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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) ;pers:(Sutter Matthias 1968)"

Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > Sutter Matthias 1968

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  • Balafoutas, L., et al. (författare)
  • Revealed distributional preferences: Individuals vs. teams
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. - 0167-2681. ; 108, s. 319-338
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We compare experimentally the revealed distributional preferences of individuals and teams in allocation tasks. We find that teams are significantly more benevolent than individuals in the domain of disadvantageous inequality while the benevolence in the domain of advantageous inequality is similar across decision makers. A consequence for the frequency of preference types is that while a substantial fraction of individuals is classified as inequality averse, this type disappears completely in teams. Spiteful types are markedly more frequent among individuals than among teams. On the other hand, by far more teams than individuals are classified as efficiency lovers. © 2013 The Authors.
  • Huber, Jürgen, et al. (författare)
  • Is more information always better? Experimental financial markets with cumulative information
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. - 0167-2681. ; 65:1, s. 86
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We study the value of information in financial markets by asking whether having more information always leads to higher returns. We address this question in an experiment where information about an asset's intrinsic value is cumulatively distributed among traders. We find that only the very best informed traders (i.e., insiders) significantly outperform less informed traders. However, there is a wide range of information levels (from zero information to above average information levels) where additional information does not yield higher returns. The latter result implies that the value of additional information need not be strictly positive.
  • Balafoutas, L., et al. (författare)
  • Affirmative action policies promote women and do not harm efficiency in the lab
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Science. - 0036-8075. ; 335:6068, s. 579-582
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gender differences in choosing to enter competitions are one source of unequal labor market outcomes concerning wages and promotions. Given that studying the effects of policy interventions to support women is difficult with field data because of measurement problems and potential lack of control, we evaluated, in a set of controlled laboratory experiments, four interventions: quotas, where one of two winners of a competition must be female; two variants of preferential treatment, where a fixed increment is added to women’s performance; and repetition of the competition, where a second competition takes place if no woman is among the winners. Compared with no intervention, all interventions encourage women to enter competitions more often, and performance is at least equally good, both during and after the competition.
  • Balafoutas, Loukas, et al. (författare)
  • Gender, Competition and the Efficiency of Policy Intervention
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Recent research has shown that women shy away from competition more often than men. We evaluate experimentally three alternative policy interventions to promote women in competitions: Quotas, Preferential Treatment, and Repetition of the Competition unless a critical number of female winners is reached. We find that Quotas and Preferential Treatment encourage women to compete significantly more often than in a control treatment, while efficiency in selecting the best candidates as winners is not worse. The level of cooperation in a post-competition teamwork task is even higher with successful policy interventions. Hence, policy measures promoting women can have a double dividend.
  • Beck, Adrian, et al. (författare)
  • Guilt from Promise-Breaking and Trust in Markets for Expert Services – Theory and Experiment
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We examine the influence of guilt and trust on the performance of credence goods markets. An expert can make a promise to a consumer first, whereupon the consumer can express her trust by paying an interaction price before the expert's provision and charging decisions. We argue that the expert's promise induces a commitment that triggers guilt if the promise is broken, and guilt is exacerbated by higher interaction prices. An experiment qualitatively confirms our predictions: (1) most experts make the predicted promise; (2) proper promises induce consumer-friendly behavior; and (3) higher interaction prices increase the commitment value of proper promises.
  • Carlsson, Fredrik, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Household decision making and the influence of spouses’ income, education, and communist party membership: A field experiment in rural China
  • 2009
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We study household decision making in a high-stakes experiment with a random sample of households in rural China. Spouses have to choose between risky lotteries, first separately and then jointly. We find that spouses’ individual risk preferences are more similar the richer the household and the higher the wife’s relative income contribution. A couple’s joint decision is typically determined by the husband, but women who contribute relatively more to the household income, women in high-income households, women with more education than their husbands, and women with communist party membership have a stronger influence on the joint decision.
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