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Sökning: L773:0025 7974 > (2015-2019) > (2019)

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1.
  • Ahlin, Sofie, 1985-, et al. (författare)
  • A new sensitive and accurate model to predict moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea in patients with obesity
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Medicine (United States). - 0025-7974. ; 98:32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has a high prevalence in patients with obesity. Only patients with clinical symptoms of OSA are admitted to polysomnography; however, many patients with OSA are asymptomatic. We aimed to create and validate a population-based risk score that predicts the severity of OSA in patients with obesity. We here report the cross-sectional analysis at baseline of an ongoing study investigating the long-term effect of bariatric surgery on OSA. One-hundred sixty-one patients of the Obesity Center of the Catholic University Hospital in Rome, Italy were included in the study. The patients underwent overnight cardiorespiratory monitoring, blood chemistry analyses, hepatic ultrasound, and anthropometric measurements. The patients were divided into 2 groups according OSA severity assessed by the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI): AHI < 15 = no or mild and AHI >= 15 moderate to severe OSA. A statistical prediction model was created and validated. C statistics was used to evaluate the discrimination performance of the model. The prevalence of OSA was 96.3% with 74.5% of the subjects having moderate/severe OSA. Sex, body mass index, diabetes, and age were included in the final prediction model that had excellent discrimination ability (C statistics equals to 83%). An OSA risk chart score for clinical use was created. Patients with severe obesity are at a very high risk for moderate or severe OSA in particular if they are men, older, more obese, and/or with type 2 diabetes. The OSA risk chart can be useful for general practitioners and patients as well as for bariatric surgeons to select patients with high risk of moderate to severe OSA for further polysomnography.
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2.
  • Hellman, Urban, 1966-, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variants in cardiac calcification in Northern Sweden
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Medicine (Baltimore, Md.). - Wolters Kluwer. - 0025-7974 .- 1536-5964. ; 98:15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Extensive coronary calcification without significant stenosis, described as calcific coronary artery disease (CCAD) may cause abnormal myocardial perfusion and hence generalized ischemia. There is a discrepancy in the expression pattern of CCAD compared to the well-known atherosclerotic disease which raises questions about the exact pathophysiology of coronary calcification and whether there is a genetic etiology for it.</p><p>In this pilot study we studied 3 candidate genes, ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (ENPP1), ATP Binding Cassette Subfamily C Member 6 (ABCC6), and 5'-Nucleotidase Ecto (NT5E) involved in pyrophosphate (PP<sub>i</sub>) and inorganic phosphate (P<sub>i</sub>) metabolism, which may predispose to coronary arterial or valvular calcification. We studied 70 patients with calcific cardiac disease; 65 with CCAD (age 43-83 years) and 5 with calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) (age 76-82 years).</p><p>Five DNA variants potentially affecting protein function were found in 6 patients. One variant is a known disease-causing mutation in the ABCC6 gene. Our findings support that disturbances in the PP<sub>i</sub> and P<sub>i</sub> metabolism might influence the development of CCAD and CAVD. However, segregation in the families must first be performed to ascertain any damaging effect of these variants we have found.</p><p>We report 4 new genetic variants potentially related to coronary calcification, through the disturbed P<sub>i</sub> and PP<sub>i</sub> metabolism. The search for direct causative genetic variants in coronary artery and aortic valve calcification must be broadened with other genes particularly those involved with P<sub>i</sub> and PP<sub>i</sub> metabolism.</p>
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3.
  • Jensen, Elisabeth Kjær, et al. (författare)
  • A national center for persistent severe pain after groin hernia repair : Five-year prospective data
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Medicine. - Wolters Kluwer. - 0025-7974. ; 98:33
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Severe persistent pain after groin hernia repair impairs quality-of-life. Prospective, consecutive cohort study including patients with pain-related impairment of physical and social life. Relevant surgical records were obtained, and examinations were by standardized clinical and neurophysiological tests. Patients demonstrating pain sensitivity to pressure algometry in the operated groin underwent re-surgery, while patients with neuropathic pain received pharmacotherapy. Questionnaires at baseline (Q0) and at the 5-year time point (Q5Y) were used in outcome analyses of pain intensity (numeric rating scale [NRS] 0-10) and pain-related effect on the activity-of-daily-living (Activities Assessment Scale [AAS]). Data are mean (95% CI).Analyses were made in 172/204 (84%) eligible patients. In 54/172 (31%) patients re-surgery (meshectomy/selective neurectomy) was performed, while the remaining 118/172 (69%) patients received pharmacotherapy. In the re-surgery group, activity-related, and average NRS-scores at Q0 were 6.6 (5.6-7.9) and 5.9 (5.6-5.9), respectively. Correspondingly, NRS-scores at Q5Y was 4.1 (3.3-5.1) and 3.1 (2.3-4.0; Q0 vs. Q5Y: P < .0005), respectively. Although both groups experienced a significant improvement in AAS-scores comparing Q0 vs. Q5Y (re-surgery group: 28% (4-43%; P < .0001); pharmacotherapy group: 5% (0-11%; P = .005)) the improvement was significantly larger in the re-surgery group (P = .02).This 5-year cohort study in patients with severe persistent pain after groin hernia repair signals that selection to re-surgery or pharmacotherapy, based on examination of pain sensitivity, is associated with significant improvement in outcome. Analyzing composite endpoints, combining pain and physical function, are novel in exploring interventional effects.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03713047.
4.
  • Landén Ludvigsson, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Exercise, headache, and factors associated with headache in chronic whiplash : Analysis of a randomized clinical trial
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Medicine (Baltimore, Md.). - 0025-7974 .- 1536-5964. ; 98:48
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>BACKGROUND:</strong> Almost 40% of individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) report headache after 5 years, making it one of the most common persistent symptoms besides neck pain, but randomized treatment studies are lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of 3 different exercise approaches on headache in chronic WAD grades 2 and 3, and to identify potential factors associated with such headache, and whether they differ depending on 3 different aspects of such headache (current headache, maximum headache, or headache bothersomeness).</p><p><strong>METHODS:</strong> This was an analysis of a randomized clinical trial of people with chronic WAD and headache (n = 188), who were randomized to either 12 weeks of neck-specific exercise without (NSE) or with a behavioral approach (NSEB) or physical activity prescription (PPA). Data were collected at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months. Physical and psychosocial factors were tested for association with headache. Multivariate regression models and linear mixed models were used.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> The NSE/NSEB groups reported reduced headache both over time and compared to PPA. Up to 51% (NSE) and 61% (NSEB) reported at least 50% reduction in their headache at 12 months. The PPA group was not improved over time. Neck pain and dizziness were associated with headache regardless of aspect of headache. The only associated psychosocial factor was anxiety, which was associated with headache bothersomeness. Other factors were mainly physical, and up to 51% of the variance was explained.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSION:</strong> Headache in chronic WAD, may be reduced with neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioral approach. Chronic headache was associated with neck pain and dizziness regardless of aspect tested. Other factors associated with headache in chronic WAD were mainly physical rather than psychosocial.</p><p><strong>TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:</strong> Clinical Trials.gov, no: NCT015285.</p>
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5.
  • Landén Ludvigsson, Maria, 1967-, et al. (författare)
  • Exercise, headache, and factors associated with headache in chronic whiplash Analysis of a randomized clinical trial
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Medicine (Baltimore, Md.). - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0025-7974 .- 1536-5964. ; 98:48
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Almost 40% of individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) report headache after 5 years, making it one of the most common persistent symptoms besides neck pain, but randomized treatment studies are lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of 3 different exercise approaches on headache in chronic WAD grades 2 and 3, and to identify potential factors associated with such headache, and whether they differ depending on 3 different aspects of such headache (current headache, maximum headache, or headache bothersomeness).Methods: This was an analysis of a randomized clinical trial of people with chronic WAD and headache (n = 188), who were randomized to either 12 weeks of neck-specific exercise without (NSE) or with a behavioral approach (NSEB) or physical activity prescription (PPA). Data were collected at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months. Physical and psychosocial factors were tested for association with headache. Multivariate regression models and linear mixed models were used.Results: The NSE/NSEB groups reported reduced headache both over time and compared to PPA. Up to 51% (NSE) and 61% (NSEB) reported at least 50% reduction in their headache at 12 months. The PPA group was not improved over time. Neck pain and dizziness were associated with headache regardless of aspect of headache. The only associated psychosocial factor was anxiety, which was associated with headache bothersomeness. Other factors were mainly physical, and up to 51% of the variance was explained.Conclusion: Headache in chronic WAD, may be reduced with neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioral approach. Chronic headache was associated with neck pain and dizziness regardless of aspect tested. Other factors associated with headache in chronic WAD were mainly physical rather than psychosocial.Trial registration number: Clinical Trials.gov, no: NCT015285</p>
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7.
  • Tominaga, Hiroyuki, et al. (författare)
  • Surgical treatment of the severely damaged atlantoaxial joint with C1-C2 facet spacers Three case reports
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Medicine (Baltimore, Md.). - LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0025-7974 .- 1536-5964. ; 98:22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Rationale: Atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS), caused by congenital factors, inflammation such as rheumatoid arthritis, infection, neoplasia, or trauma, is rare and severely erodes and subluxates atlantoaxial (AA) joints. For these patients, surgical reduction, and stabilization are difficult. Surgery, including anterior transoral decompression and posterior fixation, anterior endonasal decompression and fixation, and posterior decompression with AA or occipitocervical fixation, is often the only treatment available. However, there have only been 2 reports of C1-C2 facet spacer use in treating AAS. Here, we report the case histories of 3 patients with severely damaged and subluxated AA joints and symptomatic basilar invagination (BI), malalignment, or C2 root compression. Patient concerns: The cases included 2 women with rheumatoid arthritis and 1 man with spondyloarthropathy secondary to ulcerative colitis. Diagnosis: Radiographic imaging revealed severely damaged and subluxated AA joints. Their symptoms included worsening pain in the neck or occiput with or without myelopathy and neuralgia. Interventions: After realignment with C1-C2 spacers and posterior C1-C2 screw fixation, the patient symptoms were resolved. Outcomes: Of note, 2 of the 3 patients were healed without complications. One patient who underwent secondary revision surgery because of rod breakage and obvious nonunion at C0-C2 was determined to be healed at 1-year follow-up after the revision surgery. Lessons: We confirmed that C1-C2 facet spacers both reduced BI and occipitocervical coronal malalignment as well as releasing C2 root compression. Therefore, surgical restoration and fixation should be a required treatment in this very rare group of patients.</p>
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