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Sökning: L773:0016 7185 OR L773:1872 9398

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  • [1]234567Nästa
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1.
  • Alatalo, Juha M., et al. (författare)
  • The Swedish system : The image cracking when taking a closer look
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 53, s. 82-83
  • Forskningsöversikt (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Sweden has a high international profile regarding social issues and projects an image as one of the best countries in the world in terms of social indicators. Here we argue for a revised view as the reality is that Swedish system is very segregated, particularly in terms of (1) relative lack of women in positions of high influence, (2) it is the worst country in the EU28 regarding long-term unemployment for people born outside the country, and (3) it has a education system that after a number of reforms is involved in a "race towards the bottom" to profit from students. At the same time Sweden undervalues foreign academic qualifications and getting work largely depends on "who you know", not "what you know".
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2.
  • Christophers, Brett (författare)
  • Against (the idea of) financial markets
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 66, s. 85-93
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The difference between bank-based and market-based financial systems is a longstanding and influential conceptual staple of the interdisciplinary literature on finance. This dualistic model has been subjected to wide-ranging critiques over the past decade. Yet, while those critiques productively problematize the relationship between banks and markets presumed by the model, they fail to address the underlying distinction between banks and markets that is also presumed by the model. This article questions that distinction. It argues that financial markets are best understood not as places or platforms where banks and other financial actors come to interact - and thus as essentially separate from banks - but, instead, as, in large part, their interaction; as constituted by it. The article further argues for the political as well as scholarly importance of reconfiguring our ideas of what financial markets are. The idea of markets as separate, reified phenomena not only underpins the scholarly model of bank- and market-based financial systems - it does political work in the wider world, with the appeal to financial markets or, more nebulously, "the market" to rationalize and justify political decision-making having become a commonplace of contemporary public policy discourse. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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3.
  • Christophers, Brett (författare)
  • From Marx to market and back again : Performing the economy
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 57, s. 12-20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article argues for a more constructive dialogue between political-economic and other heterodox economic approaches to capitalist markets. Arguing that political economists' suspicion of "techno-cultural" approaches is overstated, and drawing closely on the work of David Harvey, the article explores the potential for one particular such approach - that which emphasizes the "performativity" of markets to contribute towards one particular variant of political economy: the classical political economy of Marx.
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4.
  • Christophers, Brett, 1971- (författare)
  • Seeing financialization? : Stylized facts and the economy multiple
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 85, s. 259-268
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One of the most prominent stylized facts about contemporary capitalism concerns its "financialization." Like all economic stylized facts, however, facts about financialization are recognized by some commentators and not by others. This article offers one explanation why. It argues that the claims we can make about "the economy" depend upon how we envision that economy in the first place. The economy can be pictured in myriad ways - it is multiple, not singular - and different pictures of it enable the identification of different stylized facts about it. So it is with financialization. The article illustrates this by examining the history of two different traditions of picturing the economy. One - national accounting - increasingly has enabled financialization to be seen; the other - mainstream economics - generally has not.
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5.
  • Forsberg, Sara (författare)
  • Setting a global agenda of education: Cooperation and tension within the global education policy field
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - Elsevier. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 100, s. 32-40
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper explores how the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) mediate normative values of education and influence education policy. Drawing on staff interviews, the paper examines the perceived pivotal function of the OECD and UNESCO as 'global' agenda setting. Taking the notion of a wider global education policy field as the theoretical departure point, the analysis shows that the geographical knowledges of these organisations are significantly shaped by tensions and interdependencies between different agents within the broader field. The polarities within the field reflect the organisations' different geographical scopes and political-economic paths. Moreover, there is a balancing act whereby the OECD and UNESCO are expected to address global issues while also nurturing relations with individual member-states that bring economic and symbolic capital to the organisations. The paper highlights two sets of geographical knowledges present in the organisations' work, namely, time-space knowledges and scalar knowledges. Thus, the global agenda of education is embedded in a complex geography ranging from individual to global level, where orders of dominance between nation-states are reinforced in the formulation and allocation of problems and solutions.
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6.
  • Freduah, George, et al. (författare)
  • Mobilising adaptive capacity to multiple stressors : Insights from small-scale coastal fisheries in the Western Region of Ghana
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 91, s. 61-72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The processes by which adaptive capacity is mobilised in response to multiple stressors are yet to be fully understood. This study addresses this pressing research gap by drawing on the capitals framework and empirical data from small-scale coastal fisheries in the Western Region of Ghana. It employs an ethnographic approach, based on multiple sources of evidence including documents, interviews and participant observation to examine mechanisms of mobilising adaptive capacity in response to climate and non-climate stressors. Our findings suggest that responding to stressors involves mobilising sets of main-available capitals, such as local innovation, ability to improvise, new technologies, corrupt practices and belief systems (cultural capital); collective action, networks and social ties (social capital); and complaints to the government (political capital). These capitals were the main constituents of adaptive capacity, particularly considering non-responsive government and formal organisations. Further, other forms of capitals, i.e., local leadership, local knowledge, learning capacity, and training (human capital); networks, collective actions, associations and bonding ties (social capital); sand (natural capital); funds from fishing (financial capital), combine in complex ways to mobilise such available capitals. This understanding is critical if synergies among main-available and supporting-available capitals are to support building and mobilizing adaptive capacity. Further, it may help guide important decisions, proactive plans and strategic investment for developing key capitals to enhance adaptive capacity.
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7.
  • Hellberg, Sofie, 1979- (författare)
  • Water, life and politics: Exploring the contested case of eThekwini municipality through a governmentality lens
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article explores biopolitical effects of water governance. Based on narrative interviews with water users in eThekwini municipality, South Africa the article inquires into how water service delivery matters in terms of people’s lives. What we learn by paying close attention to the water users’ narratives is that the ways in which water service delivery are carried out in eThekwini have differentiating effects on how water users perceive themselves and their lives. Moreover, the narratives show how the municipality’s techniques of targeting certain types of populations as appropriate for particular technological solutions require that the water users exercise different forms of agency in order to safeguard access to water. This reading of people’s water stories suggests that the hydropolitics of eThekwini consolidates the disconnectedness of the different lives that are lived in Durban’s communities. Ultimately, such a biopolitical reading of the water users’ narratives illustrates how water performs a function in constituting both life and lifestyles and that an implementation of the right to basic water can work so as to produce, or further entrench, distinctions between different forms of life.
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8.
  • Jansson, David, 1967- (författare)
  • The head vs. the gut : emotions, positionality, and the challenges of fieldwork with a Southern nationalist movement
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 41:1, s. 19-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This essay explores the inner process of researching a group that is proudly white, conservative, fundamentalist Christian, and Southern. The recent attention to emotions in scholarship has not extended to the subject of fieldwork with right wing movements. I discuss my experience interviewing members of the League of the South and explore the extent to which my positionality shaped the interactions that I had with League members and informed my emotional response to the fieldwork.
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9.
  • Jansson, Johan, 1974- (författare)
  • The online forum as a digital space of curation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 106, s. 115-124
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper focus on the concept of curation that emphasizes intermediary processes sorting and filtering theinformation overload that characterize contemporary digitalized society. The paper has two overall aims. Thefirst aim is theoretical and the ambition is to identify practices and processes distinctive to curation in digitalspaces. From this literature the paper argues that contemporary digital curation is characterized by (a) digitallyproduced and mediated processes, (b) de-professionalization, (c) a combination of productive and consumptivemodes, (d) space as a ‘quality stamp’, and (e) an increasingly underlying and/or everyday practice. The secondaim is empirical and, through a case study of an online forum dedicated to hi-fi and high-end audio equipment,the ambition is to identify curatorial practices and processes taking place at the forum and to understand how theonline forum functions as a curatorial space. More specifically, in the analysis of the empirical material threethemes are highlighted. First, personal consumer experiences are expressed through narrated purchases in whichthe constant pursuit of the ‘perfect audio reproduction system’ is materialized as these narratives involve withthe explanations and motivations behind personal reflections and experiences of purchase decisions. Second, theonline forum has clear power structures. Third, the online forum deals with geographical dimensions in severalways, e.g. by functioning as a space for legitimization where the lack of distance and the use of (partially)anonymous profiles generate both advantageous and disadvantageous dimensions.
10.
  • Joosse, Sofie, et al. (författare)
  • Curating the quest for 'good food' : The practices, spatial dynamics and influence of food-related curation in Sweden
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Geoforum. - 0016-7185 .- 1872-9398. ; 64, s. 205-216
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • What is ‘good food’? Is it fair trade, local, organic or ethically produced? With an ever-expanding array of products and ‘qualities’ to consider, consumers in the global North may find it increasingly difficult and time-consuming to make the ‘right’ choices. As a result, a range of intermediaries, including food apps and collective buying groups, are emerging to support people in their food choices. While intermediation refers to all activities linking producers and consumers, this paper narrows the focus and considers one important, yet poorly understood, intermediary function within the food marketplace: ‘curation.’ Although the concept of curation has long been associated with museums and art worlds, curatorial practices are evolving in the contemporary marketplace and are performed by a growing range of actors operating in physical, temporary and virtual spaces. Rather than acting as brokers or gatekeepers, curators interpret, translate and shape the marketplace by sorting, organizing, evaluating and ascribing value(s) to specific products. They also offer general and personalized recommendations to consumers. Drawing on interviews and participant observation, this paper aims to contribute to the existing literature on curation by examining curatorial practices, the motivations behind them and the values they create for consumers. As geographers we are particularly interested in how specific spatial dynamics shape curation and its outcomes. The findings suggest a need to nuance and extend existing conceptualizations of curation and to consider a wider and more dynamic range of actors (food apps), spaces (blogs) and values such as inspiration, convenience and sense of community.
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