SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Booleska operatorer måste skrivas med VERSALER

AND är defaultoperator och kan utelämnas

Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES Clinical Medicine Cancer and Oncology) srt2:(1985-1989)"

Sökning: AMNE:(MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES Clinical Medicine Cancer and Oncology) > (1985-1989)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 61
  • [1]234567Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  •  
2.
  • Grabe, Magnus, et al. (författare)
  • Controlled trial of a short and a prolonged course with ciprofloxacin in patients undergoing transurethral prostatic surgery
  • 1987
  • Ingår i: European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases. - Springer. - 0722-2211. ; 6:1, s. 11-17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The efficacy of a short (Group I) and a prolonged (Group II) course with ciprofloxacin was assessed in patients undergoing transurethral prostatic resection for benign hyperplasia or cancer of the prostate and compared with that of controls without antibiotic (Group III). Both regiments significantly reduced the frequency of postoperative bacteriuria (p less than 0.01) and of severe infectious complications (p = 0.004) as compared to the controls. Both regimens were equally effective in preventing perioperative and postoperative acquisition of bacteriuria in patients without bacteriuria at surgery. In patients with bacteriuria before surgery, bacteriuria was found postoperatively in 35% in Group I and 10% in Group II (p = 0.012), but in 82% of the patients in Group III. Ciprofloxacin inhibited all but 7 of 176 bacterial strains at an MIC of less than or equal to 1 microgram/ml. Given orally ciprofloxacin is a valuable alternative antimicrobial for use in conjunction with transurethral prostatic resection. A short course is sufficient for prophylaxis, and adequate therapy is achieved with a prolonged regimen.
  •  
3.
  • Hellsten, Sverker, et al. (författare)
  • Use of ciprofloxacin in patients undergoing transurethral prostatic surgery
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. Supplementum. - Scandinavian University Press. - 0300-8878. ; 60, s. 104-107
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The efficacy of a short (Group I) and a prolonged (Group II) course with ciprofloxacin was assessed in patients undergoing transurethral prostatic resection and compared with that of controls without antibiotic (Group III). Both regimens significantly reduced the frequency of post-operative bacteriuria (p less than 0.01) and of severe infectious complications (p = 0.004) compared to the controls. Both regimens were equally effective in preventing peri-operative and post-operative acquisition of bacteriuria in patients without bacteriuria at surgery. In patients with bacteriuria before surgery, bacteriuria was found post-operatively in 35% in Group I and in 9% in Group II (p = 0.012), but in 82% of the patients in Group III. Ciprofloxacin inhibited all but 7 of 176 bacterial strains at an MIC of less than or equal to 1 microgram/ml. Given orally, ciprofloxacin is a valuable alternative antimicrobial for use in conjunction with transurethral prostatic resection. A short course is sufficient for prophylaxis, and adequate therapy is achieved with a prolonged regimen.
  •  
4.
  • Kjellén, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of hyperthermia and/or nicotinamide on the radiation response of a C3H mammary carcinoma
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: European journal of cancer & clinical oncology. - Elsevier. - 0277-5379. ; 25:12, s. 1733-1737
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effect of hyperthermia and/or nicotinamide (200 mg/kg of body weight) on the tumour growth delay induced by radiation was evaluated in a C3H mouse mammary adenocarcinoma. The study showed a radiosensitizing effect of hyperthermia and of nicotinamide but the combination of all three modalitites showed no increased tumor growth delay compared to hyperthermia and radiation alone. The tumour growth delay induced by hyperthermia was not modified by nicotinamide.
  •  
5.
  • Olafsson, Isleifur, et al. (författare)
  • Production, characterization and use of monoclonal antibodies against the major extracellular human cysteine proteinase inhibitors cystatin C and kininogen
  • 1988
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation. - Informa Healthcare. - 1502-7686. ; 48:6, s. 573-582
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Murine monoclonal antibodies against the major cysteine proteinase inhibitors of human biological fluids, cystatin C and kininogen, were produced. The cystatin C antibody, HCC3, with a Ka of 2times107 l/mol, increased the inhibition of papain by cystatin C and was suitable for use in immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry and in the construction of a sensitive sandwich enzyme immunoassay for quantification of cystatin C. It recognized not only free cystatin C but also cystatin C in complexes with cysteine proteinases. The kininogen antibody, HK4, was directed against the third, cysteine proteinase inhibitory domain of the heavy chain of kininogen (Ka=1times107 l/mol), but did not influence the papain inhibitory activity of kininogen. It reacted with free kininogen as well as kininogen in complex with cysteine proteinases. Both antibodies could be used for the production of specific immunosorbents.
  •  
6.
  • Johansson, L G, et al. (författare)
  • Ferruginous bodies and pulmonary fibrosis in dead low to moderately exposed asbestos cement workers: histological examination
  • 1987
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Industrial Medicine. - BMJ Publishing Group. - 0007-1072. ; 44:8, s. 550-558
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Histological slides from the lungs of 89 dead asbestos cement workers have been examined with respect to ferruginous bodies and fibrosis. The results have been compared with individually matched controls with no known exposure to asbestos, and related to asbestos exposure, expressed as duration of exposure and cumulative asbestos dose, and smoking habits. The asbestos cement workers studied had been employed for on average 15 years, with a mean cumulative dose of 26 fibre-years per ml (f-y/ml). Clear dose-response relations between exposure (duration of exposure and cumulative asbestos dose) and level of ferruginous bodies were found. An association was evident already at a low cumulative dose (1-10 f-y/ml). Fibrosis was more common and more pronounced among the exposed workers than among controls. An association between ferruginous bodies and fibrosis was also found. Among the controls, but not among exposed workers, there was an association between smoking history and fibrosis.
7.
  • Ekberg, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • What margins should be added to the clinical target volume in radiotherapy treatment planning for lung cancer?
  • 1988
  • Ingår i: Radiotherapy and Oncology. - Elsevier. - 1879-0887. ; 48:1, s. 71-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The planning target volume in radiotherapy treatment planning takes into account both movements of the clinical target volume (CTV) and set-up deviations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of patients who received radiotherapy for lung cancer were studied. In order to measure the CTV movements due to respiration and other internal organ motions, fluoroscopy was performed for 20 patients. To study the accuracy and reproducibility of patient and beam set-up, 553 electronic portal images from 20 patients were evaluated. Discrepancies between planned and actual field positions were measured and the systematic and random errors were identified. The combined effect of these geometrical variations was evaluated. RESULTS: The average CTV movement with quiet respiration was about 2.4 mm in the medio-lateral and dorso-ventral directions. Movement in the cranio-caudal direction was on average 3.9 mm with a range of 0-12 mm. The systematic set-up errors were on average 2.0 mm in the transversal plane and 3.0 mm in the cranio-caudal direction. The random errors can be described by their standard deviations of 3.2 and 2.6 mm. In this study, the combined effect of the two parameters (CTV movement and set-up deviations) varied between 7.5 and 10.3 mm in different anatomical directions. CONCLUSIONS: In our daily clinical routine, we use a margin of 11 mm in the transversal plane and 15 mm cranially and caudally, also taking into account other unquantified variations and uncertainties.
  •  
8.
  • Kjellén, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of low dose nicotinamide versus benzamide, administered per os, as radiosensitizers in a C3H mammary carcinoma
  • 1988
  • Ingår i: Radiotherapy and Oncology. - Elsevier. - 1879-0887. ; 12:4, s. 327-331
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have evaluated if any differences in tumor radiosensitization exist between the two adenosine diphosphate ribosyl transferase (ADPRT) inhibitors nicotinamide and benzamide at fractionated low doses. A significant radiosensitizing effect with nicotinamide at a 10 mg/kg per day dose was found in the tumor model used. We found, however, no radiosensitizing effect with benzamide given according to this schedule.
  •  
9.
  •  
10.
  • Lindholm, Clas-Ebbe, et al. (författare)
  • Microwave-induced hyperthermia and radiotherapy in human superficial tumours: clinical results with a comparative study of combined treatment versus radiotherapy alone
  • 1987
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Hyperthermia. - Taylor & Francis. - 0265-6736. ; 3:5, s. 393-411
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Eighty-five evaluable superficial recurrent malignant tumours, mainly adenocarcinomas (78 per cent), in 38 patients were treated with either combined local hyperthermia (41-45 degrees C for four sessions) and low dose radiotherapy (30.0 Gy) or the same low dose radiotherapy alone. The treatment was given for two weeks. Hyperthermia was induced externally with 2450 MHz or 915 MHz microwaves. Totally 57 tumours were given combined treatment with a complete and partial response rate of 46 and 30 per cent, respectively (duration 1-38 months). In 18 patients with 2-10 superficial tumours each, 56 tumours were used in a comparative study, comparing the effect of combined hyperthermia and low dose radiotherapy versus the same low dose radiotherapy alone, the patients acting as their own controls. The total response rates were 89 and 50 per cent, respectively, in the two treatment modality groups. The difference in response rates is significant (p = 0.0039) in favour of the combined treatment, and this is also found when comparing complete remissions only (p = 0.0027). Local pain and normal tissue reactions presented problems during and after 2450 MHz microwave-induced hyperthermia treatment, performed without a coupling water bag system. Introduction of 915 MHz microwave-induced hyperthermia with a coupling deionized water bag system and refinement of microwave applicators, as well as the temperature control system considerably reduced these problems.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 61
  • [1]234567Nästa
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy