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Sökning: AMNE:(TVÄRVETENSKAPLIGA FORSKNINGSOMRÅDEN) > Ahlström Gerd > Örebro universitet

  • Resultat 1-10 av 53
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1.
  • Fen Tang, Ping, et al. (författare)
  • Chinese nurses' ethical concerns in a neurological ward.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 14:6, s. 810-824
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Our aim was to describe Chinese nurses' experiences of workplace distress and ethical dilemmas on a neurological ward. Qualitative interviews were performed with 20 nurses. On using latent content analysis, themes emerged in four content areas: ethical dilemmas, workplace distress, quality of nursing and managing distress. The ethical dilemmas were: (1) conflicting views on optimal treatment and nursing; (2) treatment choice meeting with financial constraints; and (3) misalignment of nursing responsibilities, competence and available resources. The patients' relatives lacked respect for the nurses' skills. Other dilemmas could be traced to the transition from a planned to a market economy, resulting in an excessive workload and treatment withdrawal for financial reasons. Lack of resources was perceived as an obstacle to proper patient care in addition to hospital organization, decreasing the quality of nursing, and increasing moral and workplace distress. The nurses managed mainly by striving for competence, which gave them hope for the future.
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2.
  • Pettersson, Ingvor, et al. (författare)
  • Lifeworld perspectives on assistive devices : lived experiences of spouses of persons with stroke
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. - London : Taylor & Francis. - 1103-8128. ; 12:4, s. 159-169
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to explore how spouses of persons with a disability following stroke describe their lived experiences regarding assistive devices in everyday life. A phenomenological lifeworld approach was used and conversational interviews were conducted with 12 spouses. Their lived experiences of assistive devices were explored in relation to four lifeworld existentials intertwined in everyday life. The results showed that lived body concerns aspects of feelings, habits, and incorporation of the devices with one's own body. The devices are, from the spouses' perspective, a prerequisite for their partner with stroke living at home. Successively the devices are incorporated into the couples' homes, and they provide a new view of the environment, aspects related to lived space. The devices bring about a changed relation to lived time, related to past, present, and future. Further, lived human relation concerns changed relationships to husbands/wives with stroke, including a great responsibility due to the devices and their usage. The results also included stigmatizing aspects and a twofold relationship to health professionals regarding participation in decisions about prescribing assistive devices. Understanding the unique meaning of assistive devices from the spouses' perspective is vital for occupational therapists prescribing such devices.
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3.
  • Pettersson, Ingvor, et al. (författare)
  • The value of an outdoor powered wheelchair with regard to the quality of life of persons with stroke : a follow-up study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Assistive technology. - New York, NY : Demos. - 1040-0435. ; 19:3, s. 143-153
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Evaluating the use of a powered wheelchair is of importance because of the increasing number of people with disabilities who are provided with one. The aim of this study is to describe characteristics of persons with stroke using an outdoor powered wheelchair and to evaluate the impact of the wheelchair on quality of life. A further aim is to compare the impact on quality of life in respect to age, gender, different disability characteristics, and living conditions. The 32 participants with stroke were recruited consecutively from three county council areas in Sweden. A follow-up design was applied including the EuroQol-5D questionnaires at baseline before the persons were prescribed an outdoor powered wheelchair, and after the participants had used the wheelchair for 3 to 5 months, data were collected by means of the EuroQol-5D and the Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Devices Scale (PIADS). The results indicated an improved quality of life with respect to the items competence, independence, capability, quality of life, well-being, happiness, and self-esteem on the PIADS. The usual activity dimension on the EuroQol-5D showed a significant improvement after wheelchair use. The group who drove the powered wheelchair at least once a day in the summer showed a more positive score on the total PIADS and its Competence subscale than persons who drove less. Furthermore, the group with higher rankings of the importance of the powered wheelchair scored higher on psychosocial impact than did the group with lower rankings. The conclusion is that the powered wheelchair mostly has a positive impact on the quality of life of users with stroke. Service providers should be alert, however, to the possible negative impact of a powered wheelchair on quality of life and support the user.
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4.
  • Boström, Katrin, et al. (författare)
  • Being the next of kin of an adult person with muscular dystrophy
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Clinical Nursing Research. - 1054-7738. ; 15:2, s. 86-104
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A chronic disorder affects all members of the family in various ways. The aim of this study is to elucidate the next of kin's (N= 36) experiences when an adult family member has muscular dystrophy. The relationships were partner (36%, n= 14), parent (18%, n= 7), child (21%, n= 8), sibling (15%, n= 6), and other relative (3%, n= 1). Latent content analysis is employed and involves an interpretation of the interviewtext. The results showthe meaning of being close to a person with muscular dystrophy through the themes that emerged: exposure of the family; the span between obligation and love; being vigilant, protective, and supportive; and striving for an ordinary life. This study reveals a need for healthcare staff to understand the next of kin's narrated meaning of changes when a family member has a progressive disease.
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5.
  • Edvardsson, Tanja, et al. (författare)
  • Subjective quality of life in persons with low-grade glioma and their next of kin
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. - Baltimore, Md. : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0342-5282. ; 32:1, s. 64-70
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with low-grade glioma have a longer survival than patients with highly malignant glioma, and for this reason questions of quality of life (QoL) are of particular importance to such patients as well as to their next of kin. No studies have been found in which both adult patients with low-grade glioma and their next of kin have estimated their own QoL. This study was therefore designed to investigate the subjective QoL of these two groups. Thirty-nine patients with low-grade glioma selected from a well-defined county population and 27 next of kin participated in the study. The questionnaire used in the study was the subjective estimation of QoL. The main results and conclusions are as follows: the variable absence of work/meaningful occupation showed statistically significant lower ratings among patients than among next of kin. The results show significant influence mainly on the patients' and their next of kin's internal psychological condition; related to background variables but the pattern in the results was inconsistent. There is a need for recurrent rehabilitation during this long-term disease, and a need to give vocational rehabilitation to support the patient's desire to have a meaningful occupation. It is also of importance to include the patient's next of kin when offering rehabilitation.
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6.
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7.
  • Pettersson, Ingvor, et al. (författare)
  • Lifeworld perspectives utilizing assistive devices : individuals, lived experience following a stroke
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy / Revue Canadienne d`Ergotèrapie. - Toronto : Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists. - 0008-4174. ; 74:1, s. 15-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: In lifeworld research, the individual's experience of meaning is of primary importance.PURPOSE: This paper explores how individuals post stroke who have a disability, described their personal meaning and lived experiences associated with the use of assistive devices.METHODS: A hermeneutic-phenomenological research approach was used. A conversational interview was conducted with 22 post-stroke individuals regarding their daily experiences utilizing assistive devices.RESULTS: The results showed a dual experience regarding the use of assistive devices, which is often complex and contradictory. The devices were viewed as a prerequisite for well-being and independence but at the same time, the devices gave rise to negative feelings because of the restrictions implied by their use. These dual experiences were explored in relation to the lived body, space, relations to others, and time.PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The results of this study will facilitate occupational therapists understanding of an individual's experiences utilizing assistive devices and their need for support with this process.
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8.
  • Pettersson, Ingvor, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of an outdoor powered wheelchair on activity and participation in users with stroke
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. - Abingdon, Oxford, UK : Taylor & Francis. - 1748-3107. ; 1:4, s. 235-243
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose.Persons with disabilities after stroke are often restricted in activity and participation in society because of mobility limitations. An outdoor powered wheelchair may be one among other interventions in a rehabilitation programme. The aim of this study was to describe and compare activity limitations and participation restrictions in persons with stroke from their own perspective, before and after using an outdoor powered wheelchair. Method. At baseline and follow-up two instruments were used: Individually Prioritized Problem Assessment (IPPA) and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHODAS II). Results. The results indicated that the powered wheelchair has a great positive effect on activity and participation assessed with IPPA. The results also showed that most of the participants' problems could be categorised as belonging to the domain of 'Community, social and civic life' according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and the effect size in this domain was large (2.4) after the participants had used the wheelchair. Conclusion. An outdoor powered wheelchair is an essential device for persons with disability after stroke with regard to overcoming activity limitations and participation restrictions in everyday life.
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9.
  • Svantesson, Mia, et al. (författare)
  • Nurses’ and physicians’ opinions on aggressiveness of treatment for general ward patients
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Nursing Ethics. - 0969-7330. ; 13:2, s. 147-162
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to evaluate agreement between nurses’ and physicians’ opinions regarding aggressiveness of treatment and to investigate and compare the rationales on which their opinions were based. Structured interviews regarding 714 patients were performed on seven general wards of a university hospital. The data gathered were then subjected to qualitative and quantitative analyses. There was 86% agreement between nurses’ and physicians’ opinions regarding full or limited treatment when the answers given as ‘uncertain’ were excluded. Agreement was less (77%) for patients with a life expectancy of less than one year. Disagreements were not associated with professional status because the physicians considered limiting life-sustaining treatment as often as the nurses. A broad spectrum of rationales was given but the results focus mostly on those for full treatment. The nurses and the physicians had similar bases for their opinions. For the majority of the patients, medical rationales were used, but age and quality of life were also expressed as important determinants. When considering full treatment, nurses used quality-of-life rationales for significantly more patients than the physicians. Respect for patients’ wishes had a minor influence.
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10.
  • Widar, Marita, et al. (författare)
  • Living with long-term pain after stroke
  • 2007
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • ObjectivesThe general aim of this thesis was to classify and describe long-term pain two years after a stroke and to describe the experiences of pain, and the consequences it has on the persons’ lives.Material and methodsThe studies comprised 43 persons, 13 women and 30 men, aged 33-82 years, with pain after stroke and no other major pain conditions and able to participate in an interview and independently answer questionnaires.The studies were conducted from a multidimensional perspective on pain, combining quantitative and qualitative methods. Clinical examinations were somatic, neurological and Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST). The Pain-O-Meter, ADL staircase, Self-reported impairment, SF-36 and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used. Qualitative interviews were performed and analyzed with content analysis.ResultsThree types of pain were classified: Neuropathic (central post-stroke pain) (n=15), nociceptive/mainly shoulder pain (n=18) and tension-type headache (n=10). Pain onset, within one to six months in most of the cases was after discharge from the hospital. Continuous pain or pain almost every day was reported by nearly two-thirds. The pain was mostly described as troublesome, annoying and tiring in all groups. The rating of pain intensity revealed individual differences among the participants within the pain groups. In addition to long-term pain, the participants suffered several impairments and nearly half of them were dependent on others, and two-thirds on assistive devices. Several coping strategies were described, most often problem-focused. Their health-related quality of life was decreased, mostly related to their long-term pain and physical impairments. Their experiences of caring revealed the need of improvements in knowledge about long-term pain, attention and understanding among the professionals, and continuity in the contacts.ConclusionAll professionals need knowledge about pain conditions after stroke. Pain assessment and classification, regular follow-up and documentation are required in order to prevent unnecessary suffering. Patients need attention, understanding and continuity in contacts with professionals. Further, information and education about pain and treatment/caring interventions are required in the case of both the sufferer and next of kin.
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