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Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > Annan publikation > Lunds universitet

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1.
  • Gabrielsson, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • A knowledge-based categorization of research-based spin-off creation
  • 2006
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this paper we argue for the need of sector contextualization to achieve a better understanding of new venture activities aimed at commercializing university generated knowledge. From this perspective, we contend that an analysis of the creation of research-based spin-offs (RBSOs) must take place within a context of the specific knowledge base around which the new venture is formed. Two distinct knowledge bases are identified: analytical (science-based) knowledge and synthetic (engineering-based) knowledge. Propositions related to the processes governing the creation of RBSOs are developed, depending on whether the opportunity around which the new venture is formed has an analytical or a synthetic knowledge base. This means that we see the formation and early development of RBSOs as a historically determined heterogeneous trajectory, where differences in the underlying knowledge base may significantly affect the new venture creation process.
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  • Lyttkens, Carl Hampus, et al. (författare)
  • Understanding the Politics of Perikles around 450 BC: the benefits of an economic perspective
  • 2015
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Perikles is usually seen as a great statesman and clever leader of the Athenians. In the mid fifth century BC, he seems however to have been in serious political trouble and may well have been in danger of losing the struggle for power and of being ostracised. The fact that his Incentives changed considerably at this point in time is ignored in traditional historical accounts. In contrast, we see the fierce competition as a motivation for several important policy measures introduced by Perikles at this particular time: the pay to jurors, the new law on citizenship (which has been a puzzle to many historians), and the building projects on the Acropolis and elsewhere. Compared to traditional analyses, an economic rational-actor approach thus provides a diachronic analytical benefit by focusing on the way incentives change over time and it provides a synchronic benefit by dealing with various decisions in a common framework.
5.
  • Niclas, Berggren, et al. (författare)
  • Globalization and the Transmission of Social Values: The Case of Tolerance
  • 2014
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Tolerance – respecting those who are different – is arguably of particular importance in an era of globalization, where a potential for economic, social and personal development is increasingly a function of interaction with others different from oneself. We investigate whether globalization induces parents to want to instill tolerance in their children, the main idea being that this would equip the latter for greater success in a more integrated world. We indeed find, using a willingness-to-teach-kids-tolerance measure, that globalization enhances the willingness to transmit such social values. More precisely, economic and social, but not political, globalization has this effect, as shown by using the KOF Index of Globalization in cross-sectional and panel-data regression analyses of up to 66 countries. Addressing potential endogeneity concerns using an instrumental variables approach moreover suggests these relationships to be causal. Overall, our results confirm that certain kinds of globalization seem able to shape values in ways considered desirable by many.
6.
  • Calara, Paul Samuel, et al. (författare)
  • The Dynamics of Income-Related Health Inequalities in Australia versus Great Britain
  • 2016
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This study compares the evolution of income-related health inequality (IRHI) in Australia (2001–2006) and in Great Britain (1999–2004) by exploring patterns of morbidity- and mortality-related health changes across income groups. Using Australian longitudinal data, the change in health inequality is decomposed into those changes related to health changes (income-related health mobility) and income changes (health-related income mobility), and compared with recent results from Great Britain. Absolute IRHI increased for both sexes, indicating greater absolute health inequality in Australia over this period, similar to that seen in Great Britain. The income-related health mobility indicates that this was due to health losses over this period being concentrated in those initially poor who were significantly more likely to die. The health-related income mobility further indicates that those who moved up the income distribution during the period were more likely to be those who were healthy. Australian estimates of mobility measures are similar, if not greater, in magnitude than for Great Britain. While reducing health inequality remains high on the political agenda in Great Britain, it has received less attention in Australia even though the evidence provided here suggests it should receive more attention.
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7.
  • Dackehag, Margareta, et al. (författare)
  • Day-to-Day Living Expenses and Mental Health
  • 2016
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We use rich longitudinal survey and register data on Swedish individuals to examine the relationship between financial strain and mental health. Specifically, we consider the longitudinal relationships between payment difficulties and subjective (self-reported anxiety) as well as objective (psychiatric drug use) measures of mental ill-health. Among previously healthy individuals, payment difficulty experiences are strongly associated with self-reported mental ill-health. The association with later psychiatric drug use is weaker and differs by gender. Psychiatric drug users are on the other hand at high risk of later experiencing payment difficulties. This indicates that policy measures regarding the payment difficulties–health nexus ought to prioritize activities improving mental health.
8.
  • Persson, Emma, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Type 1 Diabetes on School Performance in a Dynamic World : New Analysis Exploring Swedish Register Data
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Socioeconomic Consequences of Childhood Onset Type 1 Diabetes – a case study of the impact of an early life health shock. - Department of Economics, Lund Universtiy. - 978-91-7619-475-1
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper investigates if the effect of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) on school performance has changed over time using national Swedish population register data. The issue is of interest because management and treatment of the disease have improved over the last decades and, furthermore, because of changes in the educational grading system. Despite these changes, data indicate a persistent negative effect of T1DM on compulsory and upper secondary school grades and the results appears similar to earlier findings on cohorts completing school under the previous grading system. Moreover, the results are robust to alternative model specifications and econometric estimation strategies. Whereas access to new treatment technologies and improved diabetes management strategies has reduced the burden of diabetes in daily life, the results from this study indicate that other trends have not implied a reduction, over time, in the impact of T1DM on school performance. This finding indicates that continued efforts are needed to improve the situation in school for children with T1DM to prevent potential long-term socioeconomic consequences.
9.
  • Sundström, Kristian, et al. (författare)
  • Swedish consumers' willingness to pay for food safety a contingent valuation study on salmonella risk
  • 2009
  • Annan publikation (populärvet., debatt m.m.)abstract
    • This paper examines the value to Swedish citizens of reducing the risk for salmonella bacteria in chicken filet. The contingent valuation (CV) study is based on the results of a postal questionnaire that was distributed to 2 000 randomly selected Swedish citizens aged 18-74. The valuation format used is a stated preference double bounded dichotomous choice. We employ the non-parametric Turnbull Lower Bound method in combination with Monte Carlo simulations to obtain lower bound estimates of the mean and median values of expected willingness-to-pay (WTP) for reducing the risk for salmonellosis, as well as values of a statistical case (VSC) and a statistical life (VSL). We find a VSC of between SEK 121 045 (110 297-131 814) and SEK 182 966 (167 915-197 896) depending on the format used (values in parentheses constitute a 90 percent confidence interval). VSL values of SEK 13.3 million and 48.3 million are estimated using different formats, but neither estimation is statistically significant. Since this is the first Swedish study on WTP for food safety, mean and median values of VSL and VSC cannot be directly compared with previous results, but the values obtained are in line with comparable Swedish studies on WTP for traffic safety as well as with international studies related to food safety. We do not find any strong linkage between WTP and income, age or gender. Scale sensitivity seems to depend on which model is chosen, while household size, risk perception ability and perceived Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALY:s) lost seem to be strong predictors of WTP.
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