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Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > (2010-2011) > Konferensbidrag

  • Resultat 1-10 av 1347
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  • Solberg Søilen, Klaus, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • The Shift from Geopolitics to Geoeconomics and the Failure of our Modern Social Sciences
  • 2010
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Geoeconomics is gradually replacing the importance of Geopolitics. The transition is marked by the start of the process we call Globalization , about two decades old now, but still in its infancy, when government and government institutions discovered that they no longer were self-evident key actors and watchmen of world events . The process is an effect of the end of the Cold War and marks a strategic shift from political ideologies to economic realities. For decades fellow economists have praised the value of public and private borrowing, the production of services at the expense of the production of goods and they have underestimated the importance of trade surpluses for the Competitive Advantage of Nations. They have done so because they have failed to see what makes a nation, a region or a city wealthy in the long run. We have developed a social science paradigm at our universities which have undermined our own development. At the same time we have disregarded much of the tradition for critical thinking, as implied in Critical Theory but more fundamentally as understood for centuries The study of all living organisms is now studied with the use of Evolutionary Theory; except for the study of Man. We must start to ask ourselves why. Why should the Social Sciences be any different than Zoology in this respect, unless we say that Man stands outside of biology?
  • Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis, 1956- (författare)
  • Information Technology, democratic societies and competitive markets
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: An information law for the 21st Century. - Athens : Nomiki Vivliothiki.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Access of relevant information, or knowledge, is a necessary condition for finding the right solution to a problem or making the right decision. Such information triggers and maintains the psychological and societal processes lying behind the achievement of important aims for individuals and groups. Democracy demands dialog, but dialog is not possible among citizens who are totally convinced about the truth of their ideas. A participant in a dialog must have a critical attitude toward own beliefs, otherwise a common search for a better decision is not possible. IT tools can train and support unconstrained, self-critical, systematic and holistic problem solving, decision and law making. Competitive markets, like democratic societies, need access to information. Whereas well organized and strong players can guarantee it more or less for themselves the same is very difficult for consumers to achieve, like it is for citizens regarding political information. IT can easily provide information about prices, quality and other relevant aspects of products and services in the market. However, the available form, content and amount of information in the market or in politics, which are controlled by the strongest stakeholders, have as their main goal to constrain systematic and critical thinking. Therefore to take advantage of IT’s features in developing better markets and political procedures it is necessary to create rules that can guarantee it.
  • Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis, 1956- (författare)
  • The need for ethically competent leaders
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Leadership and management in a changing world. - Athens : Athens University of Economics and Business. - 978-960-9443-10-4 ; s. CD-ROM
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Almotairi, Badi, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • MANAGING SUPPLY CHAIN INTERFACES A framework towards an integrated logistics platform
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of Nofoma conference, 2011, Harstad, Norway.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose of this paper - The purpose of this paper is to explore current interfaces between major member-firms in port organisations and to develop a framework to integrate these member-firms through better management of interfaces. Design/methodology/approach - To prepare this paper, a structured literature review was conducted together with multi-case studies. To analyse the data, a theoretical interface model was used as a basis to define and describe different natures of interfaces. This enabled the development of a framework towards an integrated logistics platform. Findings - The research shows that successful companies will be those that are able to manage supply chain interfaces efficiently. These interfaces revealed by the study are: media, transfer, data and information, control and communication, and user interfaces. The framework demonstrates these types of interfaces and helps facilitate better integration between ports’ member-firms in supply chains. Practical implications (if applicable) - The paper provides a framework for understanding current interfaces between major member-firms in port organisations and may be a useful insight for firms wishing to enhance supply chain integration. What is original/value of paper - The idea behind the study is to contribute to a better understanding of integration issues within the maritime supply chain through a structured literature review and multi-case studies that lead to better management of supply chain interfaces.
  • Moore, Jason W., 1971- (författare)
  • Ecology and the accumulation of capital : thinking capitalism through the web of life
  • 2011
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Capitalism as world-ecology is an effort to move from the “environmental history of” capitalism, or modernity, or the world market, to capitalism AS environmental history. Financial crises, for instance, are not social or economic crises that make their footprint on the rest of nature; they are crises of a key moment of capitalism’s symbolic and material ordering of the relation between humans and the rest of nature. This dialectical alternative views the great movements of modern world history – industrial and agricultural revolutions, successive new imperialisms, the development of the world market – as socio-ecological projects and processes, aimed at reconfiguring nature-society relations. ‘Nature,’ no longer a passive substance upon which humanity leaves its footprint, becomes an active bundle of relations, formed and re-formed through the historically- and geographically-specific movements of humans, with the rest of nature. This entails more than a catalogue of capitalism’s biophysical depredations. It calls for new synthesis that locates the accumulation of capital, the production of nature, and pursuit of power in a singular and differentiated whole. This perspective begins from the premise that capitalism does not act upon nature so much as develop through nature-society relations. Capitalism does not have an ecological regime; it is an ecological regime.
  • Paju, Marja, et al. (författare)
  • Framework and Indicators for a Sustainable Manufacturing Mapping Methodology
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2010 Winter Simulation Conference. - 978-1-4244-9864-2 ; 42, s. 3411-3422
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Reducing costs, improving quality, shortening the time-to-market, and at the same time act and think sus-tainable are major challenges for manufacturing industries. To strive towards these objectives, discrete event simulation (DES) has proven to be an effective tool for production system decision support. Large companies continuously log raw data, and are therefore able to collect large quantities of re-source event information. However, usually it is difficult to reuse data for future DES projects. Thus, the aim of this paper is to describe how to facilitate data sharing between data sources and DES models. A test implementation of a simulation data architecture has been realized. A data processing tool, a database and an interface were created, which provide reusable resource event data to pave the way for sustainable resource information in DES projects. The entirety data exchange is provided by standard XML documents following the latest Core Manufacturing Simulation Data recommendations.
  • Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis, 1956- (författare)
  • Training leaders for ethical competence
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: 2nd Annual International Business Conference. - Saint Leo, FL, USA : Saint Leo University.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ethical competence is the ability of a decision maker to use the right way to think in front of a moral problem. This definition is based on western philosophy as well as on the findings of psychological research on moral problem solving and decision making. Building on that a training program was developed containing four blocks of seventeen exercises. Participants coming from different organizations used the exercises on their own professional problems. After training, participants showed higher scores on ethical autonomy up to two and a half years later. The results showed clearly that the participants used their new skills in their real professional life and that they were very satisfied.
  • Netz, Joakim, et al. (författare)
  • Changeable Roles And Value Constellation
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: 11th European Academy of Management conference (EURAM), 1-4 June 2011, Tallinn. - European Academy of Management. - 978-9985-9824-7-1
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper extends our understanding about strategic renewal by bringing in the concept of value constellation. This concept denotes an organization’s particular set-up of actors that aligned to a certain role performs social transactions to extract value from existing business and emerging business. The concept requires attention because the value constellation has long-term effects on competitiveness, which in turn is the key issue about strategic renewal. We develop a novel scenario model that explains how the strategic renewal attribute of value constellation plays in practice and out in the field. The main contribution is a more social and less aggregated perspective of renewal than earlier research has offered us. In addition, by using the concept of value constellation we show how both radical and incremental renewal can co-exist and how internal and external processes are both significant in the renewal initiative. Our argument is derived from prior publications of empirical studies by other scholars, and moreover supplemented by empirical examples from Ericsson and Saab based on in-depth case study data from an on-going research project.
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