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Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > (2010-2011) > Bokkapitel > Lunds universitet

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  • Salomonsson, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Ritualernas marknad : :
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Den rituella människan : flervetenskapliga betraktelser. - Linköping University Electronic Press. - 978-91-7393-366-7
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Intresset för events, det vill säga noggrant regisserade händelser i syfte att fånga och behålla uppmärksamhet, har fått förnyad aktualitet i dagens forskning kring upplevelsemarknaden. Kultur- och samhällsvetenskapliga analyser av den nya ekonomins produktion, försäljnings-grepp och marknadsföringstekniker har satt begreppet upplevelse i fokus. En tydlig skärningspunkt mellan ekonomi och marknad, kultur och tradition utgör firandet av livsloppets ritualer. Trots att de i allra högsta grad kan kategoriseras som upplevelser – känsloladdade och symboliskt viktiga – och att de i sin iscensättning involverar många av de yrkesgrupper som sägs tillhöra den växande upplevelsenäringen, har de hitintills inte fått något större utrymme i undersökningen av ”the Experience Economy”.
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  • Östlund, Britt, et al. (författare)
  • Silver Age Innovators
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: The Silver Market Phenomen. Market and Innovation in the Aging Society. - Springer Verlag Heidelberg. - 978-3-642-14337-3 - 9783642143373 - 978-3-642-14338-0 ; s. 15-26
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • When designing innovations for the silver age, it is not sufficient to discover old people’s needs only. In addition, one also has to discover old peoples’ new roles as consumers, citizens and innovators. Since this is a group that until recently has been given few opportunities to make their voices heard, there is a need for methods that identify their needs and demands. More importantly, we need to study and use methods that reveal the sources of innovations behind their expressed problems and lifelong habits as users of technology. Three attempts to identify old people´s needs and demands by involving them in the design process are presented, drawn from design projects implemented in Sweden from 2005 to 2009. One project explores how the furniture market can be opened to new segments of older consumers. Another project concerns the development of services. The third project links older people's lifelong habit of watching TV to the development of communication via the television medium. The results were analyzed from two points of view: How do we recognise a need that can be explored in design? When discovered, how do we know that this is a worthwhile need to explore? The first attempt shows that older people can present needs as active users with expressed and specific demands; the second attempt shows that older users can have a need to support the solution to problems which are not yet expressed and activated; and the third attempt shows them as users with latent needs that originate from their lifelong experiences and needs to keep up with daily routines.
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7.
  • Kjellberg, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Trade Unions and Collective Agreements in a Changing World
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Precarious Employment in Perspective. Old and New Challenges to Working Conditions in Sweden. - Peter Lang. - 978-90-5201-730-3 ; Work & Society. Vol. 70, s. 47-100
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the chapter, "Trade Unions and Collective Agreements in a Changing World", it is explained why Swedish union density still is very high from an international perspective and why it fell dramatically in the years 2007 and 2008, particularly among young and foreign-born employees, both containing a high share of precarious workers. Also data on density of employers’ organisations and coverage of collective agreements are presented. Thirdly the chapter deals with strategies of employers’ associations and the development of power relations between unions and employers. Attention is also paid to the growing internal rifts within each camp between manufacturing and the private services. The high Swedish union density is explained with the presence and design of state-supported union unemployment funds, industrial relations distinguished by a combination of centralisation and decentralisation, the preference of collective agreements to state regulation, the high density of employers’ associations and the existence of separate unions for blue-collar and white-collar workers. The chapter also accounts for the falling union density by referring to both long-term and short-term developments. Among the former are the changing composition of the workforce (including outsourcing from manufacturing industry and public sector to firms in private services), declining coverage of union workplace organisations and increased share of fixed-term jobs. As the main explanation for the sharp fall in 2007 and 2008, the decision of the centre-right government to make it much more costly to be affiliated to both a trade union and a union unemployment fund from January 2007 is pointed out. As a result, union density declined fastest among the categories of workers that include a high share of precarious workers, more precisely among young workers, blue-collar workers in the private service sector and foreign-born workers. Since the 1990s Swedish employers have opted for a far-reaching decentralisation of collective bargaining. With inspiration from Germany, the Association of Engineering Employers has repeatedly demanded the introduction of opening clauses to improve competiveness by increased flexibility and local adaptability. The historical 2009 Crisis Agreement is discussed from such a perspective. The chapter also emphasises that the increasingly frequent attitude to weigh costs and benefits of union membership got a large immediate impact when the cost suddenly was raised but not the utility of union membership. However, Swedish unions are still strong enough to withstand the employers’ aspirations on completely decentralised industrial relations and they will probably be able to do so in the foreseeable future as well. This is particularly important for employees with a weak individual bargaining position as precarious workers. This is said with reservation, as new, unexpected developments might weaken unions and increase the share of precarious workers in the workforce. As was evident already in the 2010 bargaining round, the tendency of firms to replace regular personnel with workers from temporary agencies emerged as a problem given high priority by blue-collar unions. From a union perspective, this highlights the importance of improving the conditions of precarious workers to make such actions less attractive for employers.
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8.
  • Bednar, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Crisis! What Crisis?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Information Systems: People, Organizations, Institutions and Technologies. - Springer Physica-Verlag. - 978-3-7908-2147-5 ; s. 353-360
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract There is a crisis discussed in the discipline of Information Systems. Those who perceive such a crisis to exist are by no means agreed, as to its nature and origins. Our inquiry shows that there are a three distinct “crises” being debated. The first of these relates to the Substance and boundaries of the discipline itself and if it is even a discipline at all. Another “crisis” relates to higher education and a fall in demand for IS courses from new students. Commentators perceive this to threaten the existence of IS departments in Universities, and to have potentially serious consequences for both research strategies and career paths of academics. Thirdly, there is perception of a crisis in the wider world, characterised by fewer vacancies in IS-relevant occupations whilst, at the same time, employers complain of a shortage of suitably skilled applicants for the vacancies available. This paper examines evidence for the three “crises,” real or imagined, suggested above, in the Information Systems field.
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9.
  • Bednar, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Digital forensic investigations: a new frontier for Informing Systems
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Information Systems: People, Organizations, Institutions and Technologies. - Springer Physica-Verlag. - 978-3-7908-2147-5 ; s. 361-371
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Digital forensic investigators experience a need for support in their everyday struggle to overcome boundary problems associated with cyber crime inves-tigations. Traditional methods are socio-culturally and physically localised and dependent on strict and historically prescriptive political management. The new internet-worked cyber-world creates unprecedented difficulties for digital forensic investigations. This is directly linked with the inherently complex uncertainties and ambiguities related to a constant need for framing and re-framing of problem spaces under investigation. As such, in this paper we propose the recruitment of the discipline of Informing Systems in the context of digital discovery. Early findings of such an exercise indicate that informing systems approaches can assist the investigation process by offering means for structuring uncertainty. As it is accepted that uncertainty is an inherent element in a crime scene, not least in a cyber crime scene, we consider the contribution of Informing Systems vital for the effectiveness of digital forensic investigation practices.
10.
  • Bednar, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Professional desire, competence and engagement in IS context
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Management of the Interconnected World. - Physica-Verlag. - 978-3-7908-2403-2 ; s. 359-366
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper attempts to address the failings of a predominant paradigm in IS research and practice that emphasises technological determinism. This paradigm makes use of a false belief in the power of rationality in organizational decision-making, and a mythology in which organizational actors can be viewed as passive ‘users’ of technology. We wish to create a discussion of the nature and role of professionalism as an expression of more than technical competence. Both system analysts and organizational stakeholders (e.g. ‘users’) are to be viewed as professionals. We discuss desire, exercise of will and their role in professional judgment in relation to transcendent values espoused within communities of practice. We go on to relate this to the environments of Information Systems research and practice. It is pointed out that many researchers, over a number of years, have dealt with these issues in relation to effective management of technological development and organizational change. The paper attempts to encourage renewed attention to interpretivist perspectives on IS development and organizational change, including recognition of the importance of contextual dependencies.
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