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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) ;lar1:(sh);srt2:(2005-2009)"

Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > Södertörns högskola > (2005-2009)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 236
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  • Lilja, Sven (författare)
  • Klimatet, döden och makten 1690-talets klimatkris
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Leva vid Östersjöns kust : en antologi om naturförutsättningar och resursutnyttjande på båda sidor av Östersjön ca 800-1800 : rapport 2 / från projektet Förmoderna kustmiljöer, naturresurser, klimat, och samhälle vid östersjökusten före 1800 - ett miljöhistoriskt projekt. - Huddinge : Södertörns högskola. - 978-91-89315-95-2 ; s. 23-79
  • Bokkapitel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Artikeln beskriver och analyserar den stora klimatkris som drabbade norra Sverige, Finland och Baltikum på 1690-talet. Den studerar de demografiska och ekonomiska aspekterna av krisen, med särskild hänsyn till mortalitet, skördeutfall och och klimat- och vädersituationen. Artikeln diskutera även kronans sätt att reagera på krissignalerna från agrarsamhället.
  • Box, Marcus (författare)
  • New Venture, Survival, Growth Continuance, Termination and Growth of Business Firms and Business Populations in Sweden During the 20th Century
  • 2005
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This dissertation focuses on the formation, growth and discontinuance of business populations and firms in Sweden during the 20th century. It addresses some key issues in the domain of economic and social sciences, and in particular entrepreneurship and small business research: if and when firms grow, stagnate and decline, as well as how long firms survive and when they are likely to disband. Previous research has primarily analyzed these questions from a short time frame. Further, an individual or firm-oriented focus is commonly assumed. In that, alternative or complementary explanations to the growth and survival of firms may be disregarded.In contrast to much previous research, this dissertation assumes a micro-to-macro, longitudinal and demographic population approach. The period of investigation is over one hundred years. In addressing the growth and survival of firms, it takes into account the impact of firm-specific structural factors (such as firm age and size), generation (cohort) effects, as well as the influence of macroeconomic, exogenous factors. Further, the relationship between managerial/ownership succession and firm performance is also addressed. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal databases are employed in the dissertation. Its main empirical material consists of unique longitudinal data on new business firms, traced at the firm level from their birth to their termination. More specifically, seven birth cohorts – generations – of approximately 2,200 firms founded in 1899, 1909, 1912, 1921, 1930, 1942 and 1950 are included.The main findings show that ownership/management succession in firms had a quite weak correlation with firm performance and survival. At least at an aggregate level, and with some exceptions, it is debatable if the loss and replacement of owner-managers in small and in larger firms have any observable effects on firm performance. Furthermore, macroeconomic phenomena influence the conditions of individual firms as well as populations/aggregates of businesses. Both the growth and termination of firms and firm populations are found to be related to real economic (environmental) conditions; e.g. favorable macroeconomic conditions implied that firms grew in size. At the same time, under certain circumstances, the influence of structural variables (firm age and size) – as suggested in much previous research – is found to be of importance. As concerns firm growth, as well as firm termination, the economic environment and structural factors interact.These findings challenges individual or firm-level research that mainly focus on personal traits and behaviors in explaining firm success and failure. Other previous assumptions are also challenged when taking a longer time perspective into consideration. For decades, organization and business research have acknowledged a liability of newness and of size for business firms. While this might be true under some conditions, this liability of newness is falsified in the study: the termination behavior of some firm generations did not correspond with these assumptions. Thus, the perspectives and methodology applied in the dissertation complement earlier approaches in entrepreneurship and small business research.
  • Bali Swain, Ranjula, et al. (författare)
  • Does microfinance empower women? : Evidence from self-help groups in India
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International review of applied economics. - Taylor&Francis Group. - 0269-2171 .- 1465-3486. ; 23:5, s. 541-556
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Microfinance programmes like the Self Help Bank Linkage Program in India have been increasingly promoted for their positive economic impact and the belief that they empower women. However, only a few studies rigorously examine the link between microfinance and women's empowerment. This article contributes to this discussion by arguing that women's empowerment takes place when women challenge the existing social norms and culture, to effectively improve their well-being. It empirically validates this hypothesis by using quasi-experimental household sample data collected for five states in India for 2000 and 2003. A general model is estimated by employing appropriate techniques to treat the ordinal variables in order to estimate the impact of the Self Help Group (SHG) on women's empowerment for 2000 and 2003. The results strongly demonstrate that on average, there is a significant increase in the empowerment of women in the SHG members group. No such significant change is observed however, for the members of the control group. The elegance of the result lies in the fact that the group of SHG participants show clear evidence of a significant and higher empowerment, while allowing for the possibility that some members might have been more empowered than others.
  • Aaboe, L, et al. (författare)
  • Incubator performance : An efficiency frontier analysis
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Business Innovation and Research. - 1751-0252. ; 2:4, s. 354-380
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Assessments and evaluations of incubators has been a topic of discussion for as long as incubators have been in existence due to the fact that there has not been an agreement on how to determine good performance. This paper demonstrates the use of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) when studying performance of incubators. More specifically, it does so within the four dimensions of cooperation with universities, business networks, external funding and competence development on a sample of 16 Swedish incubators. We show that DEA enables us to measure non-numerical dimensions, and to simultaneously take into account the efforts made by both the incubator and the outcomes. Moreover, DEA provides benchmarks and, based on a model that divides the incubators into four different groups, illustrates the difference between the benchmark and the incubators' current situation.
  • Dahl, Matilda (författare)
  • States under scrutiny International organizations, transformation and the construction of progress
  • 2007
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Opinions, rankings and evaluations of states’ development are proliferating. In the context of the transformation and EU accession of the Baltic States, there were many organizations involved in the scrutiny of their efforts to become accepted as modern and European. This scrutiny directed towards states can be seen as a new practice of transnational regulation. Especially in times of major transformation, as was the case in the Baltic States after the collapse of the Soviet bloc, monitoring and evaluation of achievements can be expected to shape how reforms were prioritized and how problems were perceived. In order to gain a better understanding of these transformations it is necessary to study the practice of organizations that scrutinize the states.The aim of the thesis is to analyze the role of scrutiny as a practice of transnational regulation. By analyzing how international organizations scrutinize states, this thesis adds knowledge to how transforming states are constructed in the everyday practices of scrutiny. A main argument is that by evaluating and reporting on states, international organizations can be seen as ‘auditors’ of transformations in states. The thesis compares three such ‘auditors’ and their respective relations to the states under scrutiny, namely: the European Commission, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the NGO Transparency International. The thesis contributes to discussions about the role of transnational regulation in the transformation of states. By comparing the three cases of scrutiny it is concluded that scrutiny produces both comfort and critique for and about these transforming states. In addition, through processes of scrutinizing, states are constructed as auditable and comparable. Scrutiny also inscribes states into a story about progress, it thus offers hope about reforms and of a better future.
  • Fyrberg, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • What about interaction? Networks and brands as integrators within service-dominant logic
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Service Industry Management. - UK : Emerald. - 0956-4233. ; 20:4, s. 420-432
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The paper conceptualizes the key actors involved in the co-creation process as Brand Governor, Providers and Customers. In addition, it proposes an advancement of the service brand-relationship-value triangle introduced by Brodie et al. by linking the key processes and actors in the triangle. It is found that the network approach provides a deeper understanding of how actors integrate with one another and how this interaction leads to co-created outcomes that can be translated into value
  • Östlund, David (författare)
  • Socialingenjör - en titel med affärskarriär 1894-1910
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Företagsminnen. - 1101-7473. ; :1, s. 26-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • Artikeln handlar om den första etablerade användningen av termerna "socialingenjör" och "social ingenjörskonst", 1894-1910. Tanken var att moderna företag, som anlitade experter för att hantera döda ting (tekniska ingenjörer), också behövde anlita experter för att hantera sina problem med "det mänskliga": sociala ingenjörer. Terminologin lanserades i Nederländerna 1894, och utvecklades i USA 1899-1909.
  • Dettwiler, Paul, et al. (författare)
  • Utility of location: A comparative survey between small new technology-based firms located on and off Science Parks - Implications for facilities management
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Technovation. - 0166-4972. ; 26:4, s. 506-517
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper aims to highlight the role of facilities management (FM) for new technology-based firms (NTBFs) that are located on respectively off Science Parks. It incorporates FM as a contributory background element in the enhancement of the entrepreneurial environment, which is one explanatory factor of the superior performance and growth of NTBFs located inside Science Parks. Differences in location preferences between on and off park NTBFs are brought into evidence in this paper by means of an extensive quantitative survey. This resulted in the finding that the proximity to university is especially signi ficant among NTBFs inside parks. Furthermore, infrastructure has high significance in both groups whereas significance of facilities cost differs in range of significance. In a model it is argued that FM indirectly contributes to beneficial scenarios for interaction, interfirm relations and networks that can be found particularly in Science Parks. A discussion and a set of hypotheses in the conclusive part link FM and location issues to the performance for NTBFs. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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