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Träfflista för sökning "AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) srt2:(2010-2011);pers:(Carlsson Fredrik 1968);conttype:(refereed)"

Sökning: AMNE:(SOCIAL SCIENCES Business and economics) > (2010-2011) > Carlsson Fredrik 1968 > Refereegranskat

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1.
  • Carlsson, Fredrik, 1968- (författare)
  • Design of Stated Preference Surveys: Is There More to Learn from Behavioral Economics?
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Environmental and Resource Economics. - Springer. - 0924-6460. ; 46:2, s. 167-177
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We discuss the design of stated preference (SP) surveys in light of findings in behavioral economics such as context dependence of preferences, learning, and differences between revealed and normative preferences. More specifically, we discuss four different areas: (1) revealed and normative preferences, (2) learning and constructed preferences, (3) context dependence, and (4) hypothetical bias. We argue that SP methods would benefit from adapting to some of the findings in behavioral economics, but also that behavioral economics may gain insights from studying SP methods.
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2.
  • Asrat, S., et al. (författare)
  • Farmers' preferences for crop variety traits: Lessons for on-farm conservation and technology adoption
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Ecological Economics. - Elsevier. - 0921-8009. ; 69:12, s. 2394-2401
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Although in-situ conservation is increasingly considered an efficient way of conserving plant genetic resources, little is known about the incentives and constraints that govern conservation decisions among small farm holders in developing countries. Using a choice experiment approach, we investigated Ethiopian farmers' crop variety preferences, estimated the mean willingness to pay for each crop variety attribute, and identified household-specific and institutional factors that governed the preferences. We found that environmental adaptability and yield stability are important attributes for farmers' choice of crop varieties. Farmers are willing to forego some extra income or yield to obtain a more stable and environmentally adaptable crop variety. Among other things, household resource endowments (particularly land holdings and livestock ownership), years of farming experience, and contact with extension services are the major factors causing household heterogeneity of crop variety preferences. Based on our experimental results, we derived important policy implications for on-farm conservation, breeding priority setting, and improved variety adoption in Ethiopia. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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3.
  • Carlsson, Fredrik, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Conformity and the demand for environmental goods
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Environmental and Resource Economics. ; 47, s. 407-421
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The existing literature on eco-labeling and green consumerism has been framed within a classical market context where price and quality are the drivers of consumer choice. However, it seems possible that consumers are also concerned about the choices made by other consumers. In fact, it is unclear that people's consumption decisions are made independently of social context. For instance, under the desire to conform to certain social norms-or in the presence of status concerns-some individuals may be willing to pay a higher price premium for green products the more widespread green consumerism is in society. We test this hypothesis using a choice experiment where the respondents were asked to choose among coffee products varying with respect to their share of ecological beans, share of fair trade beans, and price. Three treatments were used, differing only in the information given about the choices made by other consumers. We find different responses to the treatments across individuals and we can only confirm our hypothesis of conformity for women, although men appear to have stronger preferences for ecological coffee than women have.
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4.
  • Carlsson, Fredrik, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Dealing with Ignored Attributes in Choice Experiments on Valuation of Sweden's Environmental Quality Objectives
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Environmental and Resource Economics. - Springer. - 0924-6460. ; 47:1, s. 65-89
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using a choice experiment, this paper investigates how Swedish citizens value three environmental quality objectives. In addition, a follow-up question is used to investigate whether respondents ignored any attributes when responding. The resulting information is used in model estimation by restricting the individual parameters for the ignored attributes to zero. When taking the shares of respondents who took both the environmental and the cost attributes (52-69% of the respondents) into account, then the WTP for each attribute changes if the respondents who ignored the attributes have a zero WTP. At the same time, we find evidence that not all respondents who claimed to have ignored an attribute really did. However, the most commonly ignored non-monetary attributes always have the lowest rankings in terms of WTP across all three environmental objectives. Thus, our results show that instead of ignoring attributes completely, respondents seem to put less weight on the attributes they claimed to have ignored.
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5.
  • Carlsson, Fredrik, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Do EPA administrators recommend environmental policies that citizens want?
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Land Economics. ; 87:1, s. 60-74
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We investigate whether Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administrator recommendations regarding improvements in environmental quality differ from citizen preferences. This is done by conducting identical choice experiments on both citizens and administrators at the EPA. The administrators were asked to choose the alternatives they would recommend as a policy, while the citizens were asked to act as private persons. We find that the rankings of attributes differ between the two groups and that the willingness to pay (WTP) obtained from the choices made by the administrators is higher for five out of the seven attributes, and in some cases the difference between the WTPs is substantial. (JEL D61, Q58)
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6.
  • Carlsson, Fredrik, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Is fairness blind? The effect of framing on preferences for effort-sharing rules
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Ecological Economics. ; 70, s. 1529-1535
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper uses a choice experiment to study citizens' preferences for effort-sharing rules for reducing carbon dioxide emissions. For a given global cost and level of emission reduction, we study the willingness to pay for various rules that imply different distributions of the cost between EU, the US. China and Africa. The focus of this paper is on the use of two different treatments, one where the respondents were informed about the country (or country group) names and one where the names were replaced with anonymous labels A-D. This allows us to test whether people's preferences for effort-sharing rules depend on the framing of the problem. We find that the ranking of the rules and the strength of the preferences are not significantly different between the two treatments, and hence we find no evidence of ingroup bias in preferences for effort-sharing rules. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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8.
  • Carlsson, Fredrik, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Scale factors and hypothetical referenda: A clarifying note
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. - Elsevier. - 0095-0696. ; 59:3, s. 286-292
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this note we explore in detail the importance of, and problems associated with, correcting for variance differences between data sets obtained from hypothetical and real referenda. We show that a previous discussion in the literature rests on a problematic estimation of the relative scale factor. The implications are illustrated with data from Cummings et al. (1997) [5], as well as with simulated data. Moreover, we propose a concrete methodology for how to analyze cases where it is difficult, or even impossible, to estimate the relative scale factor due to informational limitations, such as when there is no variation of the bid. We conclude that it is valuable to be able to separate behavioral differences into variance differences and parameter differences in the underlying objective function. Yet, we argue that when using the results to interpret the results of other hypothetical referenda, it is sometimes the net effect, i.e., without correction for scale differences, that matters. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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9.
  • Carlsson, Fredrik, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • The Effect of Power Outages and Cheap Talk on Willingness to Pay to Reduce Outages
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Energy Economics. ; 33, s. 790-798
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using an open-ended contingent valuation survey, we analyze how (i) experience of a power outage due to one of the worst storms ever to hit Sweden and (ii) a cheap talk script affect respondents' WTP to avoid power outages. Experience significantly increases and a cheap talk script significantly decreases the proportion of respondents with zero WTP, and as a result stated WTP is lower with experience and the cheap talk script. The paper concludes with a discussion on the use of valuation studies shortly after the occurrence of an undesirable event. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V.
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