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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) ;srt2:(2010-2011);lar1:(lnu)"

Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > (2010-2011) > Linnéuniversitetet

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  • Forslund, Helena, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Integrating the performance management process of on-time delivery with suppliers
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Logistics. - Taylor & Francis. - 1367-5567. ; 13:3, s. 225-241
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper discusses the importance of integrating the performance management (PM) process of on-time delivery with suppliers and analyses the perceived degree of such integration. It describes how the PM process of on-time delivery is managed in manufacturing companies and compares the integration and management issues of on-time delivery between companies with high and low perceived on-time delivery performance. Analysis is based on a survey study of Swedish manufacturing companies in 10 industrial sectors. The focus is on on-time delivery from the respondents' most important supplier. The PM activities defining metrics, target setting, measurement and analysis are not highly integrated between customers and suppliers when measuring on-time delivery. This is especially true for measurement activity, which is the activity with most issues to manage and integrate. The PM issues most significantly related to high on-time delivery performance were automated data collection, registration and report generation.
  • Forslund, Helena, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Selection, implementation and use of ERP systems for supply chain performance management
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Industrial management + data systems. - 0263-5577. ; 110:8, s. 1159-1175
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose– The paper aims to explore how supply chain performance management (PM) isaffected by the decisions made in the enterprise resource planning (ERP) system lifecycle phases.Design/methodology/approach– Datawere collected in amultiple case study of fourmanufacturing companies.Findings– Four PM activities and three ERP system lifecycle phases were described and analyzed. Eight propositions were generated from theory and the case analyses. Detailed demand specifications could have improved target setting and reporting possibilities, PM education and training seem to be important in both the implementation and the use phase and supply chain PM is highly affected in the use phase.  Research limitations/implications – The paper is explorative. A required next step would be totest the generated propositions on a larger population.Practical implications– Propositions of what supply chain PM issues manufacturing companies should consider in the ERP system selection, implementation and use phases are presented. The results indicate that a lot of supply chain PM improvements can be realized within the use phase of an existing ERP system. Originality/value– No previous paper has focused upon how to consider supply chain PM when implementing ERP systems. This is needed because previous studies have identified ERP systems asobstacles for supply chain PM.    
  • Österman, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • Exploring Maritime Ergonomics from a Bottom Line Perspective
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs. - 1651-436X. ; 9:2, s. 153-168
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present paper reports a study composed of three research activities exploring the economics of ergonomics in a shipping context. First, a literature study aimed to review previous studies on the economics of ergonomics in general and within the maritime domain in particular; and moreover, to ascertain the key ergonomic factors addressed in contemporary maritime ergonomic research. Second, the concept of ergonomics was probed from a stakeholder perspective through nine semi-structured qualitative  interviews. Third, structured interviews were held with representatives of ten Swedish shipping companies to investigate if the shipowners are aware of and calculate the economic effects of ergonomics. The results show that severalmodels and methods have been developed to estimate costs and benefits of ergonomics in other industries, but no studies were found from the shipping industry.Whether these methods can be readily adapted to the shipping industry has to be investigated further. While contemporary maritime ergonomic literature showed a focus on physical ergonomic and health and safety issues, the results of the stakeholder interviews indicated a focus on organizational ergonomics. The Swedish shipowners calculate the costs of sick-leave, but do not estimate the economic effects of ergonomics on a regular basis.
  • Domínguez Reyes, Edmé, 1952-, et al. (författare)
  • Women Workers in the Maquiladoras and the debate on Global Labor Standards
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Feminist Economics. - 1354-5701. ; 16:4, s. 185-209
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper represents a collective contribution to an ongoing debate on the benefits and disadvantages of  export-based industry jobs  for women as well as on the implications  of  global labor standards for these type of jobs. On the basis of extensive research on women in Mexico’s and Central America’s maquiladoras, this paper aims to problematize the viewpoints that present  export-based industry jobs as dignified alternatives for women in the South and to question the  scepticism around  global labor standards as a possible alternative for improving work conditions in all sectors producing for export. In so doing, the paper stresses three interrelated issues: a) the relevance of local and regional contexts that inform diverse industrialization paths over time, b) the agency the women workers represent and c) the legal instruments already existent in our common strive for solutions towards the aim of dignified jobs.
  • Rooth, Dan-Olof, et al. (författare)
  • Education-occupation mismatch: Is there an income penalty?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Economics of Education Review. - Elsevier. - 0272-7757. ; 29:6, s. 1047-1059
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper adds to the sparse literature on the consequences of education–occupation mismatches. It examines the income penalty for field of education–occupation mismatches for men and women with higher education degrees in Sweden and reveals that the penalty for such mismatches is large for both men and women. For mismatched men the income penalty is about twice as large as that found for US men, whereas for women the penalty is of about the same size as for US women. Controlling for cognitive ability further establishes that the income penalty is not caused by a sorting by ability, at least for Swedish men. The income penalty for men decreases with work experience, which is an indication that education-specific skills and work experience are substitutes to some extent.
  • Anxo, D, et al. (författare)
  • Gender Differences in Time-Use over the Life Course : a Comparative Analysis of France, Italy, Sweden, and the United States
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Feminist Economics. - Taylor & Francis Group. - 1354-5701. ; 17:3, s. 159-195
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This contribution analyzes how men  and  women in France,  Italy, Sweden, and the  United  States  use  their  time  over  the  life cycle and  the  extent  to  which societal  and  institutional contexts  influence the  gender division  of labor.  Inorder  to test the hypothesis that contextual factors play a crucial role in shaping time allocation,  this study considers countries  that diverge considerably  in terms of  welfare  state  regime,  employment and  paid  working  time  systems, familypolicies, and social norms. Using national  time-use surveys for the late 1990s andearly 2000s and  regression  techniques, the  study not  only finds  large  gender discrepancies in time use in each country at all stages of life but also determinesthat   institutional  contexts,   in  particular  the   design  of  family  policies  and employment regimes, do shape gender roles in different ways, and that Sweden displays the  lowest gender gap in time allocation  across the  life course.
  • Månsson, Jonas, 1964-, et al. (författare)
  • Transitions from part-time unemployment: : Is part-time job a dead end or a stepping stone?
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Economic and Industrial Democracy. - 0143-831X. ; 32:4, s. 569-589
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article analyses the effects of individual characteristics on the probability of leaving part-time unemployment. The results show that it cannot be unreservedly asserted that part-time work offers access to the core labour market. Among the part-time unemployed, there are great variations in the degree to which they are likely to leave part-time unemployment. A concentration of labour market policy activities on the part-time unemployed who are least likely to succeed in finding full-time employment can, therefore, be expected to have positive consequences from both equity and efficiency points of view. In this respect, part-time unemployed women, persons with work-related disabilities and persons with temporary employment come to the forefront. The article shows that the likelihood of finding a full-time job is certainly not great for persons belonging to these groups. For many of them, part-time job is not a stepping stone but rather a dead end on the labour market.
  • Haftor, Darek (författare)
  • Adapting to local ethical standards: : a case of a global company
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Business and Globalisation. - Inderscience publishers. - 1753-3627. ; 7:3, s. 367-385
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The normative challenges that emerge from a global-local tension, particularly with regard to the supra-legal normativity structures, such as ethical, aesthetical, or creedal, are addressed here. This study investigates a globally operating company that successfully adapted to the local ethical conditions, which contributed to its achievement of business success. Theoretically regarded, it is not clear how the phenomena of globalisation should be conceived. This investigation assumes a novel approach to the conceptual elaboration of globalisation, based upon some selected components from the Cosmonomic philosophy of H. Dooyeweerd. A multi-modal analysis of this case is presented, which uncovers inherent normativity structures governing the involved actors. This in turn provides a rationale for why the alignment between the ethical and economic norms may be congruent and positive. In this way, some initial and tentative proposals are advanced here for an alternative approach to the conception of the phenomena of globalisation.
  • Olofsson, Jonas, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Ungdomars övergång från skola till arbetsliv - aktuella utmaningar och lokala erfarenheter
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • I denna forskningsrapport presenteras studier som berör ungdomars arbetsmarknadsetablering. Stor uppmärksamhet ägnas offentliga regelverk och insatser som görs för att underlätta för unga individer att fullborda en gymnasieutbildning respektive att ta steget från skola till arbetsliv. Den nationella problembilden speglas och fördjupas via erfarenheter från tio olika kommuner. Sammantaget visar undersökningarna rörande synen på IV och lärlingsutbildning, arbetsmarknadspolitiska ungdomsinsatser och det kommunala informations- och uppföljningsansvaret, att kommunerna har mycket olika ingångar och arbetssätt. Synsätten hos de ansvariga tjänstemännen är också mycket varierande. En huvudförklaring till detta är oklarheten i de statliga regelverken. Vad ska göras inom ramen för IV? Vilken roll kan lärlingsutbildningen spela och var ligger huvudansvaret för att förverkliga en lärlingsutbildning? Vilken roll ska kommunerna spela efter jobbgarantins införande? Hur ska informationsansvaret gällande ungdomar under 20 år som inte fullföljt gymnasieskolan tolkas? Genomgångarna visar att de olika stödinsatserna för socialt sårbara ungdomar bestäms i inte så ringa grad av i vilken kommun de råkar bo.
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