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  • Maret-Ouda, John, et al. (författare)
  • Antireflux surgery and risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma : a systematic review and meta-analysis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgery. - Stockholm : Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Molecular Medicine and Surgery. - 0003-4932. ; 263:2, s. 251-257
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To investigate the preventive effect of antireflux surgery against esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), compared to medical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and to the background population. Background: GERD is causally associated with EAC. Effective symptomatic treatment can be achieved with medication and antireflux surgery, yet the possible preventive effect on EAC development remains unclear. Methods: This systematic review identified 10 studies comparing EAC risk following antireflux surgery with non-operated GERD patients, including 7 studies of patients with Barrett’s esophagus; and 2 studies comparing EAC risk after antireflux surgery to the background population. A fixed-effects Poisson meta-analysis was conducted to calculate pooled incidence rate ratios (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: The pooled IRR in patients following antireflux surgery was 0.76 (95% CI 0.42-1.39) compared to medically treated GERD patients. In patients with Barrett’s esophagus, the corresponding IRR was 0.46 (95% CI 0.20-1.08), and 0.26 (95% CI 0.09-0.79) when restricted to publications after 2000. There was no difference in EAC risk between antireflux surgery and medical treatment in GERD patients without known Barrett’s esophagus (IRR 0.98, 95% CI 0.72-1.33). The EAC risk remained elevated in patients following antireflux surgery compared to the background population (IRR 10.78, 95% CI 8.48-13.71). While the clinical heterogeneity of the included studies was high, the statistical heterogeneity was low. Conclusions: Antireflux surgery may prevent EAC better than medical therapy in patients with Barrett’s esophagus. The EAC risk following antireflux surgery does not seem to revert to that of the background population.
  • Ahl, Rebecka, 1987-, et al. (författare)
  • β-Blockade in Rectal Cancer Surgery : A Simple Measure of Improving Outcomes
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgery. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0003-4932 .- 1528-1140. ; 271:1, s. 140-146
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether regular β-blocker exposure can improve short- and long-term outcomes after rectal cancer surgery.BACKGROUND: Surgery for rectal cancer is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. There is increasing evidence to suggest that there is a survival benefit in patients exposed to β-blockers undergoing non-cardiac surgery. Studies investigating the effects on outcomes in patients subjected to surgery for rectal cancer are lacking.METHODS: All adult patients undergoing elective abdominal resection for rectal cancer over a 10-year period were recruited from the prospectively collected Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry. Patients were subdivided according to preoperative β-blocker exposure status. Outcomes of interest were 30-day complications, 30-day cause-specific mortality, and 1-year all-cause mortality. The association between β-blocker use and outcomes were analyzed using Poisson regression model with robust standard errors for 30-day complications and cause-specific mortality. One-year survival was assessed using Cox proportional hazards regression model.RESULTS: A total of 11,966 patients were included in the current study, of whom 3513 (29.36%) were exposed to regular preoperative β-blockers. A significant decrease in 30-day mortality was detected (incidence rate ratio = 0.06, 95% confidence interval: 0.03-0.13, P < 0.001). Deaths of cardiovascular nature, respiratory origin, sepsis, and multiorgan failure were significantly lower in β-blocker users, as were the incidences in postoperative infection and anastomotic failure. The β-blocker positive group had significantly better survival up to 1 year postoperatively with a risk reduction of 57% (hazard ratio = 0.43, 95% confidence interval: 0.37-0.52, P < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative β-blocker use is strongly associated with improved survival and morbidity after abdominal resection for rectal cancer.
  • Andersson, Roland, 1950-, et al. (författare)
  • Nonsurgical treatment of appendiceal abscess or phlegmon : A systematic review and meta-analysis
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgery. - 0003-4932 .- 1528-1140. ; 246:5, s. 741-748
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of the nonsurgical treatment of patients with appendiceal abscess or phlegmon, with emphasis on the success rate, need for drainage of abscesses, risk of undetected serious disease, and need for interval appendectomy to prevent recurrence. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Patients with appendiceal abscess or phlegmon are traditionally managed by nonsurgical treatment and interval appendectomy. This practice is controversial with proponents of immediate surgery and others questioning the need for interval appendectomy. METHODS: A Medline search identified 61 studies published between January 1964 and December 2005 reporting on the results of nonsurgical treatment of appendiceal abscess or phlegmon. The results were pooled taking the potential clustering on the study-level into account. A meta-analysis of the morbidity after immediate surgery compared with that after nonsurgical treatment was performed. RESULTS: Appendiceal abscess or phlegmon is found in 3.8% (95% confidence interval (CI), 2.6-4.9) of patients with appendicitis. Nonsurgical treatment fails in 7.2% (CI: 4.0-10.5). The need for drainage of an abscess is 19.7% (CI: 11.0-28.3). Immediate surgery is associated with a higher morbidity compared with nonsurgical treatment (odds ratio, 3.3, CI: 1.9-5.6, P < 0.001). After successful nonsurgical treatment, a malignant disease is detected in 1.2% (CI: 0.6-1.7) and an important benign disease in 0.7% (CI: 0.2-11.9) during follow-up. The risk of recurrence is 7.4% (CI: 3.7-11.1). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this review of mainly retrospective studies support the practice of nonsurgical treatment without interval appendectomy in patients with appendiceal abscess or phlegmon. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
  • Angenete, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Laparoscopic Lavage Is Feasible and Safe for the Treatment of Perforated Diverticulitis With Purulent Peritonitis The First Results From the Randomized Controlled Trial DILALA
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgery. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0003-4932 .- 1528-1140. ; 263:1, s. 117-122
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective:To evaluate short-term outcomes of a new treatment for perforated diverticulitis with purulent peritonitis in a randomized controlled trial.Background:Perforated diverticulitis with purulent peritonitis (Hinchey III) has traditionally been treated with surgery including colon resection and stoma (Hartmann procedure) with considerable postoperative morbidity and mortality. Laparoscopic lavage has been suggested as a less invasive surgical treatment.Methods:Laparoscopic lavage was compared with colon resection and stoma in a randomized controlled multicenter trial, DILALA (ISRCTN82208287). Initial diagnostic laparoscopy showing Hinchey III was followed by randomization. Clinical data was collected up to 12 weeks postoperatively.Results: Eighty-three patients were randomized, out of whom 39 patients in laparoscopic lavage and 36 patients in the Hartmann procedure groups were available for analysis. Morbidity and mortality after laparoscopic lavage did not differ when compared with the Hartmann procedure. Laparoscopic lavage resulted in shorter operating time, shorter time in the recovery unit, and shorter hospital stay.Conclusions:In this trial, laparoscopic lavage as treatment for patients with perforated diverticulitis Hinchey III was feasible and safe in the short-term.
  • Annebäck, Matilda, et al. (författare)
  • Risk of Permanent Hypoparathyroidism After Total Thyroidectomy for Benign Disease : A Nationwide Population-based Cohort Study From Sweden.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgery. - 0003-4932 .- 1528-1140.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors for permanent hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy for benign disease in a population-based setting with data independent of input of complication data.SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The reported rate of permanent hypoparathyroidism is highly variable and mostly rely on reported complication data from national or institutional registries.METHODS: All patients who underwent total thyroidectomy in Sweden from 2005 to 2015 were identified through Scandinavian Quality Register for Thyroid, Parathyroid and Adrenal Surgery and the Swedish National Patient Register. Patients were matched to outcome data from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register. Permanent hypoparathyroidism was defined as treatment with calcium and/or active vitamin D more than 1 year after surgery.RESULTS: Seven thousand eight hundred fifty-two patients were included and 938 (12.5%) developed permanent hypoparathyroidism. The risk was lower in patients registered in the quality register (11.0% vs 16%, P < 0.001). In a multivariable analysis there was a higher risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism in patients with parathyroid autotransplantation [Odds ratio (OR) 1.72; 95% confidence interval 1.47-2.01], center-volume <100 thyroidectomies per year (OR 1.22; 1.03-1.44), age above 60 year (OR 1.64; 1.36-1.98) and female sex (OR 1.27; 1.05-1.54). Reported data from the quality register only identified 178 of all 938 patients with permanent hypoparathyroidism.CONCLUSION: The risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy was high and associated with parathyroid autotransplantation, higher age, female sex and surgery at a low volume center. Reported follow-up data might underestimate the rate of permanent hypoparathyroidism.
  • Arver, Brita, et al. (författare)
  • Bilateral Prophylactic Mastectomy in Swedish Women at High Risk of Breast Cancer: A National Survey.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Annals of surgery. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1528-1140 .- 0003-4932. ; 253:6, s. 1147-1154
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE:: This study attempted a national inventory of all bilateral prophylactic mastectomies performed in Sweden between 1995 and 2005 in high-risk women without a previous breast malignancy. The primary aim was to investigate the breast cancer incidence after surgery. Secondary aims were to describe the preoperative risk assessment, operation techniques, complications, histopathological findings, and regional differences. METHODS:: Geneticists, oncologists and surgeons performing prophylactic breast surgery were asked to identify all women eligible for inclusion in their region. The medical records were reviewed in each region and the data were analyzed centrally. The BOADICEA risk assessment model was used to calculate the number of expected/prevented breast cancers during the follow-up period. RESULTS:: A total of 223 women operated on in 8 hospitals were identified. During a mean follow-up of 6.6 years, no primary breast cancer was observed compared with 12 expected cases. However, 1 woman succumbed 9 years post mastectomy to widespread adenocarcinoma of uncertain origin. Median age at operation was 40 years. A total of 58% were BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. All but 3 women underwent breast reconstruction, 208 with implants and 12 with autologous tissue. Four small, unifocal, invasive cancers and 4 ductal carcinoma in situ were found in the mastectomy specimens. The incidence of nonbreast related complications was low (3%). Implant loss due to infection/necrosis occurred in 21 women (10%) but a majority received a new implant later. In total, 64% of the women underwent at least 1unanticipated secondary operation. CONCLUSIONS:: Bilateral prophylactic mastectomy is safe and efficacious in reducing future breast cancer in asymptomatic women at high risk. Unanticipated reoperations are common. Given the small number of patients centralization seems justified.
  • Asbun, H.J., et al. (författare)
  • The Miami International Evidence-based Guidelines on Minimally Invasive Pancreas Resection
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Annals of Surgery. - : Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. - 0003-4932 .- 1528-1140. ; 271:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of this study was to develop and externally validate the first evidence-based guidelines on minimally invasive pancreas resection (MIPR) before and during the International Evidence-based Guidelines on Minimally Invasive Pancreas Resection (IG-MIPR) meeting in Miami (March 2019).Summary Background Data: MIPR has seen rapid development in the past decade. Promising outcomes have been reported by early adopters from high-volume centers. Subsequently, multicenter series as well as randomized controlled trials were reported; however, guidelines for clinical practice were lacking. Methods: The Scottisch Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) methodology was used, incorporating these 4 items: systematic reviews using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases to answer clinical questions, whenever possible in PICO style, the GRADE approach for assessment of the quality of evidence, the Delphi method for establishing consensus on the developed recommendations, and the AGREE-II instrument for the assessment of guideline quality and external validation. The current guidelines are cosponsored by the International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association, the Americas Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association, the Asian-Pacific Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association, the European-African Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association, the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery, Pancreas Club, the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgery, the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract, and the Society of Surgical Oncology. Results: After screening 16,069 titles, 694 studies were reviewed, and 291 were included. The final 28 recommendations covered 6 topics; laparoscopic and robotic distal pancreatectomy, central pancreatectomy, pancreatoduodenectomy, as well as patient selection, training, learning curve, and minimal annual center volume required to obtain optimal outcomes and patient safety.Conclusion: The IG-MIPR using SIGN methodology give guidance to surgeons, hospital administrators, patients, and medical societies on the use and outcome of MIPR as well as the approach to be taken regarding this challenging type of surgery. © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
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