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  • Aad, G., et al. (författare)
  • Charged-particle multiplicities in pp interactions measured with the ATLAS detector at the LHC
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: New Journal of Physics. - : IOP Publishing. - 1367-2630. ; 13
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Measurements are presented from proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of root s = 0.9, 2.36 and 7 TeV recorded with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Events were collected using a single-arm minimum-bias trigger. The charged-particle multiplicity, its dependence on transverse momentum and pseudorapidity and the relationship between the mean transverse momentum and charged-particle multiplicity are measured. Measurements in different regions of phase space are shown, providing diffraction-reduced measurements as well as more inclusive ones. The observed distributions are corrected to well-defined phase-space regions, using model-independent corrections. The results are compared to each other and to various Monte Carlo (MC) models, including a new AMBT1 pythia6 tune. In all the kinematic regions considered, the particle multiplicities are higher than predicted by the MC models. The central charged-particle multiplicity per event and unit of pseudorapidity, for tracks with p(T) > 100 MeV, is measured to be 3.483 +/- 0.009 (stat) +/- 0.106 (syst) at root s = 0.9 TeV and 5.630 +/- 0.003 (stat) +/- 0.169 (syst) at root s = 7 TeV.
  • Oberstedt, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Energy degrader technique for light-charged particle spectroscopy at LOHENGRIN
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 0168-9002 .- 1872-9576. ; 570:1, s. 51-54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The recoil mass-separator LOHENGRIN at Institute Laue-Langevin was originally designed for the spectrometry of binary fission fragments. Nevertheless, it was also used in the past for measuring light-charged particles from ternary fission. However, due to the electric field settings the energy distribution of the lightest particles was not completely accessible, which made the determination of mean kinetic energies, widths and, hence, emission yields difficult. In this paper we present an energy degrader technique that allows for the measurement of the entire energy spectrum of even the lightest ternary particles with LOHENGRIN.
  • Oberstedt, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of a Shape Isomer in 235U
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : The American Physical Society. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 99:4, s. 1-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The shape isomer in 235U has been searched for in a neutron-induced fission experiment on 234U, which was performed at the isomer spectrometer NEPTUNE of the EC-JRC IRMM. A neutron source, with a tunable pulse frequency in the Hz to kHz range and its individually adjustable neutron pulse width in connection with an appropriate detector system turned out to be the ideal instrument to perform an isomer search, when decay half-lives above 100 us are expected. From the delayed fission events observed for two different NEPTUNE settings and at mean incident neutron energies En = 0.95 and 1.27 MeV the isomeric fission half-life could be determined to be T_1/2 = (3.6 ± 1.8) ms. The corresponding cross section was determined to sigma_if = (10 ± 8) ub. With these results an experimental confirmation for the existence of a superdeformed shape isomer in odd-uranium isotopes is given for the first time.
  • Aleksandrovskii, A. N., et al. (författare)
  • Thermal expansion of single-crystal fullerite C60 at helium temperatures
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Low temperature physics (Woodbury, N.Y., Print). - 1063-777X .- 1090-6517. ; 26:1, s. 75-80
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The thermal expansion of single-crystal fullerite C60 has been studied in the range of liquid-helium temperatures (2–10 K). At temperatures below ~4.5 K the thermal expansion of fullerite C60 becomes negative, in agreement with the previous results on polycrystalline materials. A qualitative explanation of the results is proposed.
  • Andersson, Ove, et al. (författare)
  • Reorientational relaxation in C60 following a pressure induced change in the pentagon/hexagon equilibrium ratio
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters A. - : Elsevier Science B.V.. - 0375-9601 .- 1873-2429. ; 206:3-4, s. 260-264
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The orientational structure of C60 depends on pressure and temperature. Pressurization below the glass transition temperature Tg can freeze in non-equilibrium orientational structures. The relaxation of such structures on heating through Tg has been studied through thermal conductivity measurements and the effects observed are explained in a simple model.
  • Lundin, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Compressibility and Structure of C70
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Europhysics letters. - 0295-5075 .- 1286-4854. ; 30:8, s. 469-474
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The compressibility of C70 has been investigated by means of direct piston and cylinder measurements in the temperature range 150 to 365 K and up to 1 GPa. At 296 and 343 K we find a very rapid change of volume with pressure below 0.15 GPa. We tentatively interpret this as a continuous molecular reorientation with pressure, probably resulting in a transformation from a mixture of face-centred cubic (f.c.c.) and rhombohedral (r.h.) phases to mainly pure r.h. phase. At 365 K as well as at 236 K and below we see no anomalies indicating any structural or rotational anomalies in the pressure range investigated. The zero-pressure bulk modulus decreases with increasing temperature, from 13.1 GPa at 185 K to 7.9 GPa at 365 K. Our volumetric measurements confirm a recently proposed phase diagram for C70.
  • Lundin, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Compressibility of C61D2 up to 1 GPa in the temperature range 175 - 345 K
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Carbon. - : Elsevier Science Ltd.. - 0008-6223 .- 1873-3891. ; 34:9, s. 1119-1121
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have measured the bulk modulus K for C61D2 up to 1 GPa in the temperature range 175–343 K. For face-centered cubic C61D2 above 290 K, we find an anomalously low value for K below about 0.15 GPa, possibly indicating pressure-induced changes in the structure. The (extrapolated) zero-p bulk modulus K(0) decreases with increasing T from 6.7 GPa at 175 K to 5.2 GPa at 343 K. A comparison with hypothetical expanded f.c.c. C60 with the same lattice constant shows that K(0) values are similar, indicating that the main intermolecular interactions are still between molecular bellies, not the sidegroups.
  • Nagel, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • C60 one- and two-dimensional polymers, dimers, and hard fullerite: Thermal expansion, anharmonicity, and kinetics of depolymerization
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - : American Physical Society. - 1098-0121 .- 1550-235X. ; 60:24, s. 16920-16927
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on high-resolution thermal expansion measurements of high-temperature-pressure treated C60 [one-dimensional (1D) and (2D) polymers and “hard fullerite”], as well as of C60 dimers and single crystal monomer C60 between 10 and 500 K. Polymerization drastically reduces the thermal expansivity from the values of monomeric C60 due to the stronger and less anharmonic covalent bonds between molecules. The expansivity of the “hard” material approaches that of diamond. The large and irreversible volume change upon depolymerization between 400 and 500 K makes it possible to study the kinetics of depolymerization, which is described excellently by a simple activated process, with activation energies of 1.9±0.1 eV (1D and 2D polymers) and 1.75±0.05 eV (dimer). Although the activation energies are very similar for the different polymers, the depolymerization rates differ by up to four orders of magnitude at a given temperature, being fastest for the dimers. Preliminary kinetic data of C70 polymers are presented as well.
  • Persson, Per-Axel, et al. (författare)
  • The physical properties of high-pressure polymerized C60
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, volume 58, issue 11. - : Elsevier B.V.. ; 58:11, s. 1881-1885
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have studied the structural, thermophysical, and spectroscopic properties of polymeric C60 obtained by high pressure treatment at pressures and temperatures near 1 GPa and 600 K. We present here a brief overview of our results for the structural and thermophysical properties and a more detailed report on recent results obtained by Raman spectroscopy on both thin films, polycrystalline, and single crystal material. The results presented include a comparison between Raman results for photopolymerized and pressure polymerized thin films and a preliminary estimate of the binding energy of polymeric C60.
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