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  • Lindqvist, Anna-Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Moving From Idea to Action : Promoting Physical Activity by Empowering Adolescents
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: ArctiChildren InNet.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background. Physical activity provides fundamental health benefits for children and youth. The aim of the study was to explore the possibility of conducting an empowerment-inspired intervention and examine the impact of the intervention in promoting moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among adolescents. Method. A nonrandomized trial with a concurrent control group was carried out. Physical activity data were collected before and after the intervention with daily questions by short message service. Self-efficacy, social support, and attitude were also measured before and after the intervention since they were possible mediators. Results. The intervention was created by the students, the researchers, and the teachers using an empowerment-based approach. Students in the intervention group (n = 21) increased their MVPA on average by 4.9 (SD = 28.9) minutes per day, and students in the control group (n = 25) reduced their MVPA on average by 25.4 (SD = 23.0) minutes per day (p = .000). Conclusions. The intervention might have contributed to a promotion of physical activity among students in the intervention group. The most valuable contribution this study provides is the knowledge that it is possible to develop and conduct an empowerment-inspired intervention to promote adolescent physical activity.</p>
  • Westgård, Theresa, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive geriatric assessment pilot of a randomized control study in a Swedish acute hospital: a feasibility study.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Pilot and feasibility studies. - 2055-5784. ; 4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) represent an important component of geriatric acute hospital care for frail older people, secured by a multidisciplinary team who addresses the multiple needs of physical health, functional ability, psychological state, cognition and social status. The primary objective of the pilot study was to determine feasibility for recruitment and retention rates. Secondary objectives were to establish proof of principle that CGA has the potential to increase patient safety. Methods: The CGA pilot took place at a University hospital in Western Sweden, from March to November 2016, with data analyses in March 2017. Participants were frail people aged 75 and older, who required an acute admission to hospital. Participants were recruited and randomized in the emergency room. The intervention group received CGA, a person-centered multidisciplinary team addressing health, participation, and safety. The control group received usual care. The main objective measured the recruitment procedure and retention rates. Secondary objectives were also collected regarding services received on the ward including discharge plan, care plan meeting and hospital risk assessments including risk for falls, nutrition, decubitus ulcers, and activities of daily living status. Result: Participants were recruited from the emergency department, over 32 weeks. Thirty participants were approached and 100% (30/30) were included and randomized, and 100% (30/30) met the inclusion criteria. Sixteen participants were included in the intervention and 14 participants were included in the control. At baseline, 100% (16/16) intervention and 100% (14/14) control completed the data collection. A positive propensity towards the secondary objectives for the intervention was also evidenced, as this group received more care assessments. There was an average difference between the intervention and control in occupational therapy assessment - 0.80 [95% CI 1.06, - 0.57], occupational therapy assistive devices - 0.73 [95% CI 1.00, - 0.47], discharge planning -0.21 [95% CI 0.43, 0.00] and care planning meeting 0.36 [95% CI-1.70, -0.02]. Controlling for documented risk assessments, the intervention had for falls - 0.94 [95% CI 1.08, - 0.08], nutrition - 0.87 [95% CI 1.06, - 0.67], decubitus ulcers - 0.94 [95% CI 1.08, - 0.80], and ADL status - 0.80 [95% CI 1.04, - 0.57]. Conclusion: The CGA pilot was feasible and proof that the intervention increased safety justifies carrying forward to a large-scale study.
  • Gustavsson, Linda, et al. (författare)
  • Sore throat in women after intubation with 6.5 or 7.0 mm endotracheal tube : a quantitative study
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing. - 0964-3397 .- 1532-4036. ; 30:6, s. 318-324
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Women experience more sore throats than men after endotracheal intubation.Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of self-rated sore throat immediately,and 2—4 hours postoperatively, in women after elective gynaecological surgery under generalanaesthesia using an endotracheal tube (ETT) size 6.5 or 7.0 mm in inner diameter.Method: Eighty-two female participants who had undergone elective gynaecological surgeryparticipated, 44 and 38 were intubated with size 6.5 mm ETT and 7.0 mm ETT respectively.They estimated the occurrence of sore throat preoperatively and postoperatively, according toa 4-point Likert scale. Statistical data were analysed using the Package for Social Science (SPSS)19.Results: Sore throat was present in 29.5% of participants who were intubated with size 6.5 mmETT immediately postoperatively and in 39.5% of those who were intubated with size 7.0 mmETT.Conclusion: Nurses specialising in the supervision of daily care specific to the intubated patientshould note and alleviate sore throat as part of their nursing care.</p>
  • Strömbäck, Maria (författare)
  • Kroppen som helande process
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Stress and Health in Youth (Umeå SHY). - Stockholm : Edita Västerås.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Gosman-Hedström, Gunilla, 1947- (författare)
  • Vårdalinstitutets tematiska rum om stroke
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Förbundet Sveriges Arbetsterapeuter At - Forum och Nordisk kongress för arbetsterapeuter. Stockholm 19-20 April, Sweden.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Ghaye, Tony, et al. (författare)
  • Participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR) : democratizing reflective practices
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Reflective Practice. - 1462-3943 .- 1470-1103. ; 9:4, s. 361-397
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The paper introduces a new approach to reflecting and acting called participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR). It explores its potential to enable individuals and groups to move forward, to improve their working practices and lives in particular communities and contexts. The paper situates PAAR in the historical context of participatory and action methodologies and reflective learning. It suggests that using PAAR requires four strategic ‘turns'. By turn we mean a change in direction from one way of thinking and practising to another. The four turns are: (i) away from a preoccupation with changing behaviours in order to solve problems, with ‘fixing' things and an engagement in deficit-based discourses, towards the development of appreciative insight, understanding the root causes of success and sustaining strengths-based discourses in order to amplify those things that will help build a better future from the positive present; (ii) away from self-learning (individualism and isolation) and towards collective learning through interconnectedness, appreciative knowledge sharing and the use of new forms of communications technology which enable simultaneous action in dispersed geopolitical spaces; (iii) away from one way of knowing and one perspective on truth to an acceptance of more pluralistic view of ways of knowing, of understanding human experience and putting this knowing to good use; (iv) away from reflective cycles and spirals and towards the use of a reflective learning (r-learning) framework comprising four mutually supportive processes. They are those of developing an appreciative ‘gaze', of reframing experience, of building practical wisdom and of achieving and moving forward.</p>
  • Jacobson, Inger, et al. (författare)
  • Hur ser en damfotbollspelare ut?
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Svensk idrottsmedicinsk förenings vårmöte : Ystad 1999. - Svensk idrottsmedicinsk förening.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Jacobson, Inger, et al. (författare)
  • Injuries among female football players : with special emphasis on regional differences
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Advances in Physiotherapy. - 1403-8196 .- 1651-1948. ; 8:2, s. 66-74
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In this 1-year prospective study, the aim was to investigate if there are any differences concerning injuries and injury incidence during an entire football season between Swedish female football players from different geographical regions. A total of 130 out of 253 players (51%) sustained 229 injuries. The overall injury incidence was 9.6/1000 h of football. The incidence of injury during practice was 8.4/1000 h and during game was 13.3/1000 h. Players in the north had a higher incidence of injury during game than those in the south (19.5 vs. 7.2/1000 h, respectively, p<0.001). Fifty-nine per cent of all injuries were traumatic injuries. Both traumatic and overuse injuries occurred mainly during the early preseason and at the beginning of the competitive spring season. Of all injuries, 13% were classified as slight, 39% as minor, 37% as moderate and 11% as major injuries. Players in the north had a higher injury incidence concerning moderate injuries than players in the south (p<0.01). In the present study, evidence is presented that regional factors play a role in the injury incidence. Female football players in the north and south have different injury patterns. This could be a result of different conditions for football as a sport between the regions.</p>
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