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Sökning: FÖRF:(Per-Anders Edin)

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1.
  • Edin, Per-Anders, et al. (författare)
  • The Rising Return to Non-cognitive Skills*
  • 2018
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We examine the changes in the rewards to cognitive and non-cognitive skill during the time period 1992-2013. Using unique administrative data for Sweden, we document a secular increase in the returns to non-cognitive skill. This increase is particularly pronounced in the private sector, at the upper-end of the wage distribution, and relative to the evolution of the return to cognitive skill. Sorting across occupations responded to changes in the returns to skills. Workers with an abundance of non-cognitive skill were increasingly sorted into abstract and non-routine occupations, for example. Such occupations also saw greater increases in the relative return to non-cognitive skill. This suggests that the optimal skill mixes of jobs have changed over time, that there is sorting on comparative advantage, and that demand-side factors are primarily driving the evolution of the return to non-cognitive skill. Consistent with this, we also show that hikes in offshoring and IT-investments increase the relative reward to non-cognitive skill and the relative intensity of non-cognitive skill usage.
2.
  • KC, Ashish, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Scaling up quality improvement intervention for perinatal care in Nepal (NePeriQIP); study protocol of a cluster randomised trial
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: BMJ global health. ; 2:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Nepal Perinatal Quality Improvement Project (NePeriQIP) intends to scale up a quality improvement (QI) intervention for perinatal care according to WHO/National guidelines in hospitals of Nepal using the existing health system structures. The intervention builds on previous research on the implementation of Helping Babies Breathe-quality improvement cycle in a tertiary healthcare setting in Nepal. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of this scaled-up intervention on perinatal health outcomes.METHODS/DESIGN: Cluster-randomised controlled trial using a stepped wedged design with 3 months delay between wedges will be conducted in 12 public hospitals with a total annual delivery rate of 60 000. Each wedge will consist of 3 hospitals. Impact will be evaluated on intrapartum-related mortality (primary outcome), overall neonatal mortality and morbidity and health worker's performance on neonatal care (secondary outcomes). A process evaluation and a cost-effectiveness analysis will be performed to understand the functionality of the intervention and to further guide health system investments will also be performed.DISCUSSION: In contexts where resources are limited, there is a need to find scalable and sustainable implementation strategies for improved care delivery. The proposed study will add to the scarce evidence base on how to scale up interventions within existing health systems. If successful, the NePeriQIP model can provide a replicable solution in similar settings where support and investment from the health system is poor, and national governments have made a global pledge to reduce perinatal mortality.TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN30829654.
3.
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4.
  • Björklund, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Arbetsmarknaden
  • 2014
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  •  
5.
  • Björklund, Anders, 1950-, et al. (författare)
  • Arbetsmarknaden
  • 2014
  • Bok (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  •  
6.
  • Åslund, Olof, et al. (författare)
  • Peers, Neighborhoods, and Immigrant Student Achievement – Evidence from a Placement Policy
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: American Economic Journal : Applied Economics. - 1945-7782. ; 3:2, s. 67-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We examine to what extent immigrant school performance is affected by the characteristics of the neighborhoods that they grow up in. We address this issue using a refugee placement policy that provides exogenous variation in the initial place of residence in Sweden. The main result is that school performance is increasing in the number of highly educated adults sharing the subject's ethnicity. A standard deviation increase in the fraction of high-educated in the assigned neighborhood raises compulsory school GPA by 0.8 percentile ranks. Particularly for disadvantaged groups, there are also long-run effects on educational attainment. (JEL I21, J15, R23)
  •  
7.
  • Åslund, Olof, et al. (författare)
  • Peers, neighborhoods and immigrant student achievement - evidence from a placement policy
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We examine to what extent immigrant school performance is affected by the characteristics of the neighborhoods that they grow up in. We address this issue using a refugee placement policy which provides exogenous variation in the initial place of residence in Sweden. The main result is that school performance is increasing in the number of highly educated adults sharing the subject’s ethnicity. A standard deviation increase in the fraction of high-educated in the assigned neighborhood raises compulsory school GPA by 0.9 percentile ranks. Particularly for disadvantaged groups, there are also long-run effects on educational attainment.
8.
  • Åslund, Olof, et al. (författare)
  • Peers, neighborhoods and immigrant student achievement -evidence from a placement policy
  • 2010
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We examine to what extent immigrant school performance is affected by the characteristics of the neighborhoods that they grow up in. We address this issue using a refugee placement policy which provides exogenous variation in the initial place of residence in Sweden. The main result is that school performance is increasing in the number of highly educated adults sharing the subject’s ethnicity. A standard deviation increase in the fraction of high-educated in the assigned neighborhood raises compulsory school GPA by 0.9 percentile ranks. Particularly for disadvantaged groups, there are also long-run effects on educational attainment.
9.
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10.
  • Åslund, Olof, et al. (författare)
  • Peers, neighborhoods and immigrant student achievement evidence from a placement policy
  • 2009
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Immigrants typically perform worse than other students in the OECD countries. We examine to what extent this is due to the population characteristics of the neighborhoods that immigrants grow up in. We address this issue using a governmental refugee placement policy which provides exogenous variation in the initial place of residence in Sweden. The main result is that, for a given share of immigrants in a neighborhood, immigrant school performance is increasing in the number of higly educated adults sharing the subject's ethnicity. A standard deviation increase in the fraction of highly educated adults in the assigned neighborhood increases compulsory school GPA by 0.9 percentile ranks. This magnitude corresponds to a tenth of the gap in student performance between refugee immigrant and native-born children. We also provide tentative evidence that the overall share of immigrants in the neighborhood has a negative effect on GPA.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 58
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