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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences) "

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  • Håman, Linn, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Orthorexia nervosa An integrative literature review of a lifestyle syndrome
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being. - Taylor & Francis. - 1748-2623. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bratman first proposed orthorexia nervosa in the late 1990s, defining it an obsession with eating healthy food to achieve, for instance, improved health. Today, in the Swedish media, excessive exercising plays a central role in relation to orthorexia. A few review articles on orthorexia have been conducted; however, these have not focused on aspects of food and eating, sport, exercise, or a societal perspective. The overall aim of this study was to provide an overview and synthesis of what philosophies of science approaches form the current academic framework of orthorexia. Key questions were: What aspects of food and eating are related to orthorexia? What role do exercise and sports play in relation to orthorexia? In what ways are orthorexia contextualized? Consequently, the concept of healthism was used to discuss and contextualize orthorexia. The method used was an integrative literature review; the material covered 19 empirical and theoretical articles published in peer-reviewed journals. This review demonstrates a multifaceted nature of orthorexia research; this field has been examined from four different philosophies of science approaches (i.e., empirical-atomistic, empirical-atomistic with elements of empirical-holistic, empirical-holistic, and rational-holistic) on individual, social, and societal levels. The majority of the articles followed an empirical-atomistic approach that focused on orthorexia as an individual issue, which was discussed using healthism. Our analysis indicates a need for (a) more empirical-holistic research that applies interpretive qualitative methods and uses a social perspective of health, e.g., healthism and (b) examining the role of sports and exercise in relation to orthorexia that takes the problematizing of "orthorexic behaviours" within the sports context into account.
  • Schenker, Katarina (författare)
  • På spaning efter idrottsdidaktik
  • 2011
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Popular Abstract in Swedish För ämneslärarexamen krävs att studenterna ska kunna bidra till kunskapsutvecklingen inom ämnesdidaktik. För lärarprogram med inriktning mot undervisning i Idrott och hälsa medför det att begreppet idrottsdidaktik behöver tydliggöras. I denna avhandling behandlas idrottsdidaktik som begrepp och som redskap för reflektion över idrottsundervisning. Idrottsdidaktik härleds från didaktik och olika ämnesdidaktiska discipliner, däribland den idrottsdidaktiska. Utifrån härledningen konstrueras också ett idrottsdidaktiskt analysverktyg som används för att analysera kurslitteratur och undervisningsmodeller som förekommer vid lärarprogram med inriktning mot undervisning i skolämnet Idrott och hälsa. Särskilt fokuseras kurslitteratur som behandlar dans, orientering, simning och bollspel.
  • Tidén, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • The social construction of ability in movement assessment tools
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Sport Education and Society. - 1357-3322. ; 22:6, s. 697-709
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper focuses on how 'ability' is conceptualised, configured and produced in movement assessment tools. The aim of the study was to critically analyse assessment tools used for healthy and typically developed children. The sample consists of 10 tools from 6 different countries. In the study, we pay special attention to content and evaluation methods. The theoretical analysis explores and discusses what kind of movement ability the tools construct. The theoretical framework is inspired by Bourdieu's concepts of habitus, capital and field which are used as analytical tools to explore how the testing processes and content shape what is regarded as ability. Our findings show both a great variation of concepts and evaluation methods and a narrow view of what is regarded as valuable to assess. The assessed movements are strongly related to traditional sports and construct a specific form of physical capital. None of the tasks assessed take place in natural outdoor environments. Open skills, rhythmical movements to music or tasks including a wider range of flexibility are also absent in the assessment tools. The explored tools and tests assess a limited number of decontextualised movements and produce a narrow view of 'ability'. Hence, the testing process itself often promotes a child who is physically mature and benefits those who have experience of traditional sports. In other words, the assessed 'taste for sport' and the 'embodied physical capital' construct what is considered to be legitimate knowledge in relation to movement and physical culture. Accordingly, the social construction of movement ability through assessment tools is far from a neutral concept and could affect how children see themselves and their 'ability'.
  • Thorell, Gabriella, et al. (författare)
  • From giving orders to engaging in dialogue : Military norms being challenged at the Swedish riding school
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Review for the Sociology of Sport. - London, UK : Sage Publications. - 1012-6902. ; 53:4, s. 451-470
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Equestrian sport is one of the largest sports among young girls in Sweden. A majority of these girls get their riding education at riding schools that provide horses and instructors. Previous research has pointed out that the Swedish riding school is characterised by a traditional stable culture that originated in army practices. Presently Swedish children and youth sport at large are undergoing a change driven by increased commercialisation and individualisation. The aim of this article is therefore to explore and analyse how Swedish riding instructors perceive and experience their professional role in regards to these changes. Interviews with 10 riding instructors have been analysed using a constructivist approach of Grounded theory, as well as institutional theory and institutional economic theory. It was discovered that the riding instructors, due to an economic recession, feel that the institutional arrangements of the riding schools have become governed by the economy. The riding instructors thus feel impelled to change and adapt to new teaching styles - from instruction characterised by giving orders to teaching characterised by dialogue. This study illustrates how economic challenges require continuous development of the riding instructors' pedagogical ability, and have made them more aware of their profession, its historical heritage and norms.
  • Jonasson, Kalle, et al. (författare)
  • Electronic sport and its impact on future sport
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Sport in Society : Cultures, Media, Politics, Commerce. - Taylor & Francis. - 1743-0437. ; 13:2, s. 287-299
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The mere mentioning of computer gaming (E-sport) as a form of sports is subversive, according to public health and media discourses. As a matter of fact, the two practices are considered to be oppositional. Sports are often regarded as a virtue, whereas computer gaming is looked upon as a vice. In this light, the basic aim of this essay is to discuss and analyse the ‘sporting qualities’ of competitive computer gaming in relation to the definition of sport. The reasoning will also forecast the future of competitive computer gaming. How might this new form of ‘sport’ develop and what impact will it have on future sports in general? We answer the question by presenting three possible futuristic scenarios. Might it even be that we are standing on the threshold of a new phase in the evolution of sports?
  • Lundvall, Suzanne, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Widening Participation in Sport-related studies in Higher Education : An Exploratory Study of Symbolic Struggles
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Sport, Education and Society. - 1357-3322. ; 17:5, s. 671-686
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article focuses on widening participation in higher education and the low recruitment of students from diverse backgrounds within sport-related programmes. The purpose of the study has been to describe and increase the understanding of how the preconditions and premises for choosing to study ‘sport’ appear to students from diverse backgrounds who have started their studies. An interview study was carried out with eight students from three institutes, based on a purposeful sample. The study draws on Bourdieu’s analytical concepts of habitus, capital and practical sense. The findings indicate that the interviewees’ had sufficient symbolic and cultural capital to enable a ‘practical sense’ that choice and action were possible, including evaluating the consequences of choice. For some, this meant a choice that crossed boundaries. Achieving a greater widening of the recruitment to higher education in sport-related programmes seems to need a clarification of transformable capital.
  • Handbook Of Research On Sport And Business
  • 2013
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Söderman and Dolles have assembled an impressive array of researchers to address the nexus between sport and business. In their rich collection of research on sport business theory and practice Söderman and Dolles identify research themes from governance to branding, from sport events to sport systems, and from social media to fan identity, and they specifically reflect on the application of major theoretical concepts and key research methods. The authors’ aim is to advance sport business research through critical reflection on topic selection, research design, data analysis and interpretation. Their unique approach encourages researchers, from novice to experienced, to embrace diverse theories and methods. The Handbook is recommended reading for those interested in advancing sport business research.
  • Nowicka, Paulina, 1974-, et al. (författare)
  • Moving from Knowledge to Action: A Qualitative Study of Elite Coaches' Capacity for Early Intervention in Cases of Eating Disorders
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. - Multi-Science Publishing. - 1747-9541. ; 8:2, s. 343-355
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study investigates elite coaches' attitudes toward eating disorders (ED), knowledge about ED, and early intervention skills when confronted with possible ED in their female athletes. We interviewed 18 coaches in Sweden responsible for athletes representing national teams in the three sports categories most at risk for ED: aesthetic, weight class, and endurance. The interviews revealed that, although most coaches knew athletes with ED, they did not perceive ED as a problem in their sport. The majority of coaches cited difficulties in identifying ED symptoms, especially symptoms associated with bulimia nervosa. Coaches also described several barriers in approaching the athletes, including the athletes' denial of ED, lack of female colleagues on the team and the lack of easily accessible resources for treatment referral on both the national sports federation and the club levels. This study reveals that elite coaches have insufficient capacity to identify ED and conduct early intervention, resulting in delayed treatment.
  • Kultur och hälsa i praktiken
  • 2016
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Intresset för området kultur och hälsa är stort. Åtskilliga verksamheter i kommuner och landsting arbetar aktivt med kultur och hälsa. Därför blir det allt viktigare att ta tillvara på den kunskap som skapas inom dessa verksamheter och att möjliggöra ett utbyte av erfarenheter. "Kultur och hälsa i prakten" presenterar i fjorton kapitel hur man kan arbeta med kultur och hälsa inom olika verksamheter som exempel på gränsöverskridande samarbeten mellan praktik och forskning. Kapitalförfattarna är både förankrade i ett konkret verksamhetsområde och i akademisk forskning. "Kultur och hälsa i praktiken" ger en beskrivning av praktiska verksamheter utifrån aktuell forskning. Den syftar till inspiration såväl som fördjupad kunskap för praktiker, forskare, beslutsfattare, kulturutövare, journalister och hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal.
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