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  • Fred, Rikard G., et al. (författare)
  • Imatinib mesylate stimulates low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1-mediated ERK phosphorylation in insulin-producing cells
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Clinical Science. - 0143-5221. ; 128:1, s. 17-28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is an endocytic and multi-functional type I cell surface membrane protein, which is known to be phosphorylated by the activated platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR). The tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib, which inhibits PDGFR and c-Abl, and which has previously been reported to counteract beta-cell death and diabetes, has been suggested to reduce atherosclerosis by inhibiting PDGFR-induced LRP1 phosphorylation. The aim of the present study was to study LRP1 function in beta-cells and to what extent imatinib modulates LRP1 activity. LRP1 and c-Abl gene knockdown was performed by RNAi using rat INS-1 832/13 and human EndoC1-beta H1 cells. LRP1 was also antagonized by treatment with the antagonist low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein associated protein 1 (LRPAP1). We have used PDGF-BB, a PDGFR agonist, and apolipoprotein E (ApoE), an LRP1 agonist, to stimulate the activities of PDGFR and LRP1 respectively. Knockdown or inhibition of LRP1 resulted in increased hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)(-) or cytokine-induced cell death, and glucose-induced insulin release was lowered in LRP1-silenced cells. These results indicate that LRP1 function is necessary for beta-cell function and that LRP1 is adversely affected by challenges to beta-cell health. PDGF-BB, or the combination of PDGF-BB+ApoE, induced phosphorylation of extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK), Akt and LRP1. LRP1 silencing blocked this event. Imatinib blocked phosphorylation of LRP1 by PDGFR activation but induced phosphorylation of ERK. LRP1 silencing blocked imatinib-induced phosphorylation of ERK. Sunitinib also blocked LRP1 phosphorylation in response to PDGF-BB and induced phosphorylation of ERK, but this latter event was not affected by LRP1 knockdown. siRNA-mediated knockdown of the imatinib target c-Abl resulted in an increased ERK phosphorylation at basal conditions, with no further increase in response to imatinib. Imatinib-induced cell survival of tunicamycin-treated cells was partially mediated by ERK activation. We have concluded that imatinib promotes LRP1-dependent ERK activation, possibly via inhibition of c-Abl, and that this could contribute to the pro-survival effects of imatinib on beta-cells.
  • Hägerkvist, Robert, et al. (författare)
  • Imatinib mesylate improves insulin sensitivity and glucose disposal rates in rats fed a high-fat diet
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Clinical Science. - 0143-5221. ; 114:1, s. 65-71
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to investigate whether imatinib affects insulin sensitivity and glucose disposal in HF (high-fat)-fed rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either a standard pelleted rat food (low-fat diet) or an HF diet (60% fat) for 8 weeks. During the last 10 days of the HF diet regime, rats received saline alone or imatinib (50 or 100 mg/kg of body weight) daily by gavage. The higher dose of imatinib resulted in a decreased psoas fat pad weight in the HF-treated rats. Under euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp conditions, HF-fed rats exhibited increased insulin concentrations and decreased glucose disposal. The lower (50 mg/kg of body weight), but not the higher (100 mg/kg of body weight), dose of imatinib normalized insulin sensitivity and glucose disposal without affecting glucose metabolism in low-fat-fed rats. Hepatic glucose production at both fasting and hyperinsulinaemic conditions was only weakly affected by imatinib. We conclude that a moderate dose of imatinib efficiently counteracts HF-induced peripheral insulin resistance, and that further studies on the mechanisms by which imatinib increases insulin action in muscle and fat tissues might generate novel strategies for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes.
  • Mokhtari, Dariush, et al. (författare)
  • Potential utility of small tyrosine kinase inhibitors in the treatment of diabetes
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Clinical Science. - 0143-5221. ; 118:3-4, s. 241-247
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Altered tyrosine kinase signalling has been implicated in several diseases, paving the way for the development of small-molecule TKIs (tyrosine kinase inhibitors). TKIs such as imatinib, sunitinib and dasatinib are clinically used for treating chronic myeloid leukaemia, gastrointestinal stromal tumours and other malignancies. In addition to their use as anti-cancer agents, increasing evidence points towards an anti-diabetic effect of these TKIs. Imatinib and other TKIs counteract diabetes not only in non-obese diabetic mice, but also in streptozotocin diabetic mice, db/db mice, high-fat-treated rats and humans with T2D (Type 2 diabetes). Although the mechanisms of protection need to be investigated further, the effects of imatinib and other TKIs in human T2D and the rapidly growing findings from animal models of T1D (Type 1 diabetes) and T2D are encouraging and give hope to improved treatment of human diabetes. In the present article, we review the anti-diabetic effects of TKIs which appear to involve both protection against beta-cell death and improved insulin sensitivity. Considering the relatively mild side effects of TKIs, we hypothesize that TKIs could be used to treat new-onset T1D, prevent T1D in individuals at high risk of developing the disease, treat the late stages of T2D and improve the outcome of islet transplantation.
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