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51.
  • Atteridge, Aaron, et al. (författare)
  • Is adaptation reducing vulnerability or redistributing it?
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews : Climate Change. - 1757-7780. ; 9:1
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • As globalization and other pressures intensify the economic, social and biophysical connections between people and places, it seems likely that adaptation responses intended to ameliorate the impacts of climate change might end up shifting risks and vulnerability between people and places. Building on earlier conceptual work in maladaptation and other literature, this article explores the extent to which concerns about vulnerability redistribution have influenced different realms of adaptation practice. The review leads us to conclude that the potential for adaptation to redistribute risk or vulnerability is being given only sparse—and typically superficial—attention by practitioners. Concerns about ‘maladaptation’, and occasionally vulnerability redistribution specifically, are mentioned on the margins but do not significantly influence the way adaptation choices are made or evaluated by policy makers, project planners or international funds. In research, the conceptual work on maladaptation is yet to translate into a significant body of empirical literature on the distributional impacts of real-world adaptation activities, which we argue calls into question our current knowledge base about adaptation. These gaps are troubling, because a process of cascading adaptation endeavors globally seems likely to eventually re-distribute risks or vulnerabilities to communities that are already marginalized and vulnerable. We conclude by discussing the implications that the potential for vulnerability redistribution might have for the governance of adaptation processes, and offer some reflections on how research might contribute to addressing gaps in knowledge and in practice.
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52.
  • Dymitrow, Mirek (författare)
  • Changing landscapes and rural-urban awareness: Conceptualizing rurality and urbanity through the prism of experiential space
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Changing European Landscapes: Landscape ecology, local to global. IALE 2013 European Congress, 9-12 September 2013, Manchester, UK.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Throughout the developed world, rural areas are in economic, social, and visible transition, to a significant degree as a result of urbanization. Realizing that a changing society is in constant need of redefinition, the rural-urban distinction is especially important to look into on a systematic basis. One reason is that although the outdatedness of the rural-urban dichotomy is widely acknowledged it is still largely sustained, not least in rural and urban development policies which are still conducted separately. Such practice may seem questionable in the face of the progressive blurring of these concepts, making them all the more subjective. In that light, there is a need to capture that subjectivity’s logic and anchor it locally, where the effects of policy eventually materialize. As such, taking into account the perception of local residents could help mitigate the subjectivity enclosed in the referential framework of those who exert power, mainly specialists and planners. In this paper, it is assumed that the concepts of rurality and urbanity are not only a result of the changing conditions in particular places but also of the changing theoretical perspectives on what is regarded rural or urban. In result, both tracks equally affect the material – i.e. the very real – lives of people who inhabit these areas. Ultimately, when some seemingly innocuous awareness-shaping processes coupled with the broader concepts of rural and urban are ignored, there may be ramifications when the locally perceived and the centrally defined fail to converge. Consequently, this paper is not about ideas on how ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ areas should be organized and managed. Rather, it foregoes such actions by focusing on the cognitive phase that precedes any kind of labeled development. By assuming a humanistic perspective, the concepts of ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ are discussed with emphasis on local perception and experiential space as important factors in their current understanding. There are indications that this dimension is locally significant and that the perception of rurality/urbanity is much derived from the physical characteristics of the lived environment, despite the rural and urban having been lately largely regarded as social constructs. In light of the critique of the emergent material turn, the potential of the concept of ‘landscape’ is explored, here seen as a bridge holding together the physical and the subjective tenets of rural-urban awareness. It is argued it could serve as a useful conceptual tool for creating context of the conflicting envoys on how rurality/urbanity should be understood, and particularly so in times of extensive land use changes induced by urbanization.
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53.
  • Dymitrow, Mirek (författare)
  • The effigy of urbanity or a rural parody? A visual approach to small-town public space
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cultural Geography. - 0887-3631 .- 1940-6320. ; 31:1, s. 1-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The urban square has been a distinguishing characteristic of European cities for millennia. However, in the context of small towns, where the square is often the sole identifier of their physical urbanity, its role differs from that of large towns. This fact is substantial within national administrative systems that endorse desirable urban status to rural settlements endowed with an urban morphology. It is also important in times of extensive EU-subsidized actions aimed at improving the quality of public space in small underresourced towns. However, many projects fail to draw from and respond to the specifics of the local context, and, by focusing on the details and disregarding the basics, they may defeat their purpose. Departing from extensive field observations in Poland, this paper puts theoretical framework and current trends in urban design into relation to various elements of a square’s spatial configuration in order to arrive at degrees of their urban significance. By interpreting the fundamental values embedded in the morphology of market squares, this paper attempts to isolate the cultural archetypes that shape our perception of such places as urban. The proposed analysis could be used to meet the main goal of market square revitalization, namely to visually articulate urbanity.
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54.
  • Haysom, Gareth, et al. (författare)
  • Food systems sustainability: An examination of different viewpoints on food system change
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Sustainability. - 2071-1050. ; 11:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Global food insecurity levels remain stubbornly high. One of the surest ways to grasp the scale and consequence of global inequality is through a food systems lens. In a predominantly urban world, urban food systems present a useful lens to engage a wide variety of urban (and global) challenges-so called 'wicked problems.' This paper describes a collaborative research project between four urban food system research units, two European and two African. The project purpose was to seek out solutions to what lay between, across and within the different approaches applied in the understanding of each city's food system challenges. Contextual differences and immediate (perceived) needs resulted in very different views on the nature of the challenge and the solutions required. Value positions of individuals and their disciplinary "enclaves" presented further boundaries. The paper argues that finding consensus provides false solutions. Rather the identification of novel approaches to such wicked problems is contingent of these differences being brought to the fore, being part of the conversation, as devices through which common positions can be discovered, where spaces are created for the realisation of new perspectives, but also, where difference is celebrated as opposed to censored.
55.
  • Hellberg, Sofie, 1979- (författare)
  • Studying the governing of lives through bio-narratives
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Hansson, S. Hellberg, S. & Stern, M. (Eds.) Studying the Agency of Being Governed. - Abingdon Oxford : Routledge. - 978-0-415-62367-4
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
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56.
  • Holmberg, Ingrid Martins, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Återbruk och byggnadsvård. Cirkulering av delar och detaljer från äldre byggnader Rapport. Curating the City Publication Series
  • 2017
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Hur går cirkulering av byggnadsdelar och byggnadsdetaljer till? Vad kommer de ifrån och vart tar de vägen? Hur återbrukas de? I denna rapport behandlas återbruk inom den svenska byggnadsvården. En diskussion om urban materialitet och staden som kulturarv samt om den specifika kontext som cirkulering på bebyggelsenivå ingår i, sätter in dessa frågor i ett större sammanhang. Här kartläggs vilka aktörer som är involverade, såväl hantverkare som akademiker, och vilka idéer och visioner som driver dem. Vidare undersöks när och var butiker nischade mot byggnadsvård växte fram. Rapporten bidrar till ny kunskap om byggnadsvårdsfältets framväxt och verksamhet, och hur detta är relaterad till de senaste decenniernas stadsomvandling.
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57.
  • Lindberg, Jonas, 1973- (författare)
  • The diversity and spatiality of rural livelihoods in southern Sri Lanka: Access, poverty, and local perceptions
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift - Norwegian Journal of Geography. - 0029-1951. ; 66:2, s. 63-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • As a consequence of the increasingly multi-local and diversified nature of rural livelihoods, the production of wealth and poverty in the Global South is gradually delinked from local and agrarian resources. In order to understand what affects successful participation in non-farm livelihood activities, it is important, but surprisingly often neglected to incorporate local perceptions of change and of what factors affect the accessibility of key livelihood assets. Based on a guided questionnaire and semi-structured interviews, the article provides both a detailed account of the diversity and spatiality of livelihoods in two villages in southern Sri Lanka and an analysis of the factors affecting differentiated access to non-farm livelihood activities. One key finding is that the categories ‘farm’ and ‘non-farm’ are too general for a grounded evaluation of poverty-reducing livelihood activities, which casts some doubt on more optimistic findings based on large-scale survey data. Poor households participate in both farm and non-farm activities, illustrating a deep segmentation of the non-farm sector. Lack of social assets (e.g. networks and connections) was identified as most crucial for access to lucrative non-farm segments, since it also affected access to other assets.
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58.
  • Niedomysl, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Learning benefits of using 2D versus 3D maps: evidence from a randomized controlled experiment
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Geography. - Taylor & Francis. - 1752-6868. ; 112:3, s. 87-96
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The traditional important role of maps used for educational purposes has gained further potential with recent advances in GIS technology. But beyond specific courses in cartography this potential seems little realized in geography teaching. This article investigates the extent to which any learning benefits may be derived from the use of such technologies. A controlled experiment was conducted to examine whether information recall is improved when cartographic information on population distribution is presented in 2D versus 3D form. The results show statistically significant differences in learning benefits between the two formats, largely in favor of 2D representation. These findings suggest that learning benefits can be derived from paying greater attention to map format in educational settings.
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59.
  • Nightingale, Andrea J. (författare)
  • Society-Nature
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: The SAGE Handbook of Human Geography. - London : Sage. - 9780857022486 ; XXX
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
  •  
60.
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