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  • Akbarzadeh Mameghanilar, Mahin, et al. (författare)
  • Smärtbedömning hos äldre personer med kommunikationssvårigheter – en utvärdering av den svenska versionen av Doloplus-2.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Vård i Norden. - Sykepleiernes samarbeid i Norden. - 0107-4083. ; 27:4, s. 26-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to psychometrically test the Swedish version of the Doloplus-2 instrument for its use among older people. The Doloplus-2 instrument is a pain assessment tool that aims at measure pain among those who can not fully express their pain of various reasons. The instrument was tested in a sample consisting of 48 patients with cognitive impairment. Each patient was observed by two caregivers who evaluated the respondent's pain. One used only the Doloplus-2 scale and the other used both the Doloplus-2 and the UAB-scale. The UAB-scale was used as a «golden standard» because the UAB-scale has previously been found to be psychometrically valid and reliable. The Doloplus-2 scale was psychometrically evaluated by using Spearman's rank-order correlation, Kappa coefficients, and an explorative factor analysis. There was high correlation between the total score for Doloplus-2 and the UAB-scale, and the agreement was high between the two raters. Moreover, the factor analysis showed the same factor structure as the original instrument. Thus, the results indicated that Doloplus-2 had in general acceptable validity and reliability, and the instrument could be seen as a useful instrument to measure pain among elderly with communication difficulties.
  • Ancker, Thérèse, et al. (författare)
  • Tidig förlust : kvinnors upplevelse av missfall
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Vård i Norden. - 0107-4083 .- 1890-4238. ; 32:1, s. 32-36
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Up to 15 percent of all diagnosed pregnancies end in miscarriage. The loss can cause deep sorrow with complex emotional reactions as a result. Research shows that women often feel alone with their experiences of miscarriage and experience a wide range of emotions. The aim of this study was to describe the mourning woman’s experiences of early miscarriage. Six women who repeatedly had undergone miscarriage at a desired pregnancy were interviewed. The interviews were semi structured and analyzed with qualitative content analysis. The findings show that the miscarriages significantly affected the women’s life. Several psychological needs were identified, of which the most important were the need to feel unconditionally understood and having people at their side who attentively listen, provide security and respect their loss. These needs were rarely met in a satisfactory manner in health care. Regarding the women’s strong emotional reactions, it is desirable to have a routinely scheduled follow-up in which the women’s entire experience of the miscarriage is taken into consideration.</p>
  • Andersson, Ann-Christin, et al. (författare)
  • Föräldrars upplevda erfarenheter av att tillfrågas om medverkan i forskning för sitt prematura barns räkning
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Vård i Norden. - Sykepleiernes samarbeid i Norden. - 0107-4083. ; 25:77, s. 29-32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Clinical research, when children involved, may cause difficult ethical problems for both caregivers and parents. Informed consent has to be obtained from the parents and from the child depending on age and maturity. The concept of informed consent is complicated and depending on the ability of communication between the professionals and the parents. The aim of the study was to illuminate parents lived experiences when being asked to volunteer their new-born premature child to a clinical research study. Parents of fifteen children were interviewed concerning their experiences and a phenomenological based analysis was carried out. Three themes were found: experience of exposure, experience of insufficiency and experience of possibilities. The parents expired themselves being in a state of shock and their statements were characterised by the existing chaos. Despite this, the parents experienced that they could do something good for others in the future. Researchers have to be aware of the parents’ exposure, and attentive to their individual needs.
  • Andersson, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • Aktuellt kunskapsläge vid kateterspolning : systematisk litteraturgranskning
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Vård i Norden. - Sykepleiernes Samarbeid i Norden (SSN). - 0107-4083 .- 1890-4238. ; 31:4, s. 27-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Aim: Reviewing the scientific literature with regards to urinary catheter washouts in order to prevent occlusion. Background: Patients with long-term indwelling urinary catheters often suffers from catheter blockage. Encrustations and the forming of biofilm on the catheter surface are among the most common causes of occlusion. It is unknown whether urinary catheter washout is the treatment of choice to prevent occlusion. Methods: A systematic review of the scientific literature regarding urinary catheter washouts. The study was conducted by two independent reviewers. The search used MeSH and freetext terms, in The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Academic Search Elite, CINAHL, MedLine and SweMed+, and an additional mapping of clinical guidelines in order to update praxis. Findings: The study shows that there is insufficient scientific evidence as to whether urinary catheter washouts prevent catheter blockage. Conclusion: There is insufficient evidence that urinary catheter washouts are beneficial. Individual care planning and evaluation of long-term indwelling catheter care is important in minimizing the risk of harmful side effects.</p>
  • Andersson, Ingegerd, et al. (författare)
  • Participation at care home admission
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Vård i Norden. - 0107-4083 .- 1890-4238. ; 29:91, s. 29-32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Antonsson, Ann-Christin, et al. (författare)
  • Reflektion kärnan i omvårdnadshandledning
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Vård i Norden. - Oslo : Sykepleiernes Samarbeid i Norden (SSN). - 0107-4083 .- 1890-4238. ; 20:4, s. 38-41
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The nursingprofession is demanding and variable; nurses must have knowledge and proficiency practically, technically and be able to teamwork in the relation with all kinds of patients. At the same time they should perform nursing according to science and tried practice. One way to develop the engagement in patients and bring new knowledge into nursing is to participate in clinical supervision. The aim of the present study was to find out how nurses in somatic care describes what they learn and how knowledge integrates and develops in clinical supervision. Eight nurses were interviewed and their responses were taped, written down word for word and analysed according to a qualitative approach. The results shows that practically all knowledge were integrated by reflection. With the help of reflection the nurses could be taught by each others experiences, develop nursing and become skilful nurses.</p>
  • Apell, Jeanette, et al. (författare)
  • Mätning av barns oro vid undersökning eller behandling på sjukhus : en studie som utvärderar short STAI
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Vård i Norden. - Sykepleiernes Samarbeid i Norden. - 0107-4083 .- 1890-4238. ; 31:1, s. 45-47
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Purpose: The purpose was to investigate the validity and reliability of short STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) for measuring children's anxiety in connection with procedures in hospital. Background: The children´s level of anxiety during hospitalization can cause problems and it should be evaluated with a valid and reliable instrument. STAIC-S (STAI for children) has previously been validated in children for this purpose but may be too complex to use. Short STAI has only been evaluated in adults and should be tested in children before it can be used. Methods: Children aged five to 16 filled in both STAIC-S and short STAI before and after an examination or treatment at the hospital. Results: Twenty children were included. Satisfactory internal reliability was found for short STAI with Cronbachs’s alpha 0.82. Correlation coefficients between the instruments were 0.88 before and 0.75 after the procedure. Significantly lower values were found after compared to before demonstrating constructive validity. Short STAI was easy to fill in but seven of 16 participants received help from their parents. Conclusion: Short STAI was shown to be a reliable and valid instrument for measuring anxiety in children, but a larger study is needed to confirm the validity and reliability further</p>
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