- Färnlöf, Hans, 1970-
Le nivellement du vaudeville : remarques sur le para-discours chez Labiche
Ingår i: Belphegor. - 1499-7185. ; 8:1
- Labiche excels in the vaudeville, which is considered to be a "minor genre": consequently he has been allocated no more than a marginal place in the field of literary studies. In order to rehabilitate his work, I choose in this essay not to elaborate on Labiche's possible ideological standpoints according to the values at play, which is the common manner of attempting to restore the author, but to examine his practice of the vaudeville. Following its own para-discursive practices, this genre operate on a poetical level by incorporating in its own code - and, simultaneously, bringing to the same level - generic codes, well-known texts, everyday values and common thoughts. With the intention of discussing these mechanisms, the two plays La Dame aux jambes d'azur and La Cagnotte are thoroughly analysed: the first for its obvious meta-poetical dimension, the second for its thematical and discursive exemplarity. The study of these plays, as well as certain remarks about some other plays, show that the vaudeville tends to blur the categories on which the conceptualization and hierarchization of literature are based: high and low, major and minor, mimesis and semiosis, reality and fiction, stage and auditorium. Thus Labiche's vaudeville, as para-discursive or even "parasitic" discourse, remains extremely important for the (de)construction of literary studies, undermining and destabilising literature from within: a true aesthetic charge which probably calls for its condemnation and banning from this very field of study.