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Sökning: AMNE:(HUMANIORA och RELIGIONSVETENSKAP) AMNE:(Språkvetenskap) > Göteborgs universitet

  • Resultat 1-10 av 54
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  • Behrns, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Aphasia and Text Writing
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders. - Taylor & Francis. - 1368-2822. ; 45:2, s. 230-243
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract in Undetermined Aims: The aim was to characterize written narratives produced by a group of participants with aphasia. Methods & Procedures: Eight persons aged 28-63 years with aphasia took part in the study. They were compared with a reference group consisting of ten participants aged 21-30 years. All participants were asked to write a personal narrative titled 'I have never been so afraid' and to perform a picture-based story-generation task called the 'Frog Story'. The texts were written on a computer. Outcome & Results: The group could be divided into participants with low, moderate, and high general performance, respectively. The texts written by the participants in the group with moderate and high writing performance had comparatively good narrative structure despite indications of difficulties on other linguistic levels. Conclusions & Implications: Aphasia appeared to influence text writing on different linguistic levels. The impact on overall structure and coherence was in line with earlier findings from the analysis of spoken and written discourse and the implication of this is that the written modality should also be included in language rehabilitation.
  • Wagner, Thomas Gregor, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • Medieval Christian invocation inscriptions on sword blades
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Waffen- und Kostümkunde. - Sonnefeld : Louis Hofmann-Druck. - 0042-9945. ; 51:1, s. 11-52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The following article presents and discusses four high medieval swords (12th to 13th centuries) deriving from the Uppland- (Uppsala) or the Värmland-region (Karlstad) in Sweden. Two of the Uppsala-swords were the main part of an exhibition (entitled “Svärd från Sveriges turbulenta barndom” or “Swords from Sweden’s turbulent childhood”) that was open to public from July 2007 to January 2008 in the Museum Gustavianum in Uppsala (Fyris UMF/B 74 and 78). The Värmland-sword (Nr. 17001-34945) is kept in the Värmlands Museum in Karlstad. The forth sword to be included was found near the town hall in Uppsala, but it is now kept in the Historical Museum in Stockholm. The archaeological and typological data of all the swords are presented here for the first time.The main focal point of the article is the examination of the hitherto unpublished epigraphic evidence, namely the metal inlay, gold and silver inscriptions on the blades. A comparison with specimens in Germany (Deutsches Historisches Museum, Zeughaussammlung Berlin) revealed a close relationship between the blade-inscriptions on the Swedish and the German swords), potentially even a provenance from the same workshop. By analyzing the letter sequences it was possible to categorize the inscriptions in three different subgroups (DIC-, SDX- and INNOMINEDOMINI-group). Although a definite reading could not be given, the intense examination brought to light arguments that led to the interpretation as religious invocations, probably addressed to Jesus Christ himself.
  • Behrns, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • A comparison between written and spoken narratives in aphasia
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics. - London : Taylor & Francis. - 0269-9206. ; 23:7, s. 507-528
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to explore how a personal narrative told by a group of eight persons with aphasia differed between written and spoken language, and to compare this with findings from 10 participants in a reference group. The stories were analysed through holistic assessments made by 60 participants without experience of aphasia and through measurement of lexical and syntactic variables. The findings showed that the participants with aphasia generally received lower ratings than the reference group, but also that stories written by participants with aphasia were rated as easier to understand, more interesting, and more coherent than the group’s spoken stories. Regression analysis showed that syntax could predict several of the rated variables for the stories told by the participants with aphasia. Results point to the need to include writing training in language rehabilitation in order to increase the ability for persons with aphasia to participate in communicative situations in everyday life.
  • Behrns, Ingrid, et al. (författare)
  • Aphasia and the process of revision in writing a text
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics. - 0269-9206. ; 22:2, s. 95-110
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most of the previous research on aphasia and writing ability concentrates on the production of words in isolation. The purpose of the current study was to examine the process of producing written texts by clients with aphasia. By using keystroke logging, it was possible to analyse the participants' ongoing work during text writing. Results showed that the participants with aphasia composed their texts in what may be described as a linear way. Edits concerning syntax or text structure were almost absent in the subjects' data, but they spent much time and effort on revising smaller units of text, that is, letters and words, possibly as a result of changing their minds or not being able to realize their intentions. However, these changes did not always result in correctly written words in the final text. The findings are discussed in relation to current writing theories.
  • Hammarström, Harald, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Bootstrapping Language Description The case of Mpiemo (Bantu A, Central African Republic)
  • 2008
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Linguists have long been producing grammatical decriptions of yet undescribed languages. This is a time-consuming process, which has already adapted to improved technology for recording and storage. We present here a novel application of NLP techniques to bootstrap analysis of collected data and speed-up manual selection work. To be more precise, we argue that unsupervised induction of morphology and part-of-speech analysis from raw text data is mature enough to produce useful results. Experiments with Latent Semantic Analysis were less fruitful. We exemplify this on Mpiemo, a so-far essentially undescribed Bantu language of the Central African Republic, for which raw text data was available.
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