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Sökning: L773:0007 0920 OR L773:1532 1827 > (1995-1999)

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21.
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22.
  • Bornefalk, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Trends in breast cancer mortality among Swedish women 1953-92: analyses by age, period and birth cohort
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920. ; 72:2, s. 493-497
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Trends in breast cancer mortality among Swedish women were explored on the basis of all 51 048 deaths in women 30-89 years of age in Sweden during the period 1953-92. The age-standardised mortality rates were virtually unchanged during the observation period (with a mean of 32 deaths per 100 000 females and year), as were age-specific rates. In age-period-cohort analyses, age alone explained almost all of the variation in the rates. The effects of period and cohort were statistically significant, but very modest. Cohort effects seemed to explain more than period effects, and a weak downward trend starting with women born in 1883-92 was noted. A change in 1981 in the policy to classify the causes of death from the death certificates seemed to entail an artificial lowering of the mortality rates in women older than 75 years. It is concluded that breast cancer mortality in Sweden during the last 40 years has been remarkably stable, in spite of a substantial and constant increase in the incidence. This divergence between mortality and incidence reflects improved survival, which could in part be explained by earlier detection and more efficient treatment, or by an increasing occurrence of less aggressive tumours.</p>
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23.
  • Brandt, L, et al. (författare)
  • Blood transfusion as a risk factor for non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0007-0920. ; 73:9, s. 1148-1151
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In a case-control study of 280 out of 426 consecutive patients with a recent diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and 1827 control subjects, 53 (19%) and 230 (13%) respectively had received blood transfusions 1 year or more before the interview. Using an age- and sex-stratified analysis the odds ratio (OR) for transfusion was 1.74 (95% CI 1.24-2.44). ORs were also determined for transfusions received in the intervals 1-5, 6-15, 16-25 and > or = 26 years before diagnosis. In the interval 6-15 years, the OR for transfusion was 2.83 (95% CI 1.60-4.99) whereas ORs for transfusions received in other intervals were lower and not significantly elevated. Histological diagnoses (Kiel classification) and results of staging procedures were known for 185 patients. For low-grade NHL of nodal B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) or immunocytoma type, the OR for transfusions was 4.15 (95% CI 1.92-9.01). For low-grade nodal lymphomas of follicle centre cell type and high-grade nodal lymphomas, no relation to transfusions could be demonstrated. For high-grade extranodal lymphoma as sole manifestation, OR for transfusions was 3.27 (95% CI 1.30-8.24). It is concluded that blood transfusion may be a risk factor for NHLs especially those of B-CLL or immunocytoma type and for high-grade extranodal lymphoma.
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24.
  • Bratt, O, et al. (författare)
  • CAG repeat length in the androgen receptor gene is related to age at diagnosis of prostate cancer and response to endocrine therapy, but not to prostate cancer risk
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0007-0920. ; 81:4, s. 6-672
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The length of the polymorphic CAG repeat in the N-terminal of the androgen receptor (AR) gene is inversely correlated with the transactivation function of the AR. Some studies have indicated that short CAG repeats are related to higher risk of prostate cancer. We performed a case-control study to investigate relations between CAG repeat length and prostate cancer risk, tumour grade, tumour stage, age at diagnosis and response to endocrine therapy. The study included 190 AR alleles from prostate cancer patients and 186 AR alleles from female control subjects. All were whites from southern Sweden. The frequency distribution of CAG repeat length was strikingly similar for cases and controls, and no significant correlation between CAG repeat length and prostate cancer risk was detected. However, for men with non-hereditary prostate cancer (n = 160), shorter CAG repeats correlated with younger age at diagnosis (P = 0.03). There were also trends toward associations between short CAG repeats and high grade (P = 0.07) and high stage (P = 0.07) disease. Furthermore, we found that patients with long CAG repeats responded better to endocrine therapy, even after adjusting for pretreatment level of prostate-specific antigen and tumour grade and stage (P = 0.05). We conclude that short CAG repeats in the AR gene correlate with young age at diagnosis of prostate cancer, but not with higher risk of the disease. Selection of patients with early onset prostate cancer in case-control studies could therefore lead to an over-estimation of the risk of prostate cancer for men with short CAG repeats. An association between long CAG repeats and good response to endocrine therapy was also found, but the mechanism and clinical relevance are unclear.
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26.
  • Ejeskär, K, et al. (författare)
  • Loss of heterozygosity of 3p markers in neuroblastoma tumours implicate a tumour-suppressor locus distal to the FHIT gene.
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: British journal of cancer. - 0007-0920. ; 77:11, s. 1787-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neuroblastoma is a heterogeneous childhood tumour of the sympathetic nervous system, in which deletions of chromosomal region 1p and amplification of the MYCN oncogene correlate with aggressive tumour behaviour. However, the majority of neuroblastoma tumours show neither of these aberrations, indicating that other chromosomal regions may be involved in tumorigenesis. Here, we report findings of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 3. In our neuroblastoma material, nine of 59 (15.3%) tested tumours showed allelic loss of chromosome 3p markers. We found significant clinical and biological differences between tumours with the loss of one entire chromosome 3 vs tumours with partial loss in chromosome region 3p. All children with tumours with whole chromosome 3 loss are long-term survivors, whereas all children with tumours showing partial 3p LOH have died from tumour progression. A consensus region found to be deleted in all the tumours with 3p deletions was defined by markers D3S1286 and D3S1295, i.e. 3p25.3-p14.3, distal to the FHIT gene.
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