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1.
  • Anveden, I, et al. (författare)
  • Oral prednisone suppresses allergic but not irritant patch test reactions in individuals hypersensitive to nickel
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Contact Dermatitis. - : Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0105-1873. ; 50:5, s. 298-303
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A multicentre, randomized, double-blind, crossover study was designed to investigate the effects of prednisone on allergic and irritant patch test reactions. 24 subjects with known allergy to nickel were recruited and patch tested with a nickel sulfate dilution series in aqueous solution, 5% nickel sulfate in petrolatum and 2 dilution series of the irritants nonanoic acid and sodium lauryl sulfate. The subjects were tested x2, both during treatment with prednisone 20 mg oral daily and during placebo treatment. The total number of positive nickel patch test reactions decreased significantly in patients during prednisone treatment. The threshold concentration to elicit a patch test reaction increased and the overall degree of reactivity to nickel sulfate shifted towards weaker reactions. The effect of prednisone treatment on the response to irritants was divergent with both increased and decreased numbers of reactions, although there were no statistically significant differences compared with placebo. It is concluded that oral treatment with prednisone suppresses patch test reactivity to nickel, but not to the irritants tested.
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  • Bruynzeel, DP, et al. (författare)
  • Monitoring the European standard series in 10 centres 1996-2000
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Contact Dermatitis. - : Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0105-1873. ; 53:3, s. 146-149
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A 5-year retrospective study of the frequency of sensitization to the 25 allergens of the European standard series (ESS) was conducted in 10 centres in 8 European countries. Included were the results of 26 210 patients. The range in sensitivities differed moderately between the centres. Combining results of different centres and drawing conclusions on incidences can be done only with great care. The information on the ranking of the allergens and their sensitization incidence in the clinics are useful for decisions on the future composition of the standard series. The ESS is still a valid screening tool, and no substances should be deleted.
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9.
  • Chu, CY, et al. (författare)
  • Concomitant contact allergy to the resins, reactive diluents and hardener of a bisphenol A/F-based epoxy resin in subway construction workers
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Contact Dermatitis. - : Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0105-1873. ; 54:3, s. 131-139
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An outbreak of suspected contact dermatitis among subway construction workers was suspected to be due to a new bisphenol A/F-based epoxy resin system (ERS). The construction workers used ERSs during the insertion of iron bars into concrete walls. The objective of the study was to determine the components (if any) of the ERS responsible for the contact allergy. Patch testing was performed on 20 of the 22 construction workers who had had contact with the ERS, and to the various subcomponents of component A on 5 of the 7 who reacted to this component. 9 patients (9/22, 40.9%) had clinical symptoms and signs of suspected contact dermatitis at presentation. 7 of these 9, but none of the 11 asymptomatic individuals, were positive to component A, while all were negative to component B. Of the 5 cases receiving further patch testing, all reacted to m-xylylene diamine, 4 to 1,6-hexanediol diglycidyl ether, 3 to epoxy resins of the bisphenol F-type and trimethylolpropane triglycidyl ether 0.25% petrolatum, and only 1 to epoxy resins of the bisphenol A-type. Contact allergy to ERSs may involve hardeners and diluents as well as resins, and patch testing for reaction to all components should be performed.
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10.
  • Diepgen, TL, et al. (författare)
  • Mercaptobenzothiazole or the mercapto-mix: which should be in the standard series?
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Contact Dermatitis. - : Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0105-1873. ; 55:1, s. 36-38
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) compounds are well known contact allergens. To detect rubber allergic patients we use both MBT (2% in petrolatum) and a mercapto-mix with 4 constituents of 0.5% each in our standard series. In this article the EECDRG presents data of in total 32 475 consecutive tested patients attending the respective contact dermatitis clinics from 11 centres in Europe to determine if the mix and MBT detected the same allergic patients. We found 327 patients positive to the mix or MBT, or to both. 261 were positive to the mix and 254 to MBT. MBT was negative in 73 patients who were positive to the mix. If the mix had not been in the standard series, on average 22% of patients allergic to a mercapto-compound would have been missed, for MBT this would have been on average 20%. All clinics would have missed a significant number of positive reactions if both compounds had not been tested. We conclude, that both the mercapto mix and MBT are required in the standard series.
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