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Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > Högskolan i Skövde > Konferensbidrag

  • Resultat 1-10 av 81
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  • Cregård, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Medicinare som managers
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: School of Business, Nordic Academy of Management (NFF) conference, 20-24 august, 2011. ; 110
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sjukvårdspersonalen har ett stort inflytande på sitt arbete. I en tid när NPM fått en stark inverkan på offentliga organisationer förskjuts det som tidigare varit den offentliga sektorns kännetecken som: demokrati, öppenhet, yttrandefrihet, samverkan, helhetssyn och rättssäkerhet, till mer ekonomistiska och managementlika sådana, som produktivitet, kostnadseffektivitet, kundorientering, resultatkrav och avtal.Syftet i denna artikel är att kritiskt diskutera tillsättningen av medicinare på traditionella managementtjänster i hälso- och sjukvården och vad det kan medföra. Dessa tillsättningar motiveras vanligen av förbättrad effektivitet, men också av kvalitet och säkerhet för verksamheten. Skälen är svåra att argumentera emot, och därför har de fått stark genomslagskraft. Vi vill just peka på riskerna, som ofta negligeras och förespråkarna har en slagkraftig retorik. Positiva effekter saknas inte men de måste vägas mot de negativa effekterna.Metoden är intervjuer med 15 sjuksköterskor och läkare som har chefsuppdrag. Därtill har vi 5 fokusgrupper som består av verksamhetsansvariga sjuksköterskor och läkare under managementutbildning.Resultaten visar på att det främst är fyra risker förknippat med tillsättning av medicinare på traditionella managementtjänster: läkarens professionella kompetens minskar, förtroendet för läkaren som medicinsk kunnig minskar, liksom för organisationen och vården i stort. Därtill trängs viktiga värden inom servicedomänen undan till förmån för administrativa värden.
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  • Deraz, Hossam, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • The Effect of Culture on the Consumers’ Assessment of Advertisements on Social Networking Sites : Cross-cultural analysis
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: 2015 Fifth International Conference on Digital Information Processing and Communications (ICDIPC). - Piscataway, NJ : IEEE Press. - 978-1-4673-6831-5 - 978-1-4673-6832-2 ; s. 127-135
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Do consumers of the same brand from different culture have the same perceptions while assessing the advertisements on Social Networking Sites’ (SNSAs)? To answer this question, the data for this study were collected from brand communities’ consumers (BCCs) on SNSs. 278 respondents from three different cultural backgrounds (Egyptians, Dutch and British) answered the questionnaires. Five main variables to collect the consumers’ assessment of SNSAs were tested (information value, entertainment value, credibility value, interactivity value, and irritation value). Based on the empirical findings, the three groups perceived five of the six variables with significant difference F ratios. Consequently, their perception of the entertainment value of SNSAs has no significant differences between the three groups. Based on the cross-cultural theory, the findings of this study have some agreements and some contradictions, especially the influences of power distance and uncertainly avoidance. Moreover, the researchers used the One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Post Hoc tests to compare between the assessments of the three groups. ©2015 IEEE
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  • Singer, Slavica, et al. (författare)
  • Business transfer ecosystems : From assumption-based to evidence-based design
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Entrepreneurship Society : a Platform for New Solutions to Old Problems.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective of this paper is to examine, using comparative cases, the supportiveness of ecosystems for business transfer. The study also seeks to demonstrate a research gap regarding the issue of business exit as well as the necessity of evidence-based design for business transfer ecosystems. 
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  • Viljamaa, Anmari, et al. (författare)
  • Business Transfer Ecosystems in Fostering Enterprise Continuity
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Creating Solutions with Sustainable Entrepreneurship.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this paper is to present the key elements and content of a business transfer ecosystem and examine the supportiveness of such a system in five European countries. A business transfer comprises a change of ownership of any firm or business from one person/legal entity to another person/legal entity with the aim of assuring the continued existence and commercial activity of the enterprise - when more than 50 % of the assets or shares are transferred (see e.g. Sten 2006; Van Teeffelen 2012). This definition includes both family successions and transfers to external buyers.The study also seeks to demonstrate a research gap regarding the necessity of an evidence-based design for business transfer ecosystems in fostering enterprise continuity. The study is based on a multiple case study involving five country cases. Data shows that there is a considerable variety regarding forms of business discontinuity, which is in line with former research. According to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey, e.g., in Croatia only 0,83% of all business exits are based on opportunities to sell compared to 5,3% in Sweden. In Finland 15% of all exits are caused by none-profitable businesses vs. 56% in Spain; and financing difficulties is a reason for 24% of exits in Croatia and only for 2,7% in Sweden (Singer et al., 2014). The analysis further shows that business transfer ecosystems are very country specific. The different ecosystems studied are in different stages of development, ranging from highly developed infrastructure to practically none at all. The level of the business transfer infrastructure (e.g. advisory services, financing) varies, as does the complexity of relevant legislation. There are also similarities; in all countries the potential for business transfers is highest among micro firms, and none of the studied countries has a public database for business transfers. As the different stages of the life cycle of a firm (birth, growth, maturity, exit) are not evenly covered as regards statistical monitoring, the exit phase is susceptible to assumption-based approaches regarding the development of related ecosystems. The study’s findings contribute to the general awareness that a business transfer represents a phase in the firm’s life cycle that offers different possible strategic decisions. In sum, business transfers can be seen as an essential element of enterprise continuity and development.
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  • Svensson, Lotten, et al. (författare)
  • Location as a Key Factor to Develop Strategic Resource : A Study of Space, Place and Identity
  • 2016
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Taking into account the increasing urbanization in Europe, young people prefer bigger cities and eventually small towns face the challenge of aging and immigrant populations requiring evermore social services even as tax revenues decrease. It seems a necessity for the regional enterprises/authorities to revise their strategic vision in associated with the raising of awareness among the citizens and socio-economic stakeholders in the long-term strategies/priorities. Structuring a powerful approach toward the concept of attractiveness through a location-based assertiveness will not only be supported by the local public or community initiatives, but also through the resource-based theory to stablish new opportunities of public/private partnership in the locations. The concept community values, combining with the strategic vision of the local authority scenario would idealistically cause the raising of awareness among the citizens and socio-economic stakeholders in the scenario-based implementation of resilient of the long-term strategies/priorities; this path is capable also in a public mobilization for a sustainable collective action to sharing a purpose, a common fate in the sense of the evolution of socio-economic norms which eventually integrates the cultural, social, economic and environmental values with the “location”; this could be the platform for a model that shows location-based growth orientation aspects are in a profound interaction with what we call “place identity”. The main ambition of our paper is to look at location as a structured dynamism to support the diversification strategy of owner-managed local companies through literature-based approach to examine whether location, as a strategic resource, contributes to sustainable competitive advantage for companies. So our study contributes to the discussion of the importance of “location” as a factor for creating strategic resources that can create and/or contribute to the competitive advantage of enterprises mostly based on the regionalization strategies; this will promote the mobilization of local actors to develop the competitiveness and attractiveness of their territory, while stimulating a collaborative approach between the territories to expand their capacities. In the maturity phase the resource-based view developed to be a resource-based theory that must evolve in order to extend the maturity phase. As the resource-based view assumes that resources are heterogeneously distributed among companies, various factors [external and internal] explain how profitability can be created and maintained in the long term. We have applied an interdisciplinary grounded theory method by combining the literature-based data from studies of resource based strategies and urban discussion related to space/location; The evidence from some interviews with company leaders, owners, managers and influential representatives of various community activities and entities also helped us to run an inductive reasoning approach as a hypothetical clarification of the action(s) that recurrently determines the main apprehension of the accomplices in an applicable area.
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  • Andersén, Jim, et al. (författare)
  • The relationship between employee well-being and firm performance A resource-based analysis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Hawaii International Conference on Business. - Hawaii International Conference on Business. ; s. 719-724
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Enhancing the wellbeing of employees is a key feature of human resource management (HRM) and numerous HRM-practices to strengthen the wellbeing of co-workers have been developed. Although the benefits for the employees of such practices are obvious, the relationship between employee wellbeing and firm performance is unclear. In order to strengthen this relationship some studies have extended the concept of firm performance by including additional "soft" dimensions of performance. However, investing in wellbeing is, of course, associated with costs and several scholars argue that investments in the wellbeing of employees can be regarded as any other investment and from an owner's perspective it is essential to get a return on the investment. In the field of strategic HRM (SHRM), some attempts have been made to analyze the relationship between wellbeing, firm resources and firm performance. Most studies have, however, focused on the relationship between specific HRM-activities and firm performance or certain aspects of resource features. For example, how the wellbeing of employees can enhance the retention of human resources or how wellbeing can stimulate intrapreneurship and thereby generate short-term increases in profits. Thus, few studies have analysed the relationship between wellbeing, competetive advantages and performance from a holistic approach. Consequently, in this paper we present a resource-based analysis of the relationship between the wellbeing of employees and firm performance. We present three propositions regarding the relationship between wellbeing, resources and firm performance. These propositions illustrate the complexity of the relationship by discussing why wellbeing can enhance as well as reduce firm performance.
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  • Schuller, Bernd-Joachim, et al. (författare)
  • Competitiveness of Nations in the Global Economy. Is Europe Internationally Competitive?
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: The International Scientific Conference - Economics and Management 2009. - Kaunas University of Technology. ; s. 934-939
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Lisbon Agenda from 2000 aims to make the European Union the most competitive economy in the world in 2010. This paper discusses the concept of international competitiveness of nations. While journalists and politicians believe that it is important for a country to be competitive, economist have often a different opinion. The World Economic Forum (WEF) presents two indices: the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) and the Business Competitiveness Index (BCI). While Europe and the EU on average seem to be not very competitive, several of the European countries are internationally highly ranked. For the WEF a consequence of competitiveness is high standard of living. The paper shows that several of the European countries belong to the ones with the highest living standard in the world. In the sample, 40 European and 4 non-european countries are included. Finally, it could be shown that the correlation coefficients between the rankings of GCI, BCI and living standards are high and positive.
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