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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES Health Sciences Physiotherapy) srt2:(1995-2009)"

Sökning: AMNE:(MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES Health Sciences Physiotherapy) > (1995-2009)

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  • Ghaye, Tony, et al. (författare)
  • Participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR) : democratizing reflective practices
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Reflective Practice. - 1462-3943 .- 1470-1103. ; 9:4, s. 361-397
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The paper introduces a new approach to reflecting and acting called participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR). It explores its potential to enable individuals and groups to move forward, to improve their working practices and lives in particular communities and contexts. The paper situates PAAR in the historical context of participatory and action methodologies and reflective learning. It suggests that using PAAR requires four strategic ‘turns'. By turn we mean a change in direction from one way of thinking and practising to another. The four turns are: (i) away from a preoccupation with changing behaviours in order to solve problems, with ‘fixing' things and an engagement in deficit-based discourses, towards the development of appreciative insight, understanding the root causes of success and sustaining strengths-based discourses in order to amplify those things that will help build a better future from the positive present; (ii) away from self-learning (individualism and isolation) and towards collective learning through interconnectedness, appreciative knowledge sharing and the use of new forms of communications technology which enable simultaneous action in dispersed geopolitical spaces; (iii) away from one way of knowing and one perspective on truth to an acceptance of more pluralistic view of ways of knowing, of understanding human experience and putting this knowing to good use; (iv) away from reflective cycles and spirals and towards the use of a reflective learning (r-learning) framework comprising four mutually supportive processes. They are those of developing an appreciative ‘gaze', of reframing experience, of building practical wisdom and of achieving and moving forward.</p>
  • Wickford, Jenny, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Physiotherapy in Afghanistan - Needs and challenges for development.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Disabil Rehabil.. - 0963-8288. ; 30:4, s. 305-313
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose. The aim of this paper is to describe and analyse the current situation of the physiotherapy component of the Rehabilitation of Afghans with Disability (RAD) programme, in order to identify the needs and challenges for further development. Method. The study was conducted as a field study with an anthropological approach by means of participant observation, unstructured and semi-structured interviews and photography. Results. The therapists in RAD work in isolation with little opportunity for further education or professional development. Their approach is mainly medical, where the work is dictated by the patients' expectations and doctors' recommendations. They use primarily passive methods of treatment, and their work is affected by cultural, religious and situational factors. They demonstrate a low capacity of clinical reasoning in their practical work. Conclusions. There is a need for further development of physiotherapy in Afghanistan. Active and individually adapted treatment methods, clinical reasoning processes and evidence-based practice should be encouraged. There are several challenges in this, based on Afghan culture and traditions, gender issues, religious factors, an authoritative society, a medical approach in treatment, and isolation and limitations in access to information. By means of an Action Research project the physiotherapists could be included in further development and research to promote a sustainable and culturally relevant development.
  • Gosman-Hedström, Gunilla, 1947- (författare)
  • Vårdalinstitutets tematiska rum om stroke
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Förbundet Sveriges Arbetsterapeuter At - Forum och Nordisk kongress för arbetsterapeuter. Stockholm 19-20 April, Sweden.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Melander-Wikman, Anita, et al. (författare)
  • The lighthouse alarm and locator trial : a pilot study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: MobiHealth.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>An important factor for health is the possibility to be active and mobile. To make this possible different kind of support are needed. Integrating geographical information systems technology and user experiences is important in the development of more user-friendly positioning devices. The Lighthouse Alarm and Locator trial aimed to test a new mobile alarm system with additional functionality such as positioning and monitoring of vital signs which can be used regardless of location (in hospital, at home). The system was tested by elderly persons from a pensioner organisation and home care personnel answered up on the alarms. After the tests qualitative interviews were performed with the two groups. The results showed that their experiences of the new mobile alarm system could be described in three main categories: to be supervised, to feel safe and to be mobile. These categories formed a theme: Positioning - an ethical dilemma. The clients' mobility was perceived to increase. The personnel did not think that positioning was ethical but the clients (elderly) did.</p>
  • Jacobson, Inger, et al. (författare)
  • Hur ser en damfotbollspelare ut?
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Svensk idrottsmedicinsk förenings vårmöte : Ystad 1999. - Svensk idrottsmedicinsk förening.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • Jacobson, Inger, et al. (författare)
  • Injuries among female football players : with special emphasis on regional differences
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Advances in Physiotherapy. - 1403-8196 .- 1651-1948. ; 8:2, s. 66-74
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>In this 1-year prospective study, the aim was to investigate if there are any differences concerning injuries and injury incidence during an entire football season between Swedish female football players from different geographical regions. A total of 130 out of 253 players (51%) sustained 229 injuries. The overall injury incidence was 9.6/1000 h of football. The incidence of injury during practice was 8.4/1000 h and during game was 13.3/1000 h. Players in the north had a higher incidence of injury during game than those in the south (19.5 vs. 7.2/1000 h, respectively, p<0.001). Fifty-nine per cent of all injuries were traumatic injuries. Both traumatic and overuse injuries occurred mainly during the early preseason and at the beginning of the competitive spring season. Of all injuries, 13% were classified as slight, 39% as minor, 37% as moderate and 11% as major injuries. Players in the north had a higher injury incidence concerning moderate injuries than players in the south (p<0.01). In the present study, evidence is presented that regional factors play a role in the injury incidence. Female football players in the north and south have different injury patterns. This could be a result of different conditions for football as a sport between the regions.</p>
  • Jacobson, Inger, et al. (författare)
  • Injuries among swedish female elite football players : a prospective population study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. - 0905-7188 .- 1600-0838. ; 17:1, s. 84-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Injury occurrence in all 12 female elite senior football teams in premiere league was registered during 1 year. Of 269 players, 129 (48%) sustained 237 injuries. The total injury incidence was 4.6/1000 h of football. The injury incidence during practice was 2.7 and during the game time was 13.9/1000 h. The highest injury incidence during practice was to the knee (0.8/1000 h) and thigh (0.5/1000 h), and during game time was to the knee (4.4/1000 h) and head (2.2/1000 h). In total, the location for the highest injury incidence was the knee with 1.5 injuries/1000 h of football. The majority of injuries (82%) were localized to the lower extremities. Sixty-six injuries (28%) were re-occurring injuries (re-injuries). The incidence of traumatic injuries was 3.3/1000 h of football and for overuse injuries 1.3/1000 h. Overuse injuries occurred mainly during the preseason and at the beginning of the spring season. Thirty-nine percent of the injuries were slight or minor causing absence from practice or game time of less than 1 week, 39% were moderate (absence 7-28 days) and 22% were major (absence more than 28 days). The major injuries occurred often owing to trauma and were mainly to the knee.</p>
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