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Sökning: AMNE:(NATURVETENSKAP Matematik Matematisk analys)

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  • Andersson, Anders (författare)
  • On the curvature of an inner curve in a Schwarz-Christoffel mapping
  • 2007
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In the so called outer polygon method, an approximative conformal mapping for a given simply connected region \Omega is constructed using a Schwarz-­Christoffel mapping for an outer polygon, a polygonal region of which \Omega is a subset. The resulting region is then bounded by a C^\infty -curve, which among other things means that its curvature is bounded. In this work, we study the curvature of an inner curve in a polygon, i.e., the image under the Schwarz-­Christoffel mapping from R, the unit disk or upper half­plane, to a polygonal region P of a curve inside R. From the Schwarz-­Christoffel formula, explicit expressions for the curvature are derived, and for boundary curves, appearing in the outer polygon method, estimations of boundaries for the curvature are given.
  • Araaya, Tsehaye, 1962- (författare)
  • The Symmetric Meixner-Pollaczek polynomials
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The Symmetric Meixner-Pollaczek polynomials are considered. We denote these polynomials in this thesis by pn(λ)(x) instead of the standard notation pn(λ) (x/2, π/2), where λ > 0. The limiting case of these sequences of polynomials pn(0) (x) =limλ→0 pn(λ)(x), is obtained, and is shown to be an orthogonal sequence in the strip, S = {z ∈ ℂ : −1≤ℭ (z)≤1}.From the point of view of Umbral Calculus, this sequence has a special property that makes it unique in the Symmetric Meixner-Pollaczek class of polynomials: it is of convolution type. A convolution type sequence of polynomials has a unique associated operator called a delta operator. Such an operator is found for pn(0) (x), and its integral representation is developed. A convolution type sequence of polynomials may have associated Sheffer sequences of polynomials. The set of associated Sheffer sequences of the sequence pn(0)(x) is obtained, and is foundto be ℙ = {{pn(λ) (x)} =0 : λ ∈ R}. The major properties of these sequences of polynomials are studied.The polynomials {pn(λ) (x)}∞n=0, λ < 0, are not orthogonal polynomials on the real line with respect to any positive real measure for failing to satisfy Favard’s three term recurrence relation condition. For every λ ≤ 0, an associated nonstandard inner product is defined with respect to which pn(λ)(x) is orthogonal. Finally, the connection and linearization problems for the Symmetric Meixner-Pollaczek polynomials are solved. In solving the connection problem the convolution property of the polynomials is exploited, which in turn helps to solve the general linearization problem.
  • Hellström, Lars, 1974- (författare)
  • The Diamond Lemma for Power Series Algebras
  • 2002
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The main result in this thesis is the generalisation of Bergman's diamond lemma for ring theory to power series rings. This generalisation makes it possible to treat problems in which there arise infinite descending chains. Several results in the literature are shown to be special cases of this diamond lemma and examples are given of interesting problems which could not previously be treated. One of these examples provides a general construction of a normed skew field in which a custom commutation relation holds.There is also a general result on the structure of totally ordered semigroups, demonstrating that all semigroups with an archimedean element has a (up to a scaling factor) unique order-preserving homomorphism to the real numbers. This helps analyse the concept of filtered structure. It is shown that whereas filtered structures can be used to induce pretty much any zero-dimensional linear topology, a real-valued norm suffices for the definition of those topologies that have a reasonable relation to the multiplication operation.The thesis also contains elementary results on degree (as of polynomials) functions, norms on algebras (in particular ultranorms), (Birkhoff) orthogonality in modules, and construction of semigroup partial orders from ditto quasiorders.
  • Larsson, Leo, 1972- (författare)
  • Carlson type inequalities and their applications
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis treats inequalities of Carlson type, i.e. inequalities of the form∥f∥x≤K∏i=1m∥f∥Aiθiwhere ∑i=1mθi =1 and K is some constant, independent of the function f. X and Ai are normed spaces, embedded in some Hausdorff topological vector space. In most cases, we have m=2, and the spaces involved are weighted Lebesgue spaces on some measure space. For example, the inequality∫0∞f(x)dx≤π∫0∞f2(x)dx1/4∫0∞x2 f2 (x)dx1/4first proved by F. Carlson, is the above inequality with m=2, θ1 =θ2 =1 2, X=L1(ℝ+, dx), A1 =L2 (ℝ+, dx) and A2 =L2 (ℝ+, x2 dx). In different situations, suffcient, and sometimes necessary, conditions are given on the weights in order for a Carlson type inequality to hold for some constant K. Carlson type inequalities have applications to e.g. moment problems, Fourier analysis, optimal sampling, and interpolation theory.
  • Strömberg, Fredrik, 1973- (författare)
  • Computational Aspects of Maass Waveforms
  • 2005
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The topic of this thesis is computation of Mass waveforms, and we consider a number of different cases: Congruence subgroups of the modular group and Dirichlet characters (chapter 1); congruence subgroups and general multiplier systems and real weight (chapter 2); and noncongruence subgroups (chapter 3). In each case we first discuss the necessary theoretical background. We then outline the algorithm and display some of the results obtained by it.
  • Carlsson, Linus, 1972- (författare)
  • An equivalence to the Gleason problem
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications. - 0022-247X .- 1096-0813. ; 370:2, s. 373-378
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this article we study the Gleason problem locally. A new method for solving the Gleason A problem is presented. This is done by showing an equivalent statement to the Gleason A problem. In order to prove this statement, necessary and a sufficient conditions for a bounded domain to have the Gleason A property are found. Also an example of a bounded but not smoothly-bounded domain in C(n) is given, which satisfies the sufficient condition at the origin, and hence has the Gleason A property there.
  • Maad Sasane, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • Generators for rings of compactly supported distributions
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Integral equations and operator theory. - : Springer. - 0378-620X .- 1420-8989. ; 69:1, s. 63-71
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Let CUnknown control sequence '\tt' denote a closed convex cone in \mathbb RdRd with apex at 0. We denote by E¢(C)Unknown control sequence '\tt' the set of distributions on \mathbb RdRd having compact support contained in CUnknown control sequence '\tt'. Then E¢(C)Unknown control sequence '\tt' is a ring with the usual addition and with convolution. We give a necessary and sufficient analytic condition on [^(f)]1,..., [^(f)]nf1fn for f1,... ,fn Î E¢(C)Unknown control sequence '\tt' to generate the ring E¢(C)Unknown control sequence '\tt'. (Here [^(  ·  )] denotes Fourier-Laplace transformation.) This result is an application of a general result on rings of analytic functions of several variables by Lars Hörmander. En route we answer an open question posed by Yutaka Yamamoto.
  • Kurujyibwami, Celestin (författare)
  • Admissible transformations and the group classification of Schrödinger equations
  • 2017
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We study admissible transformations and solve group classification problems for various classes of linear and nonlinear Schrödinger equations with an arbitrary number n of space variables.The aim of the thesis is twofold. The first is the construction of the new theory of uniform seminormalized classes of differential equations and its application to solving group classification problems for these classes. Point transformations connecting two equations (source and target) from the class under study may have special properties of semi-normalization. This makes the group classification of that class using the algebraic method more involved. To extend this method we introduce the new notion of uniformly semi-normalized classes. Various types of uniform semi-normalization are studied: with respect to the corresponding equivalence group, with respect to a proper subgroup of the equivalence group as well as the corresponding types of weak uniform semi-normalization. An important kind of uniform semi-normalization is given by classes of homogeneous linear differential equations, which we call uniform semi-normalization with respect to linear superposition of solutions.The class of linear Schrödinger equations with complex potentials is of this type and its group classification can be effectively carried out within the framework of the uniform semi-normalization. Computing the equivalence groupoid and the equivalence group of this class, we show that it is uniformly seminormalized with respect to linear superposition of solutions. This allow us to apply the version of the algebraic method for uniformly semi-normalized classes and to reduce the group classification of this class to the classification of appropriate subalgebras of its equivalence algebra. To single out the classification cases, integers that are invariant under equivalence transformations are introduced. The complete group classification of linear Schrödinger equations is carried out for the cases n = 1 and n = 2.The second aim is to study group classification problem for classes of generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equations which are not uniformly semi-normalized. We find their equivalence groupoids and their equivalence groups and then conclude whether these classes are normalized or not. The most appealing classes are the class of nonlinear Schrödinger equations with potentials and modular nonlinearities and the class of generalized Schrödinger equations with complex-valued and, in general, coefficients of Laplacian term. Both these classes are not normalized. The first is partitioned into an infinite number of disjoint normalized subclasses of three kinds: logarithmic nonlinearity, power nonlinearity and general modular nonlinearity. The properties of the Lie invariance algebras of equations from each subclass are studied for arbitrary space dimension n, and the complete group classification is carried out for each subclass in dimension (1+2). The second class is successively reduced into subclasses until we reach the subclass of (1+1)-dimensional linear Schrödinger equations with variable mass, which also turns out to be non-normalized. We prove that this class is mapped by a family of point transformations to the class of (1+1)-dimensional linear Schrödinger equations with unique constant mass.
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