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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) srt2:(2010-2011);lar1:(lnu);pers:(Ahmed Ali);pers:(Ahmed Ali 1977)"

Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > (2010-2011) > Linnéuniversitetet > Ahmed Ali > Ahmed Ali 1977

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1.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Sexual orientation and occupational rank
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Economics Bulletin. - 1545-2921. ; 31:3, s. 2422-2433
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents a study of differences in occupational rank between gay and heterosexual males as well as between lesbian and heterosexual females. We estimate different specifications of an ordered probit model on register data from Sweden. Our data consist of married heterosexual men and women and homosexual men and women living in civil unions. We find that homosexual men have a lower probability of working in a profession demanding a longer university education or a management profession than heterosexual men. In contrast, we find that homosexual women are more likely than heterosexual women to work in such professions.
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2.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Can discrimination in the housing market be reduced by increasing the information about the applicants?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Land Economics. - 0023-7639. ; 86:1, s. 79-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We investigate how increasing the information about applicants affects discrimination in the rental housing market. We let four fictitious applicants, two with typical Arab/Muslim names and two with typical Swedish names, use application letters containing different amounts of information to apply for apartments over the Internet in Sweden. The Arab/Muslim applicants received fewer responses from the landlords than did the Swedish applicants. All of the applicants gained by providing more information about themselves, but the amount of discrimination against the Arab/Muslim applicants remained unchanged, indicating that increasing the amount of information about the applicants will not reduce discrimination.
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3.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Inter- and intra-household earnings differentials among homosexual and heterosexual couples
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Industrial Relations. - Blackwell Publishing Ltd/London School of Economics. - 0007-1080. ; 49:s2, s. s258-s278
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present earnings differentials between homosexuals and heterosexuals. In line with previous research, we find that gay males earn less than heterosexual males, and that lesbians earn more than heterosexual females. However, when combining the individuals into households, our results are strikingly different: very small earnings differentials between gay households and heterosexual households are found. Lesbian households earn considerably less. The largest earnings inequalities between spouses are found among gay males followed by heterosexuals. Studying sexual orientation and earnings is complex, and household earnings have to be taken into consideration when conclusions are drawn.
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4.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977- (författare)
  • Muslim discrimination: : Evidence from two lost letter experiments
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Applied Social Psychology. - 0021-9029. ; 40:4, s. 888-898
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Since the 9/11 terrorist attacks, there has been considerable concern about whether Muslims living in Western countries are targets of prejudice. A considerable amount of survey-based evidence suggests that Muslims are victims of discrimination. This paper tested this hypothesis. Two lost-letter experiments were conducted to test whether the difference in returned letters would be attributable to whether the addressee was Muslim or Swedish. The results show that Muslims receive far fewer letters than do Swedes. However, this discrimination only appears when the lost letters contain money; in which case, the finder gains by not posting the letter.
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5.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Sexual orientation and earnings: : A register data-based approach to identify homosexuals
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Population Economics. - 0933-1433. ; 23:3, s. 835-849
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper examines earnings differentials between homo- and heterosexual individuals by identifying sexual orientation with the help of information from register data. Register data enable us to avoid the misclassifications of sexual orientation often mentioned as a potential bias in survey-based studies. The results show that gay men are at an earnings disadvantage as compared to male heterosexuals while the earnings differential between lesbians and heterosexual women is very small. Our results are in line with results from previous research but are more reliable since we use a more reliable measure of sexual orientation than previous research.
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6.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977- (författare)
  • What is in a surname? The role of ethnicity in economic decision making
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Applied Economics. - Routledge. - 0003-6846. ; 42:21, s. 2715-2723
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article reports results from two experiments that investigate possible incidence of discrimination against people with foreign backgrounds in Sweden. In the first experiment, participants played the trust game and the dictator game with co-players of different ethnic affiliation. The family name of the players was exposed to their co-players. Results for the trust game showed no significant discrimination against co-players with foreign backgrounds. On the other hand, the results for the dictator game showed a statistically significant discriminatory behaviour by men against co-players with non-European backgrounds. The discriminatory behaviour was solely a male phenomenon. In the second experiment, the dictator game was replicated to check the stability of the results in the first experiment. The second experiment also examined whether people with foreign backgrounds discriminate against other people with foreign backgrounds; that is, the purpose was to discover whether discrimination is systematic. The observations in the second experiment underlined the results found in the first experiment: foreign co-players are discriminated against by Swedish players. However, we did not find that people with foreign backgrounds discriminated against other people with foreign backgrounds.
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7.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977- (författare)
  • Women are not always less competitive than men: : Evidence from Come Dine with Me
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Applied Economics Letters. - 1350-4851. ; 18:12, s. 1099-1101
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Are women less competitive than men? Many experimental and nonexperimental studies have documented gender differences in competitiveness. This article presents the results from a study that examines gender differences in competitiveness in the television show Come Dine with Me. It is a cooking show in which amateur chefs compete against each other for a cash prize. The show provides an unusual opportunity to study gender differences in a high-stakes game environment. The results demonstrate that there are no gender differences in competitiveness.
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8.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Diskriminering mot -icke-heterosexuella i anställningssituationen
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • I denna rapport presenteras resultatet från ett fältexperiment vilket undersöker förekomsten av diskriminering av homosexuella i anställningssituationen. Vi finner att såväl homosexuella män som homosexuella kvinnor diskrimineras då de söker efter lediga anställningar. Omfattningen av diskrimineringen verkar dock vara mindre än vad som framkommit i tidigare studier. Diskrimineringen förekommer framförallt inom vissa yrkeskategorier som i vår studie är koncentrerade till den privata sektorn. Vidare framkommer en ny dimension av könsskillnaderna på arbetsmarknaden då resultaten visar att homosexuella män framförallt diskrimineras då de söker anställning i mansdominerade yrken medan homosexuella kvinnor diskrimineras då de söker anställning i kvinnodominerade yrken. Resultaten pekar således mot att homosexuella män i viss utsträckning möter liknande hinder på arbetsmarknaden som heterosexuella kvinnor.
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9.
  • Ahmed, Ali, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of subtle religious representations on cooperation
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Social Economics. - 0306-8293. ; 38:11, s. 900-910
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate how subtle religious representations affect prosocial behavior. The authors study the impact of religious representations on prosocial behavior in terms of cooperation in a one-shot/three-person public goods game.Design/methodology/approach – The authors used the scrambled sentence task to prime participants with religious words before they were asked to make a one-shot/three-person public goods game decision.Findings – Both in the raw data and when controlling for factors such as age, gender and religious beliefs, the authors found that priming of religious representations increased cooperation in the experiment, that is, increased contributions to the public good. The authors found no significant interaction effects between priming and self-reported measures of religiosity, suggesting that the priming effect was present among both self-reported religious and nonreligious participants. Self-reported measures of religiosity were not correlated with cooperation in this study.Originality/value – The paper adds to the growing body of experimental economics literature that has studied self-reported measures of religiosity alongside behavior in different economic games. This study contributes to the literature by examining the effect of subtle influences of religion on cooperation. Also, in contrast to previous economic literature, the paper examines the direct impact of religion as an independent variable on cooperation.
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