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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES Clinical Medicine Cancer and Oncology) ;srt2:(1990-1994)"

Sökning: AMNE:(MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES Clinical Medicine Cancer and Oncology) > (1990-1994)

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31.
  • Ahlman, Håkan, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical management of gastric carcinoid tumors.
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Digestion. - 0012-2823. ; 55 Suppl 3, s. 77-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Four types of gastric carcinoids have been identified: (1) multiple small body-fundus carcinoids associated with chronic atrophic gastritis type A (A-CAG); (2) sporadic solitary lesions without specific pathogenetic background (non-A-CAG); (3) carcinoidosis associated with Zollinger-Ellison/MEN 1 syndrome, and (4) rare tumors, e.g. gastrin cell tumors, neuroendocrine carcinomas and mixed endocrine-exocrine tumors. In a retrospective study of 15 patients with gastric carcinoids (11 A-CAG, 3 non-A-CAG and 1 gastrin cell tumor) over a 10-year period, the histopathological and clinical features were assessed. The A-CAG-type carcinoids were clinically silent with lymph node metastases in 2/11 cases but no hepatic metastases. The non-A-CAG-type carcinoids were malignant with disseminated disease, hormonal symptoms and increased urinary excretion of the main histamine metabolite, MeImAA. Five patients with A-CAG tumors were subjected to antrectomy to remove hypergastrinemia, which is thought to be of pathogenetic importance for these tumors. During the observation period (1.5-8 years) 1 patient developed recurrent tumors, while the other 4 showed persistent argyrophil cell hyperplasia. A prospective treatment protocol of these tumors is suggested with endoscopic removal of less numerous, small lesions as first-step therapy, followed by antrectomy at recurrence. Larger lesions should be excised in combination with antrectomy. Gastrectomy is reserved for the rare cases of invasive tumors with lymph node metastases. As evident from the outcome of patients with non-A-CAG tumors radical surgery should be performed whenever practicable.
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32.
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33.
  • Békássy, A. N., et al. (författare)
  • Elective Testicular Biopsy at the End of Maintenance Treatment for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. A Prospective Study
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery. - Georg Thieme Verlag. - 0939-7248. ; 2:6, s. 352-354
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Open testicular wedge biopsy has electively been performed prior to completion of maintenance therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. 25 boys during 6 years were included in this prospective study. Three boys developed testicular enlargement while on maintenance therapy and biopsies confirmed testicular leukemia. The remaining 22 boys were biopsied at termination of maintenance therapy. Occult testicular relapse was revealed on histologic examination in only one boy with normal testicular size. During the follow-up period, one boy developed overt testicular relapse two months after negative biopsy. These results will not justify electively performed routine biopsy prior to termination of chemotherapy. Instead, careful and minute clinical examination of the testicles, estimating their size and consistence, should be performed regularly at short intervals.
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34.
  • Lindnér, Per, 1956-, et al. (författare)
  • Hepatic artery occlusion and energy charge in rat liver tumour.
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO. - 0923-7534. ; 5:10, s. 961-3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hepatic artery ligation (HAL) is a model for inducing a vascular attack on liver tumours which causes a reduction in tumour growth. To determine in an experimental rat liver adenocarcinoma the duration and magnitude of changes in adenonucleotide concentration and energy charge (EC) after HAL, analyses of energy-rich nucleotides were performed at 1, 2, 24 and 168 hours after HAL or a SHAM procedure. There was a significant decrease of the ATP content and energy charge in the tumour one hour after HAL. Two hours after HAL this difference had decreased and with longer observation it was not detectable. Twenty-four hours of starvation did not significantly alter the effects of HAL on the tumour. HAL gives rise to a transient energy depletion of the tumour which is not completely compensated for by glycolysis after 1 hour, but is restored after 2 hours.
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35.
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36.
  • Nilsson, Ola, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Presence of IGF-I in human midgut carcinoid tumours--an autocrine regulator of carcinoid tumour growth?
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. - 0020-7136. ; 51:2, s. 195-203
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The presence of IGF-I and IGF-I receptors in human midgut carcinoid tumours has been investigated. Using immunocytochemistry, IGF-I-positive tumour cells were demonstrated in 11/11 tumour cases studied. Labelling of consecutive sections with antibodies against IGF-I and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)/cyclin demonstrated a co-distribution of the 2 antigens in carcinoid tumours. Extracts of tumour tissues were subjected to radioimmunoassay and shown to contain significant amounts of IGF-I. Reverse-phase HPLC of tumour extracts demonstrated a major IGF-I-immunoreactive component eluting in the position of rhIGF-I, but also 2 other more hydrophobic forms. Conditioned serum-free media from primary cultures of carcinoid tumors contained detectable amounts of IGF-I, indicating a spontaneous release of IGF-I from tumour cells into the culture medium. Levels of IGF-I in media were reduced (19%) after incubation of cultures with a somatostatin analogue for 4 days. IGF-I receptors were observed on tumour cells in 4/10 tumours by immunocytochemistry. Tumour cells with immunoreactive IGF-I receptors could be stimulated to enhanced growth, measured as an increase in DNA contents, by exogenous administration of IGF-I every 3-4 days for 2 weeks. The results show that cultured human midgut carcinoid tumours secrete IGF-I and that some of the tumours also have IGF-I receptors. We therefore suggest that IGF-I may act as an autocrine or paracrine regulator of carcinoid tumour-cell growth.
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37.
  • Tingström, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Regulation of fibroblast-mediated collagen gel contraction by platelet-derived growth factor, interleukin-1 alpha and transforming growth factor-beta 1
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cell Science. - The Company of Biologists Ltd. - 0021-9533. ; 102:2, s. 315-322
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have examined the effects of three macrophagederived cytokines, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), transforming growth factor-01 (TGF-01) and interleukin-1 a (IL-la) on the contraction of collagen type I gels populated by human foreskin fibroblasts. Contraction was quantified as loss in gel weight. Both PDGF-AA and PDGF-BB were found to induce a rapid collagen-gel contraction. TGF-/J1 also stimulated gel contraction but with a delayed onset and at a slower rate than the PDGF-stimulated contraction. Rabbit polyclonal IgGs recognizing PDGF-AA and PDGF-BB, respectively, specifically inhibited the effects of the corresponding PDGF Lsoforms. However, the stimulatory effect of TGF-/S1 was not affected by any of the anti-PDGF antibodies. The ability of PDGF to stimulate contraction became less pronounced in collagen gel cultures grown in the absence of growth factors over periods of several days. Under the same conditions, the stimulatory effect of TGF-/J1 was not reduced. The reduced response to PDGF may be due to reduced tension on fibroblasts growing in collagen gels, since fibroblasts on free-floating gels showed a marked reduction in PDGF-BB-induced PDGF ^-receptor aggregates when compared to fibroblasts on attached collagen gels. LL-1 a inhibited initial collagen gel contraction, and at later stages induced a visible degradation of the collagen gels, presumably due to the generation of collagenase activity. The combination of IL-la and PDGF-BB stimulated initial collagen gel contraction, although less effectively than PDGF-BB alone. At later stages, collagen gel degradation was stimulated by this combination of cytokines. In contrast, the combination of IL-la and TGF-/51 did not stimulate collagen gel contraction, or any visible collagen gel degradation. Our data suggest that fibroblast-mediated collagen gel contraction can be modulated by cytokines via different mechanisms. Our data are of importance in the understanding of the modulatory roles of cytokines in connective tissue cell activities in inflammatory processes, such as wound healing.
38.
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39.
  • Pejovic, Tanja, et al. (författare)
  • Chromosome aberrations in 35 primary ovarian carcinomas
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1045-2257. ; 4:1, s. 58-68
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cytogenetic analysis was performed on short-term cultures of primary ovarian carcinomas from 62 patients. Cytogenetic analysis was successful in 59 cases. Clonal chromosome aberrations were detected in 35 tumors. Only numerical changes or a single structural change were found in five carcinomas: trisomy 12 was the sole anomaly in two tumors, one tumor had the karyotype 50,XX, + 5, + 7, + 12, + 14, a fourth tumor had a balanced t(1;5), and the fifth tumor had an unbalanced t(8;15). The fact that four of these five carcinomas were well differentiated suggests that simple karyotypic changes are generally characteristic of these less aggressive ovarian tumors. The majority of the cytogenetically abnormal tumors (n = 30) had complex karyotypes, with both numerical and structural aberrations and often hypodiploid or near-triploid stemlines. The numerical imbalances (comparison with the nearest euploid number) were mostly losses, in order of decreasing frequency -17, -22, -13, -8, -X, and -14. The structural aberrations were mostly deletions and unbalanced translocations. Recurrent loss of genetic material affected chromosome arms 1p, 3p, 6q, and 11p. The breakpoints of the clonal structural abnormalities clustered to several chromosome bands and segments: 19p13, 11p13-15, 1q21-23, 1p36, 19q13, 3p12-13, and 6q21-23. The most consistent change (16 tumors) was a 19p + marker, and in 12 of the tumors the 19p + markers looked alike.
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40.
  • Baldetorp, Bo, et al. (författare)
  • Image cytometric DNA analysis in human breast cancer analysis may add prognostic information in diploid cases with low S-phase fraction by flow cytometry
  • 1992
  • Ingår i: Cytometry. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0196-4763. ; 13:6, s. 577-585
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Measurements of DNA ploidy can be performed either with image cytometry (ICM) or flow cytometry (FCM); both methods provide independent prognostic information in primary breast cancer. The aim of the present investigation was to compare the two methods and to relate the findings to prognosis (median follow-up 42 months). Concordance in ploidy status (diploid, tetraploid, aneuploid) was obtained in 76% of the samples (168/222). When the fraction of S-phase cells (SPF) from FCM analysis was also taken into consideration, four different groups of samples were obtained (Flow I-IV), which were considered to correspond to the Auer classification (Auer I-IV) of DNA histograms obtained from image cytometry. Complete concordance between the two techniques now was 70% (155/222). Samples classified as Flow I (diploid or near-diploid with low SPF) and Auer I had a distant metastasis rate of 3/60 (5%), as compared to 62/154 (40%) for all other combinations of the Flow and Auer classifications taken together. Thus, the only findings of prognostic importance were that some samples were Flow I but not Auer I, or vice versa. These two groups represent 17 (7.7%) and 14 (6.3%), respectively, of the total number of samples, and had frequencies of distant metastasis similar to those of the other high-risk groups, namely, 7/17 and 5/14, respectively. In a multivariate analysis, flow cytometric S-phase value was a stronger prognostic factor than either the Flow and Auer classification. We conclude that when routine FCM DNA analysis is used, diploid or near-diploid samples with a low S-phase value should be reanalyzed with ICM.
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