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Sökning: AMNE:(HUMANIORA och RELIGIONSVETENSKAP) AMNE:(Språkvetenskap) > Bokkapitel > (2005-2009)

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  • Eriksson, Erik J., et al. (författare)
  • Emotions in speech : juristic implications
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Speaker Classification : Volume I. - Berlin : Springer Verlag. - 978-3-540-74186-2
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This chapter focuses on the detection of emotion in speech and the impact that using technology to automate emotion detection would have within the legal system. The current states of the art for studies of perception and acoustics are described, and a number of implications for legal contexts are provided. We discuss, inter alia, assessment of emotion in others, witness credibility, forensic investigation, and training of law enforcement officers.
  • Johnen, Thomas, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Between connectivity and modality : reported speech in interpreter-mediated doctor-patient communication
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Connectivity in grammar and discourse. - Amsterdam; Philadelphia : Benjamins. - 9789027219251 ; s. 395-417
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper analyzes data from doctor-patient interaction mediated by nonprofessional ad hoc-interpreters with a focus on the performance of ad hocinterpreters and their use of verba dicendi (“to say”, “to tell”, “to mean to say”). Our analysis of the Turkish and Portuguese language data shows that in both languages markers of reported speech are used both to establish ‘interactional coherence’ (Bührig 2002), and to express speaker stance. It seems that verba dicendi serve to especially emphasize the reliability of information provided by the doctor. In line with a general shift towards a more dynamic concept for the role of interpreters, our results also indicate that the different communicative functions of markers of reported speech should be part of interpreter training.
  • Ambrosiani, Per, 1954- (författare)
  • Ljudlikhet och betydelselikhet i flerspråkiga toponymer
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Namn i flerspråkiga och mångkulturella miljöer : Handlingar från NORNA:s 36:e symposium i Umeå 16–18 november 2006. - Umeå. - 978-91-88466-71-6 ; s. 57-64
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    •   The present article discusses toponyms in different languages referring to the  same geographical location, making a distinction between similarity in  sound (phonetic adaptation, name quotation, etc.) and similarity in sense  (name translation, etc.). In the latter case, following Coates (2005), a  distinction is made between semantic reference, onymic reference, and  apparent etymological sense. The short theoretical introduction is illustrated  with examples from bilingual or multilingual areas such as Southern Austria  (Kärnten—with German and Slovenian place-names) and, particularly,  Hong Kong, which exhibits an intricate interplay between two varieties of  Chinese—Cantonese and Mandarin—and English, where, due to the funda-  mental differences between the Chinese and English writing systems,  particular attention is paid to the different Romanization methods for  Chinese.   
  • Johnen, Thomas, 1964- (författare)
  • Funktionen von Modalverben in Überschriften von Zeitungsnachrichten : ein multilingualer Vergleich (Deutsch vs. Französisch, Portugiesisch, Spanisch)
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Pressetextsorten im Sprachvergleich = Contrasting text types in the press. - Hildesheim; ; Zürich; New York : Olms. - 3-487-12941-8 ; s. 185-202
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper argues that in news headlines – owing to their high context sensitivity – modal verbs involve the reader mentally to a high degree. In order to understand the meaning of a headline containing a modal verb,the reader has to reconstruct the contexts selected by the author. He has to do this in the first place in interaction with his own contextualized stock of knowledge. Further, he will form a hypothesis about the degree of probability of the possible contexts. This process of reconstruction creates an expectation about the news itself. This basic function of modalverbs in news headlines is the same for the four languages considered in this paper (German, French, Portuguese and Spanish); nevertheless, there are some language-specific norms for their use and decoding. Themost salient example is the epistemic use of Portuguese poder ‘can’/‘may’and dever ‘must’ in the present tense.
  • Bohnacker, Ute, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • The role of input frequency in article acquisition in early child Swedish
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Frequency effects in language acquisition : Defining the limits of frequency as an explanatory concept. - Berlin & New York : Mouton de Gruyter. - 9783110196719 ; s. 51-82
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper investigates patterns of article use in monolingual early child Swedish and in child-directed adult speech. Article omissions in the adult data are found to be more widespread than previously assumed, especially articleless, “bare” singular count nouns (e.g. sten ‘stone’ instead of en sten ‘a stone’) and article omissions in doubly determined nominals (e.g. lilla tummen (little thumb-the, ‘the little thumb’) instead of den lilla tummen (the little thumb-the; ‘the little thumb’). Such omissions in the input may arguably influence the course of acquisition. In the two children studied, an initial determinerless stage (1;3-1;7) is followed by a stage of optional articles (1;8-1;11). Targetlike article provision is reached at 2;0, which is early compared to most other Germanic languages. Definite enclitic articles (e.g. -en ‘the’ as in sten-en ‘the stone’) emerge at an earlier age and are produced at higher frequencies than indefinite prenominal articles (e.g. en ‘a’ as in en sten ‘a stone’) and at an earlier age and at much higher frequencies than definite prenominal articles (e.g. den ‘the’ as in den lilla tummen ‘the little thumb’). These child frequency patterns appear to replicate those of the adult caregivers. However, input frequency is argued to be an insufficient explanation for Swedish article acquisition, because of striking mismatches in child and adult article use in other areas, especially bare nouns. Investigations of child-directed adult speech are nevertheless important because they tell us what the immediate target looks like for the young child, which may be different from what linguists and reference grammars tend to assume.
  • Bohnacker, Ute, 1969- (författare)
  • Nonnative acquisition of Verb Second On the empirical underpinnings of universal L2 claims
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: The function of function words and functional categories. - Amsterdam & Philadelphia : John Benjamins. - 90-272-2802-7 ; s. 41-77
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Acquiring Germanic verb second is typically described as difficult for second-languagelearners. Even speakers of a V2-language (Swedish) learning another V2-language (German)are said not to transfer V2 but to start with a non-V2 grammar, following a universaldevelopmental path of verb placement. The present study contests this claim, documentingearly targetlike V2 production for 6 Swedish ab-initio (and 23 intermediate) learners ofGerman, at a time when their interlanguage syntax elsewhere is nontargetlike (head-initialVPs). Learners whose only nonnative language is German never violate V2, indicatingtransfer of V2-L1 syntax. Informants with previous knowledge of English are less targetlikein their L3-German productions, indicating interference from non-V2 English. V2 per se isthus not universally difficult for nonnative learners.
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