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Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > (2010-2011) > Linnéuniversitetet

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1.
  • Haftor, Darek, et al. (författare)
  • Research and Practice Agenda of Industrial e-Maintenance:
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 1st International Congress on eMaintenance. - Luleå. - 978-91-7439-120-6 ; s. 56-61
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents an inquiry into the domain of e-maintenance, particularly of industrial entities. As a domain of research and practice, e-maintenance is understood to offer great opportunities, however it seems to be driven by the development of applications of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This ICT-driven approach is unfortunate, as ICT has no value in itself, rather its benefit comes for how it processes information, and more broadly how it forms its contextual activities. To remedy this situation, a conceptual framework is proposed, to guide both the practice and the research of e-maintenance operations. This framework combines the seminal Industrial Value Chain framework and then the Buyer-Consumer Value Chain, and articulates their intersection with a set of defined categories derived from Information Logistics. This provides one possible structure for the conception of e-maintenance, which needs to be populated with the published research and practice results. This, in turn, may uncover white spaces where research efforts deserve particular attention and are driven by value generation – whether economic or other – instead of experimental ICT application developments. The presentation of this framework is accompanied with a brief example that contrasts an event-driven versus a plan-driven approach to e-maintenance.
2.
  • Holtström, Johan, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Connected Synergy : a case study of mergers and acquisitins within business networks
  • 2010
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mergers and acquisitions are frequent phenomena in everyday business activities (Holtström,2008). For a merger or an acquisition, expected synergy is of fundamental importance. Thesynergy-concept emerged in the business strategy literature in the 1960s and has since then gainedimmense influence as a strategic tool for CEOs and company boards. In both theory and practice,synergy describes value creation of some kind (Pernod Ricard, 2008; Arya, 2002; Rozemeijer,2000; Tapper, 1999; Larsson & Finkelstein, 1999; SvD, 1998; Olsson, 1997; Chandler, 1992;Trautwein, 1990; Porter, 1987; Rydén, 1971; Ansoff, 1965). Having a business network structureperspective as point of departure, we assume that mergers and acquisitions will involve andintegrate not only the acquirer or the acquired company but also connected companies such ascustomers and suppliers (Holtström, 2008; 2003; Öberg, 2008; 2004; Dahlin, 2007; Öberg &Holtström, 2006; Anderson, Havila & Salmi, 2000; Havila & Salmi, 2000; Bengtsson, 1994).Synergy as concept (cf. Goold & Campbell, 1998; Itami, 1987; Lubatkin, 1983; Ansoff, 1965) isin this paper further developed and extended to comprise also synergy in the integratingcompanies’ business network. The paper aims to develop a framework to describe synergy inbusiness relationships with customers and suppliers. To achieve this we first need to analyse howsynergy is realised within a company. The analysis is based on a case study of mergers andacquisitions among industrial companies having business in Sweden.Our findings indicate that within a company synergy is the result of the interplay between creationof value, alignment between strategic prioritisations and functional performance. Thus theintegrating companies are at the core. The application of synergy in the M&A-companies businessnetwork is to include also their business relationships with other actors. So in a second analysis,we show that synergy in business relationships can be seen as the result of how companies a) adaptto changes in the business network, b) how the changes affects interdependency among actors, c)to what extent there is a co-ordination of activities between actors, but most importantly d) howthis is carried out over time.The resulting framework on connected synergy, combines the perspectives on synergy describedabove with also the development over time. Within the M&A-companies, two forms of synergyappears; (i) planned in the early phases of integration and, (ii) emerging over time. In the M&Acompanies’business relationship synergy can appear as (iii) something planned by the integratingcompanies to purposely influence other actors and, (iv) developing when different actors adapt tothese changes over time.
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3.
  • Rooth, Dan-Olof, et al. (författare)
  • Education-occupation mismatch: Is there an income penalty?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Economics of Education Review. - Elsevier. - 0272-7757. ; 29:6, s. 1047-1059
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper adds to the sparse literature on the consequences of education–occupation mismatches. It examines the income penalty for field of education–occupation mismatches for men and women with higher education degrees in Sweden and reveals that the penalty for such mismatches is large for both men and women. For mismatched men the income penalty is about twice as large as that found for US men, whereas for women the penalty is of about the same size as for US women. Controlling for cognitive ability further establishes that the income penalty is not caused by a sorting by ability, at least for Swedish men. The income penalty for men decreases with work experience, which is an indication that education-specific skills and work experience are substitutes to some extent.
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4.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Sexual orientation and occupational rank
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Economics Bulletin. - 1545-2921. ; 31:3, s. 2422-2433
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents a study of differences in occupational rank between gay and heterosexual males as well as between lesbian and heterosexual females. We estimate different specifications of an ordered probit model on register data from Sweden. Our data consist of married heterosexual men and women and homosexual men and women living in civil unions. We find that homosexual men have a lower probability of working in a profession demanding a longer university education or a management profession than heterosexual men. In contrast, we find that homosexual women are more likely than heterosexual women to work in such professions.
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5.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Can discrimination in the housing market be reduced by increasing the information about the applicants?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Land Economics. - 0023-7639. ; 86:1, s. 79-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We investigate how increasing the information about applicants affects discrimination in the rental housing market. We let four fictitious applicants, two with typical Arab/Muslim names and two with typical Swedish names, use application letters containing different amounts of information to apply for apartments over the Internet in Sweden. The Arab/Muslim applicants received fewer responses from the landlords than did the Swedish applicants. All of the applicants gained by providing more information about themselves, but the amount of discrimination against the Arab/Muslim applicants remained unchanged, indicating that increasing the amount of information about the applicants will not reduce discrimination.
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6.
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7.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Inter- and intra-household earnings differentials among homosexual and heterosexual couples
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Industrial Relations. - Blackwell Publishing Ltd/London School of Economics. - 0007-1080. ; 49:s2, s. s258-s278
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present earnings differentials between homosexuals and heterosexuals. In line with previous research, we find that gay males earn less than heterosexual males, and that lesbians earn more than heterosexual females. However, when combining the individuals into households, our results are strikingly different: very small earnings differentials between gay households and heterosexual households are found. Lesbian households earn considerably less. The largest earnings inequalities between spouses are found among gay males followed by heterosexuals. Studying sexual orientation and earnings is complex, and household earnings have to be taken into consideration when conclusions are drawn.
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8.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977- (författare)
  • Muslim discrimination: : Evidence from two lost letter experiments
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Applied Social Psychology. - 0021-9029. ; 40:4, s. 888-898
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, there has been considerable concern about whether Muslims living in Western countries are targets of prejudice. A considerable amount of survey-based evidence suggests that Muslims are victims of discrimination. This paper tested this hypothesis. Two lost-letter experiments were conducted to test whether the difference in returned letters would be attributable to whether the addressee was Muslim or Swedish. The results show that Muslims receive far fewer letters than do Swedes. However, this discrimination only appears when the lost letters contain money; in which case, the finder gains by not posting the letter.
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9.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Sexual orientation and earnings: : A register data-based approach to identify homosexuals
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Population Economics. - 0933-1433. ; 23:3, s. 835-849
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper examines earnings differentials between homo- and heterosexual individuals by identifying sexual orientation with the help of information from register data. Register data enable us to avoid the misclassifications of sexual orientation often mentioned as a potential bias in survey-based studies. The results show that gay men are at an earnings disadvantage as compared to male heterosexuals while the earnings differential between lesbians and heterosexual women is very small. Our results are in line with results from previous research but are more reliable since we use a more reliable measure of sexual orientation than previous research.
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10.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977- (författare)
  • What is in a surname? The role of ethnicity in economic decision making
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Applied Economics. - Routledge. - 0003-6846. ; 42:21, s. 2715-2723
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article reports results from two experiments that investigate possible incidence of discrimination against people with foreign backgrounds in Sweden. In the first experiment, participants played the trust game and the dictator game with co-players of different ethnic affiliation. The family name of the players was exposed to their co-players. Results for the trust game showed no significant discrimination against co-players with foreign backgrounds. On the other hand, the results for the dictator game showed a statistically significant discriminatory behaviour by men against co-players with non-European backgrounds. The discriminatory behaviour was solely a male phenomenon. In the second experiment, the dictator game was replicated to check the stability of the results in the first experiment. The second experiment also examined whether people with foreign backgrounds discriminate against other people with foreign backgrounds; that is, the purpose was to discover whether discrimination is systematic. The observations in the second experiment underlined the results found in the first experiment: foreign co-players are discriminated against by Swedish players. However, we did not find that people with foreign backgrounds discriminated against other people with foreign backgrounds.
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