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61.
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62.
  • Iosif, Alina Elena, et al. (författare)
  • Assessing Territorial Impact Assessment: The Case Of Services Of General Interest
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Romanian Journal of Regional Science. - 1843-8520 .- 1843-8520. ; 7:June 15, s. 66-87
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • No single or common definition, or even a shared basic understanding, of Territorial Impact Assessment (TIA) currently exists. The conceptual background of TIA is focused on Territorial Cohesion (TC), which, in turn, also lacks a single definition. TC has a strong connection to Services of General Interest (SGI) as these services are a crucial element of the Cohesion Policy. This paper is a spin-off from the ESPON SeGI project and aims to discuss the applicability of TIA on SGI. The analysis is focused on an ex ante evaluation of TIA and on the methodology of critical evaluation. The findings suggest a rather limited applicability as an undefined concept (TIA) is based on another undefined concept (TC) to measure the impact on a third vaguely defined concept (SGI). Moreover, the particularities of each SGI may be related to economic and social changes that themselves may or may not be territorially reflected.
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63.
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64.
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65.
  • Marques da Costa, Eduarda, et al. (författare)
  • What indicators to use when measuring services of general interest?
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Europe XXI. - Poland : Stanisław Leszczycki Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization (IGSO). - 1429-7132 .- 2300-8547. ; 23, s. 7-28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The services of general interest (SGI) have received increasing attention of the European Union, which considers them a key element of the European model of society. They not only play an important role in the ongoing competitiveness of the European economy, but are also essential for achieving the goal of promoting social and territorial cohesion. Their potential role in the pursuit of the objectives of European cohesion and convergence policies may be significant which calls for an appropriate measurement and analysis of territorial distribution. The indicators are assumed to be a key element in measuring and describing the SGI, however, it is necessary to make a serious reflection how such indicators should be selected. The selection of indicators can be conditioned by several factors, however, it is imperative to make a qualitative reflection on the adequacy and relevance of indicators to analyse the SGI. This reflection runs through the paper. The concept of indicators is addressed, and their strengths and weaknesses are discussed. The indicators are classified according to the role they play in the cause-effect relations in distinct territories. Three types of indicators are identified. Appraisal of indicators and review of literature render it possible to identify the most frequently used indicators and to see SGI analysis from several perspectives, thus verifying that indicators can present different meanings and relevance, based on a range of factors and the scale of analysis. Some of the uncertainties arising in the SGI territorial analysis, which can contribute to the success of the policy making process, are recognized through an example based on the ICT Telecommunication SGI sub-domain. Some procedures connected with the integration of different types of indicators are proposed in order to limit the emergent uncertainties resulting from their interpretation
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66.
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67.
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68.
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69.
  • Onufrey, Ksenia (författare)
  • Enabled by the past : understanding endogenous innovation in mature industries
  • 2017
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Mature industries have played and still play a crucial role in national and world economies. To survive and retain competitiveness, they need to innovate, as innovation is the driver of economics growth and industrial transformation. However, existing research does not provide sufficient explanation of how innovation in mature industries can be enabled based on resources and internal development logic of those industries, i.e. endogenously. Some previous studies focused on incremental innovation patterns, which led to an underestimation of innovation potential of mature industries. Other studies acknowledged a high innovation potential of mature industries, but failed to explain how, through what mechanisms, industry-endogenous logic can bring about major innovations.Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to systematically address, explain and conceptualize endogenous industry- innovation and its driving mechanisms in mature industries. To achieve this purpose, three main issues are addressed. First, the thesis investigates and conceptualizes the notion of industry endogenous innovation mechanisms based on the path dependency theory. Second, the thesis addresses strategic choices and actions by established companies that are rooted in the industry endogenous mechanisms and result in highly innovative outcomes. Third, the thesis systematically analyses different aspects of radicalness of innovations resulting from industry endogenous mechanisms.The thesis represents a qualitative, embedded case study with two main industry cases, i.e. the global lighting industry and the Swedish pulp and paper industry. The lighting industry and its sub-cases in the form of specific lighting technologies have been studied via the analysis of patents of leading lighting manufacturers, archival and secondary data sources as well as interviews with different types of actors in the industry. The pulp and paper industry and its sub-cases in the form of innovation initiatives have been studied with the help of interviews with leading manufacturers and research institutes, as well the analysis of annual reports and secondary data sources. The outcomes of the study are presented in the form of the thesis cover paper and five appended papers.The results show that innovations of any magnitude can be endogenously developed in mature industries. At the industry level, endogenous innovation is driven by innovation mechanisms that can be conceptualized as reactive sequences and self-reinforcing mechanisms. At the level of individual companies, the exploitation strategy corresponds to the logic of endogenous innovation mechanisms by enabling highly innovative outcomes and building on a wide range of resources available in the industry. The endogenous character of innovation mechanisms imposes certain limitations on the radicalness of the outcomes in the form of trade-offs in terms of how many and what particular aspects can be radically new at once.With these results, the thesis contributes to a more balanced overall understanding of innovation potential of mature industries and allows shifting the focus of discussion from whether mature industries can develop radical innovation to when and under what conditions they can succeed in this process. The results of the thesis also suggest several recommendations for managers in established companies with regard to how they can they can take advantage of industry endogenous innovation mechanisms.
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70.
  • Rundqvist, Mikael, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Integration och mångfald i regionala projekt
  • 2009. - 1
  • Ingår i: Lärande utvärdering genom följeforskning. - Lund : Studentlitteratur. - 9789144056173 - 9144056176 ; , s. 245-257
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Den här boken presenterar ett delvis nytt perspektiv på lärande utvärdering i interaktiva former. Frågan är hur man ska uppnå långsiktiga effekter, det vill säga en hållbar utveckling med hjälp av projekt. Detta är en viktig fråga inte minst i genomförandet av EU:s strukturfonder. I boken förankras begreppen kring lärande utvärdering i teori men huvuddelen av kapitlen utgår från exempel på lärande utvärdering och resonerar kring dessa. Viktiga delar i utvärderingsprocessen är exempelvis forskarens eller utvärderarens konstruktiva dialog med deltagarna, att granskningen är kritisk och att förhållningssättet växlar mellan närhet och distans. Gemensam kunskapsbildning är viktig i en lärande utvärdering och analysseminarier presenteras som ett sätt att nå dit. Målgrupp för boken är högskolestuderande bland annat inom sociologi, pedagogik, företagsekonomi och personalvetarprogram. Boken bör även kunna användas i högskolekurser och uppdragsutbildning för chefer, utvecklare, konsulter, projektledare och utvärderare.
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