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Sökning: AMNE:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP Hälsovetenskaper Idrottsvetenskap)

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  • Pauelsen, Mascha, et al. (författare)
  • Concussion in ice hockey : A Cohort Study Across 29 Seasons
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. - Wolters Kluwer. - 1050-642X. ; 27:3, s. 283-287
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of this study was to analyse the concussion incidence rate ratios (IRR) across 29 seasons in a Swedish Hockey League team.Design: Cohort study over 29 seasons within one Swedish elite series ice hockey team. Participants: All players who were part of one Swedish elite ice hockey team during the research period gave consent for participation in the study.Independent Variables: Exposure to top level Swedish ice hockey. Main Outcome Measures: Incidence rate ratio for concussion as well as rehabilitation periods due to concussion were calculated and analysed.Results: During the research period, 267 players in total were part of the team. A total of 1638 traumatic injuries were registered of which 162 were concussions. Incidence rates ranged from 0/1,000 games during the first season to 118/1,000 games for the final recorded season. The incidence rate ratio was 1.06 (CI = 1.03-1.10) for the entire research period. A shift towards longer rehabilitation periods was discovered.Conclusions: This study showed a significant increase of concussion incidence rate and a trend towards longer rehabilitation periods due to concussion. Possible risk factors were discussed. Risk behaviour and rehabilitation protocols should be prioritized areas in the research of concussion in ice hockey. 
  • Pagels, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Influence of moderate, daily,physical activity upon body composition and blood lipid profile in swedish adults
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physical Activity and Health. - 1543-3080. ; 9, s. 867-874
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Health organizations suggest that adults ought to engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity daily physical activity. This study investigated the effects of a 30-minute single daily bout of brisk walking upon risk factors for CHD with blood lipid profile in particular. Methods: Thirty-three (25-45 y) adults, were randomly assigned into an exercise group (EG) (n=16, (9w) and a control group (CG) (n=17 (6w). The EG walked briskly 30 minutes daily during the 3 weeks test period. Compliance/adherence was maximal throughout the 3-week intervention due to stringent daily monitoring. Results: The EG showed a significant decrease in concentrations of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) during the intervention period. A significant inverse correlation between Δ energy expenditure/day and Δ LDL-C (r = -0.39, P<0.05) and an improvement in weight and BMI in the EG was found. Average steps during 30 minutes brisk walking bout was 3669 steps/bout generating a mean energy expenditure of 191 kcal/bout. Conclusions: The most unique findings were that daily single bouts of moderate-intensity physical activity for 30 minutes, during 3 weeks, induced favourable effects upon body weight, BMI and blood concentration of LDL-C and TC in healthy adults.
  • Ponsot, Elodie, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Skeletal muscle telomere length is not impaired in healthy physically active old women and men
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Muscle and Nerve. - 0148-639X. ; 37:4, s. 467-472
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have previously shown that the number of satellite cells is lower in old than young men and women. The aim of this study was to further explore the effects of aging on the regenerative potential of skeletal muscle in 16 young and 26 old men and women with comparable physical activity level (young, 25 +/- 4 years; old, 75 +/- 4 years). Mean and minimum telomere lengths were determined using Southern blot analyses on biopsies obtained from the tibialis anterior muscle. There were no significant age or gender effects on mean and minimal telomeric lengths, suggesting that the replicative potential in the remaining satellite cells in the tibialis anterior muscle is not impaired with increasing age and the existence of in vivo regulatory mechanisms allowing the maintenance of telomere length. These results imply that moderate physical activity regularly performed by old subjects is not associated with accelerated telomere loss.
  • Eliason, Gabriella, et al. (författare)
  • Physical performance and muscular characteristics in different stages of COPD
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc.. - 0905-7188. ; 19:6, s. 865-870
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study has examined exercise capacity and muscle morphology in patients with different severities of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Twenty-three patients and 12 healthy matched controls were recruited. Based on the severity of airflow obstruction, patients were divided into two subgroups. Exercise capacity was determined using a 6-min walk test. Muscle fiber composition, fiber area and number of satellite cells/muscle fiber were determined in muscle biopsies using immunohistochemistry. A progressive decline in exercise capacity was noted with ascending disease severity. Furthermore, a correlation between reduction in exercise capacity and changes in muscle fiber composition was observed in COPD. The group with severe and very severe COPD had a lower proportion of type I and a higher proportion of type IIa fibers compared with the other groups. In severe and very severe COPD, a reduction in fiber area of type IIa fibers was also seen. The number of satellite cells/muscle fiber did not differ between the groups. In conclusion, a decline in exercise capacity occurs already in mild and moderate COPD, indicating that the 6-min walk test is a reliable indicator of disease severity. Furthermore, changes in skeletal muscle morphology are associated with disease severity while muscle regenerative capacity is not altered.
  • Klasson-Heggebø, L., et al. (författare)
  • Graded associations between cardiorespiratory fitness, fatness, and blood pressure in children and adolescents
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Sports Medicine. - 0306-3674. ; 40:1, s. 25-29; discussion 25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To measure the graded relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and sum of skinfolds, waist circumference, and blood pressure in children and adolescents participating in the European youth heart study. METHODS: The participants were 4072 children and adolescents (aged 9 and 15) from Denmark, Portugal, Estonia, and Norway. Cardiorespiratory fitness was indirectly determined using a maximal ergometer cycle test. The sum of four skinfolds, waist circumference, and blood pressure were assessed with a standardised protocol. Linear regression analysis was used to test the graded relation between cardiorespiratory fitness and the dependent variables adjusted for pubertal stage, sex, and country. RESULTS: A significant curvilinear graded relation was found between cardiorespiratory fitness and waist circumference and sum of skinfolds (partial r2 for cardiorespiratory fitness was 0.09-0.26 for the different sexes and age groups). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure also showed a curvilinear relation with cardiorespiratory fitness, and fitness explained 2% of the variance in systolic blood pressure. The difference in systolic blood pressure between the least and most fit was 6 mm Hg. CONCLUSION: A curvilinear graded relation was found between cardiorespiratory fitness and waist circumference, sum of skinfolds, and systolic blood pressure. The greatest difference in these health variables was observed between low and moderate fitness levels.
  • Oskarsson, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Improved intramuscular blood flow and normalized metabolism in lateral epicondylitis after botulinum toxin treatment
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc.. - 0905-7188. ; 19:3, s. 323-328
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Lateral epicondylitis is a common cause of elbow pain, and decreased microcirculation in extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) has recently been suggested to contribute to the symptoms. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the treatment response after injection of botulinum toxin type A. Ten patients with unilateral epicondylitis and decreased intramuscular blood flow in ECRB participated. Handgrip, 2-pinch grip and muscle strength during radial deviation and dorsal extension of the wrist were recorded. Perceived pain during contraction was evaluated with the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and function in daily activities was assessed using the Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand instrument (DASH) and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure instrument (COPM). Intramuscular blood flow was recorded by laser Doppler flowmetry, and microdialysis was used to analyze muscle metabolism. The difference in intramuscular blood flow between the control and the affected side had decreased 3 and 12 months after treatment (P=0.03). Lactate concentration at the 12-month follow-up had decreased (P=0.02); perceived pain was reduced and function in daily activities had improved. Injection of botulinum toxin is an alternative treatment for epicondylitis. Symptom relief may be due to enhanced microcirculation causing an aerobic metabolism.
  • Kadi, Fawzi, et al. (författare)
  • Satellite cells and myonuclei in young and elderly women and men
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Muscle and Nerve. - 0148-639X. ; 29:1, s. 120-127
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The overall aim of this study was to assess the effects of aging on the satellite cell population. Muscle biopsies were taken from the tibialis anterior muscle of healthy, moderately active young (age range, 20-32 years; n = 31) and elderly (age range, 70-83 years; n = 27) women and men with comparable physical activity pattern. Satellite cells and myonuclei were visualized using a monoclonal antibody against neural cell adhesion molecule and counterstained with Mayer's hematoxylin. An average of 211 (range, 192-241) muscle fibers were examined for each individual. Compared with the young women and men, the elderly subjects had a significantly lower (P < 0.011) number of satellite cells per muscle fiber but a significantly higher (P < 0.004) number of myonuclei per muscle fiber. The number of satellite cells relative to the total number of nuclei [satellite cells/(myonuclei + satellite cells)] was significantly lower in the elderly than in the young women and men. These results imply that a reduction in the satellite cell population occurs as a result of increasing age in healthy men and women.
  • Kultur och hälsa i praktiken
  • 2016
  • Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Intresset för området kultur och hälsa är stort. Åtskilliga verksamheter i kommuner och landsting arbetar aktivt med kultur och hälsa. Därför blir det allt viktigare att ta tillvara på den kunskap som skapas inom dessa verksamheter och att möjliggöra ett utbyte av erfarenheter. "Kultur och hälsa i prakten" presenterar i fjorton kapitel hur man kan arbeta med kultur och hälsa inom olika verksamheter som exempel på gränsöverskridande samarbeten mellan praktik och forskning. Kapitalförfattarna är både förankrade i ett konkret verksamhetsområde och i akademisk forskning. "Kultur och hälsa i praktiken" ger en beskrivning av praktiska verksamheter utifrån aktuell forskning. Den syftar till inspiration såväl som fördjupad kunskap för praktiker, forskare, beslutsfattare, kulturutövare, journalister och hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal.
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