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Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > (2010-2011) > Tidskriftsartikel > Mälardalens högskola

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1.
  • Yamin, M., et al. (författare)
  • Subsidiary importance in the MNC : What role does internal embeddedness play?
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: International Business Review. - 0969-5931. ; 20:2, s. 151-162
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper addresses the issue of how a subsidiary's internal and external embeddedness interact in generating the importance of the subsidiary vis-a-vis the MNC as a whole. We take previous findings of the positive impact of external embeddedness on a subsidiary's importance as our starting point and consider two questions: (a) how does the internal embeddedness of a subsidiary affect its organisational importance, and (b) how do a subsidiary's internal and external embeddedness interact in generating organisational importance? We test hypotheses reflecting these questions on data from 97 foreign subsidiaries belonging to Swedish multinationals. We find that internal embeddedness is negatively related to a subsidiary's importance to product development but unrelated to its importance to production development. We also find that internal embeddedness dilutes the positive impact of external embeddedness on a subsidiary's importance to production development. We discuss the findings in the light of the extant literature and consider implications for future research and MNC managers.
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2.
  • Eriksson, Kimmo, 1967-, et al. (författare)
  • Emotional reactions to losing explain gender differences in entering a risky lottery
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Judgment and decision making. - 1930-2975. ; 5:3, s. 159-163
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A gender difference in risk preferences, with women being more averse to risky choices, is a robust experimental finding. Speculating on the sources of this difference, Croson and Gneezy recently pointed to the tendency for women to experience emotions more strongly and suggested that feeling more strongly about negative outcomes would lead to greater risk-aversion. Here we test this hypothesis in an international survey with 424 respondents from India and 416 from US where we ask questions about a hypothetical lottery. In both countries we find that emotions about outcomes are stronger among women, and that this effect partially mediates gender difference in willingness to enter the lottery.
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3.
  • Strannegård, Lars, 1969-, et al. (författare)
  • Unstable Identities: : Stable Unsustainability
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Sustainable Development. - Wiley InterScience. - 0968-0802. ; 18:3, s. 119-122
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The identity concept has emerged as a key analytical concept in the social sciences in the past decades. In both scientifi c accounts and everyday use, the identity concept has tradi- tionally been seen as something that individuals possess. This view has however been heavily criticized by a social identity strand of social science, where identity is a matter of a negotiation where different social roles are learned in relations with others. The relational view of identities creates some serious problems for the sustainability challenge. In a world of relational identities, individuals are engaged in identity-creating interactions every day. Key problems are that the interactions, in urban environments, are highly commercialized; consumption cues are emotionally based and speak to our senses, and outnumber the competing cues several times over. Sustainable lifestyles are thus very fragile.
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4.
  • Hallin, Anette, et al. (författare)
  • Digging wider and deeper : Revealing the hegemony of project studies
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Project Organisation and Management. - 1740-2891. ; 2:1, s. 1-15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Building on a brief illustration, this article discusses the need for new empirical fields and methods in project management research. This would not only provide novel insights into project practices and management, but would also entail questioning the hegemony (Gramsci, 1988) of project management and project research. We argue that the hegemony is upheld by, or perhaps even constructed through, the language and the ideal images of the area, developed by project researchers and used by project practitioners; adding to what could be called 'the social power' (Bourdieu, 1991) of those involved in what are called 'projects' and 'project management'. It is also argued that the social power of those familiar with 'projects' and 'project management' is sustained by the silence of all those involved in similar practices, but who do not master the terminology of project work.
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5.
  • Holmgren Caicedo, Mikael, et al. (författare)
  • Extensions and intensions of management control—The inclusion of health
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Critical Perspectives on Accounting. - Elsevier. - 1045-2354. ; 21:8, s. 655-668
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Interest in management control of intangibles has grown remarkably during the last decades and now includes managing employee health. Research in this field is so far in the early stages: few empirical studies have been undertaken and fewer studies take into consideration the implications of such systems. In this paper we wish to contribute to the field with a qualitative study of instances of management control of health in ten Swedish organizations.Many good intentions lie behind the idea of making health and ill-health a subject for management control and the expected results are very positive—lower sick-leave rates, reduction of costs and human suffering. Such intentions stand for an intension, i.e. the ideas, properties or state of affairs that are connoted by a word or symbol, in this case what can be connoted by the concept of management control of health, its conceptual position. An intension, however, is not given insofar as a word or concept may be associated to more than one. Thus we set out to interpret management control of health in terms of two conceptual positions, modernism and postmodernism, in order to bring forth two very different intensions of management control of health: one where the practice is seen as an investment with a purpose to visualize ill-health and increase efficiency by putting in place measures to increase employee health; the other where the practice is seen as a means to make the individual accountable in order to be able to intensify control and colonize leisure. 
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6.
  • Holmgren Caicedo, Mikael, et al. (författare)
  • Managing and measuring employee health and wellbeing: : a review and critique
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Accounting and Organizational Change. - Emerald Group Publishing. - 1832-5912. ; 6:4, s. 436-459
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the case for taking employee health and wellbeing into account in some way and to consider a range of objections that might be raised against such exercises. Design/methodology/approach – The paper identifies the existence of a persistent sickness absence as a cause for concern for a range of stakeholders and how it might be accounted for in the light of recent developments within the intellectual capital field. Attention then turns to some of the difficulties such well meaning interventions might encounter, and briefly considers how a self-accounting approach might in some part overcome these. Findings – The paper finds that a programme of empirical research within the field of employee health and wellbeing is now required to ensure that employee health and wellbeing into account. Practical implications – While predominantly a discursive contribution to the literature, the paper incorporates some discussion of innovative accounting interventions. Originality/value – In contrast to viewing sickness absence from a cost perspective, the paper encourages stakeholders to embrace a wider spectrum of ways of seeing to better understand employee health and wellbeing issues in the work place.  
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7.
  • Holmgren Caicedo, Mikael, et al. (författare)
  • The makings of a statement : accounting for employee health
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Human Resource Costing and Accounting. - Emerald Group Publishing Limited. - 1401-338X. ; 14:4, s. 286-306
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how the idea of health statements is constructed and on what assumptions it rests. Design/methodology/approach – Published health statements from the Swedish municipality of Umea ̊ are analysed in terms of the rhetoric of the arguments that are presented. This is done in order to identify the assumptions the arguments rest on.Findings – Although no empirical proof is provided, the arguments presented in the health statements of Umea ̊ municipality follow a logic that goes from success factors to good results via employee health and satisfaction as a proxy of internal quality of work that in turn is assumed to create good quality of service. The construction of that logic is concomitantly the production and reproduction of a moral system of values that rest on the ambiguousness and implicitness. Originality/value – A discussion about the assumptions expressed in Umea ̊ municipality’s health statements, how they are constructed to make the management accounting of employee health work and the construction of morals that is implicit in that system. 
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8.
  • Eklinder Frick, Jens, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Bridging and bonding forms of social capital in a regional strategic network
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Industrial Marketing Management. - 0019-8501. ; 40:6, s. 994-1003
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Research on networks emphasizes the importance of bonds between actors. Social reciprocity strengthens network bonds, which is assumed to have positive effects on business relationships between firms. However,the importance of weak ties is also stressed in network research. An important policy issue is therefore if more attention should be devoted to the creation of bridges to other social groups and loosening bonds between network actors. The difficulty in doing so is described and analyzed in this article focusing on a regional strategic network, which is viewed in three network perspectives. Interview data were collected from all participating managers in a regional strategic network in 2004 and 2010. The findings shed light upon the paradox of using a regional strategic network to counteract over-embeddedness and freeing the involved actors from existing network lock-ins instead of further strengthening such social institutions.
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9.
  • Ambos, T., et al. (författare)
  • What are the consequences of initiative taking in multinational subsidiaries?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of International Business Studies. - 0047-2506. ; 41:6, s. 1099-1118
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The phenomenon of subsidiary initiative has received increasing attention in recent years, but the consequences of initiatives and the associated dynamics of headquarters subsidiary relationships have received much less research attention. Building on resource dependence theory and self-determination theory we argue that two basic goals subsidiary managers pursue are to achieve autonomy vis-a-vis corporate headquarters, and influence over other units. We investigate how a subsidiary's past initiatives contribute to its bargaining power, and how headquarters' response through granting attention or monitoring affects the realization of the subsidiary's goals. Using structural equation modeling, our hypotheses are tested by drawing on a sample of 257 subsidiaries located in three different countries (Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom). Our results show that subsidiaries are not able to increase their influence through initiatives unless they get headquarters' attention. We also find that subsidiary initiatives have a direct effect on subsidiary autonomy, but the caveat is that initiatives also evoke headquarters monitoring, which in turn decreases the subsidiary's autonomy. In addition to providing insights into how subsidiaries can achieve their goals, the paper also sheds light on the critical role headquarters plays in leveraging initiatives, and the influence of individual subsidiaries in the multinational enterprise. 
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10.
  • Andersson, Ulf, et al. (författare)
  • Organizational design mechanisms for the R&D function in a world of offshoring
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management. - 0956-5221. ; 26:4, s. 431-438
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Later years' globalization and increased competition has forced firms to re-evaluate their current configuration and location of activities An emerging shortage of talent and a recognition of knowledge sources far more spread around the globe have Induced firms to re-think their configuration of knowledge-intensive activities, such as R&D Disaggregation and dispersion of activities is though a double edged sword as it simultaneously enhances the access to resources and talent increasing the value of knowledge development activities in the firm, but also add to the costs of management and coordination In this article we discuss how designing the configuration of R&D activities and the utilization of organizational coordination and control mechanisms help firms to stay on top of the costs induced by inter-task interdependencies among the disaggregated R&D activities and thereby leveraging the knowledge and capabilities developed in the offshored activities We utilize the Danish wind mill company Vestas as an empirical example to illustrate our discussion.
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