- Lundström, Ingemar, et al.
Artificial 'olfactory' images from a chemical sensor using a light-pulse technique
Ingår i: Nature. - Nature Publishing Group. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 352:6330, s. 47-50
- <p>THERE is much interest in the use of chemical sensor arrays, in conjunction with pattern-recognition routines, for developing artificial olfactory devices-electronic noses-which can characterize the chemical composition of gas mixtures 1-5. Here we describe a technique that uses a continuous sensing surface and a detection method involving a scanning pulsed light source, to generate images that represent a fingerprint of the gases detected. The detector is a large-area field-effect device with a number of different catalytic metals constituting the detecting surface (the devices active gate) 6,7. A pulsed light beam scanned across this surface generates a photocapacitive current that varies with the value of the surface potential 8,9. A continuous sensing surface of this type provides information that would require an array of hundreds of discrete sensors. The technique also provides a new means of studying the coupling between the electronic properties of catalytic metals and chemical reactions taking place on their surfaces.</p>