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  • Ahlgren, Inger (författare)
  • Utbildningsplaner och reformimplementering : Sjuksköterskeutbildningen i fokus
  • 2000
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This study describes the course of events within the area of health care with regard to two educational reforms in Sweden: the 1982 reform of certain middle length health care education called the Health Care 77 reform and the 1993 University and College reform. As a result of the first of these reforms, the nursing education was transformed from an education on the secondary school level to a university college level.The present study which has its underpinnings within the implementation process has twoaims: first to clarify the governmental intentions and to illustrate how these intentions wereinterpreted and formulated by those in charge of executing the reforms and secondly toinvestigate to what degree other factors than those directly connected to the actual reformshave influenced the content and form of the operative activities.The frame of reference describes the problems of political governing of education as twofold: the process of making political decisions and the process of executing those decisions.The reality where the goals are formulated and reality where goals are realized are governedby different contingencies, which may be difficult to bridge between. In the present study, thepolitical governing of a reform is seen in a curriculum theoretical perspective and theexecution of the reform is seen in an organization theoretical perspective.The empirical material in this study entails primarily government and local documentssupplemented by interview studies along with studies of correspondence studies with thoseinvolved in the units of interest.There are two main results of this study. The first result was that the formal politicalgoverning of an education has a certain impact but that the informal execution of a reformwill be dependent upon the values and culture of those in the local organization. The secondresult showed that the implementation process entails two phases: a transformation phasewhere government directives are reformulated into local documents and an implementationphase where the local documents are executed in an activity. Commonly, researchers includethe transformation phase within the implementation process but the results of this studysuggest that it may be of greater value to view the transformation phase as phenomena, whichcan be both defined and studied on its own.
  • Andersson, Anders (författare)
  • Mångkulturalism och svensk folkhögskola : Studie av en möjlig mötesarena
  • 1999
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The purpose of this study is to analyze the Swedish folk high school as a possible arena for multicultural encounters. This is done at two levels. One is the so called institutional level, where an attempt is made to identify the underlying set of values of the folk high school in a multicultural perspective. The other is the organizational level, which is the local folk high school as a possible arena of encounters. These two levels can also be termed arenas of formulation and realization.The major part is the field study at four schools. An attempt has been made to find out to what extent the schools live up to the criteria for arenas of multicultural encounter thatare identified from official governmental documents and related research. In other words, to relate the arenas of formulation and realization to one another.These criteria imply that the task of the folk high school in this respect is to develop and strengthen ethnorelative attitudes among its students and to equip them for communicative actions.The field study of the arena of realization, the local folk high school, has shed light onsome aspects of the multicultural encounter. There are indications that the folk highschool has the potentiality for living up to the above-mentioned criteria. However, thispotentiality is not being used in full, neither by governmental agencies nor by the actorson the local arena.
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