, we first developed UNDP-type performance indicators on these six main dimensions of development and on their combined performance. We then show the non-linear regression trade-offs between ecological footprints per capita on these six dimensions of development and their combined performance index. The residuals from these regressions are our new measures of smart development: a country experiences smart development, if it achieves a maximum of development with a minimum of ecological footprint. We then look at the cross-national drivers and bottlenecks of this ‘smart development’ and compare their predictive power using stepwise regression procedures. Apart from important variables and indicators, derived from sociological dependency and world systems theories, we also test the predictive power of several other predictors as well. Our estimates underline the enormous importance of the transfer of resources from the center to the periphery, brought about by migration, with huge statistical observed positive effects of received worker remittances on smart human development, Happy Life Years, smart gender justice, smart R&amp;D, and both formulations of the smart development index.</p>
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294.
  • Tausch, A., et al. (författare)
  • Migration, openness and the global preconditions of ’smart development’
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Bogazici Journal. - 1300-9583. ; 26:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a first empirical reflection on smart development,’ its measurement, possible drivers and bottlenecks.’ We first provide cross-national data on how much ecological footprint is used in the nations of the world system to deliver a given amount of democracy, economic growth, gender equality, human development, research and development, and social cohesion. To this end, we first developed UNDP-type performance indicators on these six main dimensions of development and on their combined performance. We then show the non-linear regression trade-offs between ecological footprints per capita on these six dimensions of development and their combined performance index. The residuals from these regressions are our new measures of smart development (a country experiences smart development, if it achieves a maximum development with a minimum of ecological footprint). We then look at the cross-national drivers and bottlenecks of this smart development and compare their predictive power using stepwise regression procedures. Apart from important variables and indicators, derived from sociological dependency and world systems theories, we also test the predictive power of several other predictors as well. Our estimates underline the enormous importance of the transfer of resources from the center to the periphery, brought about by migration, with huge statistical observed positive effects of received worker remittances on smart human development, Happy Life Years, smart gender justice, smart R&amp;D, and both formulations of the smart development index.</p>
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295.
  • Tausch, Arno, et al. (författare)
  • On the Multivariate Analysis of the "Lisbon Process"
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: History &amp; Mathematics: Processes and Models of Global Dynamics. - Volgograd : ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House. - 978-5-7057-2665-3 ; s. 92-137
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Starting from Professor Kornai's assertion about the necessity to focus on the long-term perspectives of the transformation process, we analyze in this paper the Lisbon performance of the countries of the European Union from such a long-term, structural perspective. We present in a simple form the mathematical methods used in this essay. Then, we analyze Lisbon indicator performance by factor analytical means. We conclude that only a Schumpeterian vision of capitalism as a process of "creative destruction" – or rather – "destructive creation" can explain these contradictions, which we empirically reveal in this analysis, and which beset the "Lisbon process" from the very beginning. Our factor analysis tells us that a majority of the kernel Lisbon indicators go indeed hand in hand with high comparative price levels; high freight transport; high greenhouse gas emissions; low business investment rates; and low youth educational attainment rates. We conclude that in reality we are facing four underlying and contradictory processes including a Lisbon productivity factor; high eco-social exclusion; the employment performance; and the neo-liberal European model.</p>
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296.
  • Tausch, Arno, et al. (författare)
  • Re-Orient? MNC Penetration and Contemporary Shifts in the Global Political Economy
  • 2009
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>This article analyses IMF estimates of economic growth in 180 countries (IMF, 2009),and links the results to the ¡°Re-orient¡± approach, put forward by Frank, 1998. With global economic gravitation shifting to the Indian Ocean/Pacific region, the article also analyses the role of MNC (foreign capital) penetration as the key variable of past quantitative dependency studies for contemporary economic growth and social performance. In a Schumpeterian fashion, MNC penetration reflects the power, which transnational oligopolies wield over local economies. Today, social polarization and stagnation increase as a consequence of the development model, based on high MNC penetration.</p>
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297.
  • Tausch, Arno, et al. (författare)
  • Re-Orient? Understanding Contemporary Shifts in the Global Political Economy
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Globalization Studies. - 2075-8103. ; 2:2, s. 89-120
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This article analyses the logic of the current global economic crisis by using the IMF estimates of economic growth in 180 countries (IMF 2009), and links the results to the ‘Re-Orient’ approach, put forward by Frank (1998). With global economic gravitation shifting to the Indian Ocean / Pacific region, the article also analyses the role of MNC (foreign capital) penetration as the key variable of past quantitative dependency studies for contemporary economic growth and social performance. In a Schumpeterian fashion, MNC penetration reflects the power, which transnational oligopolies wield over local economies. Today, social polarization and stagnation increase as a consequence of the development model, based on high MNC penetration.</p>
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298.
  •  
299.
  • Tausch, Arno, et al. (författare)
  • Testing an EU-Candidate’s Place on the Maps of Global Economic, Political and Social Values: The Case of Turkey
  • 2014
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Following the attempt by Alesina and Guiliano (2013) to measure global culture and to project these measurements onto real choropleth geographical world maps, we utilize the data from the World Values Survey (WVS) to arrive at robust measurement scales of global economic, political and social values and to assess Turkey’s place on them. Our study, which is based on 92,289 representative individuals with complete data in 68 countries, representing 56.89% of the global population, looks at hard-core economic values in the countries. From our new nine dimensions for the determination of the geography of human values, based on a promax factor analysis of the available data, we use six factor analytical scores to calculate a new Global Value Development Index, which combines: avoiding economic permissiveness; avoiding racism; avoiding distrust of the army and the press; avoiding the authoritarian character; tolerance and respect; and avoiding the rejection of the market economy and democracy. Our results show that the five best ranked countries are all western democracies. Our global value development index ranks Morocco twelfth - just behind the USA. Turkey is ranked 25, ahead of several EU member countries. But there are still considerable deficits concerning the liberal values components, which are very important for effective democracy, and there are very large regional differences, confirming the dictum by Huntington (1996) about Turkey as a torn country. The deficits suggest that the Turkish state, Turkish civil society and European decision makers would be well advised to continue to support civil society and secular democracy in Turkey.</p>
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300.
  • Tausch, Arno, et al. (författare)
  • The effects of globalization on the environment
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: UKH Journal of Social Sciences. - University of Kurdistan Hewlêr. - 2520-7806. ; 2:1, s. 25-40
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In multiple standard OLS regression models, we test the effects of 26 standard predictor variables, including the ‘four freedoms’ of goods, capital, labour and services, on the following indicators of sustainable development: avoiding net trade of ecological footprint gha per person, Carbon emissions per million US dollars GDP, CO2 per capita, Environmental Performance Index (EPI), Global footprint per capita, Happy Life Years, Happy Planet Index, and ln (number of people per mill inhabitants 1980-2000 killed by natural disasters per year+1). Our research shows that the apprehensions of quantitative globalization critical research are fully vindicated by the significant negative environmental effects of the foreign savings rate. High foreign savings are indeed a driver of global footprint, and are a blockade against a satisfactory Happy Planet Index performance. The New International Division of Labour (NIDL)-model (Froebel et al., 1980) is one of the prime drivers of high CO2 per capita emissions. MNC penetration, the master variable of most quantitative dependency theories, blocks environmental performance (EPI-Index) and several other socially important processes. Worker remittances have a significant positive effect on the Happy Planet Index, and Happy Life Years.</p>
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